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6 definitions found
 for trespass
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Trespass \Tres"pass\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Trespassed; p. pr. &
     Trespassing.]+[{OF">vb. n. Trespassing.] [{OF. trespasser to go across or
     over, transgress, F. tr['e]passer to die; pref. tres- (L.
     trans across, over) + passer to pass. See Pass, v. i., and
     cf. Transpass.]
     1. To pass beyond a limit or boundary; hence, to depart; to
        go. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
              Soon after this, noble Robert de Bruce . . .
              trespassed out of this uncertain world. --Ld.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. (Law) To commit a trespass; esp., to enter unlawfully upon
        the land of another.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. To go too far; to put any one to inconvenience by demand
        or importunity; to intrude; as, to trespass upon the time
        or patience of another.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. To commit any offense, or to do any act that injures or
        annoys another; to violate any rule of rectitude, to the
        injury of another; hence, in a moral sense, to transgress
        voluntarily any divine law or command; to violate any
        known rule of duty; to sin; -- often followed by against.
        [1913 Webster]
              In the time of his distress did he trespass yet more
              against the Lord.                     --2 Chron.
                                                    xxviii. 22.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Trespass \Tres"pass\, n. [OF. trespas, F. tr['e]pas death. See
     Trespass, v.]
     1. Any injury or offence done to another.
        [1913 Webster]
              I you forgive all wholly this trespass. --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
              If ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will
              your Father forgive your trespasses.  --Matt. vi.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Any voluntary transgression of the moral law; any
        violation of a known rule of duty; sin.
        [1913 Webster]
              The fatal trespass done by Eve.       --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
              You . . . who were dead in trespasses and sins.
                                                    --Eph. if. 1.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. (Law)
        (a) An unlawful act committed with force and violence (vi
            et armis) on the person, property, or relative rights
            of another.
        (b) An action for injuries accompanied with force.
            [1913 Webster]
     Trespass offering (Jewish Antiq.), an offering in expiation
        of a trespass.
     Trespass on the case. (Law) See Action on the case, under
        [1913 Webster]
     Syn: Offense; breach; infringement; transgression;
          misdemeanor; misdeed.
          [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a wrongful interference with the possession of property
           (personal property as well as realty), or the action
           instituted to recover damages
      2: entry to another's property without right or permission [syn:
         trespass, encroachment, violation, intrusion,
      v 1: enter unlawfully on someone's property; "Don't trespass on
           my land!" [syn: trespass, intrude]
      2: make excessive use of; "You are taking advantage of my good
         will!"; "She is trespassing upon my privacy" [syn:
         trespass, take advantage]
      3: break the law
      4: commit a sin; violate a law of God or a moral law [syn:
         sin, transgress, trespass]
      5: pass beyond (limits or boundaries) [syn: transgress,
         trespass, overstep]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  194 Moby Thesaurus words for "trespass":
     adopt, adoption, advance upon, appropriate, appropriation,
     arrogate, arrogation, assume, assumption, atrocity, bad faith,
     barge in, breach, breach of contract, breach of faith,
     breach of law, breach of privilege, breach of promise,
     breach of trust, breach the law, break, break bounds, break in,
     break in upon, break the law, breaking, burst in, butt in,
     charge in, circumvent the law, come between, commit a crime,
     commit sin, contravene, contravention, crash, crash in,
     crash the gates, creep in, crime, crime against humanity, crowd in,
     cut in, deadly sin, defy, delinquency, dereliction, deviate,
     disobey the law, disregard the law, do amiss, do violence to,
     do wrong, do wrong by, edge in, elbow in, encroach, encroachment,
     enormity, enter, entrance, entrench, entrenchment, err, error,
     evil, failure, fault, felony, flout, foist in, genocide,
     go too far, guilty act, heavy sin, horn in, impinge, impingement,
     impose, impose on, impose upon, imposition, impropriety, incursion,
     indiscretion, inexpiable sin, infiltrate, infiltration, influx,
     infract, infraction, infringe, infringement, iniquity, injection,
     injury, injustice, inroad, insinuate, insinuation, interfere,
     interference, interjection, interlope, interloping, intermeddle,
     interpose, interposition, interposure, interruption, intervene,
     intervention, intrude, intrusion, invade, invasion, irrupt,
     irruption, know no bounds, lapse, lawbreaking, make an inroad,
     malefaction, malfeasance, malum, minor wrong, misdeed, misdemeanor,
     misfeasance, mortal sin, nonfeasance, obtrude, obtrusion, offend,
     offense, omission, outrage, overstep, overstep the bounds,
     overstepping, peccadillo, peccancy, penetrate, pierce, play God,
     playing God, press in, pretend to, probe, push in, put on,
     put upon, rush in, seize, seizure, set at defiance, set at naught,
     set naught by, sin, sin of commission, sin of omission, sinful act,
     slink in, slip, slip in, smash in, sneak in, squeeze in, steal in,
     storm in, take over, throng in, thrust in, tort, trample on,
     trample underfoot, trample upon, transgress, transgression, trench,
     trespassing, trip, unlawful entry, unutterable sin, usurp,
     usurpation, venial sin, violate, violate the law, violation,
     violation of law, work in, worm in, wrong

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  TRESPASS torts. An unlawful act committed with violence, ti et armis, to the 
  person, property or relative rights of another. Every felony includes a 
  trespass, in common parlance, such acts are not in general considered as 
  trespasses, yet they subject the offender to an action of trespass after his 
  conviction or acquittal. See civil remedy. 
       2. There is another kind of trespass, which is committed without force, 
  and is known by the name of trespass on the case. This is not generally 
  known by the name of trespass. See Case. 
       3. The following rules characterize the injuries which are denominated 
  trespasses, namely: 1. To determine whether an injury is a trespass, due 
  regard must be had to the nature of the right affected. A wrong with force 
  can only be offered to the absolute rights of personal liberty and security, 
  and to those of property corporeal; those of health, reputation and in 
  property incorporeal, together with the relative rights of persons, are, 
  strictly speaking, incapable of being injured with violence, because the 
  subject-matter to which they relate, exists in either case only in idea, and 
  is not to be seen or handled. An exception to this rule, however, often 
  obtains in the very instance of injuries to the relative rights of persons; 
  and wrongs offered to these last are frequently denominated trespasses, that 
  is, injuries with force. 
       4.-2. Those wrongs alone are characterized as trespasses the immediate 
  consequences of which are injurious to the plaintiff; if the damage 
  sustained is a remote consequence of the act, the injury falls under the 
  denomination of trespass on the case. 
       5.-3. No act is injurious but that which is unlawful; and therefore, 
  where the force applied to the plaintiff's property or person is the act of 
  the law itself, it constitutes no cause of complaint. Hamm. N. P. 34; 2 
  Phil. Ev. 131; Bac. Abr. h.t.; 15 East R. 614; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. As to 
  what will justify a trespass, see Battery. 

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  TRESPASS, remedies. The name of an action, instituted for the recovery of 
  damages, for a wrong committed against the plaintiff, with immediate force; 
  as an assault and battery against the person; an unlawful entry into his, 
  land, and an unlawful injury with direct force to his personal property. It 
  does not lie for a mere non-feasance, nor when the matter affected was not 
       2. The subject will be considered with regard, 1. To the injuries for 
  which trespass may be sustained. 2. The declaration. 3. The plea. 4. The 
       3.-Sec. 1. This part of the subject will be considered with reference 
  to injuries, 1. The person. 2. To personal property. 3. To real property. 4. 
  When trespass can or cannot be justified by legal proceedings. 
       4.-1. Trespass is the proper remedy for an assault and battery, 
  wounding, imprisonment, and the like, and it also lies for an injury to the 
  relative rights when occasioned by force; as, for beating, wounding, and 
  imprisoning a wife or servant, by which the plaintiff has sustained a loss. 
  9 Co. 113; 10 Co. 130. Vide Parties to actions; Per guod, and 1 Chit. Pr. 
       5.-2. The action of trespass is the proper remedy for injuries to 
  personal property, which may be committed by the several acts of unlawfully 
  striking, chasing, if alive, and carrying away to the damage of the 
  plaintiff, a personal chattel, 1 Saund. 84, n. 2, 3; F. N. B. 86; Bro. 
  Trespass, pl. 407; Toll. Executors, 112; Cro. Jac. 362, of which another is 
  the owner and in possession; but a naked possession or right to immediate 
  possession, is a sufficient title to support this action. 1 T. R. 480; and 
  gee 8. John. R. 432; 7 John. R. 535; 11 John. R. 377; Cro. Jac. 46; 1 Chit. 
  Pl. 165. 
       6.-3. Trespass is the proper remedy for the several acts of breaking 
  through an enclosure, and coming into contact with any corporeal 
  hereditament, of which another is the owner and in possession, and by which 
  a damage has ensued. There is an ideal fence, reaching in extent upwards, a 
  superficie terrae usque ad caelum, which encircles every man's possessions, 
  when he is owner of the surface, and downwards as far as his property 
  descends; the entry, therefore, is breaking through this enclosure, and this 
  generally constitutes, by itself, a right of action. The plaintiff must be 
  the owner, and in possession. 5 East, R. 485; 9 John. R. 61; 12 John. R. 
  183; 11 John. R. 385; Id. 140; 3 Hill, R. 26. There must have been some 
  injury, however, to entitle the plaintiff to recover, for a man in a balloon 
  may legally be said to break the close of the plaintiff, when passing over 
  it, as he is wafted by the wind, yet as the owner's possession is not by 
  that act incommoded, trespass could not probably be maintained; yet, if any 
  part of the machinery were to fall upon the land, the aeronaut could not 
  justify an entry into it to remove it, which proves that the act is not 
  justifiable. 19 John. 381 But the slightest injury, as treading down the 
  grass, is sufficient. Vide 1 Chit. Pl. 173; 2 John, R. 357: 9 John. R. 113, 
  377; 2 Mass. R. 127; 4 Mass. R. 266; 4 John. R. 150. 
       7.-4. It is a general rule that when the defendant has acted under 
  regular process of a court of competent jurisdiction, or of a single 
  magistrate having jurisdiction of the subject-matter, it is a sufficient 
  justification to him; but when the court has no jurisdiction and the process 
  is wholly void, the defendant cannot justify under it. 
       8. But there are some cases, where an officer will not be justified by 
  the warrant or authority of a court, having jurisdiction. These exceptions 
  are generally founded on some matter of public policy or convenience; for 
  example, when a warrant was issued against a mail carrier, though the 
  officer was justified in serving the warrant, he was liable to an indictment 
  for detaining such mail carrier under the warrant, for by thus detaining 
  him, he was guilty of "willfully obstructing or retarding the passage of the 
  mail, or of the driver or carrier," contrary to the provisions of the act of 
  congress of 1825, ch. 275, s. 9. 8 Law Rep. 77. See Ambassador; 
       9.-Sec. 2. The declaration should contain a concise statement of the 
  injury complained of, whether to the person, personal or real property, and 
  it must allege that the injury was committed vi et armis and contra pacem; 
  in which particulars it differs from a declaration in case. See Case, 
       10.-Sec. 3. The general issue is not guilty. But as but few matters can 
  be given in evidence under this plea, it is proper to plead special matters 
  of defence. 
       11.-Sec. 4. The judgment is generally for the damages assessed by the 
  jury, and for costs. When the judgment is for the defendant, it is that be 
  recover his costs. Vide Irregularity; Regular and Irregular process. Vide, 
  generally, Bro. Ab. h.t.; Nelson's Ab. h.t.; Bac. Ab. h.t.; Dane's Ab. h.t.; 
  Com. Dig. h.t.; Vin. Ab. h.t.; the various American and English Digests, 
  h.t.; 2 Phil. Ev. 131; Ham. N. P. 33 to 265; Chit. Pr. Index, h.t.; Rose. 
  Civ. Ev. h.t.; Stark. Ev. h.t.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. 

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