The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

4 definitions found
 for interpretation
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Interpretation \In*ter`pre*ta"tion\
     ([i^]n*t[~e]r`pr[-e]*t[=a]"sh[u^]n), n. [L. interpretatio:
     cf. F. interpr['e]tation.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. The act of interpreting; explanation of what is obscure;
        translation; version; construction; as, the interpretation
        of a foreign language, of a dream, or of an enigma.
        [1913 Webster]
              Look how we can, or sad or merrily,
              Interpretation will misquote our looks. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The sense given by an interpreter; exposition or
        explanation given; meaning; as, commentators give various
        interpretations of the same passage of Scripture.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. The power or explaining. [R.] --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. (Fine Arts) An artist's way of expressing his thought or
        embodying his conception of nature.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. (Math.) The act or process of applying general principles
        or formul[ae] to the explanation of the results obtained
        in special cases.
     Syn: Explanation; solution; translation; version; sense;
          exposition; rendering; definition.
          [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a mental representation of the meaning or significance of
           something [syn: interpretation, reading, version]
      2: the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic
         performance; "her rendition of Milton's verse was
         extraordinarily moving" [syn: rendition, rendering,
      3: an explanation that results from interpreting something; "the
         report included his interpretation of the forensic evidence"
      4: an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious;
         "the edict was subject to many interpretations"; "he annoyed
         us with his interpreting of parables"; "often imitations are
         extended to provide a more accurate rendition of the child's
         intended meaning" [syn: interpretation, interpreting,
         rendition, rendering]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  57 Moby Thesaurus words for "interpretation":
     accomplishment, analysis, answer, ascertainment, clarification,
     clearing up, construal, construction, cracking, decipherment,
     decoding, definition, denouement, determination, diagnosis,
     disentanglement, elucidation, end, end result, examination,
     exegesis, explanation, explication, expose, exposition, finding,
     finding-out, illustration, inference, issue, outcome, paraphrasing,
     reading, reason, rendering, rendition, resolution, resolving,
     result, riddling, simplification, solution, solving, sorting out,
     translation, understanding, unraveling, unriddling, unscrambling,
     unspinning, untangling, untwisting, unweaving, upshot, version,
     working, working-out

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  INTERPRETATION. The explication of a law, agreement, will, or other 
  instrument, which appears obscure or ambiguous. 
       2. The object of interpretation is to find out or collect the intention 
  of the maker of the instrument, either from his own words, or from other 
  conjectures, or both. It may then be divided into three sorts, according to 
  the different means it makes use of for obtaining its end. 
       3. These three sorts of interpretations are either literal, rational, 
  or mixed. When we collect the intention of the writer from his words only, 
  as they lie before us, this is a literal interpretation. When his words do 
  not express his intention perfectly, but either exceed it, or fall short of 
  it, so that we are to collect it from probable or rational conjectures only, 
  this is rational interpretation and when his words, though they do express 
  his intention, when rightly understood, are in themselves. of doubtful 
  meaning, and we are forced to have recourse to like conjectures to find out 
  in what sense he used them this sort of interpretation is mixed; it is 
  partly literal, and partly rational. 
       4. According to the civilians there are three sorts of interpretations, 
  the authentic, the usual, and the doctrinal. 
       5.-1. The authentic interpretation is that which refers to the 
  legislator himself, in order to fix the sense of the law. 
       6.-2. When the judge interprets the law so as to accord with prior 
  decisions, the interpretation is called usual. 
       7.-3. It is doctrinal when it is made agreeably to rules of science. 
  The Commentaries of learned lawyers in this case furnish the greatest 
  assistance. This last kind of interpretation is itself divided into, three 
  distinct classes. Doctrinal interpretation is extensive, restrictive, or 
  declaratory. 1st. It is extensive whenever the reason of the law has a more 
  enlarged sense than its terms, and it is consequently applied to a case 
  which had not been explained. 2d. On the contrary, it is restrictive when 
  the expressions of the law have a greater latitude than its reasons, so that 
  by a restricted interpretation, an exception is made in a case which the law 
  does not seem to have embraced. 3d. When the reason of the law and the terms 
  in which it is conceived agree, and it is only necessary to explain them to 
  have the sense complete, the interpretation is declaratory. 8. The term 
  interpretation is used by foreign jurists in nearly the same sense that we 
  use the word construction. (q. v.) 
       9. Pothier, in his excellent treatise on Obligations, lays down the 
  following rules for the interpretation of contracts: 
      10.-1. We ought to examine what was the common, intention of the 
  contracting parties rather than the grammatical sense of the terms. 
      11.-2. When a clause is capable of two significations, it should be 
  understood in that which will have some operation rather than, that in which 
  it will have none. 
      12.-3. Where the terms of a contract are capable of two 
  significations, we ought to understand them in the sense which is most 
  agreeable to the nature of the contract. 
      13.-4. Any thing, which may appear ambiguous in the terms of a 
  contract, may be explained by the common use of those terms in the country 
  where it is made. 
      14.-5. Usage is of so much authority in the interpretation of 
  agreements, that a contract is understood to contain the customary clauses 
  although they are not expressed; in contractibus tacite veniunt ea quae sunt 
  moris et consuetudinis. 
      15.-6. We ought to interpret one clause by the others contained in the 
  same act, whether they precede or follow it. 
      16.-7. In case of doubt, a clause ought to be interpreted against the 
  person who stipulates anything, and in discharge of the person who contracts 
  the obligation. 
      17.-8. However general the terms may be in which an agreement is 
  conceived, it only comprises those things respecting which it appears that 
  the contracting parties proposed to contract, and not others which they 
  never thought of. 
      18.-9. When the object of the agreement is to include universally 
  everything of a given nature, (une universalite de choses) the general 
  description will comprise all particular articles, although they may not 
  have been in the knowledge, of the parties. We may state, as an example of 
  this rule, an engagement which I make with you to abandon my share in a 
  succession for a certain sum. This agreement includes everything which makes 
  part of the succession, whether known or not; our intention was to contract 
  for the whole. Therefore it is decided, that I cannot object to the 
  agreement, under pretence that considerable property has been found to 
  belong to the succession of which we had not any knowledge. 
      19.-10. When a case is expressed in a contract on account of any doubt 
  which there may be whether the engagement resulting from the contract would. 
  extend to such case, the parties are not thereby understood to restrain the 
  extent which the engagement has of right, in respect to all cases not 
      20.-11. In contracts as well as in testaments, a clause conceived in 
  the plural may be frequently distributed into several particular classes. 
      21.-12. That which is at the end of a phrase commonly refers to the 
  whole phrase, and not only to that which immediately precedes it, provided 
  it agrees in gender and number with the whole phrase. 
      22. For instance, if in the contract for sale of a farm, it is said to 
  be sold with all the corn, small grain, fruits and wine that have been got 
  this year, the terms, that have been got this year, refer to the whole 
  phrase, and not to the wine only, and consequently the old corn is not less 
  excepted than the old wine; it would be otherwise if it had been said, all 
  the wine that has been got this year, for the expression is in the singular, 
  and only refers to the wine and not to the rest of the phrase, with which it 
  does not agree in number. Vide 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 86, et seq. 

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229