dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information


2 definitions found
 for indent style
From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

  indent style
   n.
  
      [C, C++, and Java programmers] The rules one uses to indent code in a
      readable fashion. There are four major C indent styles, described below;
      all have the aim of making it easier for the reader to visually track the
      scope of control constructs. They have been inherited by C++ and Java,
      which have C-like syntaxes. The significant variable is the placement of {
      and  with respect to the statement(s) they enclose and to the guard or
      controlling statement (if, else, for, while, or do) on the block, if any.
  
      K&R style ? Named after Kernighan & Ritchie, because the examples in K&R
      are formatted this way. Also called kernel style because the Unix kernel is
      written in it, and the ?One True Brace Style? (abbrev. 1TBS) by its
      partisans. In C code, the body is typically indented by eight spaces (or
      one tab) per level, as shown here. Four spaces are occasionally seen in C,
      but in C++ and Java four tends to be the rule rather than the exception.
  
  
      if () {
              
      
  
      Allman style ? Named for Eric Allman, a Berkeley hacker who wrote a lot of
      the BSD utilities in it (it is sometimes called BSD style). Resembles
      normal indent style in Pascal and Algol. It is the only style other than K&
      R in widespread use among Java programmers. Basic indent per level shown
      here is eight spaces, but four (or sometimes three) spaces are generally
      preferred by C++ and Java programmers.
  
  
      if ()
      {
              
      
  
      Whitesmiths style ? popularized by the examples that came with Whitesmiths
      C, an early commercial C compiler. Basic indent per level shown here is
      eight spaces, but four spaces are occasionally seen.
  
  
      if ()
              {
              
              
  
      GNU style ? Used throughout GNU EMACS and the Free Software Foundation
      code, and just about nowhere else. Indents are always four spaces per
      level, with { and  halfway between the outer and inner indent levels.
  
  
      if ()
        {
          
        
  
      Surveys have shown the Allman and Whitesmiths styles to be the most common,
      with about equal mind shares. K&R/1TBS used to be nearly universal, but is
      now much less common in C (the opening brace tends to get lost against the
      right paren of the guard part in an if or while, which is a Bad Thing).
      Defenders of 1TBS argue that any putative gain in readability is less
      important than their style's relative economy with vertical space, which
      enables one to see more code on one's screen at once. The Java Language
      Specification legislates not only the capitalization of identifiers, but
      where nouns, adjectives, and verbs should be in method, class, interface,
      and variable names (section 6.8). While the specification stops short of
      also standardizing on a bracing style, all source code originating from Sun
      Laboratories uses the K&R style. This has set a precedent for Java
      programmers, which most follow.
  
      Doubtless these issues will continue to be the subject of holy wars.
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

  indent style
  1TBS
  Allman style
  
      Rules for formatting code to make it easier to
     visually match up the beginning and end of a block of
     statements, particularly one controlled by a control
     statement such as "if", "else", "for", "while", "do".  This
     becomes important with large, nested blocks of code.
  
     Indent styles vary in the placement of "{" and "" with respect to
     the statement(s) they enclose and the controlling statement.
  
     The normal style is "Allman style", named after Eric Allman, a
     Berkeley hacker who wrote many BSD utilities in it.  It is
     sometimes called "BSD style".  It resembles normal indent style in
     Pascal and ALGOL.  Basic indent per level is eight or four
     spaces.  This is the only indent style to clearly associate the
     controlling statement and the beginning and the end of the block
     by aligning them vertically, which probably explains its
     widespread adoption.
  
      if (cond)
      {
     	
      
  
     Other styles such as K&R style, Whitesmiths style and GNU
     style are either obsolete or should be avoided because they make
     it harder (much harder in some cases) to match braces with each
     other and with the control statement that controls them.
  
     Many related languages such as Perl offer the same choices while
     others, following B, eschew braces and rely entirely on relative
     indentation to express block structure.  In Python, braces can
     be used to override indentation.
  
     [{Jargon File]
  
     (2014-09-24)
  

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229