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2 definitions found
 for filbert
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  filbert \fil"bert\, n. [Perh. fr. fill + bread, as filling the
     bread or husk; cf. G. bartnuss (lit., bread nut) filbert; or
     perh. named from a St.Philibert, whose day, Aug. 22, fell in
     the nutting season.]
     1. (Bot.) The fruit of the Corylus Avellana or Corylus
        maxima, also called the hazel; the hazelnut. It is an
        oval nut, containing a kernel that has a mild,
        farinaceous, oily taste, agreeable to the palate.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: In England filberts are usually large hazelnuts,
           especially the nuts from selected and cultivated trees.
           The American hazelnuts are of two other species,
           Corylus Americana and Corylus cornuta, and are also
           sometimes called filberts.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     2. (Bot.) The tree bearing the filbert; the hazelnut tree.
        [PJC]
  
     Filbert gall (Zool.), a gall resembling a filbert in form,
        growing in clusters on grapevines. It is produced by the
        larva of a gallfly ({Cecidomyia).
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  filbert
      n 1: small nut-bearing tree much grown in Europe [syn: cobnut,
           filbert, Corylus avellana, Corylus avellana grandis]
      2: nut of any of several trees of the genus Corylus [syn:
         hazelnut, filbert, cobnut, cob]

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