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 for ferrite core memory
From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

  ferrite core memory
      (Or "core") An early form of non-volatile storage
     built (by hand) from tiny rings of magnetisable material
     threaded onto very fine wire to form large (e.g. 13"x13" or
     more) rectangluar arrays.  Each core stored one bit of data.
     These were sandwiched between printed circuit boards(?).
     Sets of wires ran horizontally and vertically and where a
     vertical and horizontal wire crossed, a core had both wires
     threaded through it.
     A single core could be selected and magnetised by passing
     sufficient current through its horizontal and vertical wires.
     A core would retain its magnetisation until it was
     re-magnetised.  The two possible polarities of magnetisation
     were used to represent the binary values zero and one.
     A third "sense" wire, passed through the core and, if the
     magnetisation of the core was changed, a small pulse would be
     induced in the sense wire which could be detected and used to
     deduce the core's original state.
     Some core memory was immersed in a bath of heated oil to
     improve its performance.
     Core memory was rendered obsolete by semiconductor memory.
     For example, the 1970s-era NCR 499 had two boards, each with
     16 kilobytes of core memory.

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