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3 definitions found
 for extraction
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Extraction \Ex*trac"tion\, n. [Cf. F. extraction.]
     1. The act of extracting, or drawing out; as, the extraction
        of a tooth, of a bone or an arrow from the body, of a
        stump from earth, of a passage from a book, of an essence
        or tincture.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Derivation from a stock or family; lineage; descent;
        birth; the stock from which one has descended. "A family
        of ancient extraction." --Clarendon.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. That which is extracted; extract; essence.
        [1913 Webster]
              They [books] do preserve as in a vial the purest
              efficacy and extraction of that living intellect
              that bred them.                       --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
     The extraction of roots. (Math.)
        (a) The operation of finding the root of a given number or
        (b) The method or rule by which the operation is
            performed; evolution.
            [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: the process of obtaining something from a mixture or
           compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means
      2: properties attributable to your ancestry; "he comes from good
         origins" [syn: origin, descent, extraction]
      3: the action of taking out something (especially using effort
         or force); "the dentist gave her a local anesthetic prior to
         the extraction"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  163 Moby Thesaurus words for "extraction":
     affiliation, ancestry, apparentation, architecture, assembly,
     attraction, attrition, birth, blood, bloodline, bolting, branch,
     breed, building, casting, clarification, colature, common ancestry,
     composition, concentrate, concentration, consanguinity,
     construction, conversion, crafting, craftsmanship, creation,
     cultivation, curtailment, cut, cutting, decoction, decrease,
     decrement, depletion, depreciation, deracination, derivation,
     derogation, descent, destructive distillation, detraction,
     devising, diminution, dip, direct line, disparagement,
     distaff side, distillate, distillation, draft, drawing, drayage,
     edulcoration, elaboration, elixir, elution, elutriation,
     eradication, erection, essence, essentialization, excerpt,
     excerption, extirpation, extract, extrication, fabrication, family,
     fashioning, female line, filiation, filtering, filtration,
     formation, forming, formulation, framing, growing, handicraft,
     handiwork, harvesting, haulage, hauling, heaving, house,
     impairment, infusion, leaching, lessening, line, line of descent,
     lineage, lixiviation, machining, making, male line, manufacture,
     manufacturing, milling, mining, molding, origin, parentage,
     passage, pedigree, percolation, phylum, prefabrication,
     preparation, processing, producing, pull, pulling, pulling power,
     purification, quintessence, race, raising, reduction, refinement,
     refining, remission, removal, retraction, retrenchment, riddling,
     screening, seed, selected passage, selection, separation, sept,
     shaping, shortening, shrinkage, side, sieving, sifting, smelting,
     spear side, spindle side, spirit, spiritualization, stem, stirps,
     stock, strain, straining, sublimation, succession, sword side,
     towage, towing, traction, tractive power, truncation, tug-of-war,
     tugging, uprooting, winnowing, withdrawal, workmanship

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