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4 definitions found
 for confirmation
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Confirmation \Con`fir*ma"tion\, n. [F. confirmation, L.
     1. The act of confirming or strengthening; the act of
        establishing, ratifying, or sanctioning; as, the
        confirmation of an appointment.
        [1913 Webster]
              Their blood is shed
              In confirmation of the noblest claim. --Cowper.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. That which confirms; that which gives new strength or
        assurance; as to a statement or belief; additional
        evidence; proof; convincing testimony.
        [1913 Webster]
              Trifles light as air
              Are to the jealous confirmations strong
              As proofs of holy writ.               --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. (Eccl.) A rite supplemental to baptism, by which a person
        is admitted, through the laying on of the hands of a
        bishop, to the full privileges of the church, as in the
        Roman Catholic, the Episcopal Church, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
              This ordinance is called confirmation, because they
              who duly receive it are confirmed or strengthened
              for the fulfillment of their Christian duties, by
              the grace therein bestowed upon them. --Hook.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. (Law) A conveyance by which a voidable estate is made sure
        and not voidable, or by which a particular estate is
        increased; a contract, express or implied, by which a
        person makes that firm and binding which was before
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: additional proof that something that was believed (some
           fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct; "fossils provided
           further confirmation of the evolutionary theory" [syn:
           confirmation, verification, check, substantiation]
      2: information that confirms or verifies
      3: making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming
         it; "the ratification of the treaty"; "confirmation of the
         appointment" [syn: ratification, confirmation]
      4: a ceremony held in the synagogue (usually at Pentecost) to
         admit as adult members of the Jewish community young men and
         women who have successfully completed a course of study in
      5: a sacrament admitting a baptized person to full participation
         in the church

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  114 Moby Thesaurus words for "confirmation":
     John Hancock, OK, acceptance, affirmance, affirmation, agape,
     approbation, approval, ascertainment, asperges, aspersion,
     assurance, attestation, auricular confession, authentication,
     authorization, backing, backing up, baptism, bar mitzvah,
     bas mitzvah, bearing out, bolstering, buttressing, celebration,
     certification, check, checking, circumcision, circumstantiation,
     collation, comparative scrutiny, confession, corroboration,
     corroboratory evidence, countersignature, cross-check,
     deep-rootedness, deep-seatedness, determination, documentation,
     embedment, endorsement, ensuring, entrenchment, establishment,
     evidence, extreme unction, fixation, fixedness, fixity, fixture,
     fortification, go-ahead, green light, high celebration,
     holy orders, implantation, imprimatur, incense, infixion,
     inveteracy, invocation, invocation of saints, kiss of peace,
     lesser litany, litany, love feast, lustration, matrimony, nod,
     notarization, okay, pax, penance, permission, processional, proof,
     proving, proving out, ratification, reassurance, reassurement,
     reciting the rosary, reinforcement, rubber stamp, sanction, seal,
     seven sacraments, sigil, signature, signet, stabilization, stamp,
     stamp of approval, strengthening, subscription, substantiation,
     support, supporting evidence, telling of beads, testament,
     testimonial, the Eucharist, the confessional, the confessionary,
     the nod, undergirding, validation, verification, visa, vise,
     warrant, witness

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CONFIRMATION, contracts, conveyancing. 1. A contract by which that which 
  was voidable, is made firm and unavoidable. 
       2. A species of conveyance. 
       2. - 1. When a contract has been entered into by a stranger without 
  authority, he in whose name it has been made may, by his own act, confirm 
  it; or if the contract be made by the party himself in an informal and 
  voidable manner, he may in a more formal manner confirm and render it valid; 
  and in that event it will take effect, as between the parties, from the 
  original making. To make a valid confirmation, the party must be apprised 
  of, his rights, and where there has been a fraud in the transaction, he must 
  be award of it, and intend to confirm his contract. Vide 1 Ball & Beatty, 
  353; 2 Scho. & Lef. 486; 12 Ves. 373; 1 Ves. Jr. 215; Newl. Contr. 496; 1 
  Atk. 301; 8 Watts. R. 280. 
       3. - 2. Lord Coke defines a confirmation of an estate, to be "a 
  conveyance of an estate or right in esse, whereby a voidable estate is made 
  sure and unavoidable; or where a particular estate is increased." 
       4. The first part of this definition may be illustrated by the 
  following case, put by Littleton, Sec. 516; where a person lets land to 
  another for the term of his life, who lets the same to another for forty 
  years, by force of which he is in possession; if the lessor for life 
  confirms the estate of the tenant for years by deed, and afterwards the 
  tenant for life dies, during the term; this deed will operate as a 
  confirmation of the term for years.. As to the latter branch of the 
  definition; whenever a confirmation operates by way of increasing the 
  estate, it is similar in every respect to a release that operates by way of 
  enlargement, for there must be privity of estate, and proper words of 
  limitation. The proper technical words of a confirmation are, ratify and 
  confirm; although it is usual and prudent to insert also the words given and 
  granted. Watk. Prin. Convey. chap. vii. 
       5. A confirmation does not strengthen a void estate. Confirmatio est 
  nulla, ubi donum precedens est invalidum, et ubi donatio nulla est nec 
  valebit confirmatio. For confirmation may make a voidable or defeasible 
  estate good, but cannot operate on an estate void in law. Co. Litt. 295. The 
  canon law agrees with this rule, and hence the maxim, qui confirmat nihil 
  dat. Toull. Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 3, c. 6, n. 476. Vide Vin. Ab. h.t.; 
  Com. Dig. 11. t.; Ayliffe's Pand. *386; 1 Chit. Pr. 315; 3 Gill & John. 290; 
  3 Yerg. R. 405; Co. Litt. 295; Gilbert on Ten. 75; 1 Breese's R. 236; 9 Co. 
  142, a; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2067-9. 
       6. An infant is said to confirm his acts performed during infancy, 
  when, after coming to full age, be expressly approves of them, or does acts 
  from which such confirmation way be implied. Sec Ratification. 

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