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13 definitions found
 for code
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), n. [F., fr. L. codex, caudex, the stock or
     stem of a tree, a board or tablet of wood smeared over with
     wax, on which the ancients originally wrote; hence, a book, a
     1. A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the
        rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are
        set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by
        public authority; a digest.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: The collection of laws made by the order of Justinian
           is sometimes called, by way of eminence, "The Code" .
           [1913 Webster]
     2. Any system of rules or regulations relating to one
        subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the
        regulation of the professional conduct of physicians.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. Any set of symbols or combinations of symbols used for
        communication in any medium, such as by telegraph or
        semaphore. See Morse code, and error-correcting code.
     Note: A system of rules for making communications at sea by
           means of signals has been referred to as the
     naval code.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. Any set of standards established by the governing
        authority of a geopolitical entity restricting the ways
        that certain activities may be performed, especially the
        manner in which buildings or specific systems within
        buildings may be constructed; as, a building code; a
        plumbing code; a health code.
     5. Any system used for secrecy in communication, in which the
        content of a communication is converted, prior to
        transmission, into symbols whose meaning is known only to
        authorized recipients of the message; such codes are used
        to prevent unauthorized persons from learning the content
        of the communication. The process of converting a
        communication into secret symbols by means of a code is
        called encoding or encryption. However, unauthorized
        persons may learn the code by various means, as in
     6. An error-correcting code. See below.
     7. (Computers) The set of instructions for a computer program
        written by a programmer, usually in a programming language
        such as Fortran, C, Cobol, Java, C++, etc.; also, the
        executable binary object code. All such programs except
        for the binary object code must be converted by a
        compiler program into object code, which is the
        arrangement of data bits which can be directly interpreted
        by a computer.
     Code civil or Code Napoleon, a code enacted in France in
        1803 and 1804, embodying the law of rights of persons and
        of property generally. --Abbot.
     error-correcting code (Computers) A set of symbols used to
        represent blocks of binary data, in which the original
        block of data is represented by a larger block of data
        which includes additional bits arranged in such a way that
        the original data may be read even if one or more of the
        bits of the encoded data is changed, as in a noisy
        communicaiton channel. Various codes are available which
        can correct different numbers or patterns of errors in the
        transmitted data. Such codes are used to achieve higher
        accuracy in data transmission, and in data storage devices
        such as disk drives and tape drives.
     object code (Computers) the arrangement of bits stored in
        computer memory or a data storage device which, when fed
        to the instruction processor of a computer's central
        processing unit, can be interpreted directly as
        instructions for execution.
     genetic code (Biochemistry, genetics) The set of
        correspondences between sequences of three bases (codons)
        in a RNA chain to the amino acid which those three bases
        represent in the process of protein synthesis. Thus, the
        sequence UUU codes for phenylalanine, and AUG codes for
        methionine. There are twenty-one naturally-occurring amino
        acids, and sixty-four possible arrangements of three bases
        in RNA; thus some of the amino acids are represented by
        more than one codon. Several codons do not represent amino
        acids, but cause termination of the synthesis of a growing
        amnio acid chain.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
     Note: The genetic code is represented by the following table:
           The Genetic Code
           UUU Phenylalanine (Phe) AUU Isoleucine (Ile)
           UCU Serine (Ser) ACU Threonine (Thr)
           UAU Tyrosine (Tyr) AAU Asparagine (Asn)
           UGU Cysteine (Cys) AGU Serine (Ser)
           UUC Phe AUC Ile
           UCC Ser ACC Thr
           UAC Tyr AAC Asn
           UGC Cys AGC Ser
           UUA Leucine (Leu) AUA Ile
           UCA Ser ACA Thr
           UAA STOP AAA Lysine (Lys)
           UGA STOP AGA Arginine (Arg)
           UUG Leu AUG Methionine (Met) or START
           UCG Ser ACG Thr
           UAG STOP AAG Lys
           UGG Tryptophan (Trp) AGG Arg
           CUU Leucine (Leu) GUU Valine Val
           CCU Proline (Pro) GCU Alanine (Ala)
           CAU Histidine (His) GAU Aspartic acid (Asp)
           CGU Arginine (Arg) GGU Glycine (Gly)
           CUC Leu GUC (Val)
           CCU Pro GCC Ala
           CAC His GAC Asp
           CGC Arg GGC Gly
           CUA Leu GUA Val
           CCA Pro GCA Ala
           CAA Glutamine (Gln) GAA Glutamic acid (Glu)
           CGA Arg GGA Gly
           CUG Leu GUG Val
           CCG Pro GCG Ala
           CAG Gln GAG Glu
           CGG Arg GGG Gly

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), v. t.
     1. To convert (a text or other information) into a encoded
        form by means of a code[5].
     2. To write a computer program in a programming language; as,
        to code a sorting routine.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), v. i. (Biochemistry, genetics)
     To serve as the nucleotide sequence directing the synthesis
     of a particular amino acid or sequence of amino acids in
     protein biosynthesis; as, this sequence of nucleotides
     encodes the hemoglobin alpha chain..

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written
           ones) [syn: code, codification]
      2: a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring
         brevity or secrecy
      3: (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or
         instructions in a computer program or the set of such
         instructions [syn: code, computer code]
      v 1: attach a code to; "Code the pieces with numbers so that you
           can identify them later"
      2: convert ordinary language into code; "We should encode the
         message for security reasons" [syn: code, encipher,
         cipher, cypher, encrypt, inscribe, write in code]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  158 Moby Thesaurus words for "code":
     Aesopian language, Babel, Code Napoleon, Greek, Napoleonic code,
     Procrustean law, TelAutography, Teletype, Teletype network,
     Teletyping, Ten Commandments, Zeitgeist, argot, axiology, babble,
     behavioral norm, body of law, business ethics, canon, cant,
     capitulary, census, cipher, closed-circuit telegraphy,
     code of ethics, code of laws, code of morals, coded message,
     codification, commandment, convention, conventions, corpus juris,
     criterion, cryptoanalysis, cryptoanalytics, cryptogram,
     cryptograph, cryptographer, cryptography, customs, cypher,
     decalogue, dictum, digest, digest of law, double Dutch,
     duplex telegraphy, electricity, encipher, encode, encrypt, equity,
     ethic, ethical system, ethics, ethos, facsimile telegraph, form,
     formality, formula, formulary, garble, general principle,
     gibberish, gift of tongues, glossolalia, gobbledygook, golden rule,
     guideline, guiding principle, imperative, index, interrupter,
     inventory, invisible ink, jargon, jumble, jurisprudence, key, law,
     law of nature, laws, legal ethics, maxim, medical ethics, mitzvah,
     moral, moral climate, moral code, moral principles, morals,
     multiplex telegraphy, new morality, news ticker, noise, norm,
     norma, normative system, order of nature, ordinance, organization,
     orthodoxy, pandect, penal code, practices, prescribed form,
     prescription, principium, principle, principles,
     professional ethics, protocol, quadruplex telegraphy,
     railroad telegraphy, receiver, regulation, regulations, rubric,
     rule, scramble, secret language, secret writing, sender, set form,
     settled principle, simplex telegraphy, single-current telegraphy,
     slang, social ethics, sounder, standard, standards, standing order,
     stock ticker, structure, submarine telegraphy, sympathetic ink,
     system, table, table of organization, telegraphics, telegraphy,
     teleprinter, teletypewriter, teletypewriting, telex, tenet, ticker,
     traditions, transmitter, typotelegraph, typotelegraphy,
     universal law, value system, wire service, working principle,
     working rule

From V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (February 2016) :

         Client/server Open Development Environment (Powersoft)

From V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (February 2016) :

         COlor Depth Enhancement (ATI)

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

      1. n. The stuff that software writers write, either in source form or after
      translation by a compiler or assembler. Often used in opposition to ?data?,
      which is the stuff that code operates on. Among hackers this is a mass
      noun, as in ?How much code does it take to do a bubble sort??, or ?The
      code is loaded at the high end of RAM.? Among scientific programmers it is
      sometimes a count noun equilvalent to ?program?; thus they may speak of ?
      codes? in the plural. Anyone referring to software as ?the software codes?
      is probably a newbie or a suit.
      2. v. To write code. In this sense, always refers to source code rather
      than compiled. ?I coded an Emacs clone in two hours!? This verb is a bit of
      a cultural marker associated with the Unix and minicomputer traditions (and
      lately Linux); people within that culture prefer v. ?code? to v. ?program?
      whereas outside it the reverse is normally true.

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

     1.  Instructions for a computer in some programming
     language, often machine language (machine code).
     The word "code" is often used to distinguish instructions from
     data (e.g. "The code is marked 'read-only'") whereas the
     word "{software" is used in contrast with "{hardware}" and
     may consist of more than just code.
     2.  Some method of encryption or the resulting
     encrypted message.

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CODE, legislation. Signifies in general a collection of laws. It is a name 
  given by way of eminence to a collection of such laws made by the 
  legislature. Among the most noted may be mentioned the following: 

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CODE, OF LOUISIANA. In 1822, Peter Derbigny, Edward Livingston, and Moreau 
  Lislet, were selected by the legislature to revise and amend the civil code, 
  and to add to it such laws still in force as were not included therein. They 
  were authorized to add a system of commercial law, and a code of practice. 
  The code the prepared having been adopted, was promulgated in 1824, under 
  the title of the "Civil Code of the State of Louisiana." 
       2. The code is based on the Code Napoleon, with proper and judicious 
  modifications, suitable for the state of Louisiana. It is composed of three 
  books: 1. the first treats of persons; 2. the second of things, and of the 
  different modifications of property; 3. and the third of the different modes 
  of acquiring the property of things. It contains 3522 articles, numbered 
  from the beginning, for the convenience of reference. 
       3. This code, it is said, contains many inaccurate definitions. The 
  legislature modified and changed many of the provisions relating to the 
  positive legislation, but adopted the definitions and abstract doctrines of 
  the code without material alterations. From this circumstance, as well as 
  from the inherent difficulty of the subject, the positive provisions of the 
  code are often at variance with the theoretical part, which was intended to 
  elucidate them. 13 L. R. 237. 
       4. This code went into operation on the 20th day of May,. 1825. 11 L. 
  R. 60. It is in both the French and English languages; and in construing it, 
  it is a rule that when the expressions used in the French text of the code 
  are more comprehensive than those used in English, or vice versa, the more 
  enlarged sense will be taken, as thus full effect will be given to both 
  clauses. 2 N. S. 582. 

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CODE, JUSTINIAN, civil law. A collection of the constitutions of the 
  emperors, from Adrian to Justinian; the greater part of those from Adrian to 
  Constantine are mere rescripts; those from Constantine to Justinian are 
  edicts or laws, properly speaking. 
       2. The code is divided into twelve books, which are subdivided into 
  titles, in which the constitutions are collected under proper heads. They 
  are placed in chronological order, but often disjointed. At the head of each 
  constitution is placed the name of the emperor who is the author, and that 
  of the person to whom it is addressed. The date is at the end. Several of 
  these constitutions, which were formerly in the code were lost, it is 
  supposed by the neglect of "copyists. Some of them have been restored by 
  modern authors, among whom may be mentioned Charondas, Cugas, and Contius, 
  who translated them from Greek, versions. 

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CODE, NAPOLEON. The Code Civil of France, enacted into law during the reign  
  of Napoleon, bore his name until the restoration of the Bourbons when it was 
  deprived of that name, and it is now cited Code Civil. 

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