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13 definitions found
 for c
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gastropoda \Gas*trop"o*da\, n. pl., [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, stomach
     + -poda.] (Zool.)
     One of the classes of Mollusca, of great extent. It includes
     most of the marine spiral shells, and the land and
     fresh-water snails. They generally creep by means of a flat,
     muscular disk, or foot, on the ventral side of the body. The
     head usually bears one or two pairs of tentacles. See
     Mollusca. [Written also Gasteropoda.]
     [1913 Webster]
     Note: The Gastropoda are divided into three subclasses; viz.:
           ({a) The Streptoneura or Dioecia, including the
           Pectinibranchiata, Rhipidoglossa, Docoglossa, and
           Heteropoda. ({b) The Euthyneura, including the
           Pulmonata and Opisthobranchia. ({c) The Amphineura,
           including the Polyplacophora and Aplacophora.
           [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Language \Lan"guage\, n. [OE. langage, F. langage, fr. L. lingua
     the tongue, hence speech, language; akin to E. tongue. See
     Tongue, cf. Lingual.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. Any means of conveying or communicating ideas;
        specifically, human speech; the expression of ideas by the
        voice; sounds, expressive of thought, articulated by the
        organs of the throat and mouth.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Language consists in the oral utterance of sounds which
           usage has made the representatives of ideas. When two
           or more persons customarily annex the same sounds to
           the same ideas, the expression of these sounds by one
           person communicates his ideas to another. This is the
           primary sense of language, the use of which is to
           communicate the thoughts of one person to another
           through the organs of hearing. Articulate sounds are
           represented to the eye by letters, marks, or
           characters, which form words.
           [1913 Webster]
     2. The expression of ideas by writing, or any other
        [1913 Webster]
     3. The forms of speech, or the methods of expressing ideas,
        peculiar to a particular nation.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. The characteristic mode of arranging words, peculiar to an
        individual speaker or writer; manner of expression; style.
        [1913 Webster]
              Others for language all their care express. --Pope.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. The inarticulate sounds by which animals inferior to man
        express their feelings or their wants.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. The suggestion, by objects, actions, or conditions, of
        ideas associated therewith; as, the language of flowers.
        [1913 Webster]
              There was . . . language in their very gesture.
        [1913 Webster]
     7. The vocabulary and phraseology belonging to an art or
        department of knowledge; as, medical language; the
        language of chemistry or theology.
        [1913 Webster]
     8. A race, as distinguished by its speech. [R.]
        [1913 Webster]
              All the people, the nations, and the languages, fell
              down and worshiped the golden image.  --Dan. iii. 7.
        [1913 Webster]
     9. Any system of symbols created for the purpose of
        communicating ideas, emotions, commands, etc., between
        sentient agents.
     10. Specifically: (computers) Any set of symbols and the
         rules for combining them which are used to specify to a
         computer the actions that it is to take; also referred to
         as a computer lanugage or programming language; as,
         JAVA is a new and flexible high-level language which has
         achieved popularity very rapidly.
     Note: Computer languages are classed a low-level if each
           instruction specifies only one operation of the
           computer, or high-level if each instruction may specify
           a complex combination of operations. Machine language
           and assembly language are low-level computer
           languages. FORTRAN, COBOL and C are high-level
           computer languages. Other computer languages, such as
           JAVA, allow even more complex combinations of low-level
           operations to be performed with a single command. Many
           programs, such as databases, are supplied with special
           languages adapted to manipulate the objects of concern
           for that specific program. These are also high-level
     Language master, a teacher of languages. [Obs.]
     Syn: Speech; tongue; idiom; dialect; phraseology; diction;
          discourse; conversation; talk.
     Usage: Language, Speech, Tongue, Idiom, Dialect.
            Language is generic, denoting, in its most extended
            use, any mode of conveying ideas; speech is the
            language of articulate sounds; tongue is the
            Anglo-Saxon term for language, esp. for spoken
            language; as, the English tongue. Idiom denotes the
            forms of construction peculiar to a particular
            language; dialects are varieties of expression which
            spring up in different parts of a country among people
            speaking substantially the same language.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Legate \Leg"ate\ (l[e^]g"[asl]t), n. [OE. legat, L. legatus, fr.
     legare to send with a commission or charge, to depute, fr.
     lex, legis, law: cf. F. l['e]gat, It. legato. See Legal.]
     1. An ambassador or envoy.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. An ecclesiastic representing the pope and invested with
        the authority of the Holy See.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Legates are of three kinds: ({a) Legates a latere, now
           always cardinals. They are called ordinary or
           extraordinary legates, the former governing provinces,
           and the latter class being sent to foreign countries on
           extraordinary occasions. ({b) Legati missi, who
           correspond to the ambassadors of temporal governments.
           ({c) Legati nati, or legates by virtue of their
           office, as the archbishops of Salzburg and Prague.
           [1913 Webster]
     3. (Rom. Hist.)
        (a) An official assistant given to a general or to the
            governor of a province.
        (b) Under the emperors, a governor sent to a province.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Libration \Li*bra"tion\ (l[-i]*br[=a]"sh[u^]n), n. [L. libratio:
     cf. F. libration.]
     1. The act or state of librating. --Jer. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. (Astron.) A real or apparent libratory motion, like that
        of a balance before coming to rest.
        [1913 Webster]
     Libration of the moon, any one of those small periodical
        changes in the position of the moon's surface relatively
        to the earth, in consequence of which narrow portions at
        opposite limbs become visible or invisible alternately. It
        receives different names according to the manner in which
        it takes place; as: (a) Libration in longitude, that
        which, depending on the place of the moon in its elliptic
        orbit, causes small portions near the eastern and western
        borders alternately to appear and disappear each month.
        ({b) Libration in latitude, that which depends on the
        varying position of the moon's axis in respect to the
        spectator, causing the alternate appearance and
        disappearance of either pole. ({c) Diurnal or parallactic
        libration, that which brings into view on the upper limb,
        at rising and setting, some parts not in the average
        visible hemisphere.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Monkey \Mon"key\, n.; pl. Monkeys. [Cf. OIt. monicchio, It.
     monnino, dim. of monna an ape, also dame, mistress, contr.
     fr. madonna. See Madonna.]
     1. (Zool.)
        (a) In the most general sense, any one of the Quadrumana,
            including apes, baboons, and lemurs.
        (b) Any species of Quadrumana, except the lemurs.
        (c) Any one of numerous species of Quadrumana (esp. such
            as have a long tail and prehensile feet) exclusive of
            apes and baboons.
            [1913 Webster]
     Note: The monkeys are often divided into three groups: ({a)
           Catarrhines, or Simidae. These have an oblong head,
           with the oblique flat nostrils near together. Some have
           no tail, as the apes. All these are natives of the Old
           World. ({b) Platyrhines, or Cebidae. These have a
           round head, with a broad nasal septum, so that the
           nostrils are wide apart and directed downward. The tail
           is often prehensile, and the thumb is short and not
           opposable. These are natives of the New World. ({c)
           Strepsorhines, or Lemuroidea. These have a pointed
           head with curved nostrils. They are natives of Southern
           Asia, Africa, and Madagascar.
           [1913 Webster]
     2. A term of disapproval, ridicule, or contempt, as for a
        mischievous child.
        [1913 Webster]
              This is the monkey's own giving out; she is
              persuaded I will marry her.           --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. The weight or hammer of a pile driver, that is, a very
        heavy mass of iron, which, being raised on high, falls on
        the head of the pile, and drives it into the earth; the
        falling weight of a drop hammer used in forging.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. A small trading vessel of the sixteenth century.
        [1913 Webster]
     Monkey boat. (Naut.)
        (a) A small boat used in docks.
        (b) A half-decked boat used on the River Thames.
     Monkey block (Naut.), a small single block strapped with a
        swivel. --R. H. Dana, Jr.
     Monkey flower (Bot.), a plant of the genus Mimulus; -- so
        called from the appearance of its gaping corolla. --Gray.
     Monkey gaff (Naut.), a light gaff attached to the topmast
        for the better display of signals at sea.
     Monkey jacket, a short closely fitting jacket, worn by
     Monkey rail (Naut.), a second and lighter rail raised about
        six inches above the quarter rail of a ship.
     Monkey shine, monkey trick. [Slang, U.S.]
     Monkey trick, a mischievous prank. --Saintsbury.
     Monkey wheel. See Gin block, under 5th Gin.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Motion \Mo"tion\, n. [F., fr. L. motio, fr. movere, motum, to
     move. See Move.]
     1. The act, process, or state of changing place or position;
        movement; the passing of a body from one place or position
        to another, whether voluntary or involuntary; -- opposed
        to rest.
        [1913 Webster]
              Speaking or mute, all comeliness and grace
              attends thee, and each word, each motion, forms.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Power of, or capacity for, motion.
        [1913 Webster]
              Devoid of sense and motion.           --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. Direction of movement; course; tendency; as, the motion of
        the planets is from west to east.
        [1913 Webster]
              In our proper motion we ascend.       --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. Change in the relative position of the parts of anything;
        action of a machine with respect to the relative movement
        of its parts.
        [1913 Webster]
              This is the great wheel to which the clock owes its
              motion.                               --Dr. H. More.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. Movement of the mind, desires, or passions; mental act, or
        impulse to any action; internal activity.
        [1913 Webster]
              Let a good man obey every good motion rising in his
              heart, knowing that every such motion proceeds from
              God.                                  --South.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. A proposal or suggestion looking to action or progress;
        esp., a formal proposal made in a deliberative assembly;
        as, a motion to adjourn.
        [1913 Webster]
              Yes, I agree, and thank you for your motion. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     7. (Law) An application made to a court or judge orally in
        open court. Its object is to obtain an order or rule
        directing some act to be done in favor of the applicant.
        --Mozley & W.
        [1913 Webster]
     8. (Mus.) Change of pitch in successive sounds, whether in
        the same part or in groups of parts.
        [1913 Webster]
              The independent motions of different parts sounding
              together constitute counterpoint.     --Grove.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Conjunct motion is that by single degrees of the scale.
           Contrary motion is that when parts move in opposite
           directions. Disjunct motion is motion by skips. Oblique
           motion is that when one part is stationary while
           another moves. Similar or direct motion is that when
           parts move in the same direction.
           [1913 Webster]
     9. A puppet show or puppet. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
              What motion's this? the model of Nineveh? --Beau. &
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Motion, in mechanics, may be simple or compound.
     Simple+motions+are:+({a">Simple motions are: ({a) straight translation, which, if
        of indefinite duration, must be reciprocating. ({b)
        Simple rotation, which may be either continuous or
        reciprocating, and when reciprocating is called
        oscillating. ({c) Helical, which, if of indefinite
        duration, must be reciprocating.
     Compound motion consists of combinations of any of the
        simple motions.
        [1913 Webster]
     Center of motion, Harmonic motion, etc. See under
        Center, Harmonic, etc.
     Motion block (Steam Engine), a crosshead.
     Perpetual motion (Mech.), an incessant motion conceived to
        be attainable by a machine supplying its own motive forces
        independently of any action from without. According to the
        law of conservation of energy, such perpetual motion is
        impossible, and no device has yet been built that is
        capable of perpetual motion.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
     Syn: See Movement.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Symbol \Sym"bol\ (s[i^]m"b[o^]l), n. [L. symbolus, symbolum, Gr.
     sy`mbolon a sign by which one knows or infers a thing, from
     symba`llein to throw or put together, to compare; sy`n with +
     ba`llein to throw: cf. F. symbole. Cf. Emblem, Parable.]
     1. A visible sign or representation of an idea; anything
        which suggests an idea or quality, or another thing, as by
        resemblance or by convention; an emblem; a representation;
        a type; a figure; as, the lion is the symbol of courage;
        the lamb is the symbol of meekness or patience.
        [1913 Webster]
              A symbol is a sign included in the idea which it
              represents, e. g., an actual part chosen to
              represent the whole, or a lower form or species used
              as the representative of a higher in the same kind.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. (Math.) Any character used to represent a quantity, an
        operation, a relation, or an abbreviation.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: In crystallography, the symbol of a plane is the
           numerical expression which defines its position
           relatively to the assumed axes.
           [1913 Webster]
     3. (Theol.) An abstract or compendium of faith or doctrine; a
        creed, or a summary of the articles of religion.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. [Gr. ? contributions.] That which is thrown into a common
        fund; hence, an appointed or accustomed duty. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
              They do their work in the days of peace . . . and
              come to pay their symbol in a war or in a plague.
                                                    --Jer. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. Share; allotment. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
              The persons who are to be judged . . . shall all
              appear to receive their symbol.       --Jer. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. (Chem.) An abbreviation standing for the name of an
        element and consisting of the initial letter of the Latin
        or New Latin name, or sometimes of the initial letter with
        a following one; as, C for carbon, Na for sodium
        (Natrium), Fe for iron (Ferrum), Sn for tin (Stannum),
        Sb for antimony (Stibium), etc. See the list of names
        and symbols under Element.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: In pure and organic chemistry there are symbols not
           only for the elements, but also for their grouping in
           formulas, radicals, or residues, as evidenced by their
           composition, reactions, synthesis, etc. See the diagram
           of Benzene nucleus, under Benzene.
           [1913 Webster]
     Syn: Emblem; figure; type. See Emblem.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  higher programming language \higher programming language\ n.
     A computer programming language with an instruction set
     allowing one instruction to code for several assembly
     language instructions.
     Note: The aggregation of several assembly-language
           instructions into one instruction allows much greater
           efficiency in writing computer programs. Most programs
           are now written in some higher programming language,
           such as BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, C, C++,
           PROLOG, or JAVA.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  C \C\ (s[=e])
     1. C is the third letter of the English alphabet. It is from
        the Latin letter C, which in old Latin represented the
        sounds of k, and g (in go); its original value being the
        latter. In Anglo-Saxon words, or Old English before the
        Norman Conquest, it always has the sound of k. The Latin C
        was the same letter as the Greek [Gamma], [gamma], and
        came from the Greek alphabet. The Greeks got it from the
        Ph[oe]nicians. The English name of C is from the Latin
        name ce, and was derived, probably, through the French.
        Etymologically C is related to g, h, k, q, s (and other
        sibilant sounds). Examples of these relations are in L.
        acutus, E. acute, ague; E. acrid, eager, vinegar; L.
        cornu, E. horn; E. cat, kitten; E. coy, quiet; L. circare,
        OF. cerchier, E. search.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 221-228.
           [1913 Webster]
     2. (Mus.)
        (a) The keynote of the normal or "natural" scale, which
            has neither flats nor sharps in its signature; also,
            the third note of the relative minor scale of the
        (b) C after the clef is the mark of common time, in which
            each measure is a semibreve (four fourths or
            crotchets); for alla breve time it is written ?.
        (c) The "C clef," a modification of the letter C, placed
            on any line of the staff, shows that line to be middle
            [1913 Webster]
     3. As a numeral, C stands for Latin centum or 100, CC for
        200, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
     C spring, a spring in the form of the letter C.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      adj 1: being ten more than ninety [syn: hundred, one
             hundred, 100, c]
      n 1: a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature [syn:
           degree centigrade, degree Celsius, C]
      2: the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy
         and universality of the speed of light is recognized by
         defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second [syn:
         speed of light, light speed, c]
      3: a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits)
         and vegetables; prevents scurvy [syn: vitamin C, C,
         ascorbic acid]
      4: one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four
         nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar
         (ribose) [syn: deoxycytidine monophosphate, C]
      5: a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine;
         pairs with guanine [syn: cytosine, C]
      6: an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in
         three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and
         diamond; occurs in all organic compounds [syn: carbon, C,
         atomic number 6]
      7: ten 10s [syn: hundred, 100, C, century, one C]
      8: a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge
         transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second [syn:
         coulomb, C, ampere-second]
      9: a general-purpose programing language closely associated with
         the UNIX operating system
      10: (music) the keynote of the scale of C major
      11: the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet [syn: C, c]
      12: street names for cocaine [syn: coke, blow, nose candy,
          snow, C]

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

      1. The third letter of the English alphabet.
      2. ASCII 1000011.
      3. The name of a programming language designed by Dennis Ritchie during the
      early 1970s and immediately used to reimplement Unix; so called because
      many features derived from an earlier compiler named ?B? in commemoration
      of its parent, BCPL. (BCPL was in turn descended from an earlier
      Algol-derived language, CPL.) Before Bjarne Stroustrup settled the question
      by designing C++, there was a humorous debate over whether C's successor
      should be named ?D? or ?P?. C became immensely popular outside Bell Labs
      after about 1980 and is now the dominant language in systems and
      microcomputer applications programming. C is often described, with a
      mixture of fondness and disdain varying according to the speaker, as ?a
      language that combines all the elegance and power of assembly language with
      all the readability and maintainability of assembly language? See also {
      languages of choice, indent style.
      The Crunchly on the left sounds a little ANSI.

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

      A programming language designed by Dennis Ritchie
     at AT&T Bell Labs ca. 1972 for systems programming on the
     PDP-11 and immediately used to reimplement Unix.
     It was called "C" because many features derived from an
     earlier compiler named "{B".  In fact, C was briefly named
     "NB".  B was itself strongly influenced by BCPL.  Before
     Bjarne Stroustrup settled the question by designing C++,
     there was a humorous debate over whether C's successor should
     be named "D" or "P" (following B and C in "BCPL").
     C is terse, low-level and permissive.  It has a macro
     preprocessor, cpp.
     Partly due to its distribution with Unix, C became immensely
     popular outside Bell Labs after about 1980 and is now the
     dominant language in systems and microcomputer applications
     programming.  It has grown popular due to its simplicity,
     efficiency, and flexibility.  C programs are often easily
     adapted to new environments.
     C is often described, with a mixture of fondness and disdain,
     as "a language that combines all the elegance and power of
     assembly language with all the readability and
     maintainability of assembly language".
     Ritchie's original C is known as K&R C after Kernighan and
     Ritchie's book.  A modified version has been standardised
     (standard) as ANSI C.
     See also ACCU, ae, c68, c386, C-Interp, cxref,
     dbx, dsp56k-gcc, dsp56165-gcc, gc, GCT, GNU C,
     GNU superoptimiser, Harvest C, malloc, mpl,
     Pthreads, ups.
     [{Jargon File]

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  C-Road, CA -- U.S. Census Designated Place in California
     Population (2000):    152
     Housing Units (2000): 79
     Land area (2000):     2.606504 sq. miles (6.750813 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    2.606504 sq. miles (6.750813 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            17267
     Located within:       California (CA), FIPS 06
     Location:             39.759419 N, 120.583560 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      C-Road, CA
      C, CA

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