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1 definition found
 for artificial magnet
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Magnet \Mag"net\ (m[a^]g"n[e^]t), n. [OE. magnete, OF. magnete,
     L. magnes, -etis, Gr. Magnh^tis li`qos a magnet, metal that
     looked like silver, prop., Magnesian stone, fr. Gr.
     Magnhsi`a, a country in Thessaly. Cf. Magnesia,
     Manganese.]
     1. The loadstone; a species of iron ore (the ferrosoferric or
        magnetic ore, Fe3O4) which has the property of
        attracting iron and some of its ores, and, when freely
        suspended, of pointing to the poles; -- called also
        natural magnet.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Dinocrates began to make the arched roof of the
              temple of Arsino["e] all of magnet, or this
              loadstone.                            --Holland.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Two magnets, heaven and earth, allure to bliss,
              The larger loadstone that, the nearer this.
                                                    --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Physics) A bar or mass of steel or iron to which the
        peculiar properties of the loadstone have been imparted;
        -- called, in distinction from the loadstone, an
        artificial magnet.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: An artificial magnet, produced by the action of an
           electrical current, is called an electro-magnet.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Field magnet (Physics & Elec.), a magnet used for producing
        and maintaining a magnetic field; -- used especially of
        the stationary or exciting magnet of a dynamo or
        electromotor in distinction from that of the moving
        portion or armature.
        [1913 Webster] Magnetic

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