The DICT Development Group
6 definitions found
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :
Affinity \Af*fin"i*ty\, n.; pl. Affinities. [OF. afinit['e],
F. affinit['e], L. affinites, fr. affinis. See Affined.]
1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his
wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her
husband's blood relations); -- in contradistinction to
consanguinity, or relationship by blood; -- followed by
with, to, or between.
Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh. --1 Kings iii.
2. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity;
resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of
colors, or of languages.
There is a close affinity between imposture and
credulity. --Sir G. C.
2. Companionship; acquaintance. [Obs.]
About forty years past, I began a happy affinity
with William Cranmer. --Burton.
4. (Chem.) That attraction which takes place, at an
insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles
of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds;
chemism; chemical or elective affinity or attraction.
5. (Nat. Hist.) A relation between species or higher groups
dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure,
and indicating community of origin.
6. (Spiritualism) A superior spiritual relationship or
attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp.
persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who
exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :
Attraction \At*trac"tion\, n. [L. attractio: cf. F. attraction.]
1. (Physics) An invisible power in a body by which it draws
anything to itself; the power in nature acting mutually
between bodies or ultimate particles, tending to draw them
together, or to produce their cohesion or combination, and
conversely resisting separation.
Note: Attraction is exerted at both sensible and insensible
distances, and is variously denominated according to
its qualities or phenomena. Under attraction at
sensible distances, there are, -- (1.)
Attraction of gravitation, which acts at all distances
throughout the universe, with a force proportional
directly to the product of the masses of the bodies and
inversely to the square of their distances apart. (2.)
Magnetic, diamagnetic, and electrical attraction, each
of which is limited in its sensible range and is polar in
its action, a property dependent on the quality or
condition of matter, and not on its quantity. Under
attraction at insensible distances, there are, -- (1.)
Adhesive attraction, attraction between surfaces of
sensible extent, or by the medium of an intervening
Cohesive attraction, attraction between ultimate particles,
whether like or unlike, and causing simply an aggregation
or a union of those particles, as in the absorption of
gases by charcoal, or of oxygen by spongy platinum, or the
process of solidification or crystallization. The power in
adhesive attraction is strictly the same as that of
Capillary attraction, attraction causing a liquid to rise,
in capillary tubes or interstices, above its level
outside, as in very small glass tubes, or a sponge, or any
porous substance, when one end is inserted in the liquid.
It is a special case of cohesive attraction. (4.)
Chemical attraction, or
affinity, that peculiar force which causes elementary
atoms, or groups of atoms, to unite to form molecules.
2. The act or property of attracting; the effect of the power
or operation of attraction. --Newton.
3. The power or act of alluring, drawing to, inviting, or
engaging; an attractive quality; as, the attraction of
beauty or eloquence.
4. That which attracts; an attractive object or feature.
Syn: Allurement; enticement; charm.
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :
n 1: (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an
2: (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood
relationship [ant: blood kinship, cognation,
3: (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups
of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or
structural parts; "in anatomical structure prehistoric man
shows close affinity with modern humans" [syn: affinity,
4: a close connection marked by community of interests or
similarity in nature or character; "found a natural affinity
with the immigrants"; "felt a deep kinship with the other
students"; "anthropology's kinship with the humanities" [syn:
5: the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them
together in a molecule; "basic dyes have an affinity for wool
and silk" [syn: affinity, chemical attraction]
6: inherent resemblance between persons or things
7: a natural attraction or feeling of kinship; "an affinity for
politics"; "the mysterious affinity between them"; "James's
affinity with Sam"
From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :
212 Moby Thesaurus words for "affinity":
a thing for, accord, accordance, addition, adduction, adjunct,
affairs, affiliation, agape, agreement, alikeness, alliance,
allurement, amity, analogy, approximation, aptitude, aptness,
assemblage, assent, association, attractance, attraction,
attractiveness, attractivity, bag, bent, bias, bond,
bonds of harmony, brotherly love, capillarity,
capillary attraction, caritas, cast, cement of friendship,
centripetal force, charity, chorus, chosen kind, chumminess,
closeness, coherence, coincidence, combination, communion,
community, community of interests, comparison, compatibility,
conatus, concert, concord, concordance, conduciveness, conformance,
conformation, conformity, congeneracy, congeniality, congruence,
congruency, congruity, connateness, connaturality, connaturalness,
connature, connectedness, connection, consistency, consonance,
consort, contiguity, contrariety, cooperation, correspondence,
cup of tea, dealings, deduction, delight, diathesis, disjunction,
disposition, drag, draw, druthers, eagerness, empathy, equivalence,
esprit, esprit de corps, familiarity, family connection,
family favor, family likeness, fancy, fascination, favor,
feeling for, feeling of identity, fellow feeling, fellowship,
filiation, fondness, frictionlessness, friendliness,
generic resemblance, good vibes, good vibrations, gravitation,
gravity, happy family, harmony, homology, identity, inclination,
inseparableness, intercourse, intersection, intimacy,
intimate acquaintance, junction, kinship, leaning, liability,
liaison, like-mindedness, liking, link, linkage, linking, love,
magnetism, marital affinity, marriage connection,
marriage relationship, mateyness, mutual affinity,
mutual attraction, mutuality, nearness, oneness, overlap,
palliness, parallelism, partiality, particular choice, peace,
penchant, personal choice, predilection, predisposition,
preference, prejudice, prepossession, probability, proclivity,
proneness, propensity, propinquity, proximity, pull, pulling power,
rapport, rapprochement, readiness, reciprocity, relatedness,
relation, relations, relationship, resemblance, self-consistency,
semblance, sensitivity to, sharing, similarity, simile, similitude,
soft spot, solidarity, special affinity, style, susceptibility,
symmetry, sympathy, symphony, sync, synchronism, tally, taste,
team spirit, tendency, thing, tie, tie-in, timing, traction,
tropism, tug, turn, twist, type, understanding, uniformity, union,
unison, unisonance, unity, warp, weakness, willingness
From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :
relationship by alliance (2 Chr. 18:1) or by marriage (1 Kings
3:1). Marriages are prohibited within certain degrees of
affinity, enumerated Lev. 18:6-17. Consanguinity is relationship
From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :
AFFINITY. A connexion formed by marriage, which places the husband in the
same degree of nominal propinquity to the relations of the wife, as that in
which she herself stands towards them, and gives to the wife the same
reciprocal connexion with the relations of the husband. It is used in
contradistinction to consanguinity. (q.v.) It is no real kindred.
2. Affinity or alliance is very different from kindred. Kindred are
relations. by blood; affinity is the tie which exists between one of the
spouses with the kindred of the other; thus, the relations, of my wife, her
brothers, her sisters, her uncles, are allied to me by affinity, and my
brothers, sisters, &c., are allied in the same way to my wife. But my
brother and the sister of my wife are not allied by the ties of affinity:
This will appear by the following paradigms
My wife's father ---|
| | |-- are all allied to me.
Ego ----- My Wife My wife's sister ---|
My wife's niece ---|
My wife's father ---|
My Father | | |My brother
| | | |and my wife's
| | | |sister are
|---------------| |----------| |not allied
| | | | |to each other
My brother Ego ---- My wife, My wife's sister |
3. A person cannot, by legal succession, receive an inheritance from a
relation by affinity; neither does it extend to the nearest relations of
husband and wife, so as to create a mutual relation between them. The
degrees of affinity are computed in the same way as those of consanguinity.
See Pothier, Traite du Mariage, part 3, ch. 3, art. 2, and see 5 M. R. 296;
Inst. 1, 10, 6; Dig. 38, 10, 4, 3; 1 Phillim. R. 210; S. C. 1 Eng. Eccl. R.
72; article Marriage.
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