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2 definitions found
 for Zambia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in central Africa; formerly controlled by Great
           Britain and called Northern Rhodesia until it gained
           independence within the commonwealth in 1964 [syn:
           Zambia, Republic of Zambia, Northern Rhodesia]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Zambia
                              Background: The territory of Northern Rhodesia
                                          was administered by the South Africa
                                          Company from 1891 until it was taken
                                          over by the UK in 1923. During the
                                          1920s and 1930s, advances in mining
                                          spurred development and immigration.
                                          The name was changed to Zambia upon
                                          independence in 1964. In the 1980s
                                          and 1990s, declining copper prices
                                          and a prolonged drought hurt the
                                          economy. Elections in 1991 brought
                                          an end to one-party rule, but the
                                          subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant
                                          harassment of opposition parties.
                                          The election in 2001 was marked by
                                          administrative problems with at
                                          least two parties filing legal
                                          petitions challenging the results.
                                          Opposition parties currently hold a
                                          majority of seats in the National
     Geography Zambia
                                Location: Southern Africa, east of Angola
                  Geographic coordinates: 15 00 S, 30 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 752,614 sq km
                                          water: 11,890 sq km
                                          land: 740,724 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Texas
                         Land boundaries: total: 5,664 km
                                          border countries: Angola 1,110 km,
                                          Democratic Republic of the Congo
                                          1,930 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambique
                                          419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338
                                          km, Zimbabwe 797 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: tropical; modified by altitude;
                                          rainy season (October to April)
                                 Terrain: mostly high plateau with some hills
                                          and mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location in
                                          Mafinga Hills 2,301 m
                       Natural resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal,
                                          emeralds, gold, silver, uranium,
                                Land use: arable land: 7.08%
                                          permanent crops: 0.03%
                                          other: 92.9% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 460 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: tropical storms (November to April)
            Environment - current issues: air pollution and resulting acid
                                          rain in the mineral extraction and
                                          refining region; chemical runoff
                                          into watersheds; poaching seriously
                                          threatens rhinoceros, elephant,
                                          antelope, and large cat populations;
                                          deforestation; soil erosion;
                                          desertification; lack of adequate
                                          water treatment presents human
                                          health risks
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: landlocked; the Zambezi forms a
                                          natural riverine boundary with
     People Zambia
                              Population: 9,959,037
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 47.1% (male 2,357,581;
                                          female 2,335,644)
                                          15-64 years: 50.4% (male 2,497,360;
                                          female 2,519,227)
                                          65 years and over: 2.5% (male
                                          106,160; female 143,065) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.9% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 41.01 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 21.89 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -0.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 89.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 37.35 years
                                          female: 37.66 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 37.05 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.43 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 19.95% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 870,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 99,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Zambian(s)
                                          adjective: Zambian
                           Ethnic groups: African 98.7%, European 1.1%, other
                               Religions: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu
                                          24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
                               Languages: English (official), major
                                          vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi,
                                          Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and
                                          about 70 other indigenous languages
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write English
                                          total population: 78.9%
                                          male: 85.7%
                                          female: 72.6%
     Government Zambia
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Zambia
                                          former: Northern Rhodesia
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Lusaka
                Administrative divisions: 9 provinces; Central, Copperbelt,
                                          Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern,
                                          North-Western, Southern, Western
                            Independence: 24 October 1964 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 24 October (1964)
                            Constitution: 2 August 1991
                            Legal system: based on English common law and
                                          customary law; judicial review of
                                          legislative acts in an ad hoc
                                          constitutional council; has not
                                          accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Levy
                                          MWANAWASA (since 2 January 2002);
                                          Vice President Enoch KAVINDELE
                                          (since 4 May 2001); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          head of government: President Levy
                                          MWANAWASA (since 2 January 2002);
                                          Vice President Enoch KAVINDELE
                                          (since 4 May 2001); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president from among the members of
                                          the National Assembly
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 27 December 2001
                                          (next to be held NA 2006); vice
                                          president appointed by the president
                                          election results: Levy MWANAWASA
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Levy MWANAWASA 29%, Anderson MAZOKA
                                          27%, Christon TEMBO 13%, Tilyenji
                                          KAUNDA 10%, Godfrey MIYANDA 8%,
                                          Benjamin MWILA 5%, Michael SATA 3%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (150
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          elections: last held 27 December
                                          2001 (next to be held NA 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - MMD 45.9%, UPND 32.4%, UNIP
                                          8.8%, FDD 8.1%, HP 2.7%, PF 0.7%,
                                          ZRP 0.7%, independents 0.7%; seats
                                          by party - MMD 68, UPND 48, UNIP 13,
                                          FDD 12, HP 4, PF 1, ZRP 1,
                                          independents 1; seats not determined
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (the final court of
                                          appeal; justices are appointed by
                                          the president); High Court (has
                                          unlimited jurisdiction to hear civil
                                          and criminal cases)
           Political parties and leaders: Agenda for Zambia or AZ [Inonge
                                          MBIKUSITA-LEWANIKA]; Forum for
                                          Democracy and Development or FDD
                                          [Christon TEMBO]; Heritage Party or
                                          HP [Godfrey MIYANDA]; Liberal
                                          Progressive Front or LPF [Roger
                                          CHONGWE, president]; Movement for
                                          Multiparty Democracy or MMD
                                          [Frederick CHILUBA, president];
                                          National Citizens Coalition or NCC
                                          [Nevers MUMBA, president]; National
                                          Leadership for Development or NLD
                                          [Yobert SHAMAPANDE]; National Party
                                          or NP [Dr. Sam CHIPUNGU]; Patriotic
                                          Front or PF [Michael SATA]; Zambian
                                          Republican Party or ZRP [Benjamin
                                          MWILA]; Social Democratic Party or
                                          SDP [Gwendoline Konie]; United
                                          National Independence Party or UNIP
                                          [Francis NKHOMA, president]; United
                                          Party for National Development or
                                          UPND [Anderson MAZOKA]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-19,
                           participation: G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MONUC, NAM,
                                          OAU, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNAMSIL,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIK,
                                          UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Atan
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 332-0826
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 265-9717
                                          through 9719
                                          chancery: 2419 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador David
                                      US: B. DUNN
                                          embassy: corner of Independence and
                                          United Nations Avenues
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 31617,
                                          telephone: [260] (1) 250-955
                                          FAX: [260] (1) 252-225
                        Flag description: green with a panel of three vertical
                                          bands of red (hoist side), black,
                                          and orange below a soaring orange
                                          eagle, on the outer edge of the flag
     Economy Zambia
                      Economy - overview: Despite progress in privatization
                                          and budgetary reform, Zambia's
                                          economy has a long way to go.
                                          Privatization of government-owned
                                          copper mines relieved the government
                                          from covering mammoth losses
                                          generated by the industry and
                                          greatly improved the chances for
                                          copper mining to return to
                                          profitability and spur economic
                                          growth. However, low mineral prices
                                          have slowed the benefits from
                                          privatizing the mines and reduced
                                          incentives for further private
                                          investment in the sector. In late
                                          2000, Zambia was determined to be
                                          eligible for debt relief under the
                                          Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
                                          (HIPC) initiative, but Zambia has
                                          not yet finalized its Poverty
                                          Reduction Strategy paper.
                                          Unemployment rates remain high, but
                                          GDP growth should continue at about
                                          4%. Inflation should remain close to
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $8.5
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.9% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $870 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 24%
                                          industry: 25%
                                          services: 51% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 86% (1993 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.1%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 41% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 52.6 (1998)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 21.5% (2001)
                             Labor force: 3.4 million
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 85%, industry 6%,
                                          services 9%
                       Unemployment rate: 50% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.2 billion
                                          expenditures: $1.25 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: copper mining and processing,
                                          construction, foodstuffs, beverages,
                                          chemicals, textiles, fertilizer,
       Industrial production growth rate: 5.1% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 7.822 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 0.51%
                                          hydro: 99.49%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 5.838 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 1.536 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 100 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts,
                                          sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers,
                                          tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava
                                          (tapioca); cattle, goats, pigs,
                                          poultry, milk, eggs, hides; coffee
                                 Exports: $876 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: copper 55%, cobalt, electricity,
                                          tobacco, flowers, cotton
                      Exports - partners: UK 25.2%, South Africa 24.5%,
                                          Switzerland 9.4%, Malawi 7.5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $12.05 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, transportation equipment,
                                          petroleum products, electricity,
                                          fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing
                      Imports - partners: South Africa 67.1%, UK 9.8%,
                                          Zimbabwe 7.5%, US 5.9% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $5.8 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $651 million (2000 est.)
                                Currency: Zambian kwacha (ZMK)
                           Currency code: ZMK
                          Exchange rates: Zambian kwacha per US dollar -
                                          3,848.65 (January 2002), 3,610.94
                                          (2001), 3,110.84 (2000), 2,388.02
                                          (1999), 1,862.07 (1998), 1,314.50
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Zambia
          Telephones - main lines in use: 130,000 (including more than 40,000
                                          fixed telephones in wireless local
                                          loop connections) (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 75,000 (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: facilities are
                                          aging but still among the best in
                                          Sub-Saharan Africa
                                          domestic: high-capacity microwave
                                          radio relay connects most larger
                                          towns and cities; several cellular
                                          telephone services in operation;
                                          Internet service is widely
                                          available; very small aperture
                                          terminal (VSAT) networks are
                                          operated by private firms
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian
                                          Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 19, FM 5, shortwave 4 (2001)
                                  Radios: 1.2 million (2001)
           Television broadcast stations: 9 (2002)
                             Televisions: 277,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .zm
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2001)
                          Internet users: 15,000 (2000)
     Transportation Zambia
                                Railways: total: 2,157 km
                                          narrow gauge: 2,157 km 1.067-m gauge
                                          (13 km double-track)
                                          note: the total includes 891 km of
                                          the Tanzania-Zambia Railway
                                          Authority (TAZARA), which operates
                                          1,860 km of 1.067-m narrow gauge
                                          track between Dar es Salaam and
                                          Kapiri Mposhi where it connects to
                                          the Zambia Railways system; TAZARA
                                          is not a part of the Zambia Railways
                                          system; Zambia Railways assets are
                                          scheduled for concessioning (2002)
                                Highways: total: 66,781 km
                                          paved: NA km
                                          unpaved: NA km (1997 est.)
                               Waterways: 2,250 km
                                          note: includes Lake Tanganyika and
                                          the Zambezi and Luapula rivers
                               Pipelines: crude oil 1,724 km
                       Ports and harbors: Mpulungu
                                Airports: 111 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 11
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 100
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 66
                                          under 914 m: 30 (2001)
     Military Zambia
                         Military branches: Army, Air Force, Police,
                                            paramilitary forces
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,313,567 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,228,385 (2002
                                   service: est.)
             Military expenditures - dollar $32.5 million (FY01)
         Military expenditures - percent of 0.9% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Zambia
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for moderate
                                          amounts of methaqualone, small
                                          amounts of heroin, and cocaine bound
                                          for Southern Africa and possibly
                                          Europe; regional money-laundering

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