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2 definitions found
 for Yemen
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic on the southwestern shores of the Arabian
           Peninsula on the Indian Ocean; formed in 1990 [syn:
           Yemen, Republic of Yemen]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Yemen
                              Background: North Yemen became independent of
                                          the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The
                                          British, who had set up a
                                          protectorate area around the
                                          southern port of Aden in the 19th
                                          century, withdrew in 1967 from what
                                          became South Yemen. Three years
                                          later, the southern government
                                          adopted a Marxist orientation. The
                                          massive exodus of hundreds of
                                          thousands of Yemenis from the south
                                          to the north contributed to two
                                          decades of hostility between the
                                          states. The two countries were
                                          formally unified as the Republic of
                                          Yemen in 1990. A southern
                                          secessionist movement in 1994 was
                                          quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi
                                          Arabia and Yemen agreed to a
                                          delimitation of their border.
     Geography Yemen
                                Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian
                                          Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea,
                                          between Oman and Saudi Arabia
                  Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 48 00 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 527,970 sq km
                                          land: 527,970 sq km
                                          note: includes Perim, Socotra, the
                                          former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or
                                          North Yemen), and the former
                                          People's Democratic Republic of
                                          Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)
                                          water: 0 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than twice the size
                                          of Wyoming
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,746 km
                                          border countries: Oman 288 km, Saudi
                                          Arabia 1,458 km
                               Coastline: 1,906 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: mostly desert; hot and humid along
                                          west coast; temperate in western
                                          mountains affected by seasonal
                                          monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry,
                                          harsh desert in east
                                 Terrain: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-
                                          topped hills and rugged mountains;
                                          dissected upland desert plains in
                                          center slope into the desert
                                          interior of the Arabian Peninsula
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb
                                          3,760 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble,
                                          small deposits of coal, gold, lead,
                                          nickel, and copper, fertile soil in
                                Land use: arable land: 2.75%
                                          permanent crops: 0.21%
                                          other: 97.04% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 4,900 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: sandstorms and dust storms in summer
            Environment - current issues: very limited natural fresh water
                                          resources; inadequate supplies of
                                          potable water; overgrazing; soil
                                          erosion; desertification
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: Nuclear
                                          Test Ban
                        Geography - note: strategic location on Bab el Mandeb,
                                          the strait linking the Red Sea and
                                          the Gulf of Aden, one of world's
                                          most active shipping lanes
     People Yemen
                              Population: 18,701,257 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 47% (male 4,468,928;
                                          female 4,317,648)
                                          15-64 years: 50.1% (male 4,783,769;
                                          female 4,587,309)
                                          65 years and over: 2.9% (male
                                          273,282; female 270,321) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.4% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 43.3 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 9.31 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.04 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 66.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 60.59 years
                                          female: 62.46 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 58.81 years
                    Total fertility rate: 6.9 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.01% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Yemeni(s)
                                          adjective: Yemeni
                           Ethnic groups: predominantly Arab; but also Afro-
                                          Arab, South Asians, Europeans
                               Religions: Muslim including Shaf'i (Sunni) and
                                          Zaydi (Shi'a), small numbers of
                                          Jewish, Christian, and Hindu
                               Languages: Arabic
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 38%
                                          male: 53%
                                          female: 26% (1990 est.)
     Government Yemen
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Yemen
                                          local short form: Al Yaman
                                          local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Sanaa
                Administrative divisions: 17 governorates (muhafazat, singular
                                          - muhafazah); Abyan, 'Adan, Al
                                          Bayda', Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf, Al
                                          Mahrah, Al Mahwit, Dhamar,
                                          Hadramawt, Hajjah, Ibb, Lahij,
                                          Ma'rib, Sa'dah, San'a', Shabwah,
                                          note: there may be three more
                                          governorates: Ad Dali', Amran, and
                                          the capital city of Sanaa
                            Independence: 22 May 1990, Republic of Yemen was
                                          established with the merger of the
                                          Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa)
                                          or North Yemen] and the Marxist-
                                          dominated People's Democratic
                                          Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or
                                          South Yemen]; previously North Yemen
                                          had become independent on NA
                                          November 1918 (from the Ottoman
                                          Empire) and South Yemen had become
                                          independent on 30 November 1967
                                          (from the UK)
                        National holiday: Unification Day, 22 May (1990)
                            Constitution: 16 May 1991; amended 29 September
                                          1994 and February 2001
                            Legal system: based on Islamic law, Turkish law,
                                          English common law, and local tribal
                                          customary law; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Field
                                          Marshall Ali Abdallah SALIH (since
                                          22 May 1990, the former president of
                                          North Yemen, assumed office upon the
                                          merger of North and South Yemen);
                                          Vice President Maj. Gen. Abd al-Rab
                                          Mansur al-HADI (since 3 October
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Abd al-Qadir BA JAMAL (since 4 April
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          advice of the prime minister
                                          election results: Ali Abdallah SALIH
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Ali Abdallah SALIH 96.3%, Najib
                                          Qahtan AL-SHAABI 3.7%
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          direct, popular vote for a seven-
                                          year term (recently extended from a
                                          five-year term by constitutional
                                          amendment); election last held 23
                                          September 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          2006); vice president appointed by
                                          the president; prime minister and
                                          deputy prime ministers appointed by
                                          the president
                      Legislative branch: a new constitutional amendment
                                          ratified on 20 February 2001 created
                                          a bicameral legislature consisting
                                          of a Shura Council (111 seats;
                                          members appointed by the president)
                                          and a House of Representatives (301
                                          seats; members elected by popular
                                          vote to serve six-year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - GPC
                                          189, Islah 52, Nasserite Unionist
                                          Party 3, National Arab Socialist
                                          Baath Party 2, independents 54,
                                          election pending 1; seats by party
                                          as of January 2002: GPC 223, Islah
                                          64, Nasserite Unionist Party 3,
                                          National Arab Socialist Baath Party
                                          2, YSP 2, independents 7
                                          elections: last held 27 April 1997
                                          (next to be held 27 April 2003)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
           Political parties and leaders: there are over 12 political parties
                                          active in Yemen, some of the more
                                          prominent are: General People's
                                          Congress or GPC [President Ali
                                          Abdallah SALIH]; Islamic Reform
                                          Grouping or Islah [Shaykh Abdallah
                                          bin Husayn al-AHMAR]; National Arab
                                          Socialist Baath Party [Dr. Qassim
                                          SALAAM]; Nasserite Unionist Party
                                          [Abdel Malik al-MAKHLAFI]; Yemeni
                                          Socialist Party or YSP [Ali Salih
                                          note: President SALIH's General
                                          People's Congress or GPC won a
                                          landslide victory in the April 1997
                                          legislative election and no longer
                                          governs in coalition with Shaykh
                                          Abdallah bin Husayn al-AHMAR's
                                          Islamic Reform Grouping or Islah -
                                          the two parties had been in
                                          coalition since the end of the civil
                                          war in 1994; the YSP, a loyal
                                          opposition party, boycotted the
                                          April 1997 legislative election, but
                                          announced that it would participate
                                          in Yemen's first local elections
                                          which were held in February 2001;
                                          these local elections aim to
                                          decentralize political power and are
                                          a key element of the government's
                                          political reform program
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACC, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC,
                           participation: ESCWA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC,
                                          IOM, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC,
                                          OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
                                          WTrO (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Abd al-
                                          Wahhab Abdallah al-HAJRI
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 337-2017
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 965-4760
                                          chancery: Suite 705, 2600 Virginia
                                          Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Edmund
                                      US: J. HULL (since 17 September 2001)
                                          embassy: Dhahar Himyar Zone,
                                          Sheraton Hotel District, Sanaa
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 22347,
                                          telephone: [967] (1) 303-161
                                          FAX: [967] (1) 303-182
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top), white, and black; similar to
                                          the flag of Syria which has two
                                          green stars and of Iraq which has
                                          three green stars (plus an Arabic
                                          inscription) in a horizontal line
                                          centered in the white band; also
                                          similar to the flag of Egypt which
                                          has a heraldic eagle centered in the
                                          white band
     Economy Yemen
                      Economy - overview: Yemen, one of the poorest countries
                                          in the Arab world, reported strong
                                          growth in the mid-1990s with the
                                          onset of oil production, but has
                                          been harmed by periodic declines in
                                          oil prices. Yemen has embarked on an
                                          IMF-supported structural adjustment
                                          program designed to modernize and
                                          streamline the economy, which has
                                          led to substantial foreign debt
                                          relief and restructuring. Aided by
                                          higher oil prices in 1999-2000,
                                          Yemen worked to maintain tight
                                          control over spending and implement
                                          additional components of the IMF
                                          program. A high population growth
                                          rate and internal political
                                          dissension complicate the
                                          government's task.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $14.8
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $820 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17%
                                          industry: 40%
                                          services: 43% (1998)
           Population below poverty line: NA
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 25.9% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 33.4 (1998)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 10% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: most people are employed in
                                          agriculture and herding; services,
                                          construction, industry, and commerce
                                          account for less than one-fourth of
                                          the labor force
                       Unemployment rate: 30% (1995 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $3 billion
                                          expenditures: $3.1 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: crude oil production and petroleum
                                          refining; small-scale production of
                                          cotton textiles and leather goods;
                                          food processing; handicrafts; small
                                          aluminum products factory; cement
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 3.2 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 2.976 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses,
                                          qat (mildly narcotic shrub), coffee,
                                          cotton; dairy products, livestock
                                          (sheep, goats, cattle, camels),
                                          poultry; fish
                                 Exports: $3.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: crude oil, coffee, dried and salted
                      Exports - partners: Thailand 34%, China 26%, South Korea
                                          14%, Singapore 9%, Japan 3%, Saudi
                                          Arabia 3% (1999)
                                 Imports: $3 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: food and live animals, machinery and
                      Imports - partners: Saudi Arabia 10%, UAE 8%, France 7%,
                                          US 7%, Italy 6% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $4.7 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $176.1 million (1995)
                                Currency: Yemeni rial (YER)
                           Currency code: YER
                          Exchange rates: Yemeni rials per US dollar - 171.860
                                          (December 2001), 168.678 (2001),
                                          161.718 (2000), 155.718 (1999),
                                          135.882 (1998), 129.281 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Yemen
          Telephones - main lines in use: 291,359 (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 32,042 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: since
                                          unification in 1990, efforts have
                                          been made to create a national
                                          telecommunications network
                                          domestic: the national network
                                          consists of microwave radio relay,
                                          cable, tropospheric scatter, and GSM
                                          cellular mobile telephone systems
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Indian
                                          Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean), 1
                                          Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean
                                          region), and 2 Arabsat; microwave
                                          radio relay to Saudi Arabia and
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 1, shortwave 2 (1998)
                                  Radios: 1.05 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 7 (plus several low-power repeaters)
                             Televisions: 470,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ye
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 14,000 (2001)
     Transportation Yemen
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 69,263 km
                                          paved: 9,963 km
                                          unpaved: 59,300 km (1999)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 644 km; petroleum products
                                          32 km
                       Ports and harbors: Aden, Al Hudaydah, Al Mukalla, As
                                          Salif, Ras Issa, Mocha, Nishtun
                         Merchant marine: total: 4 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 15,002 GRT/23,752 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 1, petroleum
                                          tanker 3
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Hong Kong 2 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 49 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 14
                                          over 3,047 m: 3
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 35
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 13
                                          under 914 m: 4 (2001)
     Military Yemen
                         Military branches: Army (includes Special Forces,
                                            established in 1999), Navy, Air
                                            Force, Air Defense Forces,
                                            Republican Guard
          Military manpower - military age: 14 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 4,272,156 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,397,914 (2002
                                   service: est.)
               Military manpower - reaching males: 238,690 (2002 est.)
                     military age annually:
             Military expenditures - dollar $482.5 million (FY01)
         Military expenditures - percent of 5.2% (FY01)
                           Military - note: establishement of a Coast Guard,
                                            scheduled for May 2001, has been
     Transnational Issues Yemen
                 Disputes - international: demarcation of delimited boundary
                                           with Saudi Arabia involves nomadic
                                           tribal affiliations; Yemen has
                                           asserted traditional fishing rights
                                           to islands ceded to Eritrea in ICJ

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