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2 definitions found
 for West Bank
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  West Bank
      n 1: an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the
           Jordan river; populated largely by Palestinians

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  West Bank
     Introduction West Bank
                              Background: The Israel-PLO Declaration of
                                          Principles on Interim Self-
                                          Government Arrangements (the DOP),
                                          signed in Washington on 13 September
                                          1993, provided for a transitional
                                          period not exceeding five years of
                                          Palestinian interim self-government
                                          in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
                                          Under the DOP, Israel agreed to
                                          transfer certain powers and
                                          responsibilities to the Palestinian
                                          Authority, which includes the
                                          Palestinian Legislative Council
                                          elected in January 1996, as part of
                                          the interim self-governing
                                          arrangements in the West Bank and
                                          Gaza Strip. A transfer of powers and
                                          responsibilities for the Gaza Strip
                                          and Jericho took place pursuant to
                                          the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo
                                          Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the
                                          Jericho Area and in additional areas
                                          of the West Bank pursuant to the
                                          Israel-PLO 28 September 1995 Interim
                                          Agreement, the Israel-PLO 15 January
                                          1997 Protocol Concerning
                                          Redeployment in Hebron, the Israel-
                                          PLO 23 October 1998 Wye River
                                          Memorandum, and the 4 September 1999
                                          Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement. The DOP
                                          provides that Israel will retain
                                          responsibility during the
                                          transitional period for external
                                          security and for internal security
                                          and public order of settlements and
                                          Israeli citizens. Direct
                                          negotiations to determine the
                                          permanent status of Gaza and West
                                          Bank had begun in September 1999
                                          after a three-year hiatus, but have
                                          been derailed by a second intifadah
                                          that broke out in September 2000.
                                          The resulting widespread violence in
                                          the West Bank and Gaza Strip,
                                          Israel's military response, and
                                          instability within the Palestinian
                                          Authority continue to undermine
                                          progress toward a permanent
     Geography West Bank
                                Location: Middle East, west of Jordan
                  Geographic coordinates: 32 00 N, 35 15 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 5,860 sq km
                                          note: includes West Bank, Latrun
                                          Salient, and the northwest quarter
                                          of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt.
                                          Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem
                                          No Man's Land are also included only
                                          as a means of depicting the entire
                                          area occupied by Israel in 1967
                                          water: 220 sq km
                                          land: 5,640 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware
                         Land boundaries: total: 404 km
                                          border countries: Israel 307 km,
                                          Jordan 97 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: temperate; temperature and
                                          precipitation vary with altitude,
                                          warm to hot summers, cool to mild
                                 Terrain: mostly rugged dissected upland, some
                                          vegetation in west, but barren in
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
                                          highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m
                       Natural resources: arable land
                                Land use: arable land: NEGL%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: droughts
            Environment - current issues: adequacy of fresh water supply;
                                          sewage treatment
                        Geography - note: landlocked; highlands are main
                                          recharge area for Israel's coastal
                                          aquifers; there are 231 Israeli
                                          settlements and civilian land use
                                          sites in the West Bank and 29 in
                                          East Jerusalem (August 2001 est.)
     People West Bank
                              Population: 2,163,667 (July 2002 est.)
                                          note: in addition, there are about
                                          182,000 Israeli settlers in the West
                                          Bank and about 176,000 in East
                                          Jerusalem (August 2001 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 44.4% (male 492,446;
                                          female 468,321)
                                          15-64 years: 52% (male 575,282;
                                          female 550,793)
                                          65 years and over: 3.6% (male
                                          33,163; female 43,662) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.39% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 34.94 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 4.26 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 3.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.04 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 21.24 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.47 years
                                          female: 74.29 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 70.76 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.77 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: NA
                                          adjective: NA
                           Ethnic groups: Palestinian Arab and other 83%,
                                          Jewish 17%
                               Religions: Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni),
                                          Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%
                               Languages: Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli
                                          settlers and many Palestinians),
                                          English (widely understood)
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: NA%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government West Bank
                              Country name: conventional long form: none
                                            conventional short form: West Bank
     Economy West Bank
                      Economy - overview: Economic output in the West Bank is
                                          governed by the Paris Economic
                                          Protocol of April 1994 between
                                          Israel and the Palestinian
                                          Authority. Real per capita GDP for
                                          the West Bank and Gaza Strip (WBGS)
                                          declined by about one-third between
                                          1992 and 1996 due to the combined
                                          effect of falling aggregate incomes
                                          and rapid population growth. The
                                          downturn in economic activity was
                                          largely the result of Israeli
                                          closure policies - the imposition of
                                          border closures in response to
                                          security incidents in Israel - which
                                          disrupted labor and commodity market
                                          relationships between Israel and the
                                          WBGS. The most serious social effect
                                          of this downturn was rising
                                          unemployment; unemployment in the
                                          WBGS during the 1980s was generally
                                          under 5%; by 1995 it had risen to
                                          over 20%. Israel's use of
                                          comprehensive closures during the
                                          next five years decreased and, in
                                          1998, Israel implemented new
                                          policies to reduce the impact of
                                          closures and other security
                                          procedures on the movement of
                                          Palestinian goods and labor. These
                                          changes fueled an almost three-year-
                                          long economic recovery in the West
                                          Bank and Gaza Strip; real GDP grew
                                          by 5% in 1998 and 6% in 1999.
                                          Recovery was upended in the last
                                          quarter of 2000 with the outbreak of
                                          Palestinian violence, which
                                          triggered tight Israeli closures of
                                          Palestinian self-rule areas and
                                          severely disrupted trade and labor
                                          movements. In 2001, and even more
                                          severely in 2002, internal turmoil
                                          and Israeli military measures in
                                          Palestinian Authority areas have
                                          resulted in the destruction of much
                                          capital plant and administrative
                                          structure, widespread business
                                          closures, and a sharp drop in GDP.
                                          Another major loss has been the
                                          decline in earnings of Palestinian
                                          workers in Israel.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $2.1
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -35% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9%
                                          industry: 28%
                                          services: 63%
                                          note: includes Gaza Strip (1999
           Population below poverty line: 50% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (includes Gaza Strip) (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: services 66%, industry 21%,
                                          agriculture 13% (1996)
                       Unemployment rate: 26% (includes Gaza Strip) (2001
                                  Budget: revenues: $930 million
                                          note: includes Gaza Strip (2000
                                          expenditures: $1.2 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $15 million
                              Industries: generally small family businesses
                                          that produce cement, textiles, soap,
                                          olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-
                                          pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have
                                          established some small-scale, modern
                                          industries in the settlements and
                                          industrial centers
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh; note - most electricity
                                          imported from Israel; East Jerusalem
                                          Electric Company buys and
                                          distributes electricity to
                                          Palestinians in East Jerusalem and
                                          its concession in the West Bank; the
                                          Israel Electric Company directly
                                          supplies electricity to most Jewish
                                          residents and military facilities;
                                          at the same time, some Palestinian
                                          municipalities, such as Nablus and
                                          Janin, generate their own
                                          electricity from small power plants
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
                                          other: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                   Electricity - imports: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: olives, citrus, vegetables; beef,
                                          dairy products
                                 Exports: $603 million (includes Gaza Strip)
                                          (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
                      Exports - partners: Israel, Jordan, Gaza Strip
                                 Imports: $1.9 billion (includes Gaza Strip)
                                          (c.i.f., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: food, consumer goods, construction
                      Imports - partners: Israel, Jordan, Gaza Strip
                         Debt - external: $108 million (includes Gaza Strip)
                                          (1997 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $800 million disbursed (includes
                                          Gaza Strip) (2001 est.)
                                Currency: new Israeli shekel (ILS); Jordanian
                                          dinar (JOD)
                           Currency code: ILS; JOD
                          Exchange rates: new Israeli shekels per US dollar -
                                          4.2757 (December 2001), 4.2057
                                          (2001), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397
                                          (1999), 3.8001 (1998), 3.4494
                                          (1997); Jordanian dinars per US
                                          dollar - fixed rate of 0.7090 (from
                             Fiscal year: calendar year (since 1 January 1992)
     Communications West Bank
          Telephones - main lines in use: 95,729 (total for West Bank and Gaza
                                          Strip) (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: NA
                                          note: Israeli company BEZEK and the
                                          Palestinian company PALTEL are
                                          responsible for communication
                                          services in the West Bank
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0
                                          note: the Palestinian Broadcasting
                                          Corporation broadcasts from an AM
                                          station in Ramallah on 675 kHz;
                                          numerous local, private stations are
                                          reported to be in operation (2000)
                                  Radios: NA; note - most Palestinian
                                          households have radios (1999)
           Television broadcast stations: NA
                             Televisions: NA; note - many Palestinian
                                          households have televisions (1999)
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 8 (1999)
                          Internet users: 60,000 (includes Gaza Strip) (2001)
     Transportation West Bank
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 4,500 km
                                           paved: 2,700 km
                                           unpaved: 1,800 km (1997 est.)
                                           note: Israelis have developed many
                                           highways to service Jewish
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: none
                                 Airports: 3 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                           2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                           under 914 m: 1 (2001)
     Military West Bank
                                    Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA
                                   Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA%
     Transnational Issues West Bank
                Disputes - international: West Bank and Gaza Strip are
                                          Israeli-occupied with current status
                                          subject to the Israeli-Palestinian
                                          Interim Agreement - permanent status
                                          to be determined through further

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