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2 definitions found
 for Vanuatu
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a volcanic island republic in Melanesia; independent since
           1980 [syn: Vanuatu, Republic of Vanuatu, New

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Vanuatu
                              Background: The British and French who settled
                                          the New Hebrides in the 19th
                                          century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-
                                          French Condominium, which
                                          administered the islands until
                                          independence in 1980.
     Geography Vanuatu
                                Location: Oceania, group of islands in the
                                          South Pacific Ocean, about three-
                                          quarters of the way from Hawaii to
                  Geographic coordinates: 16 00 S, 167 00 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 12,200 sq km
                                          land: 12,200 sq km
                                          note: includes more than 80 islands
                                          water: 0 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Connecticut
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 2,528 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast
                                          trade winds
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin;
                                          narrow coastal plains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m
                       Natural resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish
                                Land use: arable land: 2.46%
                                          permanent crops: 7.38%
                                          other: 90.16% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: tropical cyclones or typhoons
                                          (January to April); volcanism causes
                                          minor earthquakes; tsunamis
            Environment - current issues: a majority of the population does
                                          not have access to a potable and
                                          reliable supply of water;
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Marine Living
                              agreements: Resources, Biodiversity, Climate
                                          Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical
                                          Timber 94
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: a Y-shaped chain of four main
                                          islands and 80 smaller islands;
                                          several of the islands have active
     People Vanuatu
                              Population: 196,178 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 35.6% (male 35,681;
                                          female 34,164)
                                          15-64 years: 61.1% (male 61,384;
                                          female 58,473)
                                          65 years and over: 3.3% (male 3,473;
                                          female 3,003) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.66% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 24.83 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 8.25 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.16 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.05 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 59.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 61.33 years
                                          female: 62.8 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 59.93 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.08 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and
                                          adjective: Ni-Vanuatu
                           Ethnic groups: indigenous Melanesian 98%, French,
                                          Vietnamese, Chinese, other Pacific
                               Religions: Presbyterian 36.7%, Anglican 15%,
                                          Roman Catholic 15%, indigenous
                                          beliefs 7.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist
                                          6.2%, Church of Christ 3.8%, other
                                          15.7% (including Jon Frum Cargo
                               Languages: three official languages: English,
                                          French, pidgin (known as Bislama or
                                          Bichelama), plus more than 100 local
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 53%
                                          male: 57%
                                          female: 48% (1979 est.)
     Government Vanuatu
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Vanuatu
                                          former: New Hebrides
                         Government type: parliamentary republic
                                 Capital: Port-Vila
                Administrative divisions: 6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma,
                                          Shefa, Tafea, Torba
                            Independence: 30 July 1980 (from France and UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 30 July (1980)
                            Constitution: 30 July 1980
                            Legal system: unified system being created from
                                          former dual French and British
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Father
                                          John BANI (since 25 March 1999)
                                          elections: president elected for a
                                          four-year term by an electoral
                                          college consisting of Parliament and
                                          the presidents of the regional
                                          councils for a five-year term;
                                          election for president last held 25
                                          March 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          2004); following legislative
                                          elections, the leader of the
                                          majority party or majority coalition
                                          is usually elected prime minister by
                                          Parliament from among its members;
                                          election for prime minister last
                                          held 2 May 2002 (next to be held NA
                                          note: the government of Prime
                                          Minister Barak SOPE was ousted in a
                                          no confidence vote on 14 April 2001
                                          and Edward NATAPEI was elected the
                                          new prime minister by Parliament
                                          election results: Father John BANI
                                          elected president; percent of
                                          electoral college vote - NA%; Edward
                                          NATAPEI reelected prime minister by
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the prime minister,
                                          responsible to Parliament
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Edward NATAPEI (since 16 April
                                          2001); Deputy Prime Minister Serge
                                          VOHOR (since 16 April 2001)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (52 seats;
                                          members elected by popular vote to
                                          serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 2 May 2002
                                          (next to be held NA 2006)
                                          note: the National Council of Chiefs
                                          advises on matters of custom and
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - UMP
                                          15, VP 14, VRP 3, MPP 2, other and
                                          independent 18; note - political
                                          party associations are fluid
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (chief justice is
                                          appointed by the president after
                                          consultation with the prime minister
                                          and the leader of the opposition,
                                          three other justices are appointed
                                          by the president on the advice of
                                          the Judicial Service Commission)
           Political parties and leaders: Jon Frum Movement [Song KEASPAI];
                                          Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP
                                          [Barak SOPE]; National United Party
                                          or NUP [Dinh Van THAN]; Union of
                                          Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge
                                          VOHOR]; Vanuaaku Party (Our Land
                                          Party) or VP [Edward NATAPEI];
                                          Vanuatu Republican Party [Maxime
                                          Carlot KORMAN]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-
                           participation: 77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, NAM,
                                          Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIBH, UPU, WFTU,
                                          WHO, WMO, WTrO (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: Vanuatu does not have an embassy in
                                          the US, it does, however, have a
                                          Permanent Mission to the UN
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Vanuatu; the ambassador to Papua New
                                          Guinea is accredited to Vanuatu
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top) and green with a black
                                          isosceles triangle (based on the
                                          hoist side) all separated by a
                                          black-edged yellow stripe in the
                                          shape of a horizontal Y (the two
                                          points of the Y face the hoist side
                                          and enclose the triangle); centered
                                          in the triangle is a boar's tusk
                                          encircling two crossed namele
                                          leaves, all in yellow
     Economy Vanuatu
                      Economy - overview: The economy is based primarily on
                                          subsistence or small-scale
                                          agriculture which provides a living
                                          for 65% of the population. Fishing,
                                          offshore financial services, and
                                          tourism, with about 50,000 visitors
                                          in 1997, are other mainstays of the
                                          economy. Mineral deposits are
                                          negligible; the country has no known
                                          petroleum deposits. A small light
                                          industry sector caters to the local
                                          market. Tax revenues come mainly
                                          from import duties. Economic
                                          development is hindered by
                                          dependence on relatively few
                                          commodity exports, vulnerability to
                                          natural disasters, and long
                                          distances from main markets and
                                          between constituent islands. A
                                          severe earthquake in November 1999
                                          followed by a tsunami, caused
                                          extensive damage to the northern
                                          island of Pentecote and left
                                          thousands homeless. Another powerful
                                          earthquake in January 2002 caused
                                          extensive damage in the capital,
                                          Port-Vila, and surrounding areas,
                                          and also was followed by a tsunami.
                                          GDP growth has risen less than 3% on
                                          average in the 1990s. In response to
                                          foreign concerns, the government has
                                          promised to tighten regulation of
                                          its offshore financial center.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $257
                                          million (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.7% (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,300
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 26%
                                          industry: 12%
                                          services: 62% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 65%, services 30%,
                                          industry 5% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $94.4 million
                                          expenditures: $99.8 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $30.4 million (1996 est.)
                              Industries: food and fish freezing, wood
                                          processing, meat canning
       Industrial production growth rate: 1% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 39 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 36.27 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee,
                                          taro, yams, coconuts, fruits,
                                          vegetables; fish, beef
                                 Exports: $22.8 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: copra, kava, beef, cocoa, timber,
                      Exports - partners: Japan 32%, Belgium 17%, US 17%,
                                          Germany 8% (2000)
                                 Imports: $87.5 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs,
                      Imports - partners: Australia 28%, Singapore 14%, New
                                          Zealand 8%, Japan 4%, US 1% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $64.6 million (1999 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $45.8 million (1995)
                                Currency: vatu (VUV)
                           Currency code: VUV
                          Exchange rates: vatu per US dollar - 146.02
                                          (December 2001), 145.31 (2001),
                                          137.64 (2000), 129.08 (1999), 127.52
                                          (1998), 115.87 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Vanuatu
          Telephones - main lines in use: 5,500 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 310 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 2, shortwave 1 (2002)
                                  Radios: 67,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (2002)
                             Televisions: 2,300 (1999)
                   Internet country code: .vu
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 3,000 (2000)
     Transportation Vanuatu
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 1,070 km
                                          paved: 256 km
                                          unpaved: 814 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Forari, Port-Vila, Santo (Espiritu
                         Merchant marine: total: 54 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 1,092,838 GRT/1,329,576 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 22, cargo 9,
                                          chemical tanker 1, combination bulk
                                          3, container 2, liquefied gas 3,
                                          petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated
                                          cargo 7, vehicle carrier 6
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Australia 3, Canada 2,
                                          China 1, Japan 25, Monaco 4,
                                          Netherlands 1, New Zealand 5, Panama
                                          1, Poland 1, Switzerland 2, United
                                          Kingdom 4, US 2, Vietnam 1 (2002
                                Airports: 31 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 29
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 10
                                          under 914 m: 17 (2001)
     Military Vanuatu
                        Military branches: no regular military forces; Vanuatu
                                           Police Force (VPF; including the
                                           paramilitary Mobile Force or VMF)
            Military expenditures - dollar $NA
        Military expenditures - percent of NA%
     Transnational Issues Vanuatu
                Disputes - international: Matthew and Hunter Islands east of
                                          New Caledonia claimed by Vanuatu and

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