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2 definitions found
 for Uganda
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a landlocked republic in eastern Africa; achieved
           independence from the United Kingdom in 1962 [syn:
           Uganda, Republic of Uganda]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Uganda
                              Background: Uganda achieved independence from
                                          the UK in 1962. The dictatorial
                                          regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was
                                          responsible for the deaths of some
                                          300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and
                                          human rights abuses under Milton
                                          OBOTE (1980-85) claimed another
                                          100,000 lives. During the 1990s the
                                          government promulgated non-party
                                          presidential and legislative
     Geography Uganda
                                Location: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya
                  Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 32 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 236,040 sq km
                                          water: 36,330 sq km
                                          land: 199,710 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,698 km
                                          border countries: Democratic
                                          Republic of the Congo 765 km, Kenya
                                          933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km,
                                          Tanzania 396 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: tropical; generally rainy with two
                                          dry seasons (December to February,
                                          June to August); semiarid in
                                 Terrain: mostly plateau with rim of mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Albert 621 m
                                          highest point: Margherita Peak on
                                          Mount Stanley 5,110 m
                       Natural resources: copper, cobalt, hydropower,
                                          limestone, salt, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 25.34%
                                          permanent crops: 8.77%
                                          other: 65.89% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 90 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: draining of wetlands for
                                          agricultural use; deforestation;
                                          overgrazing; soil erosion; water
                                          hyacinth infestation in Lake
                                          Victoria; poaching is widespread
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Marine Life Conservation,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified:
                                          Environmental Modification
                        Geography - note: landlocked; fertile, well-watered
                                          country with many lakes and rivers
     People Uganda
                              Population: 24,699,073
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 50.9% (male 6,314,371;
                                          female 6,265,681)
                                          15-64 years: 47% (male 5,803,430;
                                          female 5,789,713)
                                          65 years and over: 2.1% (male
                                          247,798; female 278,080) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.94% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 47.15 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 17.53 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          note: according to the UNHCR, by the
                                          end of 2001, Uganda was host to
                                          178,815 refugees from a number of
                                          neighboring countries, including:
                                          Sudan 155,996, Rwanda 14,375, and
                                          Democratic Republic of the Congo
                                          7,459 (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 89.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 43.81 years
                                          female: 44.67 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 42.97 years
                    Total fertility rate: 6.8 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 6.1% (2001 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 1.1 million (2001 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 110,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Ugandan(s)
                                          adjective: Ugandan
                           Ethnic groups: Baganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%,
                                          Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%,
                                          Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%,
                                          Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%,
                                          Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%,
                                          Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi
                                          2%, non-African (European, Asian,
                                          Arab) 1%, other 8%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%,
                                          Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 18%
                               Languages: English (official national language,
                                          taught in grade schools, used in
                                          courts of law and by most newspapers
                                          and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or
                                          Luganda (most widely used of the
                                          Niger-Congo languages, preferred for
                                          native language publications in the
                                          capital and may be taught in
                                          school), other Niger-Congo
                                          languages, Nilo-Saharan languages,
                                          Swahili, Arabic
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 62.7%
                                          male: 74%
                                          female: 54% (2000 est.)
     Government Uganda
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Uganda
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Kampala
                Administrative divisions: 45 districts; Adjumani, Apac, Arua,
                                          Bugiri, Bundibugyo, Bushenyi, Busia,
                                          Gulu, Hoima, Iganga, Jinja, Kabale,
                                          Kabarole, Kalangala, Kampala,
                                          Kamuli, Kapchorwa, Kasese, Katakwi,
                                          Kibale, Kiboga, Kisoro, Kitgum,
                                          Kotido, Kumi, Lira, Luwero, Masaka,
                                          Masindi, Mbale, Mbarara, Moroto,
                                          Moyo, Mpigi, Mubende, Mukono,
                                          Nakasongola, Nebbi, Ntungamo,
                                          Pallisa, Rakai, Rukungiri,
                                          Sembabule, Soroti, Tororo
                                          note: there may be eleven more
                                          districts: Kaberamaido, Kamwenge,
                                          Kanungu, Kayunga, Kyenjojo, Mayngc,
                                          Nakapiripiti, Pader, Sironko,
                                          Wakiso, Yumbe
                            Independence: 9 October 1962 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 9 October (1962)
                            Constitution: 8 October 1995; adopted by the
                                          interim, 284-member Constituent
                                          Assembly, charged with debating the
                                          draft constitution that had been
                                          proposed in May 1993; the
                                          Constituent Assembly was dissolved
                                          upon the promulgation of the
                                          constitution in October 1995
                            Legal system: in 1995, the government restored the
                                          legal system to one based on English
                                          common law and customary law;
                                          accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
                                          with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Lt. Gen.
                                          Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since
                                          seizing power 29 January 1986); note
                                          - the president is both chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          head of government: President Lt.
                                          Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since
                                          seizing power 29 January 1986);
                                          Prime Minister Apollo NSIBAMBI
                                          (since 5 April 1999); note - the
                                          president is both chief of state and
                                          head of government; the prime
                                          minister assists the president in
                                          the supervision of the cabinet
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president from among elected
                                          election results: Lt. Gen. Yoweri
                                          Kaguta MUSEVENI elected president;
                                          percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Yoweri
                                          Kaguta MUSEVENI 69.3%, Kizza BESIGYE
                                          elections: president reelected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 12 March 2001
                                          (next to be held NA 2006); note -
                                          first popular election for president
                                          since independence in 1962 was held
                                          in 1996; prime minister appointed by
                                          the president
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (303
                                          members - 214 directly elected by
                                          popular vote, 81 nominated by
                                          legally established special interest
                                          groups [women 56, army 10, disabled
                                          5, youth 5, labor 5], 8 ex officio
                                          members; members serve five-year
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NA;
                                          note - election campaigning by party
                                          was not permitted
                                          elections: last held 26 June 2001
                                          (next to be held May or June 2006);
                         Judicial branch: Court of Appeal (judges are
                                          appointed by the president and
                                          approved by the legislature); High
                                          Court (judges are appointed by the
           Political parties and leaders: only one political organization, the
                                          National Resistance Movement or NRM
                                          [President MUSEVENI, chairman] is
                                          allowed to operate unfettered; note
                                          - the president maintains that the
                                          NRM is not a political party, but a
                                          movement which claims the loyalty of
                                          all Ugandans
                                          note: the new constitution requires
                                          the suspension of political parties
                                          while the Movement organization is
                                          in governance; of the political
                                          parties that exist but are
                                          prohibited from sponsoring
                                          candidates, the most important are
                                          the Ugandan People's Congress or UPC
                                          [Milton OBOTE]; Democratic Party or
                                          DP [Paul SSEMOGERERE]; Conservative
                                          Party or CP [Joshua S. MAYANJA-
                                          NKANGI]; Justice Forum [Muhammad
                                          Kibirige MAYANJA]; and National
                                          Democrats Forum [Chapaa KARUHANGA]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO,
                           participation: G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD,
                                          ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO
                                          (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC,
                                          OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Edith
                                          Grace SSEMPALA
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 726-1727
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 726-7100
                                          through 7102, 0416
                                          chancery: 5911 16th Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20011
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Martin
                                      US: G. BRENNAN
                                          embassy: Ggaba, Plot 1577, Kampala
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 7007,
                                          telephone: [256] (41) 259791 through
                                          FAX: [256] (41) 259794
                        Flag description: six equal horizontal bands of black
                                          (top), yellow, red, black, yellow,
                                          and red; a white disk is
                                          superimposed at the center and
                                          depicts a red-crested crane (the
                                          national symbol) facing the hoist
     Economy Uganda
                      Economy - overview: Uganda has substantial natural
                                          resources, including fertile soils,
                                          regular rainfall, and sizable
                                          mineral deposits of copper and
                                          cobalt. Agriculture is the most
                                          important sector of the economy,
                                          employing over 80% of the work
                                          force. Coffee is the major export
                                          crop and accounts for the bulk of
                                          export revenues. Since 1986, the
                                          government - with the support of
                                          foreign countries and international
                                          agencies - has acted to rehabilitate
                                          and stabilize the economy by
                                          undertaking currency reform, raising
                                          producer prices on export crops,
                                          increasing prices of petroleum
                                          products, and improving civil
                                          service wages. The policy changes
                                          are especially aimed at dampening
                                          inflation and boosting production
                                          and export earnings. During 1990-
                                          2001, the economy turned in a solid
                                          performance based on continued
                                          investment in the rehabilitation of
                                          infrastructure, improved incentives
                                          for production and exports, reduced
                                          inflation, gradually improved
                                          domestic security, and the return of
                                          exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs.
                                          Ongoing Ugandan involvement in the
                                          war in the Democratic Republic of
                                          the Congo, corruption within the
                                          government, and slippage in the
                                          government's determination to press
                                          reforms raise doubts about the
                                          continuation of strong growth. In
                                          2000, Uganda qualified for enhanced
                                          Highly Indebted Poor Countries
                                          (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3
                                          billion and Paris Club debt relief
                                          worth $145 million. These amounts
                                          combined with the original HIPC debt
                                          relief added up to about $2 billion.
                                          Growth for 2001 was held back
                                          because of a continued decline in
                                          the price of coffee, Uganda's
                                          principal export.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $29
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5.1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,200
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 44%
                                          industry: 18%
                                          services: 38% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 35% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 4%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 21% (2000)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 37.4 (1996)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 12 million (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 82%, industry 5%,
                                          services 13% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $959 million
                                          expenditures: $1.04 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY98/99 est.)
                              Industries: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton
                                          textiles, cement
       Industrial production growth rate: 7% (1999)
                Electricity - production: 1.599 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 0.94%
                                          hydro: 99.06%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.314 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 174 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 1 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco,
                                          cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn,
                                          millet, pulses; beef, goat meat,
                                          milk, poultry, cut flowers
                                 Exports: $367 million (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: coffee, fish and fish products, tea;
                                          gold, cotton, flowers, horticultural
                      Exports - partners: Germany 12.0%, Netherlands 10.2%, US
                                          8.7%, Spain 8.0%, Belgium 7.1%
                                 Imports: $1.26 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: capital equipment, vehicles,
                                          petroleum, medical supplies; cereals
                      Imports - partners: Kenya 43.1%, US 7.0%, India 6.8%,
                                          South Africa 6.1%, Japan 3.4% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $3.4 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $1.4 billion (2000)
                                Currency: Ugandan shilling (UGX)
                           Currency code: UGX
                          Exchange rates: Ugandan shillings per US dollar -
                                          1,738.7 (January 2002), 1,755.7
                                          (2001), 1,644.5 (2000), 1,454.8
                                          (1999), 1,240.2 (1998), 1,083.0
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
     Communications Uganda
          Telephones - main lines in use: 50,074; however, 80,868 main lines
                                          have been installed (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 9,000 (1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: seriously
                                          inadequate; two cellular systems
                                          have been introduced, but a sharp
                                          increase in the number of main lines
                                          is essential; e-mail and Internet
                                          services are available
                                          domestic: intercity traffic by wire,
                                          microwave radio relay, and
                                          radiotelephone communication
                                          stations, fixed and mobile cellular
                                          systems for short range traffic
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean) and 1 Inmarsat; analog links
                                          to Kenya and Tanzania
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 7, FM 33, shortwave 2 (2001)
                                  Radios: 5 million (2001)
           Television broadcast stations: 8 (plus one low-power repeater)
                             Televisions: 500,000 (2001)
                   Internet country code: .ug
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 25,000 (2000)
     Transportation Uganda
                                Railways: total: 1,241 km
                                          narrow gauge: 1,241 km 1.000-m gauge
                                          note: a program to rehabilitate the
                                          railroad is underway (2001)
                                Highways: total: 27,000 km
                                          paved: 1,800 km
                                          unpaved: 25,200 km (of which about
                                          4,200 km are all-weather roads)
                               Waterways: Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake
                                          Kyoga, Lake George, Lake Edward,
                                          Victoria Nile, Albert Nile
                       Ports and harbors: Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell
                         Merchant marine: total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 5,091 GRT/8,229 DWT
                                          ships by type: roll on/roll off 3
                                          note: these ships are in cargo and
                                          passenger (ferry) service on
                                          Uganda's inland waterways (2002
                                Airports: 27 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 4
                                          over 3,047 m: 3
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 23
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 9
                                          under 914 m: 7 (2001)
     Military Uganda
                         Military branches: Ugandan Peoples' Defense Force
                                            (including Army, Marine unit, Air
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 5,302,787 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,879,083 (2002
                                   service: est.)
             Military expenditures - dollar $121.3 million (FY01)
         Military expenditures - percent of 2.1% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Uganda
                Disputes - international: Tutsi, Hutu, and other ethnic
                                          groups, political rebels, and
                                          various government forces continue
                                          fighting in Great Lakes region,
                                          transcending the boundaries of
                                          Burundi, Democratic Republic of the
                                          Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda

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