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 for Turks and Caicos Islands
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Turks and Caicos Islands
     Introduction Turks and Caicos Islands
                              Background: The islands were part of the UK's
                                          Jamaican colony until 1962, when
                                          they assumed the status of a
                                          separate crown colony upon Jamaica's
                                          independence. The governor of The
                                          Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to
                                          1973. With Bahamian independence,
                                          the islands received a separate
                                          governor in 1973. Although
                                          independence was agreed upon for
                                          1982, the policy was reversed and
                                          the islands are presently a British
                                          overseas territory.
     Geography Turks and Caicos Islands
                                Location: Caribbean, two island groups in the
                                          North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of
                                          The Bahamas
                  Geographic coordinates: 21 45 N, 71 35 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 430 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 430 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 389 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; marine; moderated by trade
                                          winds; sunny and relatively dry
                                 Terrain: low, flat limestone; extensive
                                          marshes and mangrove swamps
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Blue Hills 49 m
                       Natural resources: spiny lobster, conch
                                Land use: arable land: 2.33%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 97.67% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes
            Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water
                                          resources, private cisterns collect
                        Geography - note: about 40 islands (eight inhabited)
     People Turks and Caicos Islands
                              Population: 18,738 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 32.6% (male 3,101;
                                          female 3,004)
                                          15-64 years: 63.6% (male 6,266;
                                          female 5,651)
                                          65 years and over: 3.8% (male 319;
                                          female 397) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.28% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 24.18 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 4.38 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 12.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.07 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 17.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.76 years
                                          female: 76.03 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.59 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.18 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: none
                                          adjective: none
                           Ethnic groups: black
                               Religions: Baptist 40%, Methodist 16%, Anglican
                                          18%, Church of God 12%, other 14%
                               Languages: English (official)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever
                                          attended school
                                          male: 99%
                                          female: 98% (1970 est.)
                                          total population: 98%
                           People - note: destination and transit point for
                                          illegal Haitian immigrants bound for
                                          the Turks and Caicos Islands,
                                          Bahamas, and US
     Government Turks and Caicos Islands
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Turks and
                                          Caicos Islands
                       Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
                Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)
                            Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
                        National holiday: Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
                            Constitution: introduced 30 August 1976; suspended
                                          in 1986; restored and revised 5
                                          March 1988
                            Legal system: based on laws of England and Wales,
                                          with a few adopted from Jamaica and
                                          The Bahamas
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1953), represented
                                          by Governor Mervyn JONES (since 27
                                          January 2000)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor appointed by
                                          the monarch; chief minister
                                          appointed by the governor
                                          head of government: Chief Minister
                                          Derek H. TAYLOR (since 31 January
                                          cabinet: Executive Council consists
                                          of three ex officio members and five
                                          appointed by the governor from among
                                          the members of the Legislative
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council (19
                                          seats, of which 13 are popularly
                                          elected; members serve four-year
                                          elections: last held 4 March 1999
                                          (next to be held NA 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PDM 52.2%, PNP 40.9%,
                                          independent 6.9%; seats by party -
                                          PDM 9, PNP 4
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
           Political parties and leaders: People's Democratic Movement or PDM
                                          [Derek H. TAYLOR]; Progressive
                                          National Party or PNP [Washington
                                          MISICK]; United Democratic Party or
                                          UDP [Wendal SWANN]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol
                           participation: (subbureau)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas territory of the UK)
                        Flag description: blue, with the flag of the UK in the
                                          upper hoist-side quadrant and the
                                          colonial shield centered on the
                                          outer half of the flag; the shield
                                          is yellow and contains a conch
                                          shell, lobster, and cactus
     Economy Turks and Caicos Islands
                      Economy - overview: The Turks and Caicos economy is
                                          based on tourism, fishing, and
                                          offshore financial services. Most
                                          capital goods and food for domestic
                                          consumption are imported. The US is
                                          the leading source of tourists,
                                          accounting for more than half of the
                                          93,000 visitors in 1998. Major
                                          sources of government revenue
                                          include fees from offshore financial
                                          activities and customs receipts.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $128
                                          million (1999 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 8.7% (1999 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,300
                                          (1999 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4% (1995)
                             Labor force: 4,848 (1990 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: about 33% in government and 20% in
                                          agriculture and fishing; significant
                                          numbers in tourism, financial, and
                                          other services (1997 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 10% (1997 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $47 million
                                          expenditures: $33.6 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1997-98 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, offshore financial services
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 5 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 4.65 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: corn, beans, cassava (tapioca),
                                          citrus fruits; fish
                                 Exports: $13.7 million (1999)
                   Exports - commodities: lobster, dried and fresh conch,
                                          conch shells
                      Exports - partners: US, UK
                                 Imports: $175.6 million (1999)
                   Imports - commodities: food and beverages, tobacco,
                                          clothing, manufactures, construction
                      Imports - partners: US, UK
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $4.1 million (1997)
                                Currency: US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: USD
                          Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Turks and Caicos Islands
          Telephones - main lines in use: 3,000 (1994)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1994)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: fair cable and
                                          radiotelephone services
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: 2 submarine cables;
                                          satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat
                                          (Atlantic Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 3 (one inactive), FM 6, shortwave
                                          0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 8,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 0 (broadcasts from The Bahamas are
                                          received; cable television is
                                          established) (1997)
                             Televisions: NA
                   Internet country code: .tc
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 14 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
     Transportation Turks and Caicos Islands
                                          Railways: 0 km
                                          Highways: total: 121 km
                                                    paved: 24 km
                                                    unpaved: 97 km (2000)
                                         Waterways: none
                                 Ports and harbors: Grand Turk, Providenciales
                                   Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                          Airports: 8 (2001)
                     Airports - with paved runways: total: 5
                                                    1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                                    914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
                   Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3
                                                    914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                                    under 914 m: 2 (2001)
     Military Turks and Caicos Islands
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
     Transnational Issues Turks and Caicos Islands
                 Disputes - international: none
                            Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South
                                           American narcotics destined for the
                                           US and Europe

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