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4 definitions found
 for Tonga
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Tonga \Ton"ga\, n. (Med.)
     A drug useful in neuralgia, derived from a Fijian plant
     supposed to be of the aroid genus Epipremnum.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Tonga \Ton"ga\, n. [Hind. t[=a]ng[=a], Skr. tama[.n]gaka.]
     A kind of light two-wheeled vehicle, usually for four
     persons, drawn by ponies or bullocks. [India]
     [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a monarchy on a Polynesian archipelago in the South
           Pacific; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in
           1970 [syn: Tonga, Kingdom of Tonga, Friendly Islands]
      2: the language of the Tongan people of south central Africa
         (Zambia and Rhodesia)

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Tonga
                              Background: The archipelago of "The Friendly
                                          Islands" was united into a
                                          Polynesian kingdom in 1845. It
                                          became a constitutional monarchy in
                                          1875 and a British protectorate in
                                          1900. Tonga acquired its
                                          independence in 1970 and became a
                                          member of the Commonwealth of
                                          Nations. It remains the only
                                          monarchy in the Pacific.
     Geography Tonga
                                Location: Oceania, archipelago in the South
                                          Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of
                                          the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
                  Geographic coordinates: 20 00 S, 175 00 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 748 sq km
                                          water: 30 sq km
                                          land: 718 sq km
                      Area - comparative: four times the size of Washington,
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 419 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; modified by trade winds;
                                          warm season (December to May), cool
                                          season (May to December)
                                 Terrain: most islands have limestone base
                                          formed from uplifted coral
                                          formation; others have limestone
                                          overlying volcanic base
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location on
                                          Kao Island 1,033 m
                       Natural resources: fish, fertile soil
                                Land use: arable land: 23.61%
                                          permanent crops: 43.06%
                                          other: 33.33% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: cyclones (October to April);
                                          earthquakes and volcanic activity on
            Environment - current issues: deforestation results as more and
                                          more land is being cleared for
                                          agriculture and settlement; some
                                          damage to coral reefs from starfish
                                          and indiscriminate coral and shell
                                          collectors; overhunting threatens
                                          native sea turtle populations
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Law of the
                                          Sea, Marine Life Conservation,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: archipelago of 169 islands (36
     People Tonga
                              Population: 106,137 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 39.5% (male 21,374;
                                          female 20,555)
                                          15-64 years: 56.4% (male 29,519;
                                          female 30,322)
                                          65 years and over: 4.1% (male 1,945;
                                          female 2,422) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.85% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 24.08 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.63 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 13.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.56 years
                                          female: 71.11 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.13 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Tongan(s)
                                          adjective: Tongan
                           Ethnic groups: Polynesian, Europeans about 300
                               Religions: Christian (Free Wesleyan Church
                                          claims over 30,000 adherents)
                               Languages: Tongan, English
                                Literacy: definition: can read and write
                                          Tongan and/or English
                                          total population: 98.5%
                                          male: 98.4%
                                          female: 98.7% (1996 est.)
     Government Tonga
                            Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of
                                          conventional short form: Tonga
                                          former: Friendly Islands
                         Government type: hereditary constitutional monarchy
                                 Capital: Nuku'alofa
                Administrative divisions: 3 island groups; Ha'apai, Tongatapu,
                            Independence: 4 June 1970 (from UK protectorate)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 4 June (1970)
                            Constitution: 4 November 1875, revised 1 January
                            Legal system: based on English law
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: King Taufa'ahau
                                          TUPOU IV (since 16 December 1965)
                                          note: there is also a Privy Council
                                          that consists of the monarch, the
                                          Cabinet, and two governors
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; prime minister and
                                          deputy prime minister appointed for
                                          life by the monarch
                                          cabinet: Cabinet, appointed by the
                                          monarch, consists of 12 members
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Prince Lavaka ata ULUKALALA (since
                                          NA February 2000) and Deputy Prime
                                          Minister Tevita TOPOU (since NA
                                          January 2001)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or
                                          Fale Alea (30 seats - 12 reserved
                                          for cabinet ministers sitting ex
                                          officio, nine for nobles selected by
                                          the country's 33 nobles, and nine
                                          elected by popular vote; members
                                          serve three-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 7 March 2002
                                          (next to be held NA 2005)
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          pro-democratic 70%; seats - pro-
                                          democratic 7, traditionalist 2
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed
                                          by the monarch); Court of Appeal
                                          (consists of the Privy Council with
                                          the addition of the chief justice of
                                          the Supreme Court)
           Political parties and leaders: there are no political parties
            Political pressure groups and Tonga Human Rights and Democracy
                                 leaders: Movement or THRDM [Akilisi POHIVA,
               International organization ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, IHO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, ITU, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Sione
                                          chancery: 250 East 51st Street, New
                                          York, NY 10022
                                          telephone: [1] (917) 369-1136
                                          consulate(s) general: San Francisco
                                          FAX: [1] (917) 369-1024
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Tonga; the ambassador to Fiji is
                                          accredited to Tonga
                        Flag description: red with a bold red cross on a white
                                          rectangle in the upper hoist-side
     Economy Tonga
                      Economy - overview: Tonga has a small, open economy with
                                          a narrow export base in agricultural
                                          goods. Squash, coconuts, bananas,
                                          and vanilla beans are the main
                                          crops, and agricultural exports make
                                          up two-thirds of total exports. The
                                          country must import a high
                                          proportion of its food, mainly from
                                          New Zealand. Tourism is the second
                                          largest source of hard currency
                                          earnings following remittances. The
                                          country remains dependent on
                                          external aid and remittances from
                                          Tongan communities overseas to
                                          offset its trade deficit. The
                                          government is emphasizing the
                                          development of the private sector,
                                          especially the encouragement of
                                          investment, and is committing
                                          increased funds for health and
                                          education. Tonga has a reasonable
                                          basic infrastructure and well-
                                          developed social services.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $225
                                          million (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5.3% (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,200
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 30%
                                          industry: 10%
                                          services: 60% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 9.4% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 33,908 (1996)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 65% (1997 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 13.3% (1996 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $39.9 million
                                          expenditures: $52.4 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $1.9 million (FY99/00 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, fishing
       Industrial production growth rate: 8.6% (FY98/99)
                Electricity - production: 30 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 27.9 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: squash, coconuts, copra, bananas,
                                          vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee,
                                          ginger, black pepper; fish
                                 Exports: $9.3 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: squash, fish, vanilla beans, root
                      Exports - partners: Japan 50.4%, US 31.6%, NZ 4.1%,
                                          Australia 2.1%, Fiji 1.7% (2000
                                 Imports: $70 million (c.i.f., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and transport
                                          equipment, fuels, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: New Zealand 29.8%, Japan 18.6%,
                                          Australia 12.7%, US 12.7%, Fiji
                                          12.2% (2000 est.)
                         Debt - external: $57.5 million (June 2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: Australia $5.5 million, New Zealand
                                          $2.3 million (FY01/02)
                                Currency: pa'anga (TOP)
                           Currency code: TOP
                          Exchange rates: pa'anga per US dollar - 2.1920
                                          (January 2002), 2.1236 (2001),
                                          1.7585 (2000), 1.5991 (1999), 1.4920
                                          (1998), 1.2635 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
     Communications Tonga
          Telephones - main lines in use: 8,000 (1996)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 302 (1996)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 1 (2001)
                                  Radios: 61,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 2 (2001)
                             Televisions: 2,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .to
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1,000 (2000)
     Transportation Tonga
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 680 km
                                          paved: 184 km
                                          unpaved: 496 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Neiafu, Nuku'alofa, Pangai
                         Merchant marine: total: 80 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 292,139 GRT/421,221 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 10, cargo 54,
                                          liquefied gas 4, petroleum tanker 8,
                                          roll on/roll off 4
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Albania 1, Australia 4,
                                          Austria 1, Bolivia 1, Cyprus 1,
                                          Djibouti 1, Egypt 2, Greece 4,
                                          Lebanon 2, Liberia 2, Marshall
                                          Islands 2, Morocco 1, Norway 1,
                                          Panama 1, Romania 3, Russia 1, Sao
                                          Tome and Principe 1, Saudi Arabia 2,
                                          Singapore 1, Sweden 1, Switzerland
                                          3, Syria 5, Ukraine 1, United Arab
                                          Emirates 16, United States 4 (2002
                                Airports: 6 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 4
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
     Military Tonga
                       Military branches: Tonga Defense Services (made up of
                                          three operational command components
                                          and two support elements, including
                                          the Royal Marines, Royal Guards,
                                          Maritime Force, a support/logistics
                                          group, and a training group),
                                          Police; note - a new air wing that
                                          will be subordinate to the Ministry
                                          of Defense is being developed
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
     Transnational Issues Tonga
                                                Disputes - international: none

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