The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

1 definition found
 for Tokelau
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Tokelau
                              Background: Originally settled by Polynesian
                                          emigrants from surrounding island
                                          groups, the Tokelau Islands were
                                          made a British protectorate in 1889.
                                          They were transferred to New Zealand
                                          administration in 1925.
     Geography Tokelau
                                Location: Oceania, group of three atolls in
                                          the South Pacific Ocean, about one-
                                          half of the way from Hawaii to New
                  Geographic coordinates: 9 00 S, 172 00 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 10 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 10 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 17 times the size of The Mall
                                          in Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 101 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds
                                          (April to November)
                                 Terrain: low-lying coral atolls enclosing
                                          large lagoons
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location 5 m
                       Natural resources: NEGL
                                Land use: arable land: 0% (soil is thin and
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: lies in Pacific typhoon belt
            Environment - current issues: very limited natural resources and
                                          overcrowding are contributing to
                                          emigration to New Zealand
                        Geography - note: consists of three atolls, each with
                                          a lagoon surrounded by a number of
                                          reef-bound islets of varying length
                                          and rising to over three meters
                                          above sea level
     People Tokelau
                              Population: 1,431 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 42%
                                          15-64 years: 53%
                                          65 years and over: 5% (1996 est.)
                  Population growth rate: -0.92% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                              Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                      Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
                               Sex ratio: NA
                   Infant mortality rate: 38 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                          male: 68 years (2001)
                                          female: 70 years (2001)
                    Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Tokelauan(s)
                                          adjective: Tokelauan
                           Ethnic groups: Polynesian
                               Religions: Congregational Christian Church 70%,
                                          Roman Catholic 28%, other 2%
                                          note: on Atafu, all Congregational
                                          Christian Church of Samoa; on
                                          Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on
                                          Fakaofo, both denominations, with
                                          the Congregational Christian Church
                               Languages: Tokelauan (a Polynesian language),
                                Literacy: NA
     Government Tokelau
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Tokelau
                       Dependency status: self-administering territory of New
                                          Zealand; note - Tokelauans are
                                          drafting a constitution, developing
                                          institutions and patterns of self-
                                          government as Tokelau moves toward
                                          free association with New Zealand
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: none; each atoll has its own
                                          administrative center
                Administrative divisions: none (territory of New Zealand)
                            Independence: none (territory of New Zealand)
                        National holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi
                                          established British sovereignty over
                                          New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
                            Constitution: administered under the Tokelau
                                          Islands Act of 1948, as amended in
                            Legal system: New Zealand and local statutes
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952); the UK and
                                          New Zealand are represented by
                                          Administrator Lindsay WATT (since NA
                                          March 1993)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; administrator appointed
                                          by the Minister of Foreign Affairs
                                          and Trade in New Zealand; the head
                                          of government is chosen from the
                                          Council of Faipule and serves a one-
                                          year term
                                          head of government: Aliki Faipule
                                          Pio TUIA (since NA 2002)
                                          cabinet: the Council of Faipule,
                                          consisting of three elected leaders
                                          - one from each atoll - functions as
                                          a cabinet
                      Legislative branch: unicameral General Fono (48 seats;
                                          members chosen by each atoll's
                                          Council of Elders or Taupulega to
                                          serve three-year terms); note - the
                                          Tokelau Amendment Act of 1996
                                          confers limited legislative power on
                                          the General Fono
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court in New Zealand
                                          exercises civil and criminal
                                          jurisdiction in Tokelau
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and none
               International organization SPC, UNESCO (associate), WHO
                           participation: (associate)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of New Zealand)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of New Zealand)
                        Flag description: the flag of New Zealand is used
     Economy Tokelau
                      Economy - overview: Tokelau's small size (three
                                          villages), isolation, and lack of
                                          resources greatly restrain economic
                                          development and confine agriculture
                                          to the subsistence level. The people
                                          rely heavily on aid from New Zealand
                                          - about $4 million annually - to
                                          maintain public services, annual aid
                                          being substantially greater than
                                          GDP. The principal sources of
                                          revenue come from sales of copra,
                                          postage stamps, souvenir coins, and
                                          handicrafts. Money is also remitted
                                          to families from relatives in New
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.5
                                          million (1993 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,000
                                          (1993 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
                             Labor force: NA
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $430,830
                                          expenditures: $2.8 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $37,300 (1987 est.)
                              Industries: small-scale enterprises for copra
                                          production, woodworking, plaited
                                          craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts, copra, breadfruit,
                                          papayas, bananas; pigs, poultry,
                                 Exports: $98,000 (f.o.b., 1983)
                   Exports - commodities: stamps, copra, handicrafts
                      Exports - partners: NZ
                                 Imports: $323,000 (c.i.f., 1983)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, building materials, fuel
                      Imports - partners: NZ
                         Debt - external: $0
                Economic aid - recipient: from New Zealand about $4 million
                                Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)
                           Currency code: NZD
                          Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars per US dollar -
                                          2.3535 (January 2002), 2.3776
                                          (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886
                                          (1999), 1.8632 (1998), 1.5083 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications Tokelau
          Telephones - main lines in use: NA
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate
                                          domestic: radiotelephone service
                                          between islands
                                          international: radiotelephone
                                          service to Samoa; government-
                                          regulated telephone service
                                          (TeleTok), with 3 satellite earth
                                          stations, established in 1997
                Radio broadcast stations: note: each atoll has a radio
                                          broadcast station of unknown type
                                          that broadcasts shipping and weather
                                          reports (1998)
                                  Radios: 1,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .tk
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
     Transportation Tokelau
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: NA km
                                           paved: NA km
                                           unpaved: NA km
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
                          Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: none; lagoon landings are possible
                                           by amphibious aircraft (2001)
     Military Tokelau
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of New
     Transnational Issues Tokelau
                                                Disputes - international: none

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229