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3 definitions found
 for Sweden
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a Scandinavian kingdom in the eastern part of the
           Scandinavian Peninsula [syn: Sweden, Kingdom of Sweden,

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

      Country code: se.

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Sweden
                              Background: A military power during the 17th
                                          century, Sweden has not participated
                                          in any war in almost two centuries.
                                          An armed neutrality was preserved in
                                          both World Wars. Sweden's long-
                                          successful economic formula of a
                                          capitalist system interlarded with
                                          substantial welfare elements was
                                          challenged in the 1990s by high
                                          unemployment, rising maintenance
                                          costs, and a declining position in
                                          world markets. Indecision over the
                                          country's role in the political and
                                          economic integration of Europe
                                          delayed Sweden's entry into the EU
                                          until 1995, and waived the
                                          introduction of the euro in 1999.
     Geography Sweden
                                Location: Northern Europe, bordering the
                                          Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia,
                                          Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between
                                          Finland and Norway
                  Geographic coordinates: 62 00 N, 15 00 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 449,964 sq km
                                          water: 39,030 sq km
                                          land: 410,934 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than California
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,205 km
                                          border countries: Finland 586 km,
                                          Norway 1,619 km
                               Coastline: 3,218 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          exclusive economic zone: agreed
                                          boundaries or midlines
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM (adjustments
                                          made to return a portion of straits
                                          to high seas)
                                 Climate: temperate in south with cold, cloudy
                                          winters and cool, partly cloudy
                                          summers; subarctic in north
                                 Terrain: mostly flat or gently rolling
                                          lowlands; mountains in west
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m
                       Natural resources: zinc, iron ore, lead, copper,
                                          silver, timber, uranium, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 6.8%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 93.2% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 1,150 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: ice floes in the surrounding waters,
                                          especially in the Gulf of Bothnia,
                                          can interfere with maritime traffic
            Environment - current issues: acid rain damage to soils and lakes;
                                          pollution of the North Sea and the
                                          Baltic Sea
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur
                                          85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air
                                          Pollution-Volatile Organic
                                          Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental
                                          Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living
                                          Resources, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: strategic location along Danish
                                          Straits linking Baltic and North
     People Sweden
                              Population: 8,876,744 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 18% (male 817,688;
                                          female 776,018)
                                          15-64 years: 64.7% (male 2,922,095;
                                          female 2,824,770)
                                          65 years and over: 17.3% (male
                                          651,120; female 885,053) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.02% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 9.81 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 10.6 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 3.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.84 years
                                          female: 82.64 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 77.19 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.54 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.08% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 3,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Swede(s)
                                          adjective: Swedish
                           Ethnic groups: indigenous population: Swedes and
                                          Finnish and Sami minorities;
                                          foreign-born or first-generation
                                          immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes,
                                          Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
                               Religions: Lutheran 87%, Roman Catholic,
                                          Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish,
                               Languages: Swedish
                                          note: small Sami- and Finnish-
                                          speaking minorities
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 99% (1979 est.)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Sweden
                            Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of
                                          conventional short form: Sweden
                                          local short form: Sverige
                                          local long form: Konungariket
                         Government type: constitutional monarchy
                                 Capital: Stockholm
                Administrative divisions: 21 counties (lan, singular and
                                          plural); Blekinge, Dalarnas,
                                          Gavleborgs, Gotlands, Hallands,
                                          Jamtlands, Jonkopings, Kalmar,
                                          Kronobergs, Norrbottens, Orebro,
                                          Ostergotlands, Skane, Sodermanlands,
                                          Stockholms, Uppsala, Varmlands,
                                          Vasterbottens, Vasternorrlands,
                                          Vastmanlands, Vastra Gotalands
                            Independence: 6 June 1523 (Gustav VASA elected
                        National holiday: Flag Day, 6 June
                            Constitution: 1 January 1975
                            Legal system: civil law system influenced by
                                          customary law; accepts compulsory
                                          ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: King CARL XVI GUSTAF
                                          (since 19 September 1973); Heir
                                          Apparent Princess VICTORIA Ingrid
                                          Alice Desiree, daughter of the
                                          monarch (born 14 July 1977)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Goran PERSSON (since 21 March 1996)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          prime minister
                                          elections: the monarchy is
                                          hereditary; prime minister elected
                                          by the Parliament; election last
                                          held NA September 1998 (next to be
                                          held 20 September 2002)
                                          election results: Goran PERSSON
                                          reelected prime minister with 131
                                          out of 349 votes
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Riksdag
                                          (349 seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote on a proportional
                                          representation basis to serve four-
                                          year terms)
                                          elections: last held 20 September
                                          1998 (next to be held 15 September
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - Social Democrats 36.5%,
                                          Moderates 22.7%, Left Party 12%,
                                          Christian Democrats 11.8%, Center
                                          Party 5.1%, Liberal Party 4.7%,
                                          Greens 4.5%; seats by party - Social
                                          Democrats 131, Moderates 82, Left
                                          Party 43, Christian Democrats 42,
                                          Center Party 18, Liberal Party 17,
                                          Greens 16
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Hogsta Domstolen
                                          (judges are appointed by the prime
                                          minister and the cabinet)
           Political parties and leaders: Center Party [Maud OLOFSSON];
                                          Christian Democratic Party [Alf
                                          SVENSSON]; Communist Workers' Party
                                          [Rolf HAGEL]; Green Party [no formal
                                          leader but party spokespersons are
                                          Maria WETTERSTRAND and Peter
                                          ERIKSSON]; Left Party or VP
                                          (formerly Communist) [Gudrun
                                          SCHYMAN]; Liberal People's Party
                                          [Lars LEIJONBORG]; Moderate Party
                                          (conservative) [Bo LUNDGREN]; Social
                                          Democratic Party [Goran PERSSON]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS,
                           participation: CBSS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD,
                                          ECE, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 6, G- 9,
                                          G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC,
                                          ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM
                                          (guest), NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA,
                                          PFP, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNDOF,
                                          UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM,
                                          UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK,
                                          UNMOGIP, UNMOP, UNOMIG, UNTAET,
                                          UNTSO, UPU, WEU (observer), WFTU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Jan
                                          consulate(s) general: Los Angeles
                                          and New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 467-2699
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 467-2600
                                          chancery: 1501 M Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20005-1702
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Charles
                                      US: A. HEIMBOLD, Jr.
                                          embassy: Dag Hammarskjolds VAG 31,
                                          SE-11589 Stockholm
                                          mailing address: American Embassy
                                          Stockholm, Department of State,
                                          Washington, DC 20521-5750 (pouch)
                                          telephone: [46] (08) 783 53 00
                                          FAX: [46] (08) 661 19 64
                        Flag description: blue with a golden yellow cross
                                          extending to the edges of the flag;
                                          the vertical part of the cross is
                                          shifted to the hoist side in the
                                          style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
     Economy Sweden
                      Economy - overview: Aided by peace and neutrality for
                                          the whole 20th century, Sweden has
                                          achieved an enviable standard of
                                          living under a mixed system of high-
                                          tech capitalism and extensive
                                          welfare benefits. It has a modern
                                          distribution system, excellent
                                          internal and external
                                          communications, and a skilled labor
                                          force. Timber, hydropower, and iron
                                          ore constitute the resource base of
                                          an economy heavily oriented toward
                                          foreign trade. Privately owned firms
                                          account for about 90% of industrial
                                          output, of which the engineering
                                          sector accounts for 50% of output
                                          and exports. Agriculture accounts
                                          for only 2% of GDP and 2% of the
                                          jobs. The government's commitment to
                                          fiscal discipline resulted in a
                                          substantive budgetary surplus in
                                          2001, but is expected to shrink
                                          somewhat in 2002, due to the global
                                          economic slowdown, tax cuts, and
                                          spending increases. The Swedish
                                          central bank (the Riksbank) is
                                          focusing on price stability with an
                                          inflation target of 2% for 2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $219
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $24,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2%
                                          industry: 28.7%
                                          services: 69.3% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.7%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 20.1% (1992)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 25 (1992)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.7% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 4.4 million (2000 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 2%, industry 24%,
                                          services 74% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 3.9% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $119 billion
                                          expenditures: $110 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: iron and steel, precision equipment
                                          (bearings, radio and telephone
                                          parts, armaments), wood pulp and
                                          paper products, processed foods,
                                          motor vehicles
       Industrial production growth rate: 4.5% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 144.621 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 6.06%
                                          hydro: 53.81%
                                          other: 2.72% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 37.41%
               Electricity - consumption: 139.176 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 13.628 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 18.306 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat,
                                 Exports: $96 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper
                                          products, pulp and wood, iron and
                                          steel products, chemicals
                      Exports - partners: EU 53.6% (Germany 10.6%, UK 9.1%,
                                          Denmark 5.3%, France 5.1%), US 9.5%,
                                          Norway 7.5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $89.2 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, petroleum and petroleum
                                          products, chemicals, motor vehicles,
                                          iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing
                      Imports - partners: EU 60.3% (Germany 16.3%, UK 8.8%,
                                          Denmark 6.7%, France 5.6%), Norway
                                          8.2%, US 6.7% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $66.5 billion (1994)
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $1.7 billion (1997)
                                Currency: Swedish krona (SEK)
                           Currency code: SEK
                          Exchange rates: Swedish kronor per US dollar -
                                          10.4381 (January 2002), 10.3291
                                          (2001), 9.1622 (2000), 8.2624
                                          (1999), 7.9499 (1998), 7.6349 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Sweden
          Telephones - main lines in use: 6.017 million (December 1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 3.835 million (October 1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: excellent
                                          domestic and international
                                          facilities; automatic system
                                          domestic: coaxial and multiconductor
                                          cables carry most of the voice
                                          traffic; parallel microwave radio
                                          relay systems carry some additional
                                          telephone channels
                                          international: 5 submarine coaxial
                                          cables; satellite earth stations - 1
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1
                                          Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic
                                          and Indian Ocean regions); note -
                                          Sweden shares the Inmarsat earth
                                          station with the other Nordic
                                          countries (Denmark, Finland,
                                          Iceland, and Norway)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 265, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 8.25 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 169 (plus 1,299 repeaters) (1995)
                             Televisions: 4.6 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .se
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 29 (2000)
                          Internet users: 5.64 million (2000)
     Transportation Sweden
                                Railways: total: 12,821 km
                                          standard gauge: 12,600 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (7,918 km electrified)
                                          narrow gauge: 221 km 0.891-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 210,760 km
                                          paved: 162,707 km (including 1,428
                                          km of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 48,053 km (1999)
                               Waterways: 2,052 km
                                          note: navigable to small steamers
                                          and barges
                               Pipelines: natural gas 84 km
                       Ports and harbors: Gavle, Goteborg, Halmstad,
                                          Helsingborg, Hudiksvall, Kalmar,
                                          Karlshamn, Malmo, Solvesborg,
                                          Stockholm, Sundsvall
                         Merchant marine: total: 174 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 2,255,344 GRT/1,609,844 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Denmark 8, Finland 8,
                                          Germany 3, Italy 3, Japan 2, Norway
                                          7 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 5, cargo 37,
                                          chemical tanker 33, combination ore/
                                          oil 4, passenger 1, petroleum tanker
                                          27, railcar carrier 1, roll on/roll
                                          off 38, short-sea passenger 4,
                                          specialized tanker 6, vehicle
                                          carrier 18
                                Airports: 255 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 147
                                          over 3,047 m: 3
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 27
                                          under 914 m: 25 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 80
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 108
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 6
                                          under 914 m: 102 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military Sweden
                         Military branches: Army, Royal Navy (including Coast
                                            Artillery and Naval Helicopter
                                            Service), Air Force
          Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,060,205 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,800,991 (2002
                                   service: est.)
      Military manpower - reaching military males: 51,506 (2002 est.)
                              age annually:
             Military expenditures - dollar $4,395.1 million (FY01)
         Military expenditures - percent of 2.1% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Sweden
                                                Disputes - international: none

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