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2 definitions found
 for Suriname
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in northeastern South America on the Atlantic;
           achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1975 [syn:
           Suriname, Republic of Suriname, Surinam, Dutch
           Guiana, Netherlands Guiana]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Suriname
                              Background: Independence from the Netherlands
                                          was granted in 1975. Five years
                                          later the civilian government was
                                          replaced by a military regime that
                                          soon declared a socialist republic.
                                          It continued to rule through a
                                          succession of nominally civilian
                                          administrations until 1987, when
                                          international pressure finally
                                          forced a democratic election. In
                                          1989, the military overthrew the
                                          civilian government, but a
                                          democratically-elected government
                                          returned to power in 1991.
     Geography Suriname
                                Location: Northern South America, bordering
                                          the North Atlantic Ocean, between
                                          French Guiana and Guyana
                  Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 56 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 163,270 sq km
                                          land: 161,470 sq km
                                          water: 1,800 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,707 km
                                          border countries: Brazil 597 km,
                                          French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km
                               Coastline: 386 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds
                                 Terrain: mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal
                                          plain with swamps
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: unnamed location in
                                          the coastal plain -2 m
                                          highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m
                       Natural resources: timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin,
                                          shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small
                                          amounts of nickel, copper, platinum,
                                          iron ore
                                Land use: arable land: 0.37%
                                          permanent crops: 0.06%
                                          note: there are 95,000 hectares of
                                          arable land, 7,000 hectares of
                                          permanent crops, and 15,000 hectares
                                          of permanent pastures (1998 est.)
                                          other: 99.57%
                          Irrigated land: 490 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: deforestation as timber is cut for
                                          export; pollution of inland
                                          waterways by small-scale mining
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: smallest independent country on
                                          South American continent; mostly
                                          tropical rain forest; great
                                          diversity of flora and fauna that,
                                          for the most part, is increasingly
                                          threatened by new development;
                                          relatively small population, mostly
                                          along the coast
     People Suriname
                              Population: 436,494 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 31.1% (male 69,642;
                                          female 66,262)
                                          15-64 years: 63.1% (male 140,745;
                                          female 134,494)
                                          65 years and over: 5.8% (male
                                          11,480; female 13,871) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.55% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 19.97 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.67 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -8.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 23.48 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.9 years
                                          female: 74.7 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 69.23 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.44 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.26% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 3,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 210 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Surinamer(s)
                                          adjective: Surinamese
                           Ethnic groups: Hindustani (also known locally as
                                          "East Indians"; their ancestors
                                          emigrated from northern India in the
                                          latter part of the 19th century)
                                          37%, Creole (mixed white and black)
                                          31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their
                                          African ancestors were brought to
                                          the country in the 17th and 18th
                                          centuries as slaves and escaped to
                                          the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%,
                                          Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
                               Religions: Hindu 27.4%, Muslim 19.6%, Roman
                                          Catholic 22.8%, Protestant 25.2%
                                          (predominantly Moravian), indigenous
                                          beliefs 5%
                               Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely
                                          spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese,
                                          sometimes called Taki-Taki, is
                                          native language of Creoles and much
                                          of the younger population and is
                                          lingua franca among others),
                                          Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi),
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 93%
                                          male: 95%
                                          female: 91% (1995 est.)
     Government Suriname
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Suriname
                                          local short form: Suriname
                                          former: Netherlands Guiana, Dutch
                                          local long form: Republiek Suriname
                         Government type: constitutional democracy
                                 Capital: Paramaribo
                Administrative divisions: 10 districts (distrikten, singular -
                                          distrikt); Brokopondo, Commewijne,
                                          Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para,
                                          Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini,
                            Independence: 25 November 1975 (from Netherlands)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 25 November (1975)
                            Constitution: ratified 30 September 1987
                            Legal system: based on Dutch legal system
                                          incorporating French penal theory
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Runaldo
                                          Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 August
                                          2000); Vice President Jules
                                          Rattankoemar AJODHIA (since 12
                                          August 2000); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          head of government: President
                                          Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12
                                          August 2000); Vice President Jules
                                          Rattankoemar AJODHIA (since 12
                                          August 2000); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president from
                                          among the members of the National
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected by the National
                                          Assembly or, if no presidential or
                                          vice presidential candidate receives
                                          a constitutional majority in the
                                          National Assembly after two votes,
                                          by the larger People's Assembly (869
                                          representatives from the national,
                                          local, and regional councils), for
                                          five-year terms; election last held
                                          6 May 2000 (next to be held NA May
                                          election results: Runaldo Ronald
                                          VENETIAAN elected president by the
                                          National Assembly; percent of
                                          legislative vote - Runaldo Ronald
                                          VENETIAAN 72.5%; Rashied DOEKHIE
                                          (NDP) 19.6%; total votes cast -
                                          Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (New Front)
                                          37 votes, Rashied DOEKHIE (NDP) 10
                                          note: widespread demonstrations
                                          during the summer of 1999 led to the
                                          call for elections a year early
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Nationale Assemblee (51 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve five-year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NF 33,
                                          MC 10, DNP 2000 3, DA '91 2, PVF 2,
                                          PALU 1
                                          note: widespread demonstrations
                                          during the summer of 1999 led to the
                                          call for elections a year early
                                          elections: last held 5 May 2000
                                          (next to be held NA May 2005)
                         Judicial branch: Court of Justice (justices are
                                          nominated for life)
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Alternative '91 or DA '91
                                          (a coalition of the Alternative
                                          Forum or AF and Party for
                                          Brotherhood and Unity in Politics or
                                          BEP, formed in January 1991) [S.
                                          RAMKHELAWAN]; Democratic National
                                          Platform 2000 or DNP 2000 (coalition
                                          of two parties, Democratic Party and
                                          Democrats of the 21st Century)
                                          [Jules WIJDENBOSCH]; Independent
                                          Progressive Democratic Alternative
                                          or OPDA [Joginder RAMKHILAWAN];
                                          Millennium Combination or MC (a
                                          coalition of three parties,
                                          Democratic Alternative, Party for
                                          National Unity and Solidarity, and
                                          National Democratic Party) [leader
                                          NA]; National Democratic Party or
                                          NDP [Desire BOUTERSE]; Naya Kadam or
                                          NK [leader NA]; Party for Renewal
                                          and Democracy or BVD [Tjan
                                          GOBARDHAN]; Party of National Unity
                                          and Solidarity or KTPI [Willy
                                          SOEMITA]; Pertjaja Luhur [Paul
                                          SOMOHARDJO]; Progressive Workers'
                                          and Farm Laborers' Union or PALU [Ir
                                          Iwan KROLIS]; The New Front or NF (a
                                          coalition of four parties Suriname
                                          National Party or NPS, Progressive
                                          Reform Party or VHP, Suriname Labor
                                          Party or SPA, and Pertjaja Luhur)
                                          [Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN]; The
                                          Progressive Development Alliance (a
                                          combination of three parties,
                                          Renewed Progressive Party or HPP,
                                          Party of the Federation of Land
                                          Workers or PVF, and Suriname
                                          Progressive People's Party or PSV)
                                          [Harry KISOENSINGH]
            Political pressure groups and General Liberation and Development
                                 leaders: Party or ABOP [Ronnie BRUNSWIJK];
                                          Mandela Bushnegro Liberation
                                          Movement [Leendert ADAMS]; Tucayana
                                          Amazonica [Alex JUBITANA, Thomas
                                          SABAJO]; Union for Liberation and
                                          Democracy [Kofi AFONGPONG]
               International organization ACP, Caricom, ECLAC, FAO, G-77,
                           participation: IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDB,
                                          IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS,
                                          OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Henry
                                          Lothar ILLES
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 244-5878
                                          consulate(s) general: Miami
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 244-7488
                                          chancery: Suite 460, 4301
                                          Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington,
                                          DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel
                                      US: A. JOHNSON
                                          embassy: Dr. Sophie Redmondstraat
                                          129, Paramaribo
                                          mailing address: Department of
                                          State, 3390 Paramaribo Place,
                                          Washington, DC, 20521-3390
                                          telephone: [597] 472900
                                          FAX: [597] 420800
                        Flag description: five horizontal bands of green (top,
                                          double width), white, red (quadruple
                                          width), white, and green (double
                                          width); there is a large, yellow,
                                          five-pointed star centered in the
                                          red band
     Economy Suriname
                      Economy - overview: The economy is dominated by the
                                          bauxite industry, which accounts for
                                          more than 15% of GDP and 70% of
                                          export earnings. Suriname's economic
                                          prospects for the medium term will
                                          depend on renewed commitment to
                                          responsible monetary and fiscal
                                          policies and to the introduction of
                                          structural reforms to liberalize
                                          markets and promote competition. The
                                          government of Ronald VENETIAAN has
                                          begun an austerity program, raised
                                          taxes, and attempted to control
                                          spending. The Dutch Government has
                                          restarted the aid flow, which will
                                          allow Suriname to access
                                          international development financing.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.5
                                          billion (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -5.5% (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,500
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 13%
                                          industry: 22%
                                          services: 65% (1998 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 59% (2000)
                             Labor force: 100,000
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 20% (1997)
                                  Budget: revenues: $393 million
                                          expenditures: $403 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $34 million (1997 est.)
                              Industries: bauxite and gold mining, alumina
                                          production, oil, lumbering, food
                                          processing, fishing
       Industrial production growth rate: 6.5% (1994 est.)
                Electricity - production: 1.407 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 35.82%
                                          hydro: 64.18%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.309 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: paddy rice, bananas, palm kernels,
                                          coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef,
                                          chickens; forest products; shrimp
                                 Exports: $399 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: alumina, crude oil, lumber, shrimp
                                          and fish, rice, bananas
                      Exports - partners: US 23%, Norway 19%, Netherlands 11%,
                                          France, Japan, UK (1999)
                                 Imports: $525 million (f.o.b., 1999)
                   Imports - commodities: capital equipment, petroleum,
                                          foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods
                      Imports - partners: US 35%, Netherlands 15%, Trinidad
                                          and Tobago 12%, Japan, UK, Brazil
                         Debt - external: $512 million (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: Netherlands provided $37 million for
                                          project and program assistance,
                                          European Development Fund $4
                                          million, Belgium $2 million (1998)
                                Currency: Surinamese guilder (SRG)
                           Currency code: SRG
                          Exchange rates: Surinamese guilders per US dollar -
                                          2,178.50 (2001), 2,178.50 (2000),
                                          987.50 (1999), 401.00 (1998), 401.00
                                          (1997); note - yearend rates
                                          note: beginning in July 1994, the
                                          central bank midpoint exchange rate
                                          was unified and became market
                                          determined; during 1998, the
                                          exchange rate splintered into four
                                          distinct rates; in January 1999 the
                                          government floated the guilder, but
                                          subsequently fixed it when the
                                          black-market rate plunged; the
                                          government currently allows trading
                                          within a band of SRG 500 around the
                                          official rate
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Suriname
            Telephones - main lines in use: 64,000 (1997)
              Telephones - mobile cellular: 4,090 (1997)
                          Telephone system: general assessment: international
                                            facilities are good
                                            domestic: microwave radio relay
                                            international: satellite earth
                                            stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic
                  Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 13, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                    Radios: 300,000 (1997)
             Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus seven repeaters) (2000)
                               Televisions: 63,000 (1997)
                     Internet country code: .sr
         Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                            Internet users: 11,700 (2001)
     Transportation Suriname
                                Railways: total: 166 km (single-track)
                                          standard gauge: 80 km 1.435-m gauge
                                          note: Suriname railroads are not in
                                          operation (2001)
                                          narrow gauge: 86 km 1.000-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 4,530 km
                                          paved: 1,178 km
                                          unpaved: 3,352 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 1,200 km
                                          note: most important means of
                                          transport; oceangoing vessels with
                                          drafts ranging up to 7 m can
                                          navigate many of the principal
                       Ports and harbors: Albina, Moengo, New Nickerie,
                                          Paramaribo, Paranam, Wageningen
                         Merchant marine: total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 3,432 GRT/4,525 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 1, container 1,
                                          petroleum tanker 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 46 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 5
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 4 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 41
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 5
                                          under 914 m: 35 (2001)
     Military Suriname
                       Military branches: National Army (including small Navy
                                          and Air Force elements), Civil
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 123,072 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 72,059 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.6% (FY97 est.)
     Transnational Issues Suriname
                Disputes - international: area disputed by French Guiana
                                          between Riviere Litani and Riviere
                                          Marouini (both headwaters of the
                                          Lawa); area disputed by Guyana
                                          between New (Upper Courantyne) and
                                          Courantyne/Koetari [Kutari] rivers
                                          (all headwaters of the Courantyne);
                                          territorial sea boundary with Guyana
                                          is in dispute
                           Illicit drugs: growing transshipment point for
                                          South American drugs destined for
                                          Europe and Brazil; transshipment
                                          point for arms-for-drugs dealing

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