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2 definitions found
 for Surgeon
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Surgeon \Sur"geon\, n. [OE. surgien, OF. surgien, contr. fr.
     chirurgien. See Chirurgeon.]
     1. One whose profession or occupation is to cure diseases or
        injuries of the body by manual operation; one whose
        occupation is to cure local injuries or disorders (such as
        wounds, dislocations, tumors, etc.), whether by manual
        operation, or by medication and constitutional treatment.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of chaetodont fishes
        of the family Teuthidae, or Acanthuridae, which have
        one or two sharp lancelike spines on each side of the base
        of the tail. Called also surgeon fish, doctor fish,
        lancet fish, and sea surgeon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Surgeon apothecary, one who unites the practice of surgery
        with that of the apothecary. --Dunglison.
  
     Surgeon dentist, a dental surgeon; a dentist.
  
     Surgeon fish. See def. 2, above.
  
     Surgeon general.
        (a) In the United States army, the chief of the medical
            department.
        (b) In the British army, a surgeon ranking next below the
            chief of the medical department.
            [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  surgeon
      n 1: a physician who specializes in surgery [syn: surgeon,
           operating surgeon, sawbones]

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