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 for Spratly Islands
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Spratly Islands
     Introduction Spratly Islands
                              Background: This archipelago - surrounded by
                                          rich fishing grounds and potentially
                                          by gas and oil deposits - is claimed
                                          in its entirety by China, Taiwan,
                                          and Vietnam, while portions are
                                          claimed by Malaysia and the
                                          Philippines. All five parties occupy
                                          certain islands or reefs.
     Geography Spratly Islands
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, group of reefs
                                          and islands in the South China Sea,
                                          about two-thirds of the way from
                                          southern Vietnam to the southern
                  Geographic coordinates: 8 38 N, 111 55 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: less than 5 sq km
                                          note: includes 100 or so islets,
                                          coral reefs, and sea mounts
                                          scattered over an area of nearly
                                          410,000 sq km of the central South
                                          China Sea
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: less than 5 sq km
                      Area - comparative: NA
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 926 km
                         Maritime claims: NA
                                 Climate: tropical
                                 Terrain: flat
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location on
                                          Southwest Cay 4 m
                       Natural resources: fish, guano, undetermined oil and
                                          natural gas potential
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: typhoons; serious maritime hazard
                                          because of numerous reefs and shoals
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: strategically located near several
                                          primary shipping lanes in the
                                          central South China Sea; includes
                                          numerous small islands, atolls,
                                          shoals, and coral reefs
     People Spratly Islands
                               Population: no indigenous inhabitants
                                           note: there are scattered garrisons
                                           occupied by personnel of several
                                           claimant states (July 2002 est.)
                   Population growth rate: NA
     Government Spratly Islands
                               Country name: conventional long form: none
                                             conventional short form: Spratly
     Economy Spratly Islands
                      Economy - overview: Economic activity is limited to
                                          commercial fishing. The proximity to
                                          nearby oil- and gas-producing
                                          sedimentary basins suggests the
                                          potential for oil and gas deposits,
                                          but the region is largely
                                          unexplored, and there are no
                                          reliable estimates of potential
                                          reserves; commercial exploitation
                                          has yet to be developed.
     Transportation Spratly Islands
                                      Waterways: none
                              Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
                                       Airports: 4 (2001)
                  Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                                 914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
                Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3
                                                 914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                                 under 914 m: 2 (2001)
     Military Spratly Islands
                         Military - note: Spratly Islands consist of more than
                                          100 small islands or reefs, of which
                                          about 45 are claimed and occupied by
                                          China, Malaysia, the Philippines,
                                          Taiwan, and Vietnam
     Transnational Issues Spratly Islands
                Disputes - international: all of the Spratly Islands are
                                          claimed by China, Taiwan, and
                                          Vietnam; parts of them are claimed
                                          by Malaysia and the Philippines; in
                                          1984, Brunei established an
                                          exclusive fishing zone that
                                          encompasses Louisa Reef in the
                                          southern Spratly Islands, but has
                                          not publicly claimed the island; in
                                          2000, China joined ASEAN discussions
                                          towards creating a South China Sea
                                          "code of conduct" - a non-legally
                                          binding confidence building measure

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