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4 definitions found
 for Spain
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the
           Iberian Peninsula; a former colonial power [syn: Spain,
           Kingdom of Spain, Espana]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

     Paul expresses his intention (Rom. 15:24, 28) to visit Spain.
     There is, however, no evidence that he ever carried it into
     effect, although some think that he probably did so between his
     first and second imprisonment. (See TARSHISH.)

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) :

  Spain, rare; precious

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Spain
                              Background: Spain's powerful world empire of the
                                          16th and 17th centuries ultimately
                                          yielded command of the seas to
                                          England. Subsequent failure to
                                          embrace the mercantile and
                                          industrial revolutions caused the
                                          country to fall behind Britain,
                                          France, and Germany in economic and
                                          political power. Spain remained
                                          neutral in World Wars I and II, but
                                          suffered through a devastating civil
                                          war (1936-39). In the second half of
                                          the 20th century, Spain has played a
                                          catch-up role in the western
                                          international community. Continuing
                                          concerns are Basque Fatherland and
                                          Liberty (ETA) terrorism and further
                                          reductions in unemployment.
     Geography Spain
                                Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the
                                          Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea,
                                          North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees
                                          Mountains, southwest of France
                  Geographic coordinates: 40 00 N, 4 00 W
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 504,782 sq km
                                          water: 5,240 sq km
                                          note: there are 19 autonomous
                                          communities including Balearic
                                          Islands and Canary Islands, and
                                          three small Spanish possessions off
                                          the coast of Morocco - Islas
                                          Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and
                                          Penon de Velez de la Gomera
                                          land: 499,542 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,917.8 km
                                          border countries: Andorra 63.7 km,
                                          France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km,
                                          Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta)
                                          6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km
                               Coastline: 4,964 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          (applies only to the Atlantic Ocean)
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: temperate; clear, hot summers in
                                          interior, more moderate and cloudy
                                          along coast; cloudy, cold winters in
                                          interior, partly cloudy and cool
                                          along coast
                                 Terrain: large, flat to dissected plateau
                                          surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees
                                          in north
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Pico de Teide
                                          (Tenerife) on Canary Islands 3,718 m
                       Natural resources: coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium,
                                          mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum,
                                          zinc, lead, tungsten, copper,
                                          kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable
                                Land use: arable land: 28.6%
                                          permanent crops: 9.56%
                                          other: 61.84% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 36,400 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: periodic droughts
            Environment - current issues: pollution of the Mediterranean Sea
                                          from raw sewage and effluents from
                                          the offshore production of oil and
                                          gas; water quality and quantity
                                          nationwide; air pollution;
                                          deforestation; desertification
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-
                                          Volatile Organic Compounds,
                                          Antarctic-Environmental Protocol,
                                          Antarctic-Marine Living Resources,
                                          Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification
                        Geography - note: strategic location along approaches
                                          to Strait of Gibraltar
     People Spain
                              Population: 40,077,100 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.5% (male 2,993,747;
                                          female 2,812,498)
                                          15-64 years: 68.1% (male 13,699,383;
                                          female 13,592,717)
                                          65 years and over: 17.4% (male
                                          2,922,452; female 4,056,303) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 0.09% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 9.29 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 9.22 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.96 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 4.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.08 years
                                          female: 82.76 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 75.63 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.16 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.58% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 120,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 2,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Spaniard(s)
                                          adjective: Spanish
                           Ethnic groups: composite of Mediterranean and
                                          Nordic types
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%
                               Languages: Castilian Spanish (official) 74%,
                                          Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Spain
                            Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of
                                          conventional short form: Spain
                                          local short form: Espana
                         Government type: parliamentary monarchy
                                 Capital: Madrid
                Administrative divisions: 19 autonomous communities
                                          (comunidades autonomas, singular -
                                          comunidad autonoma); Andalucia,
                                          Aragon, Asturias, Baleares (Balearic
                                          Islands), Ceuta, Canarias (Canary
                                          Islands), Cantabria, Castilla-La
                                          Mancha, Castilla y Leon, Cataluna,
                                          Communidad Valencian, Extremadura,
                                          Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Melilla,
                                          Murcia, Navarra, Pais Vasco (Basque
                                          note: three small Spanish
                                          possessions are located off the
                                          coast of Morocco: Islas Chafarinas,
                                          Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de
                                          Velez de la Gomera
                            Independence: the Iberian peninsula was
                                          characterized by a variety of
                                          independent kingdoms prior to the
                                          Moslem occupation that began in the
                                          early 8th Century A. D. and lasted
                                          nearly seven centuries; the small
                                          Christian redoubts of the north
                                          began the reconquest almost
                                          immediately, culminating in the
                                          seizure of Granada in 1492; this
                                          event completed the unification of
                                          several kingdoms and is
                                          traditionally considered the forging
                                          of present-day Spain
                        National holiday: Hispanic Day, 12 October
                            Constitution: 6 December 1978, effective 29
                                          December 1978
                            Legal system: civil law system, with regional
                                          applications; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: King JUAN CARLOS I
                                          (since 22 November 1975); Heir
                                          Apparent Prince FELIPE, son of the
                                          monarch, born 30 January 1968
                                          head of government: President of the
                                          Government Jose Maria AZNAR Lopez
                                          (since 5 May 1996); First Vice
                                          President (and Minister of Interior)
                                          Mariano RAJOY (since 27 April 2000)
                                          and Second Vice President (and
                                          Minister of Economy) Rodrigo RATO
                                          Figaredo (since 5 May 1996)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          designated by the president
                                          note: there is also a Council of
                                          State that is the supreme
                                          consultative organ of the government
                                          election results: Jose Maria AZNAR
                                          Lopez (PP) elected president;
                                          percent of National Assembly vote -
                                          44.54%; note - the Popular Party
                                          (PP) obtained an absolute majority
                                          of seats in both the Congress of
                                          Deputies and the Senate as a result
                                          of the March 2000 elections
                                          elections: the monarch is
                                          hereditary; president proposed by
                                          the monarch and elected by the
                                          National Assembly following
                                          legislative elections; election last
                                          held 12 March 2000 (next to be held
                                          NA March 2004); vice presidents
                                          appointed by the monarch on the
                                          proposal of the president
                      Legislative branch: bicameral; General Courts or
                                          National Assembly or Las Cortes
                                          Generales consists of the Senate or
                                          Senado (259 seats - 208 members
                                          directly elected by popular vote and
                                          the other 51 appointed by the
                                          regional legislatures to serve four-
                                          year terms) and the Congress of
                                          Deputies or Congreso de los
                                          Diputados (350 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote on block
                                          lists by proportional representation
                                          to serve four-year terms)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - PP 44.6%, PSOE
                                          34.1%, CiU 4.2%, PNV 1.5%, CC 1.1%,
                                          PIL 0%; seats by party - PP 127,
                                          PSOE 61, CiU 8, PNV 6, CC 5, PIL 1;
                                          Congress of Deputies - percent of
                                          vote by party - PP 44.5%, PSOE 34%,
                                          CiU 4.2%, IU 5.4%, PNV 1.5%, CC 1%,
                                          BNG 1.3%; seats by party - PP 183,
                                          PSOE 125, CiU 15, IU 8, PNV 7, CC 4,
                                          BNG 3, other 5
                                          elections: Senate - last held 12
                                          March 2000 (next to be held NA March
                                          2004); Congress of Deputies - last
                                          held 12 March 2000 (next to be held
                                          NA March 2004)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Tribunal Supremo
           Political parties and leaders: Basque Nationalist Party or PNV
                                          [Xabier ARZALLUS Antia]; Batasuna
                                          [Arnaldo OTEGI]; Canarian Coalition
                                          or CC (a coalition of five parties)
                                          [Paulino RIVERO]; Convergence and
                                          Union or CiU [Jordi PUJOL i Soley,
                                          secretary general] (a coalition of
                                          the Democratic Convergence of
                                          Catalonia or CDC [Jordi PUJOL i
                                          Soley] and the Democratic Union of
                                          Catalonia or UDC [Josep Antoni DURAN
                                          y LLEIDA]); Galician Nationalist
                                          Bloc or BNG [Xose Manuel BEIRAS];
                                          Party of Independents from Lanzarote
                                          or PIL [Dimas MARTIN Martin];
                                          Popular Party or PP [Jose Maria
                                          AZNAR Lopez]; Spanish Socialist
                                          Workers Party or PSOE [Jose Luis
                                          RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO]; United Left or
                                          IU (a coalition of parties including
                                          the PCE and other small parties)
                                          [Gaspar LLAMAZARES]
            Political pressure groups and business and landowning interests;
                                 leaders: Catholic Church; free labor unions
                                          (authorized in April 1977);
                                          Socialist General Union of Workers
                                          or UGT and the smaller independent
                                          Workers Syndical Union or USO;
                                          university students; Workers
                                          Confederation or CC.OO
               International organization AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS,
                           participation: CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE,
                                          ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IADB,
                                          IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM
                                          (observer), ISO, ITU, LAIA
                                          (observer), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO,
                                          UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNU, UPU, WCL,
                                          WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Francisco Javier RUPEREZ
                                          chancery: 2375 Pennsylvania Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20037
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                          Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles,
                                          Miami, New Orleans, New York, San
                                          Francisco, and San Juan (Puerto
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 833-5670
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 452-0100, 728-
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador George
                                      US: L. ARGYROS
                                          embassy: Serrano 75, 28006 Madrid
                                          mailing address: APO AE 09642
                                          telephone: [34] (91) 587-2200
                                          FAX: [34] (91) 587-2303
                                          consulate(s) general: Barcelona
                        Flag description: three horizontal bands of red (top),
                                          yellow (double width), and red with
                                          the national coat of arms on the
                                          hoist side of the yellow band; the
                                          coat of arms includes the royal seal
                                          framed by the Pillars of Hercules,
                                          which are the two promontories
                                          (Gibraltar and Ceuta) on either side
                                          of the eastern end of the Strait of
     Economy Spain
                      Economy - overview: Spain's mixed capitalist economy
                                          supports a GDP that on a per capita
                                          basis is 80% that of the four
                                          leading West European economies. Its
                                          center-right government successfully
                                          worked to gain admission to the
                                          first group of countries launching
                                          the European single currency on 1
                                          January 1999. The AZNAR
                                          administration has continued to
                                          advocate liberalization,
                                          privatization, and deregulation of
                                          the economy and has introduced some
                                          tax reforms to that end.
                                          Unemployment has been steadily
                                          falling under the AZNAR
                                          administration but remains the
                                          highest in the EU at 13%. The
                                          government intends to make further
                                          progress in changing labor laws and
                                          reforming pension schemes, which are
                                          key to the sustainability of both
                                          Spain's internal economic advances
                                          and its competitiveness in a single
                                          currency area. Adjusting to the
                                          monetary and other economic policies
                                          of an integrated Europe - and
                                          further reducing unemployment - will
                                          pose challenges to Spain over the
                                          next few years.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $757
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.8% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $18,900
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4%
                                          industry: 28%
                                          services: 68% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.8%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 25.2% (1990)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 32.5 (1990)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.8% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 17.1 million (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 64%, manufacturing, mining,
                                          and construction 29%, agriculture 7%
                                          (2001 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 13% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $105 billion
                                          expenditures: $109 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $12.8 billion (2000 est.)
                              Industries: textiles and apparel (including
                                          footwear), food and beverages,
                                          metals and metal manufactures,
                                          chemicals, shipbuilding,
                                          automobiles, machine tools, tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: 1% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 211.64 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 56.78%
                                          hydro: 12.49%
                                          other: 2.9% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 27.83%
               Electricity - consumption: 201.159 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 7.832 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 12.166 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: grain, vegetables, olives, wine
                                          grapes, sugar beets, citrus; beef,
                                          pork, poultry, dairy products; fish
                                 Exports: $118.6 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery, motor vehicles;
                                          foodstuffs, other consumer goods
                      Exports - partners: EU 71.2% (France 19.6%, Germany
                                          11.8%, Portugal 9.9%, Italy 9%, UK
                                          9%), US 4.4%, Latin America 4%
                                          (January-October 2001)
                                 Imports: $150.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, fuels,
                                          chemicals, semifinished goods;
                                          foodstuffs, consumer goods (1997)
                      Imports - partners: EU 63.1% (France 16.4%, Germany
                                          15.5%, Italy 9%, UK 6.9%, Benelux
                                          3.5%), OPEC 5%, US 4.5%, Japan 2.5%,
                                          Latin America 2% (January-October
                         Debt - external: $90 billion (1993 est.)
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $1.33 billion (1999)
                                Currency: euro (EUR); Spanish peseta (ESP)
                                          note: on 1 January 1999, the
                                          European Monetary Union introduced
                                          the euro as a common currency to be
                                          used by the financial institutions
                                          of member countries; on 1 January
                                          2002, the euro became the sole
                                          currency for everyday transactions
                                          with the member countries
                           Currency code: EUR; ESP
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
                                          1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999);
                                          pesetas per US dollar - 149.40
                                          (1998), 146.41 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Spain
          Telephones - main lines in use: 17.336 million (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 8.394 million (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: generally
                                          adequate, modern facilities;
                                          teledensity is 44 main lines for
                                          each 100 persons
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: 22 coaxial submarine
                                          cables; satellite earth stations - 2
                                          Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1
                                          Indian Ocean), NA Eutelsat;
                                          tropospheric scatter to adjacent
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 208, FM 715, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 13.1 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 224 (plus 2,105 repeaters)
                                          note: these figures include 11
                                          television broadcast stations and 88
                                          repeaters in the Canary Islands
                             Televisions: 16.2 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .es
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 56 (2000)
                          Internet users: 7.38 million (2001)
     Transportation Spain
                                Railways: total: 15,171 km
                                          broad gauge: 12,781 km 1.668-m gauge
                                          (6,434 km electrified)
                                          standard gauge: 525 km 1.435-m gauge
                                          (525 km electrified)
                                          narrow gauge: 1,837 km 1.000-m gauge
                                          (617 km electrified); 28 km 0.914-
                                          m gauge (28 km electrified) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 346,858 km
                                          paved: 343,389 km (including 9,063
                                          km of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 3,469 km (1997)
                               Waterways: 1,045 km (of minor economic
                               Pipelines: crude oil 265 km; petroleum products
                                          1,794 km; natural gas 1,666 km
                       Ports and harbors: Aviles, Barcelona, Bilbao, Cadiz,
                                          Cartagena, Castellon de la Plana,
                                          Ceuta, Huelva, La Coruna, Las Palmas
                                          (Canary Islands), Malaga, Melilla,
                                          Pasajes, Gijon, Santa Cruz de
                                          Tenerife (Canary Islands),
                                          Santander, Tarragona, Valencia, Vigo
                         Merchant marine: total: 144 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 1,364,751 GRT/1,962,764 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 10, cargo 31,
                                          chemical tanker 10, container 10,
                                          liquefied gas 2, livestock carrier
                                          1, passenger 2, petroleum tanker 24,
                                          refrigerated cargo 8, roll on/roll
                                          off 35, short-sea passenger 8,
                                          vehicle carrier 3
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Croatia 1, Cuba 2,
                                          Denmark 1, Germany 7, Italy 1,
                                          Netherlands 1, Norway 6, Uruguay 3
                                          (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 133 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 85
                                          over 3,047 m: 15
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 10
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 19
                                          under 914 m: 23 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 18
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 48
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 14
                                          under 914 m: 33 (2001)
                               Heliports: 5 (2001)
     Military Spain
                        Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines,
                                           Civil Guard, National Police,
                                           Coastal Civil Guard
         Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 10,520,561 (2002
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 8,403,430 (2002
                                  service: est.)
              Military manpower - reaching males: 281,043 (2002 est.)
                    military age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $8.6 billion (2002)
        Military expenditures - percent of 1.15% (2002)
     Transnational Issues Spain
                Disputes - international: Spain and UK are discussing "total
                                          shared sovereignty" over Gibraltar,
                                          subject to a constitutional
                                          referendum by Gibraltarians, who
                                          have largely expressed opposition to
                                          any form of cession to Spain; Spain
                                          controls the coastal enclaves of
                                          Ceuta and Melilla, which Morocco
                                          contests, as well as the islands of
                                          Penon de Alhucemas, Penon de Velez
                                          de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas;
                                          Morocco rejected Spain's unilateral
                                          designation of a median line from
                                          the Canary Islands in 2002 to
                                          explore undersea resources and to
                                          interdict illegal refugees from
                           Illicit drugs: key European gateway country for
                                          Latin American cocaine and North
                                          African hashish entering the
                                          European market; destination and
                                          minor transshipment point for
                                          Southwest Asian heroin

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