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2 definitions found
 for Slovenia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a mountainous republic in central Europe; formerly part of
           the Habsburg monarchy and Yugoslavia; achieved independence
           in 1991 [syn: Slovenia, Republic of Slovenia,

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Slovenia
                              Background: The Slovene lands were part of the
                                          Holy Roman Empire and Austria until
                                          1918 when the Slovenes joined the
                                          Serbs and Croats in forming a new
                                          nation, renamed Yugoslavia in 1929.
                                          After World War II, Slovenia became
                                          a republic of the renewed
                                          Yugoslavia, which though Communist,
                                          distanced itself from Moscow's rule.
                                          Dissatisfied with the exercise of
                                          power of the majority Serbs, the
                                          Slovenes succeeded in establishing
                                          their independence in 1991.
                                          Historical ties to Western Europe, a
                                          strong economy, and a stable
                                          democracy make Slovenia a leading
                                          candidate for future membership in
                                          the EU and NATO.
     Geography Slovenia
                                Location: Central Europe, eastern Alps
                                          bordering the Adriatic Sea, between
                                          Austria and Croatia
                  Geographic coordinates: 46 07 N, 14 49 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 20,273 sq km
                                          water: 122 sq km
                                          land: 20,151 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,334 km
                                          border countries: Austria 330 km,
                                          Croatia 670 km, Italy 232 km,
                                          Hungary 102 km
                               Coastline: 46.6 km
                         Maritime claims: NA
                                 Climate: Mediterranean climate on the coast,
                                          continental climate with mild to hot
                                          summers and cold winters in the
                                          plateaus and valleys to the east
                                 Terrain: a short coastal strip on the
                                          Adriatic, an alpine mountain region
                                          adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed
                                          mountain and valleys with numerous
                                          rivers to the east
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Triglav 2,864 m
                       Natural resources: lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury,
                                          uranium, silver, hydropower, forests
                                Land use: arable land: 11.48%
                                          permanent crops: 2.68%
                                          other: 85.83% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: flooding and earthquakes
            Environment - current issues: Sava River polluted with domestic
                                          and industrial waste; pollution of
                                          coastal waters with heavy metals and
                                          toxic chemicals; forest damage near
                                          Koper from air pollution
                                          (originating at metallurgical and
                                          chemical plants) and resulting acid
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                        Geography - note: despite its small size, this eastern
                                          Alpine country controls some of
                                          Europe's major transit routes
     People Slovenia
                              Population: 1,932,917 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.7% (male 155,989;
                                          female 147,707)
                                          15-64 years: 69.8% (male 684,354;
                                          female 663,884)
                                          65 years and over: 14.5% (male
                                          103,790; female 177,193) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.14% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 9.27 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 10.07 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 2.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.59 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.96 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 4.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.29 years
                                          female: 79.37 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.42 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.28 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.02% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 200 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Slovene(s)
                                          adjective: Slovenian
                           Ethnic groups: Slovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%,
                                          Bosniak 1%, Yugoslav 0.6%, Hungarian
                                          0.4%, other 5% (1991)
                               Religions: Roman Catholic (Uniate 2%) 70.8%,
                                          Lutheran 1%, Muslim 1%, atheist
                                          4.3%, other 22.9%
                               Languages: Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 6%,
                                          other 3%
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: 99%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Slovenia
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Slovenia
                                          local short form: Slovenija
                                          local long form: Republika Slovenija
                         Government type: parliamentary democratic republic
                                 Capital: Ljubljana
                Administrative divisions: 136 municipalities (obcine, singular
                                          - obcina) and 11 urban
                                          municipalities* (mestne obcine ,
                                          singular - mestna obcina )
                                          Ajdovscina, Beltinci, Bled, Bohinj,
                                          Borovnica, Bovec, Brda, Brezice,
                                          Brezovica, Cankova-Tisina, Celje*,
                                          Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Cerknica,
                                          Cerkno, Crensovci, Crna na Koroskem,
                                          Crnomelj, Destrnik-Trnovska Vas,
                                          Divaca, Dobrepolje, Dobrova-Horjul-
                                          Polhov Gradec, Dol pri Ljubljani,
                                          Domzale, Dornava, Dravograd, Duplek,
                                          Gorenja Vas-Poljane, Gorisnica,
                                          Gornja Radgona, Gornji Grad, Gornji
                                          Petrovci, Grosuplje, Hodos Salovci,
                                          Hrastnik, Hrpelje-Kozina, Idrija,
                                          Ig, Ilirska Bistrica, Ivancna
                                          Gorica, Izola, Jesenice, Jursinci,
                                          Kamnik, Kanal, Kidricevo, Kobarid,
                                          Kobilje, Kocevje, Komen, Koper*,
                                          Kozje, Kranj*, Kranjska Gora, Krsko,
                                          Kungota, Kuzma, Lasko, Lenart,
                                          Lendava, Litija, Ljubljana*, Ljubno,
                                          Ljutomer, Logatec, Loska Dolina,
                                          Loski Potok, Luce, Lukovica,
                                          Majsperk, Maribor*, Medvode, Menges,
                                          Metlika, Mezica, Miren-Kostanjevica,
                                          Mislinja, Moravce, Moravske Toplice,
                                          Mozirje, Murska Sobota*, Muta,
                                          Naklo, Nazarje, Nova Gorica*, Novo
                                          Mesto*, Odranci, Ormoz, Osilnica,
                                          Pesnica, Piran, Pivka, Podcetrtek,
                                          Podvelka-Ribnica, Postojna,
                                          Preddvor, Ptuj*, Puconci, Race-Fram,
                                          Radece, Radenci, Radlje ob Dravi,
                                          Radovljica, Ravne-Prevalje, Ribnica,
                                          Rogasevci, Rogaska Slatina, Rogatec,
                                          Ruse, Semic, Sencur, Sentilj,
                                          Sentjernej, Sentjur pri Celju,
                                          Sevnica, Sezana, Skocjan, Skofja
                                          Loka, Skofljica, Slovenj Gradec*,
                                          Slovenska Bistrica, Slovenske
                                          Konjice, Smarje pri Jelsah, Smartno
                                          ob Paki, Sostanj, Starse, Store,
                                          Sveti Jurij, Tolmin, Trbovlje,
                                          Trebnje, Trzic, Turnisce, Velenje*,
                                          Velike Lasce, Videm, Vipava,
                                          Vitanje, Vodice, Vojnik, Vrhnika,
                                          Vuzenica, Zagorje ob Savi, Zalec,
                                          Zavrc, Zelezniki, Ziri, Zrece
                                          note: there may be 45 more
                            Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
                        National holiday: Independence Day/Statehood Day, 25
                                          June (1991)
                            Constitution: adopted 23 December 1991, effective
                                          23 December 1991
                            Legal system: based on civil law system
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal (16 years
                                          of age, if employed)
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Milan
                                          KUCAN (since 22 April 1990)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Janez DRNOVSEK (since 15 October
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          nominated by the prime minister and
                                          elected by the National Assembly
                                          election results: Milan KUCAN
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Milan KUCAN 56.3%, Janez PODOBNIK
                                          18%; Janez DRNOVSEK elected prime
                                          minister; percent of National
                                          Assembly vote - NA%
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 24 November 1997
                                          (next to be held in the fall of
                                          2002); following National Assembly
                                          elections, the leader of the
                                          majority party or the leader of a
                                          majority coalition is usually
                                          nominated to become prime minister
                                          by the president and elected by the
                                          National Assembly; election last
                                          held 15 October 2000 (next to be
                                          held NA October 2004)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Drzavni Zbor (90 seats, 40 are
                                          directly elected and 50 are selected
                                          on a proportional basis; note - the
                                          numbers of directly elected and
                                          proportionally elected seats varies
                                          with each election; members are
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          four-year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - LDS 36%, SDS 16%, ZLSD 12%,
                                          SLS/SKD 10%, NSi 9%, SMS 4%, SNS 4%,
                                          DeSUS 5%, other 4%; seats by party -
                                          LDS 34, SDS 14, ZLDS 11, SLS/SKD 9,
                                          NSi 8, SMS 4, SNS 4, DeSUS 4, other
                                          note: the National Council or
                                          Drzavni Svet is an advisory body
                                          with limited legislative powers; it
                                          may propose laws and ask to review
                                          any National Assembly decisions; in
                                          the election of November 1997, 40
                                          members were elected to represent
                                          local, professional, and
                                          socioeconomic interests (next
                                          election to be held in the fall of
                                          elections: National Assembly - last
                                          held 15 October 2000 (next to be
                                          held NA October 2004)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are elected by
                                          the National Assembly on the
                                          recommendation of the Judicial
                                          Council); Constitutional Court
                                          (judges elected for nine-year terms
                                          by the National Assembly and
                                          nominated by the president)
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party of Retired
                                          (Persons) of Slovenia or DeSUS
                                          [Janko KUSAR]; Liberal Democratic or
                                          LDS [Janez DRNOVSEK, chairman]; New
                                          Slovenia or NSi [Andrej BAJUK,
                                          chairman]; Slovene National Party or
                                          SNS [Zmago JELINCIC, chairman];
                                          Slovene People's Party or SLS
                                          (Slovenian People's Party or SLS and
                                          Slovenian Christian Democrats or SKD
                                          merged in April 2000) [Franc
                                          ZAGOZEN, chairman]; Slovene Youth
                                          Party or SMS [Peter LEVIC]; Social
                                          Democratic Party of Slovenia or SDS
                                          [Janez JANSA, chairman]; United List
                                          of Social Democrats (former
                                          Communists and allies) or ZLSD
                                          [Borut PAHOR, chairman]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ABEDA, ACCT (observer), BIS, CCC,
                           participation: CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU
                                          (applicant), FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
                                          ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NSG, OPCW,
                                          OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UNMIK, UNTSO, UPU, WEU
                                          (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Davorin
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 667-4563
                                          consulate(s) general: New York and
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 667-5363
                                          chancery: 1525 New Hampshire Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20036
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Johnny
                                      US: YOUNG
                                          embassy: Presernova 31, SI-1000
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 254,
                                          Presernova 31, 1000 Ljubljana;
                                          American Embassy Ljubljana,
                                          Department of State, Washington, DC
                                          telephone: [386] (1) 200-5500
                                          FAX: [386] (1) 200-5555
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          white (top), blue, and red, with the
                                          Slovenian seal (a shield with the
                                          image of Triglav, Slovenia's highest
                                          peak, in white against a blue
                                          background at the center; beneath it
                                          are two wavy blue lines depicting
                                          seas and rivers, and above it are
                                          three six-pointed stars arranged in
                                          an inverted triangle which are taken
                                          from the coat of arms of the Counts
                                          of Celje, the great Slovene dynastic
                                          house of the late 14th and early
                                          15th centuries); the seal is located
                                          in the upper hoist side of the flag
                                          centered in the white and blue bands
     Economy Slovenia
                      Economy - overview: Although Slovenia enjoys a GDP per
                                          capita substantially higher than
                                          that of the other transitioning
                                          economies of Central Europe, it
                                          needs to speed up the privatization
                                          process and the dismantling of
                                          restrictions on foreign investment.
                                          About 45% of the economy remains in
                                          state hands, and the level of
                                          foreign direct investment inflows as
                                          a percent of GDP is the lowest in
                                          the region. Despite the global
                                          slowdown in 2001, the economy turned
                                          in an excellent record on exports,
                                          which grew 5%. Inflation dropped
                                          slightly but at 8.4% remains a
                                          matter of concern.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $31
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $16,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4%
                                          industry: 35%
                                          services: 61% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.9%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 23% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 28.4 (1998)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 8.4% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 857,400
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 11.5% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $8.11 billion
                                          expenditures: $8.32 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1997 est.)
                              Industries: ferrous metallurgy and rolling mill
                                          products, aluminum reduction and
                                          rolled products, lead and zinc
                                          smelting, electronics (including
                                          military electronics), trucks,
                                          electric power equipment, wood
                                          products, textiles, chemicals,
                                          machine tools
       Industrial production growth rate: 3.3% (2001)
                Electricity - production: 12.816 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 34.93%
                                          hydro: 29.42%
                                          other: 0.23% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 35.42%
               Electricity - consumption: 10.619 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 2 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 700 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: potatoes, hops, wheat, sugar beets,
                                          corn, grapes; cattle, sheep, poultry
                                 Exports: $9.2 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: manufactured goods, machinery and
                                          transport equipment, chemicals, food
                      Exports - partners: Germany 27.2%, Italy 13.6%, Croatia
                                          7.9%, Austria 7.5%, France 7.1%
                                 Imports: $9.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          manufactured goods, chemicals, fuels
                                          and lubricants, food
                      Imports - partners: Germany 19.0%, Italy 17.4%, France
                                          10.3%, Austria 8.2%, Croatia 4.4%,
                                          Hungary, Russia (2000)
                         Debt - external: $6.6 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $5 million (1993)
                                Currency: tolar (SIT)
                           Currency code: SIT
                          Exchange rates: tolars per US dollar - 251.40
                                          (January 2002), 242.75 (2001),
                                          222.66 (2000), 181.77 (1999), 166.13
                                          (1998), 159.69 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Slovenia
             Telephones - main lines in use: 722,000 (1997)
               Telephones - mobile cellular: 1 million (2000)
                           Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                             domestic: 100% digital (2000)
                                             international: NA
                   Radio broadcast stations: AM 17, FM 160, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                     Radios: 805,000 (1997)
              Television broadcast stations: 48 (2001)
                                Televisions: 710,000 (1997)
                      Internet country code: .si
          Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 11 (2000)
                             Internet users: 600,000 (2001)
     Transportation Slovenia
                                Railways: total: 1,201 km
                                          standard gauge: 1,201 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (489 km electrified) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 19,586 km
                                          paved: 17,745 km (including 249 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 1,841 km (1998 est.)
                               Waterways: NA
                               Pipelines: crude oil 290 km; natural gas 305 km
                       Ports and harbors: Izola, Koper, Piran
                                Airports: 14 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 6
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 8
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 4 (2001)
     Military Slovenia
                       Military branches: Slovenian Army (includes Air and
                                          Naval Forces)
        Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 521,881 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 414,878 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 14,513 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $370 million (FY00)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.7% (FY00)
     Transnational Issues Slovenia
                 Disputes - international: Slovenia and Croatia have not
                                           obtained parliamentary ratification
                                           of 2001 land and marine boundary
                                           treaty, which cedes villages on the
                                           Dragonja River and Sveta Gera
                                           (Trdinov Peak) to Croatia, and most
                                           of Pirin Bay to Slovenia but
                                           restricts Slovenian access to the
                                           open sea; Austria has minor dispute
                                           with Slovenia over nuclear power
                                           plants and post-World War II
                                           treatment of German-speaking
                            Illicit drugs: minor transit point for cocaine and
                                           Southwest Asian heroin bound for
                                           Western Europe, and for precursor

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