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2 definitions found
 for Sierra Leone
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Sierra Leone
      n 1: a republic in West Africa; achieved independence from the
           United Kingdom in 1961 [syn: Sierra Leone, Republic of
           Sierra Leone]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Sierra Leone
     Introduction Sierra Leone
                              Background: Since 1991, civil war between the
                                          government and the Revolutionary
                                          United Front (RUF) has resulted in
                                          tens of thousands of deaths and the
                                          displacement of more than 2 million
                                          people (well over one-third of the
                                          population) many of whom are now
                                          refugees in neighboring countries.
                                          After several setbacks, the end to
                                          the eleven-year conflict in Sierra
                                          Leone may finally be near at hand.
                                          With the support of the UN
                                          peacekeeping force and contributions
                                          from the World Bank and
                                          international community,
                                          demobilization and disarmament of
                                          the RUF and Civil Defense Forces
                                          (CDF) combatants has been completed.
                                          Reestablishment of government
                                          authority throughout the country is
                                          slowly proceeding and national
                                          elections took place in May 2002.
     Geography Sierra Leone
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the North
                                          Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and
                  Geographic coordinates: 8 30 N, 11 30 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 71,740 sq km
                                          water: 120 sq km
                                          land: 71,620 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina
                         Land boundaries: total: 958 km
                                          border countries: Guinea 652 km,
                                          Liberia 306 km
                               Coastline: 402 km
                         Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy
                                          season (May to December); winter dry
                                          season (December to April)
                                 Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps,
                                          wooded hill country, upland plateau,
                                          mountains in east
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Loma Mansa
                                          (Bintimani) 1,948 m
                       Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite,
                                          iron ore, gold, chromite
                                Land use: arable land: 6.76%
                                          permanent crops: 0.78%
                                          other: 92.46% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 290 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow
                                          from the Sahara (December to
                                          February); sandstorms, dust storms
            Environment - current issues: rapid population growth pressuring
                                          the environment; overharvesting of
                                          timber, expansion of cattle grazing,
                                          and slash-and-burn agriculture have
                                          resulted in deforestation and soil
                                          exhaustion; civil war depleting
                                          natural resources; overfishing
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified:
                                          Environmental Modification
                        Geography - note: rainfall along the coast can reach
                                          495 cm (195 inches) a year, making
                                          it one of the wettest places along
                                          coastal, western Africa
     People Sierra Leone
                              Population: 5,614,743 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 44.7% (male 1,230,530;
                                          female 1,280,084)
                                          15-64 years: 52.1% (male 1,397,070;
                                          female 1,528,986)
                                          65 years and over: 3.2% (male
                                          87,256; female 90,817) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.21% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 44.58 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 18.83 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 6.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          note: by the end of 1999 refugees
                                          from Sierra Leone are assumed to be
                                          returning (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.94 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 144.38 deaths/1,000 live births
                                          (2002 est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 45.96 years
                                          female: 49.01 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 43.01 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.94 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 2.99% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 68,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 8,200 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Sierra Leonean(s)
                                          adjective: Sierra Leonean
                           Ethnic groups: 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne
                                          30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole
                                          (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed
                                          Jamaican slaves who were settled in
                                          the Freetown area in the late-18th
                                          century), refugees from Liberia's
                                          recent civil war, small numbers of
                                          Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and
                               Religions: Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%,
                                          Christian 10%
                               Languages: English (official, regular use
                                          limited to literate minority), Mende
                                          (principal vernacular in the south),
                                          Temne (principal vernacular in the
                                          north), Krio (English-based Creole,
                                          spoken by the descendants of freed
                                          Jamaican slaves who were settled in
                                          the Freetown area, a lingua franca
                                          and a first language for 10% of the
                                          population but understood by 95%)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write English, Mende, Temne, or
                                          total population: 31.4%
                                          male: 45.4%
                                          female: 18.2% (1995 est.)
     Government Sierra Leone
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Sierra Leone
                                          conventional short form: Sierra
                         Government type: constitutional democracy
                                 Capital: Freetown
                Administrative divisions: 3 provinces and 1 area*; Eastern,
                                          Northern, Southern, Western*
                            Independence: 27 April 1961 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 27 April (1961)
                            Constitution: 1 October 1991; subsequently amended
                                          several times
                            Legal system: based on English law and customary
                                          laws indigenous to local tribes; has
                                          not accepted compulsory ICJ
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Ahmad
                                          Tejan KABBAH (since 29 March 1996,
                                          reinstated 10 March 1998); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          head of government: President Ahmad
                                          Tejan KABBAH (since 29 March 1996,
                                          reinstated 10 March 1998); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          cabinet: Ministers of State
                                          appointed by the president with the
                                          approval of the House of
                                          Representatives; the cabinet is
                                          responsible to the president
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 14 May 2002 (next
                                          to be held NA May 2007); note -
                                          president's tenure of office is
                                          limited to two five-year terms
                                          election results: Ahmad Tejan KABBAH
                                          reelected president; percent of vote
                                          - Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (SLPP) 70.6%,
                                          Ernest KOROMA 22.4%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (124 seats -
                                          112 elected by popular vote, 12
                                          filled by paramount chiefs elected
                                          in separate elections; members serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 14 May 2002
                                          (next to be held NA May 2007)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - SLPP 70.06%, APC 22.35%, PLP
                                          3%, others 4.59%; seats by party -
                                          SLPP 83, APC 27, PLP 2
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Appeals Court; High
           Political parties and leaders: All People's Congress or APC [Alhaji
                                          Sat KOROMA, interim chairman];
                                          Citizens United for Peace and
                                          Progress or CUPP [Alfred Musa
                                          CONTEH, interim chairman]; Coalition
                                          for Progress Party or CPP [Jeridine
                                          WILLIAM-SARHO, interim leader];
                                          Democratic Center Party or DCP [Adu
                                          Aiah KOROMA]; Democratic Labor Party
                                          or DLP [George E. L. PALMER];
                                          Democratic Party or DP [Henry BALO,
                                          acting chairman]; National Alliance
                                          Democratic Party or NADP [Mohamed
                                          Yahya SILLAH, chairman]; National
                                          Democratic Alliance or NDA [Amadu M.
                                          B. JALLOH]; National People's Party
                                          or NPP [Andrew TURAY]; National
                                          Republican Party or NRP [Stephen
                                          Sahr MAMBU]; National Unity Movement
                                          or NUM [Sam LEIGH, interim
                                          chairman]; National Unity Party or
                                          NUP [John BENJAMINE, interim
                                          leader]; Peace and Liberation Party
                                          or PLP [Darlington MORRISON, interim
                                          chairman]; People's Democratic
                                          Alliance or PDA [Cpl. (Ret.) Abdul
                                          Rahman KAMARA, interim chairman];
                                          People's Democratic Party or PDP
                                          [Osman KAMARA]; People's National
                                          Convention or PNC [Edward John
                                          KARGBO]; People's Progressive Party
                                          or PPP [Abass Chernok BUNDU,
                                          chairman]; Revolutionary United
                                          Front Party or RUFP [Foday Saybana
                                          SANKOH, chairman]; Social Democratic
                                          Party or SDP [Andrew Victor LUNGAY];
                                          Sierra Leone People's Party or SLPP
                                          [Ahmad Tejan KABBAH, chairman];
                                          United National People's Party or
                                          UNPP [John KAREFA-SMART in exile,
                                          Raymond KAMARA, acting leader];
                                          Young People's Party or YPP
                                          [Cornelius DEVEAUS, interim
            Political pressure groups and Trade Unions and Student Unions
               International organization ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO,
                           participation: G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU,
                                          NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW (signatory), UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador John
                                          Ernest LEIGH
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 483-1793
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 939-9261
                                          through 9263
                                          chancery: 1701 19th Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20009
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Peter
                                      US: Russell CHAVEAS
                                          embassy: Corner of Walpole and Siaka
                                          Stevens Streets, Freetown
                                          mailing address: use embassy street
                                          telephone: [232] (22) 226481 through
                                          FAX: [232] (22) 225471
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          light green (top), white, and light
     Economy Sierra Leone
                      Economy - overview: Sierra Leone is an extremely poor
                                          African nation with tremendous
                                          inequality in income distribution.
                                          It does have substantial mineral,
                                          agricultural, and fishery resources.
                                          However, the economic and social
                                          infrastructure is not well
                                          developed, and serious social
                                          disorders continue to hamper
                                          economic development, following a
                                          10-year civil war. About two-thirds
                                          of the working-age population
                                          engages in subsistence agriculture.
                                          Manufacturing consists mainly of the
                                          processing of raw materials and of
                                          light manufacturing for the domestic
                                          market. There are plans to reopen
                                          bauxite and rutile mines shut down
                                          during the conflict. The major
                                          source of hard currency consists of
                                          the mining of diamonds. The fate of
                                          the economy depends upon the
                                          maintenance of domestic peace and
                                          the continued receipt of substantial
                                          aid from abroad.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $2.7
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $500 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 43%
                                          industry: 27%
                                          services: 30% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 68% (1989 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 0.5%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 43.6% (1989)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 62.9 (1989)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 15% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.369 million (1981 est.)
                                          note: only about 65,000 wage earners
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $96 million
                                          expenditures: $351 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: mining (diamonds); small-scale
                                          manufacturing (beverages, textiles,
                                          cigarettes, footwear); petroleum
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 245 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 227.85 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels,
                                          palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle,
                                          sheep, pigs; fish
                                 Exports: $65 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee,
                      Exports - partners: NZ 33.7%, Belgium 32.6%, US 7.4%,
                                          France 5.1% (2000)
                                 Imports: $145 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment,
                                          fuels and lubricants, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Czech Republic 26.7%, UK 26.6%, US
                                          5.1%, Netherlands 4.6% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $1.3 billion (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $103 million (2001 est.)
                                Currency: leone (SLL)
                           Currency code: SLL
                          Exchange rates: leones per US dollar - 2,212.47
                                          (January 2002), 1,985.89 (2001),
                                          2,092.13 (2000), 1,804.20 (1999),
                                          1,563.62 (1998), 981.48 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Sierra Leone
           Telephones - main lines in use: 25,000 (2001)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 30,000 (2001)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: marginal
                                           telephone and telegraph service
                                           domestic: national microwave radio
                                           relay trunk system, made
                                           unserviceable by military
                                           activities, is now operating from
                                           Freetown to Bo and Kenema (April
                                           international: satellite earth
                                           station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 9, shortwave 1 (1999)
                                   Radios: 1.12 million (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: 2 (1999)
                              Televisions: 53,000 (1997)
                    Internet country code: .sl
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                           Internet users: 20,000 (2001)
     Transportation Sierra Leone
                                 Railways: total: 84 km
                                           narrow gauge: 84 km 1.067-m gauge
                                           note: Sierra Leone has no common
                                           carrier railroads; the existing
                                           railroad is private and used on a
                                           limited basis while the mine at
                                           Marampa is closed (2001)
                                 Highways: total: 11,700 km
                                           paved: 936 km
                                           unpaved: 10,764 km (2002)
                                Waterways: 800 km (of which 600 km navigable
                                           year round)
                        Ports and harbors: Bonthe, Freetown, Pepel
                                 Airports: 10 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                           over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 9
                                           under 914 m: 2 (2001)
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 7
                                Heliports: 2 (2001)
     Military Sierra Leone
                       Military branches: Army (RSLAF)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,203,682 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 583,946 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $10.3 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.5% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Sierra Leone
                Disputes - international: ongoing conflict in Sierra Leone has
                                          engendered refugee movements into
                                          neighboring Guinea and Liberia

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