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2 definitions found
 for Seychelles
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic on the Seychelles islands; achieved independence
           from the United Kingdom in 1976 [syn: Seychelles,
           Republic of Seychelles]
      2: a group of about 90 islands in the western Indian Ocean to
         the north of Madagascar [syn: Seychelles, Seychelles

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Seychelles
                              Background: A lengthy struggle between France
                                          and Great Britain for the islands
                                          ended in 1814, when they were ceded
                                          to the latter. Independence came in
                                          1976. Socialist rule was brought to
                                          a close with a new constitution and
                                          free elections in 1993.
     Geography Seychelles
                                Location: Eastern Africa, group of islands in
                                          the Indian Ocean, northeast of
                  Geographic coordinates: 4 35 S, 55 40 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 455 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 455 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 491 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                 Climate: tropical marine; humid; cooler
                                          season during southeast monsoon
                                          (late May to September); warmer
                                          season during northwest monsoon
                                          (March to May)
                                 Terrain: Mahe Group is granitic, narrow
                                          coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others
                                          are coral, flat, elevated reefs
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Morne Seychellois 905
                       Natural resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees
                                Land use: arable land: 2.22%
                                          permanent crops: 13.33%
                                          other: 84.44% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: lies outside the cyclone belt, so
                                          severe storms are rare; short
                                          droughts possible
            Environment - current issues: water supply depends on catchments
                                          to collect rainwater
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: 40 granitic and about 50 coralline
     People Seychelles
                              Population: 80,098 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 27.8% (male 11,238;
                                          female 11,002)
                                          15-64 years: 66% (male 25,763;
                                          female 27,086)
                                          65 years and over: 6.2% (male 1,667;
                                          female 3,342) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.47% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 17.27 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 6.57 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -5.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.5 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.93 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 16.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.97 years
                                          female: 76.63 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 65.48 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.81 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Seychellois (singular and
                                          adjective: Seychellois
                           Ethnic groups: mixed French, African, Indian,
                                          Chinese, and Arab
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 86.6%, Anglican 6.8%,
                                          other Christian 2.5%, other 4.1%
                               Languages: English (official), French
                                          (official), Creole
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 58%
                                          male: 56%
                                          female: 60% (1971 est.)
     Government Seychelles
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Seychelles
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Victoria
                Administrative divisions: 23 administrative districts; Anse
                                          aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile,
                                          Anse Louis, Anse Royale, Baie
                                          Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau
                                          Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade,
                                          Glacis, Grand' Anse (on Mahe),
                                          Grand' Anse (on Praslin), La Digue,
                                          La Riviere Anglaise, Mont Buxton,
                                          Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe La
                                          Rue, Port Glaud, Saint Louis,
                            Independence: 29 June 1976 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Constitution Day (National Day), 18
                                          June (1993)
                            Constitution: 18 June 1993
                            Legal system: based on English common law, French
                                          civil law, and customary law
                                Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President France
                                          Albert RENE (since 5 June 1977);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 31 August-
                                          2 September 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          election results: France Albert RENE
                                          reelected president; percent of vote
                                          - France Albert RENE (SPPF) 54.19%,
                                          Wavel RAMKALAWAN (UO) 44.95%,
                                          Philippe BOULLE 0.86%; note - the
                                          first time that presidential
                                          elections have been held separately
                                          from legislative elections
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president
                                          head of government: President France
                                          Albert RENE (since 5 June 1977);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Assemblee Nationale (34 seats - 25
                                          elected by popular vote, 9 allocated
                                          on a proportional basis to parties
                                          winning at least 10 % of the vote;
                                          members serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 20-22 March
                                          1998 (next to be held by 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - SPPF 61.7%, UO 26.1%, DP
                                          12.1%; seats by party - SPPF 30, UO
                                          3, DP 1
                                          note: the 9 awarded seats are
                                          apportioned according to the
                                          percentage that each party won of
                                          the total vote
                         Judicial branch: Court of Appeal; Supreme Court;
                                          judges for both courts are appointed
                                          by the president
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party or DP [James
                                          MANCHAM]; Seychelles National Party
                                          or SNP (formerly the United
                                          Opposition or UO) [Wavel
                                          RAMKALAWAN]; Seychelles People's
                                          Progressive Front or SPPF [France
                                          Albert RENE] - the governing party
            Political pressure groups and Roman Catholic Church; trade unions
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO,
                           participation: G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent),
                                          ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Claude
                                          Sylvestre MOREL
                                          chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite
                                          400C, New York, NY 10017
                                          FAX: [1] (212) 972-1786
                                          telephone: [1] (212) 972-1785
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Seychelles; the ambassador to
                                          Mauritius is accredited to the
                        Flag description: five oblique bands of blue (hoist
                                          side), yellow, red, white, and green
                                          (bottom) radiating from the bottom
                                          of the hoist side
     Economy Seychelles
                      Economy - overview: Since independence in 1976, per
                                          capita output in this Indian Ocean
                                          archipelago has expanded to roughly
                                          seven times the old near-subsistence
                                          level. Growth has been led by the
                                          tourist sector, which employs about
                                          30% of the labor force and provides
                                          more than 70% of hard currency
                                          earnings, and by tuna fishing. In
                                          recent years the government has
                                          encouraged foreign investment in
                                          order to upgrade hotels and other
                                          services. At the same time, the
                                          government has moved to reduce the
                                          dependence on tourism by promoting
                                          the development of farming, fishing,
                                          and small-scale manufacturing. The
                                          vulnerability of the tourist sector
                                          was illustrated by the sharp drop in
                                          1991-92 due largely to the Gulf war
                                          and once again following the 11
                                          September 2001 terrorist attacks on
                                          the US. Other issues facing the
                                          government are the curbing of the
                                          budget deficit, including the
                                          containment of social welfare costs,
                                          and further privatization of public
                                          enterprises. Growth slowed in 1998-
                                          2001, due to sluggish tourist and
                                          tuna sectors. Also, tight controls
                                          on exchange rates and the scarcity
                                          of foreign exchange have impaired
                                          short-term economic prospects. The
                                          black market value of the Seychelles
                                          rupee is half the official exchange
                                          rate; without a devaluation of the
                                          currency the tourist sector should
                                          remain sluggish as vacationers seek
                                          cheaper destinations such as
                                          Comoros, Mauritius, and Madagascar.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $605
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3.1%
                                          industry: 26.3%
                                          services: 70.6% (1999)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6.1% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 30,900 (1996)
             Labor force - by occupation: industry 19%, services 71%,
                                          agriculture 10% (1989)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $249 million
                                          expenditures: $262 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1998 est.)
                              Industries: fishing; tourism; processing of
                                          coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut
                                          fiber) rope, boat building,
                                          printing, furniture; beverages
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 160 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 148.8 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet
                                          potatoes, cassava (tapioca),
                                          bananas; broiler chickens; tuna fish
                                 Exports: $182.6 million (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: canned tuna, cinnamon bark, copra,
                                          petroleum products (reexports)
                      Exports - partners: UK 48.1%, Italy 23.1%, France 14.8%,
                                          Netherlands 2.7% (1999)
                                 Imports: $360.2 million (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs,
                                          petroleum products, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Italy 13.3%, South Africa 10.7%,
                                          France 9.9%, UK 8.0%, Singapore 7.7%
                         Debt - external: $240 million (1999 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $16.4 million (1995)
                                Currency: Seychelles rupee (SCR)
                           Currency code: SCR
                          Exchange rates: Seychelles rupees per US dollar -
                                          5.7458 (January 2002), 5.8575
                                          (2001), 5.7138 (2000), 5.3426
                                          (1999), 5.2622 (1998), 5.0263 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Seychelles
          Telephones - main lines in use: 19,635 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 16,316 (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: effective system
                                          domestic: radiotelephone
                                          communications between islands in
                                          the archipelago
                                          international: direct radiotelephone
                                          communications with adjacent island
                                          countries and African coastal
                                          countries; satellite earth station -
                                          1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 2 (1998)
                                  Radios: 42,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 2 (plus 9 repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 11,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .sc
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 6,000 (2001)
     Transportation Seychelles
                                  Railways: 0 km
                                  Highways: total: 280 km
                                            paved: 176 km
                                            unpaved: 104 km (1997)
                                 Waterways: none
                         Ports and harbors: Victoria
                           Merchant marine: total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                            totaling 7,086 GRT/10,192 DWT
                                            ships by type: cargo 2
                                            note: includes some foreign-owned
                                            ships registered here as a flag of
                                            convenience: South Africa 2 (2002
                                  Airports: 14 (2001)
             Airports - with paved runways: total: 7
                                            2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                            914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                            under 914 m: 2 (2001)
           Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 7
                                            914 to 1,523 m: 3
                                            under 914 m: 4 (2001)
     Military Seychelles
                       Military branches: Army, Coast Guard (includes Air
                                          Wing), Presidential Protection Unit
                                          (includes Presidential Guard),
                                          Police Force (includes Police Mobile
                                          Unit, a special weapons and tactics
                                          unit capable of assisting the Army
                                          in maintaining internal stability)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 23,210 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 11,554 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $11 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.8% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Seychelles
                  Disputes - international: claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-
                                            administered British Indian Ocean

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