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3 definitions found
 for Senegal
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Senegal \Sen"e*gal\, n.
     Gum senegal. See under Gum.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in northwestern Africa on the coast of the
           Atlantic; formerly a French colony but achieved
           independence in 1960 [syn: Senegal, Republic of

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Senegal
                              Background: Independent from France in 1960,
                                          Senegal joined with The Gambia to
                                          form the nominal confederation of
                                          Senegambia in 1982. However, the
                                          envisaged integration of the two
                                          countries was never carried out, and
                                          the union was dissolved in 1989.
                                          Despite peace talks, a southern
                                          separatist group sporadically has
                                          clashed with government forces since
                                          1982. Senegal has a long history of
                                          participating in international
     Geography Senegal
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the North
                                          Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-
                                          Bissau and Mauritania
                  Geographic coordinates: 14 00 N, 14 00 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 196,190 sq km
                                          land: 192,000 sq km
                                          water: 4,190 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Dakota
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,640 km
                                          border countries: The Gambia 740 km,
                                          Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km,
                                          Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km
                               Coastline: 531 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season
                                          (May to November) has strong
                                          southeast winds; dry season
                                          (December to April) dominated by
                                          hot, dry, harmattan wind
                                 Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains
                                          rising to foothills in southeast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed feature near
                                          Nepen Diakha 581 m
                       Natural resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore
                                Land use: arable land: 11.58%
                                          permanent crops: 0.19%
                                          other: 88.23% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 710 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: lowlands seasonally flooded;
                                          periodic droughts
            Environment - current issues: wildlife populations threatened by
                                          poaching; deforestation;
                                          overgrazing; soil erosion;
                                          desertification; overfishing
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Marine
                        Geography - note: westernmost country on the African
                                          continent; The Gambia is almost an
                                          enclave of Senegal
     People Senegal
                              Population: 10,589,571 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 43.5% (male 2,321,789;
                                          female 2,290,105)
                                          15-64 years: 53.4% (male 2,710,178;
                                          female 2,943,554)
                                          65 years and over: 3.1% (male
                                          159,445; female 164,500) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.91% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 36.99 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 8.14 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.96 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 55.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 62.93 years
                                          female: 64.61 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 61.29 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.03 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.4% (2001 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 95,000 (2001 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 10,000 (2001 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Senegalese (singular and
                                          adjective: Senegalese
                           Ethnic groups: Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer
                                          14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%,
                                          Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese
                                          1%, other 9.4%
                               Religions: Muslim 94%, indigenous beliefs 1%,
                                          Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic)
                               Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar,
                                          Jola, Mandinka
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 39.1%
                                          male: 51.1%
                                          female: 28.9% (2001 est.)
     Government Senegal
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Senegal
                                          local short form: Senegal
                                          local long form: Republique du
                         Government type: republic under multiparty democratic
                                 Capital: Dakar
                Administrative divisions: 10 regions (regions, singular -
                                          region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick,
                                          Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Saint-Louis,
                                          Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor
                                          note: there may be another region
                                          called Matam
                            Independence: 4 April 1960 (from France); complete
                                          independence was achieved upon
                                          dissolution of federation with Mali
                                          on 20 August 1960
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 4 April (1960)
                            Constitution: a new constitution was adopted 7
                                          January 2001
                            Legal system: based on French civil law system;
                                          judicial review of legislative acts
                                          in Constitutional Court; the Council
                                          of State audits the government's
                                          accounting office; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Abdoulaye
                                          WADE (since 1 April 2000)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Madior BOYE (since 3 March 2001)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the prime minister in
                                          consultation with the president
                                          election results: Abdoulaye WADE
                                          elected president; percent of vote
                                          in the second round of voting -
                                          Abdoulaye WADE (PDS) 58.49%, Abdou
                                          DIOUF (PS) 41.51%
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term
                                          under new constitution; election
                                          last held 27 February and 19 March
                                          2000 (next to be held 27 February
                                          2005); prime minister appointed by
                                          the president
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Assemblee Nationale (120 seats;
                                          members are elected by direct,
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          elections: last held 29 April 2001
                                          (next to be held NA 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - SOPI
                                          Coalition 89, AFP 11, PS 10, other
                                          note: the former National Assembly,
                                          dissolved in the spring of 2001, had
                                          140 seats
                         Judicial branch: Constitutional Court; Council of
                                          State; Court of Final Appeals or
                                          Cour de Cassation; Court of Appeals;
                                          note-the judicial system was
                                          reformed in 1992
           Political parties and leaders: African Party for Democracy and
                                          Socialism or And Jef (also known as
                                          PADS/AJ) [Landing SAVANE, secretary
                                          general]; African Party of
                                          Independence [Majhemout DIOP];
                                          Alliance of Forces of Progress or
                                          AFP [Moustapha NIASSE]; Democratic
                                          and Patriotic Convention or CDP
                                          (also known as Garab-Gi) [Dr. Iba
                                          Der THIAM]; Democratic League-Labor
                                          Party Movement or LD-MPT [Dr.
                                          Abdoulaye BATHILY]; Front for
                                          Socialism and Democracy or FSD
                                          [Cheikh Abdoulaye DIEYE]; Gainde
                                          Centrist Bloc or BGC [Jean-Paul
                                          DIAS]; Independence and Labor Party
                                          or PIT [Amath DANSOKHO]; National
                                          Democratic Rally or RND [Madier
                                          DIOUF]; Senegalese Democratic Party
                                          or PDS [Abdoulaye WADE]; Socialist
                                          Party or PS [Ousmane Tanor DIENG];
                                          SOPI Coalition (a coalition led by
                                          the PDS) [Abdoulaye WADE]; Union for
                                          Democratic Renewal or URD [Djibo
                                          Leyti KA]; other small parties
            Political pressure groups and labor; Muslim brotherhoods;
                                 leaders: students; teachers
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS,
                           participation: FAO, FZ, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MIPONUH,
                                          MONUC, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM,
                                          UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOVIC, UPU, WADB
                                          (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Mamadou
                                          Mansour SECK
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 332-6315
                                          consulate(s) general: New York
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 234-0540
                                          chancery: 2112 Wyoming Avenue NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Harriet
                                      US: L. ELAM-THOMAS
                                          embassy: Avenue Jean XXIII at the
                                          corner of Rue Kleber, Dakar
                                          mailing address: B. P. 49, Dakar
                                          telephone: [221] 823-4296, 823-7384
                                          FAX: [221] 822-2991
                        Flag description: three equal vertical bands of green
                                          (hoist side), yellow, and red with a
                                          small green five-pointed star
                                          centered in the yellow band; uses
                                          the popular pan-African colors of
     Economy Senegal
                      Economy - overview: In January 1994, Senegal undertook a
                                          bold and ambitious economic reform
                                          program with the support of the
                                          international donor community. This
                                          reform began with a 50% devaluation
                                          of Senegal's currency, the CFA
                                          franc, which is linked at a fixed
                                          rate to the French franc. Government
                                          price controls and subsidies have
                                          been steadily dismantled. After
                                          seeing its economy contract by 2.1%
                                          in 1993, Senegal made an important
                                          turnaround, thanks to the reform
                                          program, with real growth in GDP
                                          averaging 5% annually during 1995-
                                          2001. Annual inflation had been
                                          pushed down to less than 1%, but
                                          rose to an estimated 3.3% in 2001.
                                          Investment rose steadily from 13.8%
                                          of GDP in 1993 to 16.5% in 1997. As
                                          a member of the West African
                                          Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU),
                                          Senegal is working toward greater
                                          regional integration with a unified
                                          external tariff. Senegal also
                                          realized full Internet connectivity
                                          in 1996, creating a miniboom in
                                          information technology-based
                                          services. Private activity now
                                          accounts for 82% of GDP. On the
                                          negative side, Senegal faces deep-
                                          seated urban problems of chronic
                                          unemployment, trade union militancy,
                                          juvenile delinquency, and drug
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $16.2
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5.7% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,580
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 18.5%
                                          industry: 20.7%
                                          services: 60.8% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 54% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.4%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 42.8% (1991)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 41.3 (1995)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.3% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 70%
                       Unemployment rate: 48% (urban youth 40%) (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.373 billion
                                          expenditures: $1.373 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $357 million (2002 est.)
                              Industries: agricultural and fish processing,
                                          phosphate mining, fertilizer
                                          production, petroleum refining,
                                          construction materials
       Industrial production growth rate: 5.2% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 1.32 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.228 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum,
                                          rice, cotton, tomatoes, green
                                          vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs;
                                 Exports: $1 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: fish, groundnuts (peanuts),
                                          petroleum products, phosphates,
                      Exports - partners: France 19%, Italy 12%, Spain 6%,
                                          Cote d'Ivoire 2% (2000)
                                 Imports: $1.3 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: foods and beverages, consumer goods,
                                          capital goods, petroleum products
                      Imports - partners: France 27%, Nigeria 19%, Germany 4%,
                                          US 4%, Italy 3% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $3.1 billion (2002 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $362.6 million (2002 est.)
                                Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          franc (XOF); note - responsible
                                          authority is the Central Bank of the
                                          West African States
                           Currency code: XOF
                          Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          francs (XOF) per US dollar - 742.79
                                          (January 2002), 733.04 (2001),
                                          711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95
                                          (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1
                                          January 1999, the XOF is pegged to
                                          the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF
                                          per euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Senegal
          Telephones - main lines in use: 234,916 (2001)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 373,965 (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: good system
                                          domestic: above-average urban
                                          system; microwave radio relay,
                                          coaxial cable and fiber-optic cable
                                          in trunk system
                                          international: 4 submarine cables;
                                          satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat
                                          (Atlantic Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 10, FM 14, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 1.24 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
                             Televisions: 361,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .sn
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 15 (2002)
                          Internet users: 40,000 (2001)
     Transportation Senegal
                                Railways: total: 906 km
                                          narrow gauge: 906 km 1.000-meter
                                          gauge (70 km double-tracked) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 14,576 km
                                          paved: 4,271 km
                                          unpaved: 10,305 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 897 km
                                          note: 785 km on the Senegal river,
                                          and 112 km on the Saloum river
                       Ports and harbors: Dakar, Kaolack, Matam, Podor,
                                          Richard Toll, Saint-Louis,
                                Airports: 20 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 9
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 11
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Senegal
                       Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, National
                                          Gendarmerie, National Police (Surete
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,406,337 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,257,423 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 114,189 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $68.6 million (FY02)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.4% (FY02)
     Transnational Issues Senegal
                Disputes - international: Senegalese separatists disrupt legal
                                          border trade with smuggling, cattle
                                          rustling, and other illegal
                                          activities in Guinea-Bissau
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for Southwest
                                          and Southeast Asian heroin moving to
                                          Europe and North America; illicit
                                          cultivator of cannabis

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