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2 definitions found
 for Saudi Arabia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Saudi Arabia
      n 1: an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian
           Peninsula in southwest Asia; vast oil reserves dominate the
           economy [syn: Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Saudi Arabia
     Introduction Saudi Arabia
                              Background: In 1902 Abd al-Aziz Ibn SAUD
                                          captured Riyadh and set out on a 30-
                                          year campaign to unify the Arabian
                                          Peninsula. In the 1930s, the
                                          discovery of oil transformed the
                                          country. Following Iraq's invasion
                                          of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia
                                          accepted the Kuwaiti royal family
                                          and 400,000 refugees while allowing
                                          Western and Arab troops to deploy on
                                          its soil for the liberation of
                                          Kuwait the following year. A
                                          burgeoning population, aquifer
                                          depletion, and an economy largely
                                          dependent on petroleum output and
                                          prices are all major governmental
     Geography Saudi Arabia
                                Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian
                                          Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
                  Geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 45 00 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 1,960,582 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 1,960,582 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than one-fifth the
                                          size of the US
                         Land boundaries: total: 4,431 km
                                          border countries: Iraq 814 km,
                                          Jordan 744 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman
                                          676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km,
                                          Yemen 1,458 km
                               Coastline: 2,640 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 18 NM
                                          continental shelf: not specified
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: harsh, dry desert with great
                                          temperature extremes
                                 Terrain: mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
                                          highest point: Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore,
                                          gold, copper
                                Land use: arable land: 1.72%
                                          permanent crops: 0.06%
                                          other: 98.22% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 16,200 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: frequent sand and dust storms
            Environment - current issues: desertification; depletion of
                                          underground water resources; the
                                          lack of perennial rivers or
                                          permanent water bodies has prompted
                                          the development of extensive
                                          seawater desalination facilities;
                                          coastal pollution from oil spills
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf
                                          and Red Sea provide great leverage
                                          on shipping (especially crude oil)
                                          through Persian Gulf and Suez Canal
     People Saudi Arabia
                              Population: 23,513,330
                                          note: includes 5,360,526 non-
                                          nationals (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.4% (male 5,086,541;
                                          female 4,883,942)
                                          15-64 years: 54.8% (male 7,493,304;
                                          female 5,396,985)
                                          65 years and over: 2.8% (male
                                          362,780; female 289,778) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.27% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 37.25 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.86 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 1.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.39 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.25 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.22 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 49.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.4 years
                                          female: 70.2 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.7 years
                    Total fertility rate: 6.21 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.01% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Saudi(s)
                                          adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian
                           Ethnic groups: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
                               Religions: Muslim 100%
                               Languages: Arabic
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 78%
                                          male: 84.2%
                                          female: 69.5% (2002 est.)
     Government Saudi Arabia
                            Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of
                                          Saudi Arabia
                                          conventional short form: Saudi
                                          local long form: Al Mamlakah al
                                          Arabiyah as Suudiyah
                                          local short form: Al Arabiyah as
                         Government type: monarchy
                                 Capital: Riyadh
                Administrative divisions: 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular -
                                          mintaqah); Al Bahah, Al Hudud ash
                                          Shamaliyah, Al Jawf, Al Madinah, Al
                                          Qasim, Ar Riyad, Ash Sharqiyah
                                          (Eastern Province), 'Asir, Ha'il,
                                          Jizan, Makkah, Najran, Tabuk
                            Independence: 23 September 1932 (Unification of
                                          the Kingdom)
                        National holiday: Unification of the Kingdom, 23
                                          September (1932)
                            Constitution: governed according to Shari'a
                                          (Islamic law); the Basic Law that
                                          articulates the government's rights
                                          and responsibilities was introduced
                                          in 1993
                            Legal system: based on Islamic law, several
                                          secular codes have been introduced;
                                          commercial disputes handled by
                                          special committees; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: none
                        Executive branch: chief of state: King and Prime
                                          Minister FAHD bin Abd al-Aziz Al
                                          Saud (since 13 June 1982); Crown
                                          Prince and First Deputy Prime
                                          Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al
                                          Saud (half-brother to the monarch,
                                          heir to the throne since 13 June
                                          1982, regent from 1 January to 22
                                          February 1996); note - the monarch
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          head of government: King and Prime
                                          Minister FAHD bin Abd al-Aziz Al
                                          Saud (since 13 June 1982); Crown
                                          Prince and First Deputy Prime
                                          Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al
                                          Saud (half-brother to the monarch,
                                          heir to the throne since 13 June
                                          1982, regent from 1 January to 22
                                          February 1996); note - the monarch
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers is
                                          appointed by the monarch and
                                          includes many royal family members
                      Legislative branch: a consultative council (90 members
                                          and a chairman appointed by the
                                          monarch for four-year terms)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Council of Justice
           Political parties and leaders: none allowed
            Political pressure groups and none
               International organization ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, BIS,
                           participation: CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-19, G-77, GCC,
                                          IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM,
                                          OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW,
                                          OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WTrO (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador BANDAR
                                          bin Sultan bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud
                                          chancery: 601 New Hampshire Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20037
                                          consulate(s) general: Houston, Los
                                          Angeles, and New York
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 342-3800
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Robert
                                      US: W. JORDAN (since 3 October 2001)
                                          embassy: Collector Road M,
                                          Diplomatic Quarter, Riyadh
                                          mailing address: American Embassy
                                          Riyadh, Unit 61307, APO AE 09803-
                                          1307; International Mail: P. O. Box
                                          94309, Riyadh 11693
                                          telephone: [966] (1) 488-3800
                                          FAX: [966] (1) 488-7360
                                          consulate(s) general: Dhahran,
                                          Jiddah (Jeddah)
                        Flag description: green with large white Arabic script
                                          (that may be translated as There is
                                          no God but God; Muhammad is the
                                          Messenger of God) above a white
                                          horizontal saber (the tip points to
                                          the hoist side); green is the
                                          traditional color of Islam
     Economy Saudi Arabia
                      Economy - overview: This is an oil-based economy with
                                          strong government controls over
                                          major economic activities. Saudi
                                          Arabia has the largest reserves of
                                          petroleum in the world (26% of the
                                          proved reserves), ranks as the
                                          largest exporter of petroleum, and
                                          plays a leading role in OPEC. The
                                          petroleum sector accounts for
                                          roughly 75% of budget revenues, 45%
                                          of GDP, and 90% of export earnings.
                                          About 25% of GDP comes from the
                                          private sector. Roughly 4 million
                                          foreign workers play an important
                                          role in the Saudi economy, for
                                          example, in the oil and service
                                          sectors. Riyadh expects to have a
                                          budget deficit in 2002, in part
                                          because of increased spending for
                                          education and other social programs.
                                          The government in 1999 announced
                                          plans to begin privatizing the
                                          electricity companies, which follows
                                          the ongoing privatization of the
                                          telecommunications company. The
                                          government is expected to continue
                                          calling for private sector growth to
                                          lessen the kingdom's dependence on
                                          oil and increase employment
                                          opportunities for the swelling Saudi
                                          population. Shortages of water and
                                          rapid population growth will
                                          constrain government efforts to
                                          increase self-sufficiency in
                                          agricultural products.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $241
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $10,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7%
                                          industry: 48%
                                          services: 45% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.7% (2001)
                             Labor force: 7 million
                                          note: 35% of the population in the
                                          15-64 age group is non-national
                                          (July 1998 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 12%, industry 25%,
                                          services 63% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $42 billion
                                          expenditures: $54 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2002
                              Industries: crude oil production, petroleum
                                          refining, basic petrochemicals,
                                          cement, construction, fertilizer,
       Industrial production growth rate: 1% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 123.5 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 114.855 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons,
                                          dates, citrus; mutton, chickens,
                                          eggs, milk
                                 Exports: $66.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products 90%
                      Exports - partners: US 17.4%, Japan 17.3%, South Korea
                                          11.7%, Singapore 5.3%, India (2000)
                                 Imports: $29.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs,
                                          chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles
                      Imports - partners: US 21.1%, Japan 9.4%, Germany 7.4%,
                                          UK 7.3% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $23.8 billion (2001 est.)
                    Economic aid - donor: pledged $100 million in 1993 to fund
                                          reconstruction of Lebanon; since
                                          1993, Saudi Arabia has committed
                                          $208 million for assistance to the
                                          Palestinians; pledged $240 million
                                          to development in Afghanistan
                                Currency: Saudi riyal (SAR)
                           Currency code: SAR
                          Exchange rates: Saudi riyals per US dollar - 3.7450
                                          (fixed rate since June 1986)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Saudi Arabia
          Telephones - main lines in use: 3.1 million (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1 million
                                          note: in 1998, the government
                                          contracted for the installation of
                                          575,000 additional Group Speciale
                                          Mobile (GSM) cellular telephone
                                          lines over 15 months to raise the
                                          total number of subscribers to more
                                          than one million; Riyadh planned to
                                          further expand the GSM system in
                                          1999 by adding an additional one
                                          million lines (1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern system
                                          domestic: extensive microwave radio
                                          relay, coaxial cable, and fiber-
                                          optic cable systems
                                          international: microwave radio relay
                                          to Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar,
                                          UAE, Yemen, and Sudan; coaxial cable
                                          to Kuwait and Jordan; submarine
                                          cable to Djibouti, Egypt and
                                          Bahrain; satellite earth stations -
                                          5 Intelsat (3 Atlantic Ocean and 2
                                          Indian Ocean), 1 Arabsat, and 1
                                          Inmarsat (Indian Ocean region)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 43, FM 31, shortwave 2 (1998)
                                  Radios: 6.25 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 117 (1997)
                             Televisions: 5.1 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .sa
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 42 (2001)
                          Internet users: 570,000 (2001)
     Transportation Saudi Arabia
                                Railways: total: 1,392 km
                                          standard gauge: 1,392 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (724 km are double-tracked)
                                Highways: total: 146,524 km
                                          paved: 44,104 km
                                          unpaved: 102,420 km (1997 est.)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 6,400 km; petroleum
                                          products 150 km; natural gas 2,200
                                          km (includes natural gas liquids
                                          1,600 km)
                       Ports and harbors: Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Duba, Jiddah,
                                          Jizan, Rabigh, Ra's al Khafji,
                                          Mishab, Ras Tanura, Yanbu' al Bahr,
                                          Madinat Yanbu' al Sinaiyah
                         Merchant marine: total: 71 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 1,071,315 GRT/1,412,125 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 11, chemical
                                          tanker 10, container 4, livestock
                                          carrier 3, passenger 1, petroleum
                                          tanker 20, refrigerated cargo 3,
                                          roll on/roll off 11, short-sea
                                          passenger 8
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Egypt 3, Finland 1,
                                          Greece 3, Kuwait 1, Sudan 1, United
                                          Arab Emirates 1, United Kingdom 3
                                          (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 209 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 71 70
                                          over 3,047 m: 31 31
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 12 11
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 3 3
                                          under 914 m: 2 2 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 23 23
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 138
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 79
                                          under 914 m: 15 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 39
                               Heliports: 5 (2001)
     Military Saudi Arabia
                        Military branches: Land Force (Army), Navy, Air Force,
                                           Air Defense Force, National Guard,
                                           Ministry of Interior Forces
         Military manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 6,007,635 (2002
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 3,359,849 (2002
                                  service: est.)
     Military manpower - reaching military males: 233,402 (2002 est.)
                             age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $18.3 billion (FY00)
        Military expenditures - percent of 13% (FY00)
     Transnational Issues Saudi Arabia
                Disputes - international: demarcation of delimited boundary
                                          with Yemen involves nomadic tribal
                                          affiliations; because details of
                                          1974 and 1977 treaties have not been
                                          made public, the exact location of
                                          the Saudi Arabia-UAE boundary is
                                          unknown and status is considered de
                           Illicit drugs: death penalty for traffickers;
                                          increasing consumption of heroin and

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