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 for Sao Tome and Principe
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Sao Tome and Principe
      n 1: island nation in the South Atlantic off the west coast of
           Africa; achieved independence from Portugal in 1975; has
           enormous offshore oil reserves [syn: Sao Tome and
           Principe, Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe,
           Sao Tome e Principe, Sao Thome e Principe, St. Thomas
           and Principe]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Sao Tome and Principe
     Introduction Sao Tome and Principe
                              Background: Discovered and claimed by Portugal
                                          in the late 15th century, the
                                          islands' sugar-based economy gave
                                          way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th
                                          century - all grown with plantation
                                          slave labor, a form of which
                                          lingered into the 20th century.
                                          Although independence was achieved
                                          in 1975, democratic reforms were not
                                          instituted until the late 1980s. The
                                          first free elections were held in
     Geography Sao Tome and Principe
                                Location: Western Africa, islands in the Gulf
                                          of Guinea, straddling the Equator,
                                          west of Gabon
                  Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 7 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 1,001 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 1,001 sq km
                      Area - comparative: more than five times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 209 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; one rainy
                                          season (October to May)
                                 Terrain: volcanic, mountainous
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Pico de Sao Tome
                                          2,024 m
                       Natural resources: fish, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 2%
                                          permanent crops: 41%
                                          other: 57% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 100 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion and
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Environmental Modification,
                                          Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: the smallest country in Africa; the
                                          two main islands form part of a
                                          chain of extinct volcanoes and both
                                          are fairly mountainous
     People Sao Tome and Principe
                              Population: 170,372 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 47.7% (male 41,159;
                                          female 40,125)
                                          15-64 years: 48.3% (male 39,701;
                                          female 42,586)
                                          65 years and over: 4% (male 3,115;
                                          female 3,686) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.18% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 42.3 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 7.32 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -3.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 47.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.93 years
                                          female: 67.45 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 64.47 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.95 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Sao Tomean(s)
                                          adjective: Sao Tomean
                           Ethnic groups: mestico, angolares (descendants of
                                          Angolan slaves), forros (descendants
                                          of freed slaves), servicais
                                          (contract laborers from Angola,
                                          Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas
                                          (children of servicais born on the
                                          islands), Europeans (primarily
                               Religions: Christian 80% (Roman Catholic,
                                          Evangelical Protestant, Seventh-Day
                               Languages: Portuguese (official)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 79.3%
                                          male: 85%
                                          female: 62% (1991 est.)
     Government Sao Tome and Principe
                            Country name: conventional long form: Democratic
                                          Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
                                          conventional short form: Sao Tome
                                          and Principe
                                          local short form: Sao Tome e
                                          local long form: Republica
                                          Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Sao Tome
                Administrative divisions: 2 provinces; Principe, Sao Tome
                                          note: Principe has had self-
                                          government since 29 April 1995
                            Independence: 12 July 1975 (from Portugal)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 12 July (1975)
                            Constitution: approved March 1990; effective 10
                                          September 1990
                            Legal system: based on Portuguese legal system and
                                          customary law; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Fradique
                                          DE MENEZES (since 3 September 2001)
                                          election results: Fradique DE
                                          MENEZES elected president in Sao
                                          Tome's third multiparty presidential
                                          election; percent of vote - NA%
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 29 July 2001
                                          (next to be held NA July 2006);
                                          prime minister chosen by the
                                          National Assembly and approved by
                                          the president
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Gabriel Arcanjo Ferreira DA COSTA
                                          (since 8 April 2002)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          proposal of the prime minister
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Assembleia Nacional (55 seats;
                                          members are elected by direct,
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          elections: last held 3 March 2002
                                          (next to be held NA March 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - MLSTP 39.6%, Force for
                                          Change Democratic Movement 39.4%,
                                          Ue-Kedadji coalition 16.2%; seats by
                                          party - MLSTP 24, Force for Change
                                          Democratic Movement 23, Ue-Kedadji
                                          coalition 8
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed
                                          by the National Assembly)
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Renovation Party [Armindo
                                          GRACA]; Force for Change Democratic
                                          Movement [leader NA]; Independent
                                          Democratic Action or ADI [Carlos
                                          NEVES]; Movement for the Liberation
                                          of Sao Tome and Principe-Social
                                          Democratic Party or MLSTP-PSD
                                          [Manuel Pinto Da COSTA]; Party for
                                          Democratic Convergence or PCD [Aldo
                                          BANDEIRA]; Ue-Kedadji coalition
                                          [leader NA]; other small parties
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CEEAC, CEMAC, ECA,
                           participation: FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU,
                                          NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: Sao Tome and Principe does not have
                                          an embassy in the US, but does have
                                          a Permanent Mission to the UN,
                                          headed by First Secretary Domingos
                                          Augusto FERREIRA, located at 400
                                          Park Avenue, 7th Floor, New York, NY
                                          10022, telephone [1] (212) 317-0580
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Sao Tome and Principe; the
                                          Ambassador to Gabon is accredited to
                                          Sao Tome and Principe on a
                                          nonresident basis and makes periodic
                                          visits to the islands
                        Flag description: three horizontal bands of green
                                          (top), yellow (double width), and
                                          green with two black five-pointed
                                          stars placed side by side in the
                                          center of the yellow band and a red
                                          isosceles triangle based on the
                                          hoist side; uses the popular pan-
                                          African colors of Ethiopia
     Economy Sao Tome and Principe
                      Economy - overview: This small poor island economy has
                                          become increasingly dependent on
                                          cocoa since independence 26 years
                                          ago. However, cocoa production has
                                          substantially declined because of
                                          drought and mismanagement. The
                                          resulting shortage of cocoa for
                                          export has created a persistent
                                          balance-of-payments problem. Sao
                                          Tome has to import all fuels, most
                                          manufactured goods, consumer goods,
                                          and a substantial amount of food.
                                          Over the years, it has been unable
                                          to service its external debt and has
                                          had to depend on concessional aid
                                          and debt rescheduling. Sao Tome
                                          benefited from $200 million in debt
                                          relief in December 2000 under the
                                          Highly Indebted Poor Countries
                                          (HIPC) program. Sao Tome's success
                                          in implementing structural reforms
                                          has been rewarded by international
                                          donors, who have pledged increased
                                          assistance in 2001. Considerable
                                          potential exists for development of
                                          a tourist industry, and the
                                          government has taken steps to expand
                                          facilities in recent years. The
                                          government also has attempted to
                                          reduce price controls and subsidies.
                                          Sao Tome is also optimistic that
                                          substantial petroleum discoveries
                                          are forthcoming in its territorial
                                          waters in the oil-rich waters of the
                                          Gulf of Guinea. Corruption scandals
                                          continue to weaken the economy.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $189
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,200
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 25%
                                          industry: 10%
                                          services: 65% (1999 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: population mainly engaged in
                                          subsistence agriculture and fishing
                                          note: shortages of skilled workers
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $58 million
                                          expenditures: $114 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $54 million (1993 est.)
                              Industries: light construction, textiles, soap,
                                          beer; fish processing; timber
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 17 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 41.18%
                                          hydro: 58.82%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 15.81 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels,
                                          copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee,
                                          bananas, papayas, beans; poultry;
                                 Exports: $4.1 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: cocoa 90%, copra, coffee, palm oil
                      Exports - partners: Portugal 33.3%, Netherlands 8.3%,
                                          Spain 8.3% (1999)
                                 Imports: $40 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and electrical equipment,
                                          food products, petroleum products
                      Imports - partners: Portugal 43%, France 15.7%, UK 13.7%
                         Debt - external: $253.8 million (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $200 million in December 2000 under
                                          the HIPC program
                                Currency: dobra (STD)
                           Currency code: STD
                          Exchange rates: dobras per US dollar - 9,009.1
                                          (December 2001), 8,842.1 (2001),
                                          7,978.2 (2000), 7,119.0 (1999),
                                          6,883.2 (1998), 4,552.5 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Sao Tome and Principe
             Telephones - main lines in use: 3,000 (1997)
               Telephones - mobile cellular: 6,942 (1997)
                           Telephone system: general assessment: adequate
                                             domestic: minimal system
                                             international: satellite earth
                                             station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                   Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                     Radios: 38,000 (1997)
              Television broadcast stations: 2 (1997)
                                Televisions: 23,000 (1997)
                      Internet country code: .st
          Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                             Internet users: 6,500 (2001)
     Transportation Sao Tome and Principe
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 320 km
                                          paved: 218 km
                                          unpaved: 102 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Santo Antonio, Sao Tome
                         Merchant marine: total: 41 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 169,991 GRT/245,996 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 6, cargo 23,
                                          chemical tanker 1, container 3,
                                          livestock carrier 1, petroleum
                                          tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 1, roll
                                          on/roll off 2, specialized tanker 1
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Egypt 1, Greece 1,
                                          Kenya 1, Portugal 1, Syria 1, Turkey
                                          1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 2 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Sao Tome and Principe
                        Military branches: Army, Navy, Security Police
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 35,524 (2002 est.)
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 18,727 (2002 est.)
            Military expenditures - dollar $400,000 (FY01)
        Military expenditures - percent of 0.8% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Sao Tome and Principe
                                                Disputes - international: none

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