The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

2 definitions found
 for Samoa
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a constitutional monarchy on the western part of the
           islands of Samoa in the South Pacific [syn: Samoa,
           Independent State of Samoa, Western Samoa, Samoa i
      2: a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific midway
         between Hawaii and Australia; its climate and scenery and
         Polynesian culture make it a popular tourist stop [syn:
         Samoa, Samoan Islands]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Samoa
                              Background: New Zealand occupied the German
                                          protectorate of Western Samoa at the
                                          outbreak of World War I in 1914. It
                                          continued to administer the islands
                                          as a mandate and then as a trust
                                          territory until 1962, when the
                                          islands became the first Polynesian
                                          nation to reestablish independence
                                          in the 20th century. The country
                                          dropped the "Western" from its name
                                          in 1997.
     Geography Samoa
                                Location: Oceania, group of islands in the
                                          South Pacific Ocean, about one-half
                                          of the way from Hawaii to New
                  Geographic coordinates: 13 35 S, 172 20 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 2,944 sq km
                                          water: 10 sq km
                                          land: 2,934 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Rhode Island
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 403 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; rainy season (October to
                                          March), dry season (May to October)
                                 Terrain: narrow coastal plain with volcanic,
                                          rocky, rugged mountains in interior
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mauga Silisili 1,857
                       Natural resources: hardwood forests, fish, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 19.43%
                                          permanent crops: 23.67%
                                          other: 56.89% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: occasional typhoons; active
            Environment - current issues: soil erosion
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification, Law of
                                          the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: occupies an almost central position
                                          within Polynesia
     People Samoa
                              Population: 178,631 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 30.6% (male 27,774;
                                          female 26,854)
                                          15-64 years: 63.5% (male 71,358;
                                          female 42,150)
                                          65 years and over: 5.9% (male 4,859;
                                          female 5,636) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: -0.25% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 15.53 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 6.35 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -11.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.69 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.39 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 30.74 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.8 years
                                          female: 72.69 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 67.06 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.3 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Samoan(s)
                                          adjective: Samoan
                           Ethnic groups: Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7%
                                          (persons of European and Polynesian
                                          blood), Europeans 0.4%
                               Religions: Christian 99.7% (about one-half of
                                          population associated with the
                                          London Missionary Society; includes
                                          Congregational, Roman Catholic,
                                          Methodist, Latter-Day Saints,
                                          Seventh-Day Adventist)
                               Languages: Samoan (Polynesian), English
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 80%
                                          male: 81%
                                          female: 79% (1999)
     Government Samoa
                            Country name: conventional long form: Independent
                                          State of Samoa
                                          conventional short form: Samoa
                                          former: Western Samoa
                         Government type: constitutional monarchy under native
                                 Capital: Apia
                Administrative divisions: 11 districts; A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai,
                                          Atua, Fa'asaleleaga, Gaga'emauga,
                                          Gagaifomauga, Palauli, Satupa'itea,
                                          Tuamasaga, Va'a-o-Fonoti, Vaisigano
                            Independence: 1 January 1962 (from New Zealand-
                                          administered UN trusteeship)
                        National holiday: Independence Day Celebration, 1 June
                                          (1962); note - 1 January 1962 is the
                                          date of independence from the New
                                          Zealand-administered UN trusteeship,
                                          1 June 1962 is the date that
                                          independence is celebrated
                            Constitution: 1 January 1962
                            Legal system: based on English common law and
                                          local customs; judicial review of
                                          legislative acts with respect to
                                          fundamental rights of the citizen;
                                          has not accepted compulsory ICJ
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Chief Tanumafili II
                                          MALIETOA (cochief of state from 1
                                          January 1962 until becoming sole
                                          chief of state 5 April 1963)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA (since
                                          24 November 1998); note - TUILA'EPA
                                          served as deputy prime minister from
                                          1992 until he assumed the prime
                                          ministership in November 1998, when
                                          former Prime Minister TOFILAU Eti
                                          Alesana resigned in poor health; the
                                          post of deputy prime minister is
                                          currently vacant
                                          cabinet: Cabinet consists of 12
                                          members, appointed by the chief of
                                          state with the prime minister's
                                          elections: upon the death of Chief
                                          Tanumafili II MALIETOA, a new chief
                                          of state will be elected by the
                                          Legislative Assembly to serve a
                                          five-year term; prime minister
                                          appointed by the chief of state with
                                          the approval of the Legislative
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or
                                          Fono (49 seats - 47 elected by
                                          Samoans, 2 elected by non-Samoans;
                                          only chiefs or matai may stand for
                                          election to the Fono; members serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          elections: byelection last held NA
                                          November 2001 (next byelection to be
                                          held 29 March 2002)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - HRPP
                                          30, SNDP 13, independents 6
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
           Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Party [leader
                                          NA]; Human Rights Protection Party
                                          or HRPP [Sailele Malielegaoi
                                          TUILA'EPA, chairman]; Samoa All
                                          People's Party or SAPP [Matatumua
                                          NAIMOAGA]; Samoan National
                                          Development Party or SNDP [LE MAMEA
                                          Ropati, chairman] (opposition);
                                          Samoa National Party [FETU Tiatia,
                                          party secretary]; Samoan Progressive
                                          Conservative Party [LEOTA Ituau
                                          Ale]; Samoan United Independent
                                          Party or SUIP [leader NA]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, OPCW
                                          (signatory), Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WTrO (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Tuiloma
                                          Neroni SLADE
                                          FAX: [1] (212) 599-0797
                                          telephone: [1] (212) 599-6196, 6197
                                          chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite
                                          400D, New York, NY 10017
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: the Ambassador to
                                      US: New Zealand is accredited to Samoa
                                          embassy: 5th floor, Beach Road, Apia
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 3430,
                                          telephone: [685] 21631
                                          FAX: [685] 22030
                        Flag description: red with a blue rectangle in the
                                          upper hoist-side quadrant bearing
                                          five white five-pointed stars
                                          representing the Southern Cross
     Economy Samoa
                      Economy - overview: The economy of Samoa has
                                          traditionally been dependent on
                                          development aid, family remittances
                                          from overseas, and agricultural
                                          exports. The country is vulnerable
                                          to devastating storms. Agriculture
                                          employs two-thirds of the labor
                                          force, and furnishes 90% of exports,
                                          featuring coconut cream, coconut
                                          oil, and copra. The manufacturing
                                          sector mainly processes agricultural
                                          products. The decline of fish stocks
                                          in the area is a continuing problem.
                                          Tourism is an expanding sector,
                                          accounting for 16% of GDP; about
                                          85,000 tourists visited the islands
                                          in 2000. The Samoan Government has
                                          called for deregulation of the
                                          financial sector, encouragement of
                                          investment, and continued fiscal
                                          discipline. Observers point to the
                                          flexibility of the labor market as a
                                          basic strength for future economic
                                          advances. Foreign reserves are in a
                                          relatively healthy state, the
                                          external debt is stable, and
                                          inflation is low.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $618
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,500
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 16%
                                          industry: 18%
                                          services: 66% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 90,000 (2000 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 65%, services 30%,
                                          industry 5% (1995 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%; note - substantial
                                  Budget: revenues: $105 million
                                          expenditures: $119 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001/2002)
                              Industries: food processing, building materials,
                                          auto parts
       Industrial production growth rate: 2.8% (2000)
                Electricity - production: 103 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 59.22%
                                          hydro: 40.78%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 95.79 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts, bananas, taro, yams
                                 Exports: $17 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: fish, coconut oil and cream, copra,
                                          taro, garments, beer
                      Exports - partners: Australia 62%, Indonesia 13%, US
                                          11%, American Samoa 3%, New Zealand
                                          3% (2000)
                                 Imports: $90 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, industrial
                                          supplies, foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: Australia 27%, US 26%, New Zealand
                                          14%, Fiji 12%, Japan 9% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $192 million (1999)
                Economic aid - recipient: $42.9 million (1995)
                                Currency: tala (WST)
                           Currency code: WST
                          Exchange rates: tala per US dollar - 3.5236 (January
                                          2002), 3.4722 (2001), 3.2712 (2000),
                                          3.0120 (1999), 2.9429 (1998), 2.5562
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Samoa
          Telephones - main lines in use: 8,183 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1,545 (February 1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 174,849 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 6 (1997)
                             Televisions: 8,634 (1999)
                   Internet country code: .ws
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 500 (2000)
     Transportation Samoa
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 836 km
                                           paved: 267 km
                                           unpaved: 569 km (1983)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Apia, Asau, Mulifanua, Salelologa
                          Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over)
                                           totaling 7,091 GRT/ 8,127 DWT
                                           ships by type: cargo 1
                                           note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                           registered here as a flag of
                                           convenience: Germany 1 (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: 3 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                           2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                           under 914 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Samoa
                       Military branches: no regular armed services; Samoa
                                          Police Force
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                         Military - note: Samoa has no formal defense
                                          structure or regular armed forces;
                                          informal defense ties exist with NZ,
                                          which is required to consider any
                                          Samoan request for assistance under
                                          the 1962 Treaty of Friendship
     Transnational Issues Samoa
                                                Disputes - international: none

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229