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2 definitions found
 for Qatar
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: an Arab country on the peninsula of Qatar; achieved
           independence from the United Kingdom in 1971; the economy
           is dominated by oil [syn: Qatar, State of Qatar,
           Katar, State of Katar]
      2: a peninsula extending northward from the Arabian mainland
         into the Persian Gulf [syn: Qatar, Qatar Peninsula,
         Katar, Katar Peninsula]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Qatar
                              Background: Ruled by the Al Thani family since
                                          the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed
                                          itself from a poor British
                                          protectorate noted mainly for
                                          pearling into an independent state
                                          with significant oil and natural gas
                                          revenues. During the late 1980s and
                                          early 1990s, the Qatari economy was
                                          crippled by a continuous siphoning
                                          off of petroleum revenues by the
                                          amir who had ruled the country since
                                          1972. He was overthrown by his son,
                                          the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa
                                          Al Thani, in a bloodless coup in
                                          1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its
                                          longstanding border disputes with
                                          both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Oil
                                          and natural gas revenues enable
                                          Qatar to have a per capita income
                                          not far below the leading industrial
                                          countries of Western Europe.
     Geography Qatar
                                Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the
                                          Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
                  Geographic coordinates: 25 30 N, 51 15 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 11,437 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 11,437 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut
                         Land boundaries: total: 60 km
                                          border countries: Saudi Arabia 60 km
                               Coastline: 563 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: as
                                          determined by bilateral agreements
                                          or the median line
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very
                                          hot, humid summers
                                 Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert
                                          covered with loose sand and gravel
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
                                          highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl
                                          103 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish
                                Land use: arable land: 1.27%
                                          permanent crops: 0.27%
                                          other: 98.45% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 130 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
            Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water
                                          resources are increasing dependence
                                          on large-scale desalination
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                        Geography - note: strategic location in central
                                          Persian Gulf near major petroleum
     People Qatar
                              Population: 793,341 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.2% (male 102,110;
                                          female 98,053)
                                          15-64 years: 72.1% (male 403,508;
                                          female 168,428)
                                          65 years and over: 2.7% (male
                                          15,299; female 5,943) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.02% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 15.78 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 4.34 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 18.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 2.4 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 2.57 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.91 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 20.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.88 years
                                          female: 75.48 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 70.4 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.1 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.09% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Qatari(s)
                                          adjective: Qatari
                           Ethnic groups: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%,
                                          Iranian 10%, other 14%
                               Religions: Muslim 95%
                               Languages: Arabic (official), English commonly
                                          used as a second language
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 79%
                                          male: 79%
                                          female: 80% (1995 est.)
     Government Qatar
                            Country name: conventional long form: State of
                                          conventional short form: Qatar
                                          local short form: Qatar
                                          note: closest approximation of the
                                          native pronunciation falls between
                                          cutter and gutter, but not like
                                          local long form: Dawlat Qatar
                         Government type: traditional monarchy
                                 Capital: Doha
                Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (baladiyat,
                                          singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al
                                          Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al
                                          Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan
                                          al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm
                            Independence: 3 September 1971 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 3 September (1971)
                            Constitution: provisional constitution enacted 19
                                          April 1972; in July 1999 Amir HAMAD
                                          issued a decree forming a committee
                                          to draft a permanent constitution
                            Legal system: discretionary system of law
                                          controlled by the amir, although
                                          civil codes are being implemented;
                                          Islamic law dominates family and
                                          personal matters
                                Suffrage: suffrage is limited to municipal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin
                                          Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 June 1995
                                          when, as crown prince, he ousted his
                                          father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al
                                          Thani, in a bloodless coup); Crown
                                          Prince JASSIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa
                                          Al Thani, third son of the monarch
                                          (selected crown prince by the
                                          monarch 22 October 1996); note -
                                          Amir HAMAD also holds the positions
                                          of minister of defense and
                                          commander-in-chief of the armed
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani,
                                          brother of the monarch (since 30
                                          October 1996); Deputy Prime Minister
                                          MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani,
                                          brother of the monarch (since 20
                                          January 1998)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the monarch
                                          note: in March 1999, Qatar held
                                          nationwide elections for a 29-member
                                          Central Municipal Council, which has
                                          consultative powers aimed at
                                          improving the provision of municipal
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Advisory Council or
                                          Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members
                                          note: the constitution calls for
                                          elections for part of this
                                          consultative body, but no elections
                                          have been held since 1970, when
                                          there were partial elections to the
                                          body; Council members have had their
                                          terms extended every four years
                         Judicial branch: Court of Appeal
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and none
               International organization ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA,
                           participation: FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO
                                          (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent),
                                          ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Badr
                                          Umar al-DAFA
                                          chancery: 4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20016
                                          consulate(s) general: Houston
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 237-0061
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Maureen
                                      US: E. QUINN (since September 2001)
                                          embassy: Al-Luqtas District, 22
                                          February Road, Doha
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 2399,
                                          telephone: [974] 488 4101
                                          FAX: [974] 486 1669
                                          note: workweek is Saturday-Wednesday
                        Flag description: maroon with a broad white serrated
                                          band (nine white points) on the
                                          hoist side
     Economy Qatar
                      Economy - overview: Oil accounts for more than 30% of
                                          GDP, roughly 80% of export earnings,
                                          and 58% of government revenues.
                                          Proved oil reserves of 3.7 billion
                                          barrels should ensure continued
                                          output at current levels for 23
                                          years. Oil has given Qatar a per
                                          capita GDP comparable to that of the
                                          leading West European industrial
                                          countries. Qatar's proved reserves
                                          of natural gas exceed 7 trillion
                                          cubic meters, more than 5% of the
                                          world total, third largest in the
                                          world. Production and export of
                                          natural gas are becoming
                                          increasingly important. Long-term
                                          goals feature the development of
                                          offshore natural gas reserves. In
                                          2000, Qatar posted its highest ever
                                          trade surplus of $7 billion, due
                                          mainly to high oil prices and
                                          increased natural gas exports, and
                                          managed to maintain the surplus in
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $16.3
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5.6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $21,200
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1%
                                          industry: 49%
                                          services: 50% (1996 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (2001)
                             Labor force: 280,122 (1997 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 2.7% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $5 billion
                                          expenditures: $4.8 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $900 million (FY01/02 est.)
                              Industries: crude oil production and refining,
                                          fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel
                                          reinforcing bars, cement
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 9.2 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 8.556 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy
                                          products, beef; fish
                                 Exports: $11 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: petroleum products 80%, fertilizers,
                      Exports - partners: Japan 43%, Singapore 8%, South Korea
                                          6%, US 4%, UAE 2% (1999)
                                 Imports: $3.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          food, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: UK 10%, Japan 8%, Germany 6%, Italy
                                          6%, US 6% (1998)
                         Debt - external: $13.1 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: Qatari rial (QAR)
                           Currency code: QAR
                          Exchange rates: Qatari rials per US dollar - 3.6400
                                          (fixed rate)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications Qatar
          Telephones - main lines in use: 142,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 43,476 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern system
                                          centered in Doha
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: tropospheric scatter
                                          to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to
                                          Saudi Arabia and UAE; submarine
                                          cable to Bahrain and UAE; satellite
                                          earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1
                                          Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean)
                                          and 1 Arabsat
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 256,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus three repeaters) (2001)
                             Televisions: 230,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .qa
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 75,000 (2001)
     Transportation Qatar
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 1,230 km
                                          paved: 1,107 km
                                          unpaved: 123 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 235 km; natural gas 400 km
                       Ports and harbors: Doha, Halul Island, Umm Sa'id
                         Merchant marine: total: 25 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 679,081 GRT/1,051,088 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 10, combination
                                          ore/oil 2, container 7, petroleum
                                          tanker 6
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Kuwait 1, United Arab
                                          Emirates 3 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 4 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          over 3,047 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 2
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military Qatar
                       Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 316,885
                                          note: includes non-nationals (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 166,214 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 6,797 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $723 million (FY00/01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 10% (FY00/01)
     Transnational Issues Qatar
                                                Disputes - international: none

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