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2 definitions found
 for Puerto Rico
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Puerto Rico
      n 1: a self-governing commonwealth associated with the United
           States occupying the island of Puerto Rico [syn: Puerto
           Rico, Porto Rico, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, PR]
      2: the smallest and easternmost of the Greater Antilles in the
         Caribbean [syn: Puerto Rico, Porto Rico]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Puerto Rico
     Introduction Puerto Rico
                              Background: Populated for centuries by
                                          aboriginal peoples, the island was
                                          claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493
                                          following Columbus' second voyage to
                                          the Americas. In 1898, after 400
                                          years of colonial rule that saw the
                                          indigenous population nearly
                                          exterminated and African slave labor
                                          introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to
                                          the US as a result of the Spanish-
                                          American War. Puerto Ricans were
                                          granted US citizenship in 1917 and
                                          popularly elected governors have
                                          served since 1948. In 1952, a
                                          constitution was enacted providing
                                          for internal self-government. In
                                          plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and
                                          1998 voters chose to retain
                                          commonwealth status.
     Geography Puerto Rico
                                Location: Caribbean, island between the
                                          Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic
                                          Ocean, east of the Dominican
                  Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 66 30 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 9,104 sq km
                                          water: 145 sq km
                                          land: 8,959 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the
                                          size of Rhode Island
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 501 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical marine, mild; little
                                          seasonal temperature variation
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains, with coastal plain
                                          belt in north; mountains precipitous
                                          to sea on west coast; sandy beaches
                                          along most coastal areas
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,338
                       Natural resources: some copper and nickel; potential
                                          for onshore and offshore oil
                                Land use: arable land: 3.72%
                                          permanent crops: 5.07%
                                          other: 91.21% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 400 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: periodic droughts; hurricanes
            Environment - current issues: erosion; occasional drought causing
                                          water shortages
                        Geography - note: important location along the Mona
                                          Passage - a key shipping lane to the
                                          Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the
                                          biggest and best natural harbors in
                                          the Caribbean; many small rivers and
                                          high central mountains ensure land
                                          is well watered; south coast
                                          relatively dry; fertile coastal
                                          plain belt in north
     People Puerto Rico
                              Population: 3,957,988 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 23.5% (male 476,726;
                                          female 453,782)
                                          15-64 years: 65.8% (male 1,249,850;
                                          female 1,353,438)
                                          65 years and over: 10.7% (male
                                          180,053; female 244,139) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.51% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 15.04 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 7.82 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -2.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.93 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 9.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.96 years
                                          female: 80.66 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.5 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.9 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 7,397 (1997)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
                                          adjective: Puerto Rican
                           Ethnic groups: white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%,
                                          black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian
                                          0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and
                                          other 15%
                               Languages: Spanish, English
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 89%
                                          male: 90%
                                          female: 88% (1980 est.)
     Government Puerto Rico
                            Country name: conventional long form: Commonwealth
                                          of Puerto Rico
                                          conventional short form: Puerto Rico
                       Dependency status: commonwealth associated with the US
                         Government type: commonwealth
                                 Capital: San Juan
                Administrative divisions: none (commonwealth associated with
                                          the US); there are no first-order
                                          administrative divisions as defined
                                          by the US Government, but there are
                                          78 municipalities (municipios,
                                          singular - municipio) at the second
                                          order; Adjuntas, Aguada, Aguadilla,
                                          Aguas Buenas, Aibonito, Anasco,
                                          Arecibo, Arroyo, Barceloneta,
                                          Barranquitas, Bayamon, Cabo Rojo,
                                          Caguas, Camuy, Canovanas, Carolina,
                                          Catano, Cayey, Ceiba, Ciales, Cidra,
                                          Coamo, Comerio, Corozal, Culebra,
                                          Dorado, Fajardo, Florida, Guanica,
                                          Guayama, Guayanilla, Guaynabo,
                                          Gurabo, Hatillo, Hormigueros,
                                          Humacao, Isabela, Jayuya, Juana
                                          Diaz, Juncos, Lajas, Lares, Las
                                          Marias, Las Piedras, Loiza,
                                          Luquillo, Manati, Maricao, Maunabo,
                                          Mayaguez, Moca, Morovis, Naguabo,
                                          Naranjito, Orocovis, Patillas,
                                          Penuelas, Ponce, Quebradillas,
                                          Rincon, Rio Grande, Sabana Grande,
                                          Salinas, San German, San Juan, San
                                          Lorenzo, San Sebastian, Santa
                                          Isabel, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Trujillo
                                          Alto, Utuado, Vega Alta, Vega Baja,
                                          Vieques, Villalba, Yabucoa, Yauco
                            Independence: none (commonwealth associated with
                                          the US)
                        National holiday: US Independence Day, 4 July (1776)
                            Constitution: ratified 3 March 1952; approved by
                                          US Congress 3 July 1952; effective
                                          25 July 1952
                            Legal system: based on Spanish civil code and
                                          adapted US state laws
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal;
                                          indigenous inhabitants are US
                                          citizens but do not vote in US
                                          presidential elections
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President George W.
                                          BUSH of the US (since 20 January
                                          2001); Vice President Richard B.
                                          CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)
                                          election results: Sila M. CALDERON
                                          (PPD) elected governor; percent of
                                          vote - 48.6%
                                          note: residents of Puerto Rico do
                                          not vote for US president and vice
                                          elections: US president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          for four-year terms; governor
                                          elected by popular vote for a four-
                                          year term; election last held 7
                                          November 2000 (next to be held 2
                                          November 2004)
                                          head of government: Governor Sila M.
                                          CALDERON (since 2 January 2001)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          governor with the consent of the
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Legislative Assembly
                                          consists of the Senate (28 seats;
                                          members are directly elected by
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          terms) and the House of
                                          Representatives (51 seats; members
                                          are directly elected by popular vote
                                          to serve four-year terms)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - PPD 19, PNP 8, PIP 1, other
                                          1; House of Representatives -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - PPD 30, PNP 20, PIP
                                          note: Puerto Rico elects, by popular
                                          vote, a resident commissioner to
                                          serve a four-year term as a
                                          nonvoting representative in the US
                                          House of Representatives; aside from
                                          not voting on the House floor, he
                                          enjoys all the rights of a member of
                                          Congress; elections last held 7
                                          November 2000 (next to be held 2
                                          November 2004); results - percent of
                                          vote by party - PPD 49.3%; seats by
                                          party - PPD 1; Anibal ACEVEDO-VILA
                                          elected resident commissioner
                                          elections: Senate - last held 7
                                          November 2000 (next to be held 2
                                          November 2004); House of
                                          Representatives - last held 7
                                          November 2000 (next to be held 2
                                          November 2004)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Appellate Court;
                                          Court of First Instance composed of
                                          two sections: a Superior Court and a
                                          Municipal Court (justices for all
                                          these courts appointed by the
                                          governor with the consent of the
           Political parties and leaders: National Democratic Party [Celeste
                                          BENITEZ]; National Republican Party
                                          of Puerto Rico [Luis FERRE]; New
                                          Progressive Party or PNP (pro-US
                                          statehood) [Carlos PESQUERA];
                                          Popular Democratic Party or PPD
                                          (pro-commonwealth) [Sila M.
                                          CALDERON]; Puerto Rican Independence
                                          Party or PIP (pro-independence)
                                          [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez]
            Political pressure groups and Armed Forces for National Liberation
                                 leaders: or FALN; Armed Forces of Popular
                                          Resistance; Boricua Popular Army
                                          (also known as the Macheteros);
                                          Volunteers of the Puerto Rican
               International organization Caricom (observer), ECLAC
                           participation: (associate), FAO (associate), ICFTU,
                                          Interpol (subbureau), IOC, WCL,
                                          WFTU, WHO (associate)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (commonwealth associated with
                                          the US)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (commonwealth associated with
                                      US: the US)
                        Flag description: five equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top and bottom) alternating with
                                          white; a blue isosceles triangle
                                          based on the hoist side bears a
                                          large, white, five-pointed star in
                                          the center; design initially
                                          influenced by the US flag, but
                                          similar to the Cuban flag, with the
                                          colors of the bands and triangle
     Economy Puerto Rico
                      Economy - overview: Puerto Rico has one of the most
                                          dynamic economies in the Caribbean
                                          region. A diverse industrial sector
                                          has surpassed agriculture as the
                                          primary locus of economic activity
                                          and income. Encouraged by duty-free
                                          access to the US and by tax
                                          incentives, US firms have invested
                                          heavily in Puerto Rico since the
                                          1950s. US minimum wage laws apply.
                                          Sugar production has lost out to
                                          dairy production and other livestock
                                          products as the main source of
                                          income in the agricultural sector.
                                          Tourism has traditionally been an
                                          important source of income, with
                                          estimated arrivals of nearly 5
                                          million tourists in 1999. Growth
                                          fell off in 2001, largely due to the
                                          slowdown in the US economy.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $43.9
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.2% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $11,200
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1%
                                          industry: 45%
                                          services: 54% (1999 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.7% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.3 million (2000)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 3%, industry 20%,
                                          services 77% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 9.5% (2000)
                                  Budget: revenues: $6.7 billion
                                          expenditures: $9.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY99/00)
                              Industries: pharmaceuticals, electronics,
                                          apparel, food products; tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 20.497 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 99.22%
                                          hydro: 0.78%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 19.062 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugarcane, coffee, pineapples,
                                          plantains, bananas; livestock
                                          products, chickens
                                 Exports: $38.5 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: pharmaceuticals, electronics,
                                          apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage
                                          concentrates, medical equipment
                      Exports - partners: US 88% (2000)
                                 Imports: $27 billion (c.i.f., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: chemicals, machinery and equipment,
                                          clothing, food, fish, petroleum
                      Imports - partners: US 60% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: USD
                          Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
     Communications Puerto Rico
          Telephones - main lines in use: 1.322 million (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 169,265 (1996)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern system,
                                          integrated with that of the US by
                                          high-capacity submarine cable and
                                          Intelsat with high-speed data
                                          domestic: digital telephone system;
                                          cellular telephone service
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat; submarine
                                          cable to US
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 72, FM 17, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 2.7 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 18 (plus three stations of the US
                                          Armed Forces Radio and Television
                                          Service) (1997)
                             Televisions: 1.021 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .pr
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 76 (2000)
                          Internet users: 200,000 (2000)
     Transportation Puerto Rico
                                Railways: total: 96 km
                                          narrow gauge: 96 km 1.000-m gauge,
                                          note: rural, narrow-gauge system for
                                          hauling sugarcane; no passenger
                                          service (2001)
                                Highways: total: 14,400 km
                                          paved: 14,400 km
                                          unpaved: 0 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Guanica, Guayanilla, Guayama, Playa
                                          de Ponce, San Juan
                         Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 19,046 GRT/22,582 DWT
                                          ships by type: container 1 (2002
                                Airports: 30 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 19
                                          over 3,047 m: 3
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 8
                                          under 914 m: 5 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 11
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 9 (2001)
     Military Puerto Rico
                       Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                          forces; paramilitary National Guard,
                                          Police Force
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
     Transnational Issues Puerto Rico
                                                Disputes - international: none

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