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 for Portugal
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula;
           Portuguese explorers and colonists in the 15th and 16th
           centuries created a vast overseas empire (including Brazil)
           [syn: Portugal, Portuguese Republic]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Portugal
                              Background: Following its heyday as a world
                                          power during the 15th and 16th
                                          centuries, Portugal lost much of its
                                          wealth and status with the
                                          destruction of Lisbon in a 1755
                                          earthquake, occupation during the
                                          Napoleonic Wars, and the
                                          independence in 1822 of Brazil as a
                                          colony. A 1910 revolution deposed
                                          the monarchy; for most of the next
                                          six decades repressive governments
                                          ran the country. In 1974, a left-
                                          wing military coup installed broad
                                          democratic reforms. The following
                                          year Portugal granted independence
                                          to all of its African colonies.
                                          Portugal entered the EC (now the
                                          EU)in 1985.
     Geography Portugal
                                Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the
                                          North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain
                  Geographic coordinates: 39 30 N, 8 00 W
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 92,391 sq km
                                          land: 91,951 sq km
                                          note: includes Azores and Madeira
                                          water: 440 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,214 km
                                          border countries: Spain 1,214 km
                               Coastline: 1,793 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: maritime temperate; cool and rainy
                                          in north, warmer and drier in south
                                 Terrain: mountainous north of the Tagus
                                          River, rolling plains in south
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico
                                          or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the
                                          Azores 2,351 m
                       Natural resources: fish, forests (cork), tungsten, iron
                                          ore, uranium ore, marble, arable
                                          land, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 20.57%
                                          permanent crops: 7.74%
                                          other: 71.69% (1999 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 6,320 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: Azores subject to severe earthquakes
            Environment - current issues: soil erosion; air pollution caused
                                          by industrial and vehicle emissions;
                                          water pollution, especially in
                                          coastal areas
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution,
                              agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical
                                          Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile
                                          Organic Compounds, Environmental
                                          Modification, Nuclear Test Ban
                        Geography - note: Azores and Madeira Islands occupy
                                          strategic locations along western
                                          sea approaches to Strait of
     People Portugal
                              Population: 10,084,245 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.9% (male 875,485;
                                          female 827,670)
                                          15-64 years: 67.3% (male 3,324,215;
                                          female 3,463,301)
                                          65 years and over: 15.8% (male
                                          644,761; female 948,813) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.18% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 11.5 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 10.21 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.93 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 5.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.14 years
                                          female: 79.87 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 72.65 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.48 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.74% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 36,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 280 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Portuguese (singular and
                                          adjective: Portuguese
                           Ethnic groups: homogeneous Mediterranean stock;
                                          citizens of black African descent
                                          who immigrated to mainland during
                                          decolonization number less than
                                          100,000; since 1990 East Europeans
                                          have entered Portugal
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, Protestant
                               Languages: Portuguese
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 87.4%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Portugal
                            Country name: conventional long form: Portuguese
                                          conventional short form: Portugal
                                          local long form: Republica
                                          local short form: Portugal
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Lisbon
                Administrative divisions: 18 districts (distritos, singular -
                                          distrito) and 2 autonomous regions*
                                          (regioes autonomas, singular -
                                          regiao autonoma); Aveiro, Acores
                                          (Azores)*, Beja, Braga, Braganca,
                                          Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora,
                                          Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa,
                                          Madeira*, Portalegre, Porto,
                                          Santarem, Setubal, Viana do Castelo,
                                          Vila Real, Viseu
                            Independence: 1143 (independent republic
                                          proclaimed 5 October 1910)
                        National holiday: Portugal Day, 10 June (1580)
                            Constitution: 25 April 1976, revised 30 October
                                          1982, 1 June 1989, 5 November 1992,
                                          and 3 September 1997
                            Legal system: civil law system; the Constitutional
                                          Tribunal reviews the
                                          constitutionality of legislation;
                                          accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
                                          with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Jorge
                                          SAMPAIO (since 9 March 1996)
                                          note: there is also a Council of
                                          State that acts as a consultative
                                          body to the president
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Jose Manuel DURAO Barroso (since 6
                                          April 2002)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          recommendation of the prime minister
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 14 January 2001
                                          (next to be held NA January 2006);
                                          following legislative elections, the
                                          leader of the majority party or
                                          leader of a majority coalition is
                                          usually appointed prime minister by
                                          the president
                                          election results: Jorge SAMPAIO
                                          reelected president; percent of vote
                                          - Jorge SAMPAIO (Socialist) 55.8%,
                                          Joaquim FERREIRA Do Amaral (Social
                                          Democrat) 34.5%, Antonio ABREU
                                          (Communist) 5.1%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Assembly of the Republic
                                          or Assembleia da Republica (230
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          elections: last held 17 March 2002
                                          (next to be held NA 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PSD 40.1%, PS 37.8%, PP
                                          8.7%, PCP/PEV 6.9%, The Left Bloc
                                          2.7%; seats by party - PSD 105, PS
                                          96, PP 14, PCP/PEV 12, The Left Bloc
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal de
                                          Justica (judges appointed for life
                                          by the Conselho Superior da
           Political parties and leaders: The Greens or PEV [no leader];
                                          Popular Party or PP [Paulo PORTAS];
                                          Portuguese Communist Party/The
                                          Greens or PCP/PEV [Carlos
                                          CARVALHAS]; Portuguese Socialist
                                          Party or PS [Eduardo Ferro
                                          RODRIGUES]; Social Democratic Party
                                          or PSD [Jose Manuel DURAO Barroso];
                                          United Democratic Coalition or CDU
                                          [leader NA]; The Left Bloc [no
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization AfDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE,
                           participation: CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, EIB,
                                          EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU,
                                          LAIA (observer), MINURSO, NAM
                                          (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIBH,
                                          UNMIK, UNMOP, UNTAET, UPU, WCL, WEU,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Joao
                                          Alberto Bacelar ROCHA PARIS
                                          consulate(s): Los Angeles, New
                                          Bedford (Massachusetts), Providence
                                          (Rhode Island)
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston, New
                                          York, Newark (New Jersey), and San
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 462-3726
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 328-8610
                                          chancery: 2125 Kalorama Road NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador-
                                      US: designate John N. PALMER
                                          embassy: Avenida das Forcas Armadas,
                                          1600-081 Lisbon
                                          mailing address: PSC 83, APO AE
                                          telephone: [351] (21) 727-3300
                                          FAX: [351] (21) 727-9109
                                          consulate(s): Ponta Delgada (Azores)
                        Flag description: two vertical bands of green (hoist
                                          side, two-fifths) and red (three-
                                          fifths) with the Portuguese coat of
                                          arms centered on the dividing line
     Economy Portugal
                      Economy - overview: Portugal has become a diversified
                                          and increasingly service-based
                                          economy since joining the European
                                          Community in 1986. Over the past
                                          decade, successive governments have
                                          privatized many state-controlled
                                          firms and liberalized key areas of
                                          the economy, including the financial
                                          and telecommunications sectors. The
                                          country qualified for the European
                                          Monetary Union (EMU) in 1998 and
                                          began circulating its new currency,
                                          the euro, on 1 January 2002 along
                                          with 11 other EU member economies.
                                          Economic growth has been above the
                                          EU average for much of the past
                                          decade, but GDP per capita stands at
                                          just 75% of that of the leading EU
                                          economies. The government has failed
                                          to reign in a widening deficit and
                                          to advance structural reforms needed
                                          to boost Portugal's economic
                                          competitiveness. A poor educational
                                          system, in particular, has been an
                                          obstacle to greater productivity and
                                          growth. Portugal has been
                                          increasingly overshadowed by lower-
                                          cost producers in Central Europe and
                                          Asia as a target for foreign direct
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $174.1
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.7% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $17,300
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3.8%
                                          industry: 30.5%
                                          services: 65.7% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.1%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 28.4% (1995 est.)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 35.6 (1994-95)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.4% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 5.1 million (2000)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 60%, industry 30%,
                                          agriculture 10% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 4.4% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $45 billion
                                          expenditures: $48 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2001
                              Industries: textiles and footwear; wood pulp,
                                          paper, and cork; metalworking; oil
                                          refining; chemicals; fish canning;
                                          wine; tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 43.242 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 70.03%
                                          hydro: 25.91%
                                          other: 4.06% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 41.146 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 3.767 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 4.698 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: grain, potatoes, olives, grapes;
                                          sheep, cattle, goats, poultry, beef,
                                          dairy products
                                 Exports: $24.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: clothing and footwear, machinery,
                                          chemicals, cork and paper products,
                      Exports - partners: EU 79% (Spain 19%, Germany 18%,
                                          France 13%, UK 11%, Benelux 6%), US
                                          6% (2000)
                                 Imports: $37.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          chemicals, petroleum, textiles,
                                          agricultural products
                      Imports - partners: EU 74% (Spain 25%, Germany 14%,
                                          France 11%, Italy 7%, UK 6%), US 3%,
                                          Japan 3% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $13.1 billion (1997 est.)
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $271 million (1995)
                                Currency: euro (EUR); Portuguese escudo (PTE)
                                          note: on 1 January 1999, the
                                          European Monetary Union introduced
                                          the euro as a common currency to be
                                          used by financial institutions of
                                          member countries; on 1 January 2002,
                                          the euro became the sole currency
                                          for everyday transactions within the
                                          member countries
                           Currency code: EUR; PTE
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
                                          1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999);
                                          Portuguese escudos per US dollar -
                                          180.10 (1998), 175.31 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Portugal
          Telephones - main lines in use: 5.3 million (yearend 1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 3,074,194 (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: undergoing rapid
                                          development in recent years,
                                          Portugal's telephone system, by the
                                          end of 1998, achieved a state-of-
                                          the-art network with broadband,
                                          high-speed capabilities and a main
                                          line telephone density of 53%
                                          domestic: integrated network of
                                          coaxial cables, open wire, microwave
                                          radio relay, and domestic satellite
                                          earth stations
                                          international: 6 submarine cables;
                                          satellite earth stations - 3
                                          Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1
                                          Indian Ocean), NA Eutelsat;
                                          tropospheric scatter to Azores; note
                                          - an earth station for Inmarsat
                                          (Atlantic Ocean region) is planned
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 47, FM 172 (many are repeaters),
                                          shortwave 2 (1998)
                                  Radios: 3.02 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 62 (plus 166 repeaters)
                                          note: includes Azores and Madeira
                                          Islands (1995)
                             Televisions: 3.31 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .pt
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 16 (2000)
                          Internet users: 2 million (2001)
     Transportation Portugal
                                Railways: total: 2,850 km
                                          broad gauge: 2,576 km 1.668-m gauge
                                          (623 km electrified; 426 km double-
                                          narrow gauge: 274 km 1.000-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 68,732 km
                                          paved: 59,110 km (including 797 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 9,622 km (1999)
                               Waterways: 820 km
                                          note: relatively unimportant to
                                          national economy, used by shallow-
                                          draft craft limited to 300 metric-
                                          ton or less cargo capacity
                               Pipelines: crude oil 22 km; petroleum products
                                          58 km; natural gas 700 km
                                          note: the secondary lines for the
                                          natural gas pipeline that will be
                                          300 km long have not yet been built
                       Ports and harbors: Aveiro, Funchal (Madeira Islands),
                                          Horta (Azores), Leixoes, Lisbon,
                                          Porto, Ponta Delgada (Azores), Praia
                                          da Vitoria (Azores), Setubal, Viana
                                          do Castelo
                         Merchant marine: total: 140 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 1,001,440 GRT/1,519,701 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 10, cargo 71,
                                          chemical tanker 17, container 10,
                                          liquefied gas 8, multi-functional
                                          large-load carrier 1, petroleum
                                          tanker 10, refrigerated cargo 1,
                                          roll on/roll off 6, short-sea
                                          passenger 4, vehicle carrier 2
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Belgium 1, British
                                          Virgin Islands 1, Cyprus 1, Denmark
                                          6, Germany 20, Greece 1, Iceland 1,
                                          Italy 16, Lebanon 1, Liberia 1,
                                          Monaco 2, Norway 5, Panama 5, Spain
                                          22, Switzerland 8, United Kingdom 1,
                                          Virgin Islands (UK) 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 67 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 40
                                          over 3,047 m: 5
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 14
                                          under 914 m: 7 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 27
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 26 (2001)
     Military Portugal
                       Military branches: Army, Navy (PON) (includes Marines),
                                          Air Force, Republican Guard
                                          (includes Fiscal Guard)
        Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,525,848 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,024,526 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 71,404 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $1.286 billion (FY99/00)
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.2% (FY99/00)
     Transnational Issues Portugal
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: gateway country for Latin American
                                          cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin
                                          entering the European market;
                                          transshipment point for hashish from
                                          North Africa to Europe; consumer of
                                          Southwest Asian heroin

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