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2 definitions found
 for Pit viper
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Pit \Pit\, n. [OE. pit, put, AS. pytt a pit, hole, L. puteus a
     well, pit.]
     1. A large cavity or hole in the ground, either natural or
        artificial; a cavity in the surface of a body; an
        indentation; specifically:
        (a) The shaft of a coal mine; a coal pit.
        (b) A large hole in the ground from which material is dug
            or quarried; as, a stone pit; a gravel pit; or in
            which material is made by burning; as, a lime pit; a
            charcoal pit.
        (c) A vat sunk in the ground; as, a tan pit.
            [1913 Webster]
                  Tumble me into some loathsome pit. --Shak.
            [1913 Webster]
     2. Any abyss; especially, the grave, or hades.
        [1913 Webster]
              Back to the infernal pit I drag thee chained.
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              He keepth back his soul from the pit. --Job xxxiii.
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     3. A covered deep hole for entrapping wild beasts; a pitfall;
        hence, a trap; a snare. Also used figuratively.
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              The anointed of the Lord was taken in their pits.
                                                    --Lam. iv. 20.
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     4. A depression or hollow in the surface of the human body;
        (a) The hollow place under the shoulder or arm; the
            axilla, or armpit.
        (b) See Pit of the stomach (below).
        (c) The indentation or mark left by a pustule, as in
            [1913 Webster]
     5. Formerly, that part of a theater, on the floor of the
        house, below the level of the stage and behind the
        orchestra; now, in England, commonly the part behind the
        stalls; in the United States, the parquet; also, the
        occupants of such a part of a theater.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. An inclosed area into which gamecocks, dogs, and other
        animals are brought to fight, or where dogs are trained to
        kill rats. "As fiercely as two gamecocks in the pit."
        [1913 Webster]
     7. [Cf. D. pit, akin to E. pith.] (Bot.)
        (a) The endocarp of a drupe, and its contained seed or
            seeds; a stone; as, a peach pit; a cherry pit, etc.
        (b) A depression or thin spot in the wall of a duct.
            [1913 Webster]
     Cold pit (Hort.), an excavation in the earth, lined with
        masonry or boards, and covered with glass, but not
        artificially heated, -- used in winter for the storing and
        protection of half-hardly plants, and sometimes in the
        spring as a forcing bed.
     Pit coal, coal dug from the earth; mineral coal.
     Pit frame, the framework over the shaft of a coal mine.
     Pit head, the surface of the ground at the mouth of a pit
        or mine.
     Pit kiln, an oven for coking coal.
     Pit martin (Zool.), the bank swallow. [Prov. Eng.]
     Pit of the stomach (Anat.), the depression on the middle
        line of the epigastric region of the abdomen at the lower
        end of the sternum; the infrasternal depression.
     Pit saw (Mech.), a saw worked by two men, one of whom
        stands on the log and the other beneath it. The place of
        the latter is often in a pit, whence the name.
     pit stop, See pit stop in the vocabulary.
     Pit viper (Zool.), any viperine snake having a deep pit on
        each side of the snout. The rattlesnake and copperhead are
     Working pit (Min.), a shaft in which the ore is hoisted and
        the workmen carried; -- in distinction from a shaft used
        for the pumps.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  pit viper
      n 1: New World vipers with hollow fangs and a heat-sensitive pit
           on each side of the head

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