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 for Philippines
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Philippines \Philippines\ prop. n.
     An East Asian country occupying the Phillipine Islands.
     Syn: Republic of the Philippines.
          [WordNet 1.5]
     2. An archipelago off the eastern coast of Asia.
     Syn: Philippine Islands.
          [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence
           from the United States in 1946 [syn: Philippines,
           Republic of the Philippines]
      2: an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some
         7000 islands [syn: Philippines, Philippine Islands]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Philippines
                              Background: The Philippines were ceded by Spain
                                          to the US in 1898 following the
                                          Spanish-American War. They attained
                                          their independence in 1946 after
                                          Japanese occupation in World War II.
                                          The 21-year rule of Ferdinand MARCOS
                                          ended in 1986 when a widespread
                                          popular rebellion forced him into
                                          exile. In 1992, the US closed its
                                          last military bases on the islands.
                                          The Philippines has had two
                                          electoral presidential transitions
                                          since Marcos' removal by "people
                                          power." In January 2001, the Supreme
                                          Court declared Joseph ESTRADA unable
                                          to rule in view of mass resignations
                                          from his government and administered
                                          the oath of office to Vice President
                                          Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO as his
                                          constitutional successor. The
                                          government continues to struggle
                                          with ongoing Muslim insurgencies in
                                          the south.
     Geography Philippines
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago
                                          between the Philippine Sea and the
                                          South China Sea, east of Vietnam
                  Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 122 00 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 300,000 sq km
                                          water: 1,830 sq km
                                          land: 298,170 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Arizona
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 36,289 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: to depth of
                                          territorial sea: irregular polygon
                                          extending up to 100 NM from
                                          coastline as defined by 1898 treaty;
                                          since late 1970s has also claimed
                                          polygonal-shaped area in South China
                                          Sea up to 285 NM in breadth
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical marine; northeast monsoon
                                          (November to April); southwest
                                          monsoon (May to October)
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to
                                          extensive coastal lowlands
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m
                       Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt,
                                          silver, gold, salt, copper
                                Land use: arable land: 18.45%
                                          permanent crops: 14.76%
                                          other: 66.8% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 15,500 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: astride typhoon belt, usually
                                          affected by 15 and struck by five to
                                          six cyclonic storms per year;
                                          landslides; active volcanoes;
                                          destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
            Environment - current issues: uncontrolled deforestation in
                                          watershed areas; soil erosion; air
                                          and water pollution in Manila;
                                          increasing pollution of coastal
                                          mangrove swamps which are important
                                          fish breeding grounds
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: favorably located in relation to
                                          many of Southeast Asia's main water
                                          bodies: the South China Sea,
                                          Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes
                                          Sea, and Luzon Strait
     People Philippines
                              Population: 84,525,639 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.6% (male 15,731,451;
                                          female 15,169,264)
                                          15-64 years: 59.7% (male 24,990,500;
                                          female 25,478,245)
                                          65 years and over: 3.7% (male
                                          1,399,862; female 1,756,317) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 1.99% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 26.88 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.95 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 27.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.12 years
                                          female: 71.12 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 65.26 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.35 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.07% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 28,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,200 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Filipino(s)
                                          adjective: Philippine
                           Ethnic groups: Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay
                                          4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 83%, Protestant 9%,
                                          Muslim 5%, Buddhist and other 3%
                               Languages: two official languages - Filipino
                                          (based on Tagalog) and English;
                                          eight major dialects - Tagalog,
                                          Cebuano, Ilocan, Hiligaynon or
                                          Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 94.6%
                                          male: 95%
                                          female: 94.3% (1995 est.)
     Government Philippines
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          the Philippines
                                          conventional short form: Philippines
                                          local short form: Pilipinas
                                          local long form: Republika ng
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Manila
                Administrative divisions: 73 provinces and 61 chartered
                                          cities*; Abra, Agusan del Norte,
                                          Agusan del Sur, Aklan, Albay,
                                          Angeles*, Antique, Aurora, Bacolod*,
                                          Bago*, Baguio*, Bais*, Basilan,
                                          Basilan City*, Bataan, Batanes,
                                          Batangas, Batangas City*, Benguet,
                                          Bohol, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Butuan*,
                                          Cabanatuan*, Cadiz*, Cagayan,
                                          Cagayan de Oro*, Calbayog*,
                                          Caloocan*, Camarines Norte,
                                          Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Canlaon*,
                                          Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Cavite
                                          City*, Cebu, Cebu City*, Cotabato*,
                                          Dagupan*, Danao*, Dapitan*, Davao
                                          City*, Davao del Norte, Davao del
                                          Sur, Davao Oriental, Dipolog*,
                                          Dumaguete*, Eastern Samar, General
                                          Santos*, Gingoog*, Ifugao, Iligan*,
                                          Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo,
                                          Iloilo City*, Iriga*, Isabela,
                                          Kalinga-Apayao, La Carlota*, Laguna,
                                          Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur,
                                          Laoag*, Lapu-Lapu*, La Union,
                                          Legaspi*, Leyte, Lipa*, Lucena*,
                                          Maguindanao, Mandaue*, Manila*,
                                          Marawi*, Marinduque, Masbate,
                                          Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro
                                          Oriental, Misamis Occidental,
                                          Misamis Oriental, Mountain, Naga*,
                                          Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental,
                                          North Cotabato, Northern Samar,
                                          Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya,
                                          Olongapo*, Ormoc*, Oroquieta*,
                                          Ozamis*, Pagadian*, Palawan,
                                          Palayan*, Pampanga, Pangasinan,
                                          Pasay*, Puerto Princesa*, Quezon,
                                          Quezon City*, Quirino, Rizal,
                                          Romblon, Roxas*, Samar, San Carlos*
                                          (in Negros Occidental), San Carlos*
                                          (in Pangasinan), San Jose*, San
                                          Pablo*, Silay*, Siquijor, Sorsogon,
                                          South Cotabato, Southern Leyte,
                                          Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Surigao*,
                                          Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur,
                                          Tacloban*, Tagaytay*, Tagbilaran*,
                                          Tangub*, Tarlac, Tawi-Tawi, Toledo*,
                                          Trece Martires*, Zambales,
                                          Zamboanga*, Zamboanga del Norte,
                                          Zamboanga del Sur
                            Independence: 4 July 1946 (from US)
                        National holiday: Independence Day (from Spain), 12
                                          June (1898); note - 12 June 1898 is
                                          the date of independence from Spain,
                                          4 July 1946 is the date of
                                          independence from the US
                            Constitution: 2 February 1987, effective 11
                                          February 1987
                            Legal system: based on Spanish and Anglo-American
                                          law; accepts compulsory ICJ
                                          jurisdiction, with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Gloria
                                          MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 January
                                          2001) and Vice President Teofisto
                                          GUINGONA (since 20 January 2001);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          head of government: President Gloria
                                          MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 January
                                          2001) and Vice President Teofisto
                                          GUINGONA (since 20 January 2001);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president with the consent of the
                                          Commission of Appointments
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on separate
                                          tickets by popular vote for six-year
                                          terms; election last held 11 May
                                          1998 (next to be held 16 May 2004)
                                          election results: results of the
                                          last presidential election - Joseph
                                          Ejercito ESTRADA elected president;
                                          percent of vote - approximately 40%;
                                          Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO elected vice
                                          president; percent of vote - 55%;
                                          note - on 20 January 2001, Vice
                                          President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO
                                          was sworn in as the constitutional
                                          successor to President Joseph
                                          ESTRADA after the Supreme Court
                                          declared that ESTRADA was unable to
                                          rule in view of the mass
                                          resignations from his government;
                                          according to the Constitution, only
                                          in cases of death, permanent
                                          disability, removal from office, or
                                          resignation of the president, can
                                          the vice president serve for the
                                          unexpired term
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Congress or Kongreso
                                          consists of the Senate or Senado (24
                                          seats - one-half elected every three
                                          years; members elected by popular
                                          vote to serve six-year terms) and
                                          the House of Representatives or
                                          Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (214
                                          seats; members elected by popular
                                          vote to serve three-year terms; note
                                          - additional members may be
                                          appointed by the president but the
                                          Constitution prohibits the House of
                                          Representatives from having more
                                          than 250 members)
                                          elections: Senate - last held 14 May
                                          2001 (next to be held 16 May 2004);
                                          House of Representatives - elections
                                          last held 14 May 2001 (next to be
                                          held 16 May 2004)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - Lakas 13, PDP-Laban/LDP 11;
                                          House of Representatives - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - Lakas 86, NPC 51, LDP 21, LP
                                          20, independents 10, other 26
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (justices are
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          recommendation of the Judicial and
                                          Bar Council and serve until 70 years
                                          of age)
           Political parties and leaders: Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society
                                          Movement) [Imelda MARCOS]; Laban Ng
                                          Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of
                                          Filipino Democrats) or LDP [Eduardo
                                          ANGARA]; Lakas [Jose DE VENECIA,
                                          party president]; Liberal Party or
                                          LP [Florencio ABAD]; Nacionalista
                                          Party [Jose OLIVEROS]; National
                                          People's Coalition or NPC [Eduardo
                                          COJUANGCO]; PDP-Laban [Aquilino
                                          PIMENTEL]; People's Reform Party or
                                          PRP [Miriam DEFENSOR-SANTIAGO]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, CCC, CP,
                           participation: ESCAP, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM,
                                          OAS (observer), OPCW, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNTAET,
                                          UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Albert
                                          DEL ROSARIO
                                          consulate(s): San Diego
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago,
                                          Honolulu, Los Angeles, New York, San
                                          Francisco, San Jose (Northern
                                          Mariana Islands), Tamuning (Guam)
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 328-7614
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 333-6000
                                          chancery: 1600 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20036
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Francis
                                      US: RICCIARDONE
                                          embassy: 1201 Roxas Boulevard,
                                          Ermita 1000 Manila
                                          mailing address: FPO 96515
                                          telephone: [63] (2) 523-1001
                                          FAX: [63] (2) 522-4361
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top) and red with a white
                                          equilateral triangle based on the
                                          hoist side; in the center of the
                                          triangle is a yellow sun with eight
                                          primary rays (each containing three
                                          individual rays) and in each corner
                                          of the triangle is a small yellow
                                          five-pointed star
     Economy Philippines
                      Economy - overview: In 1998 the Philippine economy - a
                                          mixture of agriculture, light
                                          industry, and supporting services -
                                          deteriorated as a result of
                                          spillover from the Asian financial
                                          crisis and poor weather conditions.
                                          Growth fell to 0.6% in 1998 from 5%
                                          in 1997, but recovered to about 3%
                                          in 1999 and 4% in 2000. The
                                          government has promised to continue
                                          its economic reforms to help the
                                          Philippines match the pace of
                                          development in the newly
                                          industrialized countries of East
                                          Asia. The strategy includes
                                          improving infrastructure,
                                          overhauling the tax system to
                                          bolster government revenues,
                                          furthering deregulation and
                                          privatization of the economy, and
                                          increasing trade integration with
                                          the region. Prospects for 2002
                                          depend heavily on the economic
                                          performance of two major trading
                                          partners, the US and Japan.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $335
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.8% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17%
                                          industry: 30%
                                          services: 53% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 40% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.5%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 39.3% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 46.2 (1997)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 32 million (2000)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 39.8%, government and
                                          social services 19.4%, services
                                          17.7%, manufacturing 9.8%,
                                          construction 5.8%, other 7.5% (1998
                       Unemployment rate: 10% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $10.9 billion
                                          expenditures: $13.8 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: textiles, pharmaceuticals,
                                          chemicals, wood products, food
                                          processing, electronics assembly,
                                          petroleum refining, fishing
       Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 40.667 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 57.57%
                                          hydro: 19.85%
                                          other: 22.58% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 37.82 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane,
                                          bananas, pineapples, mangoes; pork,
                                          eggs, beef; fish
                                 Exports: $37 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: electronic equipment, machinery and
                                          transport equipment, garments,
                                          coconut products
                      Exports - partners: US 30%, Japan 15%, Netherlands 8%,
                                          Singapore 8%, Taiwan 8%, Hong Kong
                                          5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $30 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: raw materials and intermediate
                                          goods, capital goods, consumer
                                          goods, fuels
                      Imports - partners: Japan 19%, US 16%, EU 9%, South
                                          Korea 8%, Singapore 6%, Taiwan 6%
                         Debt - external: $50 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $1.1 billion (1998)
                                Currency: Philippine peso (PHP)
                           Currency code: PHP
                          Exchange rates: Philippine pesos per US dollar -
                                          51.201 (January 2002), 50.993
                                          (2001), 44.192 (2000), 39.089
                                          (1999), 40.893 (1998), 29.471 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Philippines
          Telephones - main lines in use: 3.1 million (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 6.5 million (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: good
                                          international radiotelephone and
                                          submarine cable services; domestic
                                          and interisland service adequate
                                          domestic: domestic satellite system
                                          with 11 earth stations
                                          international: 9 international
                                          gateways; satellite earth stations -
                                          3 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 2
                                          Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to
                                          Hong Kong, Guam, Singapore, Taiwan,
                                          and Japan
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 366, FM 290, shortwave 5
                                          note: each shortwave station
                                          operates on multiple frequencies in
                                          the language of the target audience
                                  Radios: 11.5 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 75 (2000)
                             Televisions: 3.7 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ph
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 33 (2000)
                          Internet users: 2 million (2001)
     Transportation Philippines
                                Railways: total: 897 km
                                          narrow gauge: 897 km 1.067-m gauge
                                          (405 km are not in operation) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 199,950 km
                                          paved: 39,590 km
                                          unpaved: 160,360 km (1998 est.)
                               Waterways: 3,219 km
                                          note: limited to vessels with a
                                          draft of less than 1.5 m
                               Pipelines: petroleum products 357 km
                       Ports and harbors: Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu,
                                          Davao, Guimaras Island, Iligan,
                                          Iloilo, Jolo, Legaspi, Manila,
                                          Masao, Puerto Princesa, San
                                          Fernando, Subic Bay, Zamboanga
                         Merchant marine: total: 416 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 5,179,029 GRT/7,670,688 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 134, cargo 112,
                                          chemical tanker 2, combination bulk
                                          7, container 5, liquefied gas 9,
                                          livestock carrier 9, passenger 4,
                                          passenger/cargo 10, petroleum tanker
                                          41, refrigerated cargo 20, roll on/
                                          roll off 14, short-sea passenger 29,
                                          specialized tanker 2, vehicle
                                          carrier 18
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Australia 2, Canada 1,
                                          Germany 3, Greece 8, Hong Kong 13,
                                          Japan 47, Malaysia 19, Netherlands
                                          14, Norway 8, Panama 3, Singapore
                                          12, South Korea 1, Taiwan 2, United
                                          Kingdom 7 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 275 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 77
                                          over 3,047 m: 4
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 30
                                          under 914 m: 12 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 26
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 198
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 119 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 74
                               Heliports: 2 (2001)
     Military Philippines
                        Military branches: Army, Navy (including Coast Guard
                                           and Marine Corps), Air Force,
                                           paramilitary units
         Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 21,718,304 (2002
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 15,285,248 (2002
                                  service: est.)
              Military manpower - reaching males: 848,181 (2002 est.)
                    military age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $995 million (FY98)
        Military expenditures - percent of 1.5% (FY98)
     Transnational Issues Philippines
                Disputes - international: Sultanate of Sulu granted
                                          Philippines Government power of
                                          attorney to pursue his sovereignty
                                          claim over Malaysia's Sabah State,
                                          to which the Philippines have not
                                          fully revoked their claim; involved
                                          in a complex dispute over the
                                          Spratly Islands with China,
                                          Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, and
                                          possibly Brunei
                           Illicit drugs: exports locally produced marijuana
                                          and hashish to East Asia, the US,
                                          and other Western markets; serves as
                                          a transit point for heroin and
                                          crystal methamphetamine

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