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2 definitions found
 for Paraguay
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a landlocked republic in south central South America;
           achieved independence from Spain in 1811 [syn: Paraguay,
           Republic of Paraguay]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Paraguay
                              Background: In the disastrous War of the Triple
                                          Alliance (1865-70), Paraguay lost
                                          two-thirds of all adult males and
                                          much of its territory. It stagnated
                                          economically for the next half
                                          century. In the Chaco War of 1932-
                                          35, large, economically important
                                          areas were won from Bolivia. The 35-
                                          year military dictatorship of
                                          Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown in
                                          1989, and, despite a marked increase
                                          in political infighting in recent
                                          years, relatively free and regular
                                          presidential elections have been
                                          held since then.
     Geography Paraguay
                                Location: Central South America, northeast of
                  Geographic coordinates: 23 00 S, 58 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 406,750 sq km
                                          water: 9,450 sq km
                                          land: 397,300 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than California
                         Land boundaries: total: 3,920 km
                                          border countries: Argentina 1,880
                                          km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: subtropical to temperate;
                                          substantial rainfall in the eastern
                                          portions, becoming semiarid in the
                                          far west
                                 Terrain: grassy plains and wooded hills east
                                          of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region
                                          west of Rio Paraguay mostly low,
                                          marshy plain near the river, and dry
                                          forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of Rio
                                          Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
                                          highest point: Cerro Pero (Cerro
                                          Tres Kandu) 842 m
                       Natural resources: hydropower, timber, iron ore,
                                          manganese, limestone
                                Land use: arable land: 5.54%
                                          permanent crops: 0.21%
                                          other: 94.25% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 670 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: local flooding in southeast (early
                                          September to June); poorly drained
                                          plains may become boggy (early
                                          October to June)
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; water pollution;
                                          inadequate means for waste disposal
                                          present health risks for many urban
                                          residents; loss of wetlands
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Nuclear
                                          Test Ban
                        Geography - note: landlocked; lies between Argentina,
                                          Bolivia, and Brazil; population
                                          concentrated in southern part of
     People Paraguay
                              Population: 5,884,491 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 38.7% (male 1,156,366;
                                          female 1,119,558)
                                          15-64 years: 56.6% (male 1,671,721;
                                          female 1,658,683)
                                          65 years and over: 4.7% (male
                                          128,137; female 150,026) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.57% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 30.5 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 4.69 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -0.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 28.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.16 years
                                          female: 76.77 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.67 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.07 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.11% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 3,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 220 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Paraguayan(s)
                                          adjective: Paraguayan
                           Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Spanish and
                                          Amerindian) 95%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Mennonite, and
                                          other Protestant
                               Languages: Spanish (official), Guarani
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 92.1%
                                          male: 93.5%
                                          female: 90.6% (1995 est.)
     Government Paraguay
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Paraguay
                                          local short form: Paraguay
                                          local long form: Republica del
                         Government type: constitutional republic
                                 Capital: Asuncion
                Administrative divisions: 17 departments (departamentos,
                                          singular - departamento) and 1
                                          capital city*; Alto Paraguay, Alto
                                          Parana, Amambay, Asuncion*,
                                          Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa,
                                          Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion,
                                          Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua,
                                          Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari,
                                          Presidente Hayes, San Pedro
                            Independence: 14 May 1811 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 14 May (1811)
                            Constitution: promulgated 20 June 1992
                            Legal system: based on Argentine codes, Roman law,
                                          and French codes; judicial review of
                                          legislative acts in Supreme Court of
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                                          compulsory up to age 75
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Luis Angel
                                          GONZALEZ MACCHI (since 28 March
                                          1999); Vice President Julio Cesar
                                          FRANCO (since NA August 2000); note
                                          - the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          head of government: President Luis
                                          Angel GONZALEZ MACCHI (since 28
                                          March 1999); Vice President Julio
                                          Cesar FRANCO (since NA August 2000);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          nominated by the president
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          by popular vote for five-year terms;
                                          election last held 10 May 1998 (next
                                          to be held NA May 2003)
                                          note: President Luis Angel GONZALEZ
                                          MACCHI, formerly president of the
                                          Chamber of Senators,
                                          constitutionally succeeded President
                                          Raul CUBAS Grau, who resigned after
                                          being impeached soon after the
                                          assassination of Vice President Luis
                                          Maria ARGANA; the successor to
                                          ARGANA was decided in an election
                                          held in August 2000
                                          election results: Raul CUBAS Grau
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          55.3%; resigned 28 March 1999
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Congress or Congreso
                                          consists of the Chamber of Senators
                                          or Camara de Senadores (45 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve five-year terms) and the
                                          Chamber of Deputies or Camara de
                                          Diputados (80 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          election results: Chamber of
                                          Senators - percent of vote by party
                                          - NA%; seats by party - Colorado
                                          Party 25, PLRA 13, PEN 7; Chamber of
                                          Deputies - percent of vote by party
                                          - NA%; seats by party - Colorado
                                          Party 45, PLRA 26, PEN 9
                                          elections: Chamber of Senators -
                                          last held 10 May 1998 (next to be
                                          held NA May 2003); Chamber of
                                          Deputies - last held 10 May 1998
                                          (next to be held NA May 2003)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte
                                          Suprema de Justicia (judges
                                          appointed on the proposal of the
                                          Counsel of Magistrates or Consejo de
                                          la Magistratura)
           Political parties and leaders: Authentic Radical Liberal Party or
                                          PLRA [Miguel Abdon SAGUIER];
                                          Christian Democratic Party or PDC
                                          [Luis Miguel ANDRADA Nogues];
                                          Febrerista Revolutionary Party or
                                          PRF [Oscar ACUNA TORRES]; National
                                          Encounter Party or PEN [Mario PAZ
                                          CASTAING]; National Republican
                                          Association - Colorado Party
                                          [Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS]
            Political pressure groups and Ahorristas Estafados or AE; National
                                 leaders: Workers Central or CNT; Paraguayan
                                          Workers Confederation or CPT; Roman
                                          Catholic Church; Unitary Workers
                                          Central or CUT
               International organization CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU,
                                          LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MONUC, NAM
                                          (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA,
                                          RG, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Leila
                                          Teresa RACHID COWLES
                                          chancery: 2400 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: Kansas City,
                                          Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 234-4508
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 483-6960
                                          through 6962
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador David
                                      US: N. GREENLEE
                                          embassy: 1776 Avenida Mariscal
                                          Lopez, Casilla Postal 402, Asuncion
                                          mailing address: Unit 4711, APO AA
                                          telephone: [595] (21) 213-715
                                          FAX: [595] (21) 213-728
                        Flag description: three equal, horizontal bands of red
                                          (top), white, and blue with an
                                          emblem centered in the white band;
                                          unusual flag in that the emblem is
                                          different on each side; the obverse
                                          (hoist side at the left) bears the
                                          national coat of arms (a yellow
                                          five-pointed star within a green
                                          wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA
                                          DEL PARAGUAY, all within two
                                          circles); the reverse (hoist side at
                                          the right) bears the seal of the
                                          treasury (a yellow lion below a red
                                          Cap of Liberty and the words Paz y
                                          Justicia (Peace and Justice) capped
                                          by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY,
                                          all within two circles)
     Economy Paraguay
                      Economy - overview: Paraguay has a market economy marked
                                          by a large informal sector. The
                                          informal sector features both
                                          reexport of imported consumer goods
                                          to neighboring countries as well as
                                          the activities of thousands of
                                          microenterprises and urban street
                                          vendors. Because of the importance
                                          of the informal sector, accurate
                                          economic measures are difficult to
                                          obtain. A large percentage of the
                                          population derives their living from
                                          agricultural activity, often on a
                                          subsistence basis. The formal
                                          economy grew by an average of about
                                          3% annually in 1995-97, but GDP
                                          declined slightly in 1998, 1999, and
                                          2000. On a per capita basis, real
                                          income has stagnated at 1980 levels.
                                          Most observers attribute Paraguay's
                                          poor economic performance to
                                          political uncertainty, corruption,
                                          lack of progress on structural
                                          reform, substantial internal and
                                          external debt, and deficient
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $26.2
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 0% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 29%
                                          industry: 26%
                                          services: 45% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 36% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 0.5%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 43.8% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 57.7 (1998)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.2% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 2 million (2000 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 45%
                       Unemployment rate: 17.8% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.3 billion
                                          expenditures: $2 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $700 million
                                          (1999 est.)
                              Industries: sugar, cement, textiles, beverages,
                                          wood products
       Industrial production growth rate: 0% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 53.056 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 0.04%
                                          hydro: 99.85%
                                          other: 0.11% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.95 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 47.392 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn,
                                          wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca),
                                          fruits, vegetables; beef, pork,
                                          eggs, milk; timber
                                 Exports: $2.2 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: electricity, soybeans, feed, cotton,
                                          meat, edible oils
                      Exports - partners: Brazil 39%, Uruguay 14%, Argentina
                                          11% (2000)
                                 Imports: $2.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: road vehicles, consumer goods,
                                          tobacco, petroleum products,
                                          electrical machinery
                      Imports - partners: Argentina 25.4%, Brazil 24.5%,
                                          Uruguay 3.8% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $2.9 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: guarani (PYG)
                           Currency code: PYG
                          Exchange rates: guarani per US dollar - 4,783.0
                                          (January 2002), 4,107.7 (2001),
                                          3,486.4 (2000), 3,119.1 (1999),
                                          2,726.5 (1998), 2,177.9 (1997); note
                                          - since early 1998, the exchange
                                          rate has operated as a managed
                                          float; prior to that, the exchange
                                          rate was determined freely in the
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Paraguay
          Telephones - main lines in use: 290,475 (2001)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 510,000 (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: meager telephone
                                          service; principal switching center
                                          is Asuncion
                                          domestic: fair microwave radio relay
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 46, FM 27, shortwave 6 (three
                                          inactive) (1998)
                                  Radios: 925,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 4 (2001)
                             Televisions: 990,000 (2001)
                   Internet country code: .py
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4 (2000)
                          Internet users: 20,000 (2000)
     Transportation Paraguay
                                Railways: total: 971 km
                                          standard gauge: 441 km 1.435-m gauge
                                          note: there are 470 km of various
                                          gauges that are privately owned
                                          narrow gauge: 60 km 1.000-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 25,901 km
                                          paved: 3,067 km
                                          unpaved: 22,834 km (2001)
                               Waterways: 3,100 km
                       Ports and harbors: Asuncion, Villeta, San Antonio,
                         Merchant marine: total: 21 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 34,623 GRT/36,821 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 14, chemical
                                          tanker 1, petroleum tanker 3, roll
                                          on/roll off 3
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Argentina 2, Japan 1
                                          (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 899 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 11
                                          over 3,047 m: 3
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 888
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 28
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 332
                                          under 914 m: 528 (2001)
     Military Paraguay
                        Military branches: Army, Navy (includes Naval Air and
                                           Marines), Air Force
         Military manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,427,160 (2002
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,028,935 (2002
                                  service: est.)
     Military manpower - reaching military males: 58,359 (2002 est.)
                             age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $125 million (FY98)
        Military expenditures - percent of 1.4% (FY98)
     Transnational Issues Paraguay
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: major illicit producer of cannabis,
                                          most or all of which is consumed in
                                          South America; transshipment country
                                          for Andean cocaine headed for
                                          Brazil, other Southern Cone markets,
                                          Europe, and US

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