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2 definitions found
 for Papua New Guinea
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Papua New Guinea
      n 1: a parliamentary democracy on the eastern half of the island
           of New Guinea; in 1975 it became an independent state
           within the Commonwealth of Nations [syn: Papua New
           Guinea, Independent State of Papua New Guinea]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Papua New Guinea
     Introduction Papua New Guinea
                              Background: The eastern half of the island of
                                          New Guinea - second largest in the
                                          world - was divided between Germany
                                          (north) and the UK (south) in 1885.
                                          The latter area was transferred to
                                          Australia in 1902, which occupied
                                          the northern portion during World
                                          War I and continued to administer
                                          the combined areas until
                                          independence in 1975. A nine-year
                                          secessionist revolt on the island of
                                          Bougainville ended in 1997, after
                                          claiming some 20,000 lives.
     Geography Papua New Guinea
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, group of islands
                                          including the eastern half of the
                                          island of New Guinea between the
                                          Coral Sea and the South Pacific
                                          Ocean, east of Indonesia
                  Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 147 00 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 462,840 sq km
                                          land: 452,860 sq km
                                          water: 9,980 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than California
                         Land boundaries: total: 820 km
                                          border countries: Indonesia 820 km
                               Coastline: 5,152 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; northwest monsoon
                                          (December to March), southeast
                                          monsoon (May to October); slight
                                          seasonal temperature variation
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal
                                          lowlands and rolling foothills
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
                       Natural resources: gold, copper, silver, natural gas,
                                          timber, oil, fisheries
                                Land use: arable land: 0.13%
                                          permanent crops: 1.35%
                                          other: 98.52% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: active volcanism; situated along the
                                          Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country
                                          is subject to frequent and sometimes
                                          severe earthquakes; mud slides;
            Environment - current issues: rain forest subject to deforestation
                                          as a result of growing commercial
                                          demand for tropical timber;
                                          pollution from mining projects;
                                          severe drought
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic Treaty,
                              agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-
                                          Environmental Protocol, Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: shares island of New Guinea with
                                          Indonesia; one of world's largest
                                          swamps along southwest coast
     People Papua New Guinea
                              Population: 5,172,033 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 38.6% (male 1,013,936;
                                          female 980,841)
                                          15-64 years: 57.7% (male 1,544,650;
                                          female 1,440,628)
                                          65 years and over: 3.7% (male
                                          90,661; female 101,317) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.39% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 31.61 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 7.75 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.05 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 56.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.83 years
                                          female: 66.03 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 61.73 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.21 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.22% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 5,400 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 450 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Papua New Guinean(s)
                                          adjective: Papua New Guinean
                           Ethnic groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito,
                                          Micronesian, Polynesian
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%,
                                          Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%,
                                          Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day
                                          Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%,
                                          indigenous beliefs 34%
                               Languages: English spoken by 1%-2%, pidgin
                                          English widespread, Motu spoken in
                                          Papua region
                                          note: 715 indigenous languages
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 64.5%
                                          male: 72%
                                          female: 57% (2000)
     Government Papua New Guinea
                            Country name: conventional long form: Independent
                                          State of Papua New Guinea
                                          conventional short form: Papua New
                                          abbreviation: PNG
                                          former: Territory of Papua and New
                         Government type: constitutional monarchy with
                                          parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Port Moresby
                Administrative divisions: 20 provinces; Bougainville, Central,
                                          Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New
                                          Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf,
                                          Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe,
                                          National Capital, New Ireland,
                                          Northern, Sandaun, Southern
                                          Highlands, Western, Western
                                          Highlands, West New Britain
                            Independence: 16 September 1975 (from the
                                          Australian-administered UN
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September
                            Constitution: 16 September 1975
                            Legal system: based on English common law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General Sir Silas
                                          ATOPARE (since 13 November 1997)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Sir Mekere MORAUTA (since 14 July
                                          1999); Deputy Prime Minister Michael
                                          OGIO (since 3 November 2000)
                                          cabinet: National Executive Council
                                          appointed by the governor general on
                                          the recommendation of the prime
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor general
                                          appointed by the National Executive
                                          Council; prime minister and deputy
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          governor general for up to five
                                          years on the basis of majority
                                          support in National Parliament
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Parliament -
                                          sometimes referred to as the House
                                          of Assembly (109 seats, 89 elected
                                          from open electorates and 20 from
                                          provincial electorates; members
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 14-28 June 1997
                                          (next to be held 15 June 2002)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PPP 15%, Pangu Pati 14%, NA
                                          14%, PDM 8%, PNC 6%, PAP 5%, UP 3%,
                                          NP 1%, PUP 1%, independents 33%;
                                          seats by party - PPP 16, Pangu Pati
                                          15, NA 15, PDM 9, PNC 7, PAP 5, UP
                                          3, NP 1, PUP 1, independents 37;
                                          note - association with political
                                          parties is very fluid
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (the chief justice is
                                          appointed by the governor general on
                                          the proposal of the National
                                          Executive Council after consultation
                                          with the minister responsible for
                                          justice; other judges are appointed
                                          by the Judicial and Legal Services
           Political parties and leaders: Melanesian Alliance Party or MAP
                                          [leader NA]; National Alliance or NA
                                          [George MANDA, party president];
                                          National Front Party [leader NA];
                                          National Party or NP [Michael MEL];
                                          Papua New Guinea Revival Party [John
                                          PUNDARI]; Papua New Guinea United
                                          Party or Pangu Pati [Chris HAIVETA];
                                          People's Action Party or PAP [Ted
                                          DIRO]; People's Democratic Movement
                                          or PDM [Sir Mekere MORAUTA];
                                          People's Labor Party or PLP [Peter
                                          YAMA]; People's National Congress or
                                          PNC [Bill SKATE]; People's Progress
                                          Party or PPP [Michael NALI];
                                          People's Unity Party or PUP [Alfred
                                          KAIABE]; United Party or UP [Rimbiuk
                                          note: more than 40 political parties
                                          have registered to participate in
                                          the June 2002 elections
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, APEC, ARF (dialogue partner),
                           participation: AsDB, ASEAN (associate member), C,
                                          CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS,
                                          IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC,
                                          IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent),
                                          ITU, NAM, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Nagora
                                          Y. BOGAN
                                          chancery: 1779 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Suite 805, Washington, DC 20036
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 745-3679
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 745-3680
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Susan
                                      US: S. JACOBS
                                          embassy: Douglas Street, Port
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 1492,
                                          Port Moresby
                                          telephone: [675] 321-1455
                                          FAX: [675] 321-3423
                        Flag description: divided diagonally from upper hoist-
                                          side corner; the upper triangle is
                                          red with a soaring yellow bird of
                                          paradise centered; the lower
                                          triangle is black with five, white,
                                          five-pointed stars of the Southern
                                          Cross constellation centered
     Economy Papua New Guinea
                      Economy - overview: Papua New Guinea is richly endowed
                                          with natural resources, but
                                          exploitation has been hampered by
                                          rugged terrain and the high cost of
                                          developing infrastructure.
                                          Agriculture provides a subsistence
                                          livelihood for 85% of the
                                          population. Mineral deposits,
                                          including oil, copper, and gold,
                                          account for 72% of export earnings.
                                          The economy has declined over the
                                          past two years and will probably
                                          continue to falter in 2002. Prime
                                          Minister Mekere MORAUTA has tried to
                                          restore integrity to state
                                          institutions, stabilize the kina,
                                          restore stability to the national
                                          budget, privatize public enterprises
                                          where appropriate, and ensure
                                          ongoing peace on Bougainville. The
                                          government has had considerable
                                          success in attracting international
                                          support, specifically gaining the
                                          support of the IMF and the World
                                          Bank in securing development
                                          assistance loans. Significant
                                          challenges remain for MORAUTA,
                                          however, including gaining further
                                          investor confidence, specifically
                                          for the proposed Papua New Guinea-
                                          Australia oil pipeline, continuing
                                          efforts to privatize government
                                          assets, and maintaining the support
                                          of members of Parliament.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $12.2
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -2.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,400
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 30.4%
                                          industry: 36.8%
                                          services: 32.8% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 37%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.7%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 40.5% (1996)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 50.9 (1996)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 10.3% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 2.3 million (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 85%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $894 million
                                          expenditures: $1.1 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $344 million (2000 est.)
                              Industries: copra crushing, palm oil processing,
                                          plywood production, wood chip
                                          production; mining of gold, silver,
                                          and copper; crude oil production;
                                          construction, tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 1.65 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 54.55%
                                          hydro: 45.45%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.535 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm
                                          kernels, tea, rubber, sweet
                                          potatoes, fruit, vegetables;
                                          poultry, pork
                                 Exports: $1.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm
                                          oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
                      Exports - partners: Australia 30%, Japan 11%, China 6%,
                                          Germany 4%, South Korea 4%, UK 3%,
                                          Philippines 1%, US 1% (2000)
                                 Imports: $1.024 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          manufactured goods, food, fuels,
                      Imports - partners: Australia 50%, Singapore 20%, Japan
                                          4%, NZ 4%, Indonesia 3%, Malaysia
                                          3%, US 2% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $2.6 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $400 million (1999 est.)
                                Currency: kina (PGK)
                           Currency code: PGK
                          Exchange rates: kina per US dollar - 3.706 (January
                                          2002), 3.374 (2001), 2.765 (2000),
                                          2.539 (1999), 2.058 (1998), 1.434
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Papua New Guinea
          Telephones - main lines in use: 61,152 (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 3,053 (1996)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: services are
                                          adequate and being improved;
                                          facilities provide radiotelephone
                                          and telegraph, coastal radio,
                                          aeronautical radio, and
                                          international radio communication
                                          domestic: mostly radiotelephone
                                          international: submarine cables to
                                          Australia and Guam; satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific
                                          Ocean); international radio
                                          communication service
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 19, shortwave 28 (1998)
                                  Radios: 410,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 3 (all in the Port Moresby area)
                                          note: additional stations at Mt.
                                          Hagen, Goroka, Lae, and Rabaul are
                                          planned (2002)
                             Televisions: 59,841 (1999)
                   Internet country code: .pg
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2000)
                          Internet users: 135,000 (2001)
     Transportation Papua New Guinea
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 19,600 km
                                          paved: 686 km
                                          unpaved: 18,914 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 10,940 km
                       Ports and harbors: Kieta, Lae, Madang, Port Moresby,
                         Merchant marine: total: 22 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 40,911 GRT/58,723 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Singapore 2, United
                                          Kingdom 7 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 10,
                                          chemical tanker 1, combination ore/
                                          oil 3, container 1, petroleum tanker
                                          3, roll on/roll off 3
                                Airports: 490 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 21
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 469
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 57
                                          under 914 m: 402 (2001)
                               Heliports: 2 (2001)
     Military Papua New Guinea
                       Military branches: Papua New Guinea Defense Force
                                          (includes Ground Force, Maritime
                                          Operations Element, and Air
                                          Operations Element)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,338,003 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 740,085 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $42 million (FY98)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1% (FY98)
     Transnational Issues Papua New Guinea
                                                Disputes - international: none

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