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2 definitions found
 for Norfolk Island
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Norfolk Island
      n 1: an island territory of Australia in the Pacific Ocean off
           the eastern coast of Australia; formerly a British penal

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Norfolk Island
     Introduction Norfolk Island
                              Background: Two British attempts at establishing
                                          the island as a penal colony (1788-
                                          1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately
                                          abandoned. In 1856, the island was
                                          resettled by Pitcairn Islanders,
                                          descendants of the Bounty mutineers
                                          and their Tahitian companions.
     Geography Norfolk Island
                                Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific
                                          Ocean, east of Australia
                  Geographic coordinates: 29 02 S, 167 57 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 34.6 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 34.6 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.2 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 32 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: subtropical, mild, little seasonal
                                          temperature variation
                                 Terrain: volcanic formation with mostly
                                          rolling plains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Bates 319 m
                       Natural resources: fish
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons (especially May to July)
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: most of the 32-km coastline consists
                                          of almost inaccessible cliffs, but
                                          the land slopes down to the sea in
                                          one small southern area on Sydney
                                          Bay, where the capital of Kingston
                                          is situated
     People Norfolk Island
                              Population: 1,866 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.2%
                                          15-64 years: 63.9%
                                          65 years and over: 15.9% (1996)
                  Population growth rate: -0.69% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                              Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                      Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
                               Sex ratio: at birth: NA male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: NA male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: NA male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: NA male(s)/female
                                          total population: NA male(s)/female
                   Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                          female: NA years
                                          male: NA years
                    Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Norfolk Islander(s)
                                          adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)
                           Ethnic groups: descendants of the Bounty mutineers,
                                          Australian, New Zealander,
                               Religions: Anglican 37.4%, Uniting Church in
                                          Australia 14.5%, Roman Catholic
                                          11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.1%,
                                          none 12.2%, unknown 17.4%, other
                                          3.9% (1996)
                               Languages: English (official), Norfolk a
                                          mixture of 18th century English and
                                          ancient Tahitian
                                Literacy: NA
     Government Norfolk Island
                            Country name: conventional long form: Territory of
                                          Norfolk Island
                                          conventional short form: Norfolk
                       Dependency status: territory of Australia; Canberra
                                          administers Commonwealth
                                          responsibilities on Norfolk Island
                                          through the Department of
                                          Environment, Sport, and Territories
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Kingston
                Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)
                            Independence: none (territory of Australia)
                        National holiday: Pitcairners Arrival Day, 8 June
                            Constitution: Norfolk Island Act of 1979
                            Legal system: based on the laws of Australia,
                                          local ordinances and acts; English
                                          common law applies in matters not
                                          covered by either Australian or
                                          Norfolk Island law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952); the UK and
                                          Australia are represented by
                                          Administrator Anthony J. MESSNER
                                          (since 4 August 1997)
                                          election results: Geoffrey Robert
                                          GARDNER elected chief minister;
                                          percent of Legislative Assembly vote
                                          - NA%
                                          elections: the monarch is
                                          hereditary; administrator appointed
                                          by the governor general of
                                          Australia; chief minister elected by
                                          the Legislative Assembly for a term
                                          of not more than three years;
                                          election last held 29 November 2001
                                          (next to be held by December 2004)
                                          head of government: Assembly
                                          President and Chief Minister
                                          Geoffrey Robert GARDNER (since 5
                                          December 2001)
                                          cabinet: Executive Council is made
                                          up of four of the nine members of
                                          the Legislative Assembly; the
                                          council devises government policy
                                          and acts as an advisor to the
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (9
                                          seats; members elected by electors
                                          who have nine equal votes each but
                                          only four votes can be given to any
                                          one candidate; members serve three-
                                          year terms)
                                          elections: last held 29 November
                                          2001 (next to be held by December
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - independents 9
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Court of Petty
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and none
               International organization none
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of Australia)
                        Flag description: three vertical bands of green (hoist
                                          side), white, and green with a large
                                          green Norfolk Island pine tree
                                          centered in the slightly wider white
     Economy Norfolk Island
                      Economy - overview: Tourism, the primary economic
                                          activity, has steadily increased
                                          over the years and has brought a
                                          level of prosperity unusual among
                                          inhabitants of the Pacific islands.
                                          The agricultural sector has become
                                          self-sufficient in the production of
                                          beef, poultry, and eggs.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $NA
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $NA
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: tourism NA%, subsistence agriculture
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $4.6 million
                                          expenditures: $4.8 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY92/93)
                              Industries: tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia
                                          palm seed, cereals, vegetables,
                                          fruit; cattle, poultry
                                 Exports: $1.5 million (f.o.b., FY91/92)
                   Exports - commodities: postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk
                                          Island pine and Kentia palm, small
                                          quantities of avocados
                      Exports - partners: Australia, other Pacific island
                                          countries, NZ, Asia, Europe
                                 Imports: $17.9 million (c.i.f., FY91/92)
                   Imports - commodities: NA
                      Imports - partners: Australia, other Pacific island
                                          countries, NZ, Asia, Europe
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)
                           Currency code: AUD
                          Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320
                                          (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497
                                          (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
     Communications Norfolk Island
           Telephones - main lines in use: 1,087 (1983)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1983)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: adequate
                                           domestic: NA
                                           international: radiotelephone
                                           service with Sydney (Australia)
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                   Radios: 2,500 (1996)
            Television broadcast stations: 1 (local programming station plus
                                           two repeaters that bring in
                                           Australian programs by satellite)
                              Televisions: 1,200 (1996)
                    Internet country code: .nf
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                           Internet users: NA
     Transportation Norfolk Island
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 80 km
                                           paved: 53 km
                                           unpaved: 27 km (2001)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: none; loading jetties at Kingston
                                           and Cascade
                          Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: 1 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Norfolk Island
                             Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
     Transnational Issues Norfolk Island
                                                Disputes - international: none

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