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 for Niue
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Niue
                              Background: Niue's remoteness, as well as
                                          cultural and linguistic differences
                                          between its Polynesian inhabitants
                                          and those of the rest of the Cook
                                          Islands, have caused it to be
                                          separately administered. The
                                          population of the island continues
                                          to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in
                                          1966 to about 2,100 in 2002) with
                                          substantial emigration to New
                                          Zealand, 2,400 km to the southwest.
     Geography Niue
                                Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific
                                          Ocean, east of Tonga
                  Geographic coordinates: 19 02 S, 169 52 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 260 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 260 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 64 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; modified by southeast
                                          trade winds
                                 Terrain: steep limestone cliffs along coast,
                                          central plateau
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location near
                                          Mutalau settlement 68 m
                       Natural resources: fish, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 19.23%
                                          permanent crops: 7.69%
                                          other: 73.08% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons
            Environment - current issues: increasing attention to
                                          conservationist practices to counter
                                          loss of soil fertility from
                                          traditional slash and burn
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                        Geography - note: one of world's largest coral islands
     People Niue
                              Population: 2,134 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: NA%
                                          15-64 years: NA%
                                          65 years and over: NA%
                  Population growth rate: 0.5% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                              Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                      Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
                               Sex ratio: NA
                   Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                          male: NA years
                                          female: NA years
                    Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Niuean(s)
                                          adjective: Niuean
                           Ethnic groups: Polynesian (with some 200 Europeans,
                                          Samoans, and Tongans)
                               Religions: Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a
                                          Protestant church closely related to
                                          the London Missionary Society) 75%,
                                          Latter-Day Saints 10%, other 15%
                                          (mostly Roman Catholic, Jehovah's
                                          Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventist)
                               Languages: Niuean, a Polynesian language
                                          closely related to Tongan and
                                          Samoan; English
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: 95%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Niue
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Niue
                                          former: Savage Island
                       Dependency status: self-governing in free association
                                          with New Zealand since 1974; Niue
                                          fully responsible for internal
                                          affairs; New Zealand retains
                                          responsibility for external affairs
                                          and defense; however, these
                                          responsibilities confer no rights of
                                          control and are only exercised at
                                          the request of the Government of
                         Government type: self-governing parliamentary
                                 Capital: Alofi
                Administrative divisions: none; note - there are no first-
                                          order administrative divisions as
                                          defined by the US Government, but
                                          there are 14 villages at the second
                            Independence: on 19 October 1974, Niue became a
                                          self-governing parliamentary
                                          government in free association with
                                          New Zealand
                        National holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi
                                          established British sovereignty over
                                          New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
                            Constitution: 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution
                            Legal system: English common law
                                          note: Niue is self-governing, with
                                          the power to make its own laws
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952); the UK and
                                          New Zealand are represented by New
                                          Zealand High Commissioner John BRYAN
                                          (since NA May 2000)
                                          election results: Sani LAKATANI
                                          elected premier; percent of
                                          Legislative Assembly vote - NA%
                                          elections: the monarch is
                                          hereditary; premier elected by the
                                          Legislative Assembly for a three-
                                          year term; election last held 19
                                          March 1999 (next to be held NA March
                                          head of government: Premier Sani
                                          LAKATANI (since 1 April 1999)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet consists of the
                                          premier and three ministers
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (20
                                          seats; members elected by popular
                                          vote to serve three-year terms; six
                                          elected from a common roll and 14
                                          are village representatives)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 9,
                                          independents 11; note - all 20 seats
                                          were reelected
                                          elections: last held 21 March 2002
                                          (next to be held in March 2005)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of New Zealand; High
                                          Court of Niue
           Political parties and leaders: Niue People's Action Party or NPP
                                          [Sani LAKATANI]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, ESCAP (associate), FAO,
                           participation: Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (self-governing territory in
                                          free association with New Zealand)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (self-governing territory in
                                      US: free association with New Zealand)
                        Flag description: yellow with the flag of the UK in
                                          the upper hoist-side quadrant; the
                                          flag of the UK bears five yellow
                                          five-pointed stars - a large one on
                                          a blue disk in the center and a
                                          smaller one on each arm of the bold
                                          red cross
     Economy Niue
                      Economy - overview: The economy suffers from the typical
                                          Pacific island problems of
                                          geographic isolation, few resources,
                                          and a small population. Government
                                          expenditures regularly exceed
                                          revenues, and the shortfall is made
                                          up by critically needed grants from
                                          New Zealand that are used to pay
                                          wages to public employees. Niue has
                                          cut government expenditures by
                                          reducing the public service by
                                          almost half. The agricultural sector
                                          consists mainly of subsistence
                                          gardening, although some cash crops
                                          are grown for export. Industry
                                          consists primarily of small
                                          factories to process passion fruit,
                                          lime oil, honey, and coconut cream.
                                          The sale of postage stamps to
                                          foreign collectors is an important
                                          source of revenue. The island in
                                          recent years has suffered a serious
                                          loss of population because of
                                          migration of Niueans to New Zealand.
                                          Efforts to increase GDP include the
                                          promotion of tourism and a financial
                                          services industry, although Premier
                                          LAKATANI announced in February 2002
                                          that Niue will shut down the
                                          offshore banking industry. Economic
                                          aid from New Zealand in 2002 will be
                                          about $2.6 million.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $7.6
                                          million (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -0.3% (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,600
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: 55%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (1995)
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: most work on family plantations;
                                          paid work exists only in government
                                          service, small industry, and the
                                          Niue Development Board
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $NA
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA
                              Industries: tourism, handicrafts, food
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 3 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 2.79 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts, passion fruit, honey,
                                          limes, taro, yams, cassava
                                          (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs,
                                          poultry, beef cattle
                                 Exports: $137,200 (1999)
                   Exports - commodities: canned coconut cream, copra, honey,
                                          vanilla, passion fruit products,
                                          pawpaws, root crops, limes,
                                          footballs, stamps, handicrafts
                      Exports - partners: NZ mainly, Fiji, Cook Islands,
                                 Imports: $2.38 million (1999)
                   Imports - commodities: food, live animals, manufactured
                                          goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants,
                                          chemicals, drugs
                      Imports - partners: NZ mainly, Fiji, Japan, Samoa,
                                          Australia, US
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $2.6 million from New Zealand (2002)
                                Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)
                           Currency code: NZD
                          Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars per US dollar -
                                          2.3535 (January 2002), 2.3776
                                          (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886
                                          (1999), 1.8629 (1998), 1.5082 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications Niue
             Telephones - main lines in use: 376 (1991)
               Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1991)
                           Telephone system: domestic: single-line telephone
                                             system connects all villages on
                                             international: NA
                   Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                     Radios: 1,000 (1997)
              Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
                                Televisions: NA
                      Internet country code: .nu
          Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                             Internet users: NA
     Transportation Niue
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 234 km
                                           paved: 86 km
                                           unpaved: 148 km (106 km of which is
                                           access and plantation road) (2001)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
                          Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: 1 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Niue
                       Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                          forces; Police Force
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of New
     Transnational Issues Niue
                                                Disputes - international: none

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