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2 definitions found
 for Nauru
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: an island republic on Nauru Island; phosphate exports
           support the economy [syn: Nauru, Republic of Nauru]
      2: a small island in the central Pacific Ocean 2,800 miles to
         the southwest of Hawaii; in Micronesia to the west of the
         Gilbert Islands [syn: Nauru, Nauru Island, Pleasant

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Nauru
                              Background: Nauru's phosphate deposits began to
                                          be mined early in the 20th century
                                          by a German-British consortium; the
                                          island was occupied by Australian
                                          forces in World War I. Nauru
                                          achieved independence in 1968 and
                                          joined the UN in 1999. Nauru is the
                                          world's smallest independent
     Geography Nauru
                                Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific
                                          Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
                  Geographic coordinates: 0 32 S, 166 55 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 21 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 21 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.1 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 30 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; monsoonal; rainy season
                                          (November to February)
                                 Terrain: sandy beach rises to fertile ring
                                          around raised coral reefs with
                                          phosphate plateau in center
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location
                                          along plateau rim 61 m
                       Natural resources: phosphates, fish
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: periodic droughts
            Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water
                                          resources, roof storage tanks
                                          collect rainwater, but mostly
                                          dependent on a single, aging
                                          desalination plant; intensive
                                          phosphate mining during the past 90
                                          years - mainly by a UK, Australia,
                                          and NZ consortium - has left the
                                          central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and
                                          threatens limited remaining land
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: Nauru is one of the three great
                                          phosphate rock islands in the
                                          Pacific Ocean - the others are
                                          Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati
                                          and Makatea in French Polynesia;
                                          only 53 km south of Equator
     People Nauru
                              Population: 12,329 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 39.6% (male 2,515;
                                          female 2,366)
                                          15-64 years: 58.7% (male 3,578;
                                          female 3,656)
                                          65 years and over: 1.7% (male 108;
                                          female 106) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.96% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 26.6 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 7.06 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 10.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 61.57 years
                                          female: 65.26 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 58.05 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.5 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Nauruan(s)
                                          adjective: Nauruan
                           Ethnic groups: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander
                                          26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
                               Religions: Christian (two-thirds Protestant,
                                          one-third Roman Catholic)
                               Languages: Nauruan (official, a distinct
                                          Pacific Island language), English
                                          widely understood, spoken, and used
                                          for most government and commercial
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: NA%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Nauru
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Nauru
                                          former: Pleasant Island
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: no official capital; government
                                          offices in Yaren District
                Administrative divisions: 14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan,
                                          Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada,
                                          Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng,
                                          Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren
                            Independence: 31 January 1968 (from the
                                          Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered
                                          UN trusteeship)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 31 January (1968)
                            Constitution: 29 January 1968
                            Legal system: acts of the Nauru Parliament and
                                          British common law
                                Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal and
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Rene
                                          HARRIS (since 30 March 2001); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          Parliament for a three-year term;
                                          election last held NA March 2001
                                          (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: Rene HARRIS
                                          elected president; percent of
                                          Parliamentary vote - NA%
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president from among the members of
                                          head of government: President Rene
                                          HARRIS (since 30 March 2001); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (18 seats;
                                          members elected by popular vote to
                                          serve three-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 9 April 2000
                                          (next to be held NA April 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - independents 18
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
           Political parties and leaders: loose multiparty system; Democratic
                                          Party [Kennan ADEANG]; Nauru Party
                                          (informal) [Bernard DOWIYOGO]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, ICAO,
                           participation: Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca,
                                          SPC, SPF, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: Nauru does not have an embassy in
                                          the US, but does have a UN office at
                                          800 2nd Avenue, Suite 400 D, New
                                          York, New York 10017; telephone:
                                          (212) 937-0074
                                          consulate(s): Hagatna (Guam)
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Nauru; the US Ambassador to Fiji is
                                          accredited to Nauru
                        Flag description: blue with a narrow, horizontal,
                                          yellow stripe across the center and
                                          a large white 12-pointed star below
                                          the stripe on the hoist side; the
                                          star indicates the country's
                                          location in relation to the Equator
                                          (the yellow stripe) and the 12
                                          points symbolize the 12 original
                                          tribes of Nauru
     Economy Nauru
                      Economy - overview: Revenues of this tiny island have
                                          come from exports of phosphates, but
                                          reserves are expected to be
                                          exhausted within a few years.
                                          Phosphate production has declined
                                          since 1989, as demand has fallen in
                                          traditional markets and as the
                                          marginal cost of extracting the
                                          remaining phosphate increases,
                                          making it less internationally
                                          competitive. While phosphates have
                                          given Nauruans one of the highest
                                          per capita incomes in the Third
                                          World, few other resources exist
                                          with most necessities being
                                          imported, including fresh water from
                                          Australia. The rehabilitation of
                                          mined land and the replacement of
                                          income from phosphates are serious
                                          long-term problems. In anticipation
                                          of the exhaustion of Nauru's
                                          phosphate deposits, substantial
                                          amounts of phosphate income have
                                          been invested in trust funds to help
                                          cushion the transition and provide
                                          for Nauru's economic future. The
                                          government has been borrowing
                                          heavily from the trusts to finance
                                          fiscal deficits. To cut costs the
                                          government has called for a freeze
                                          on wages, a reduction of over-
                                          staffed public service departments,
                                          privatization of numerous government
                                          agencies, and closure of some
                                          overseas consulates. In recent years
                                          Nauru has encouraged the
                                          registration of offshore banks and
                                          corporations. Tens of billions of
                                          dollars have been channeled through
                                          their accounts. Few comprehensive
                                          statistics on the Nauru economy
                                          exist, with estimates of Nauru's per
                                          capita GDP varying widely.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $60
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $5,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): -3.6% (1993)
             Labor force - by occupation: employed in mining phosphates,
                                          public administration, education,
                                          and transportation
                       Unemployment rate: 0%
                                  Budget: revenues: $23.4 million
                                          expenditures: $64.8 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY95/96)
                              Industries: phosphate mining, offshore banking,
                                          coconut products
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 30 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 27.9 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts
                                 Exports: $25.3 million (f.o.b., 1991)
                   Exports - commodities: phosphates
                      Exports - partners: NZ, Australia, South Korea, US
                                 Imports: $21.1 million (c.i.f., 1991)
                   Imports - commodities: food, fuel, manufactures, building
                                          materials, machinery
                      Imports - partners: Australia, US, UK, Indonesia, India
                         Debt - external: $33.3 million
                Economic aid - recipient: $2.25 million from Australia (FY96/
                                          97 est.)
                                Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)
                           Currency code: AUD
                          Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.9354 (January 2002) 1.9320 (2001),
                                          1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888
                                          (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
     Communications Nauru
          Telephones - main lines in use: 2,000 (1996)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 450 (1994)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate local
                                          and international radiotelephone
                                          communication provided via
                                          Australian facilities
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 7,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
                             Televisions: 500 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .nr
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
     Transportation Nauru
                                 Railways: total: 5 km
                                           note: gauge unknown; used to haul
                                           phosphates from the center of the
                                           island to processing facilities on
                                           the southwest coast (2001)
                                 Highways: total: 30 km
                                           paved: 24 km
                                           unpaved: 6 km (1998 est.)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Nauru
                          Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: 1 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Nauru
                       Military branches: no regular military forces; Nauru
                                          Police Force
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 3,103 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,710 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                         Military - note: Nauru maintains no defense forces;
                                          under an informal agreement, defense
                                          is the responsibility of Australia
     Transnational Issues Nauru
                                                Disputes - international: none

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