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2 definitions found
 for Namibia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in southwestern Africa on the south Atlantic
           coast (formerly called South West Africa); achieved
           independence from South Africa in 1990; the greater part of
           Namibia forms part of the high Namibian plateau of South
           Africa [syn: Namibia, Republic of Namibia, South West

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Namibia
                              Background: South Africa occupied the German
                                          colony of South-West Africa during
                                          World War I and administered it as a
                                          mandate until after World War II
                                          when it annexed the territory. In
                                          1966 the Marxist South-West Africa
                                          People's Organization (SWAPO)
                                          guerrilla group launched a war of
                                          independence for the area that was
                                          soon named Namibia, but it was not
                                          until 1988 that South Africa agreed
                                          to end its administration in
                                          accordance with a UN peace plan for
                                          the entire region. Independence came
                                          in 1990.
     Geography Namibia
                                Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South
                                          Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and
                                          South Africa
                  Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S, 17 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 825,418 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 825,418 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than half the size of
                         Land boundaries: total: 3,936 km
                                          border countries: Angola 1,376 km,
                                          Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 967
                                          km, Zambia 233 km
                               Coastline: 1,572 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse
                                          and erratic
                                 Terrain: mostly high plateau; Namib Desert
                                          along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m
                       Natural resources: diamonds, copper, uranium, gold,
                                          lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc,
                                          salt, vanadium, natural gas,
                                          hydropower, fish
                                          note: suspected deposits of oil,
                                          coal, and iron ore
                                Land use: arable land: 0.99%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 99% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 70 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: prolonged periods of drought
            Environment - current issues: very limited natural fresh water
                                          resources; desertification; wildlife
                                          poaching; land degradation has led
                                          to few conservation areas
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Marine Living
                              agreements: Resources, Biodiversity, Climate
                                          Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: first country in the world to
                                          incorporate the protection of the
                                          environment into its constitution;
                                          some 14% of the land is protected,
                                          including virtually the entire Namib
                                          Desert coastal strip
     People Namibia
                              Population: 1,820,916
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.6% (male 392,706;
                                          female 382,690)
                                          15-64 years: 53.7% (male 490,151;
                                          female 488,052)
                                          65 years and over: 3.7% (male
                                          29,345; female 37,972) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.19% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 34.17 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 22.28 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 72.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 38.97 years
                                          female: 37.07 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 40.81 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.77 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 19.54% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 160,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 18,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Namibian(s)
                                          adjective: Namibian
                           Ethnic groups: black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
                                          note: about 50% of the population
                                          belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to
                                          the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic
                                          groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%,
                                          Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%,
                                          Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
                               Religions: Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50%
                                          at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to
                               Languages: English 7% (official), Afrikaans
                                          common language of most of the
                                          population and about 60% of the
                                          white population, German 32%,
                                          indigenous languages: Oshivambo,
                                          Herero, Nama
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 38%
                                          male: 45%
                                          female: 31% (1960 est.)
     Government Namibia
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Namibia
                                          former: German Southwest Africa,
                                          South-West Africa
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Windhoek
                Administrative divisions: 13 regions; Caprivi, Erongo, Hardap,
                                          Karas, Khomas, Kunene, Ohangwena,
                                          Okavango, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana,
                                          Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa
                            Independence: 21 March 1990 (from South African
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 21 March (1990)
                            Constitution: ratified 9 February 1990; effective
                                          12 March 1990
                            Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and 1990
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Sam
                                          Shafishuna NUJOMA (since 21 March
                                          1990); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          head of government: President Sam
                                          Shafishuna NUJOMA (since 21 March
                                          1990); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president from among the members of
                                          the National Assembly
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 30 November-
                                          1 December 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          election results: Sam Shafishuna
                                          NUJOMA elected president; percent of
                                          vote - Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA 77%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral legislature consists of
                                          the National Council (26 seats; two
                                          members are chosen from each
                                          regional council to serve six-year
                                          terms) and the National Assembly (72
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          elections: National Council -
                                          elections for regional councils, to
                                          determine members of the National
                                          Council, held 30 November-1 December
                                          1998 (next to be held by December
                                          2004); National Assembly - last held
                                          30 November-1 December 1999 (next to
                                          be held by December 2004)
                                          note: the National Council is
                                          primarily an advisory body
                                          election results: National Council -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - SWAPO 21, DTA 4,
                                          UDF 1; National Assembly - percent
                                          of vote by party - SWAPO 76%, COD
                                          10%, DTA 9%, UDF 3%, MAG 1%, other
                                          1%; seats by party - SWAPO 55, COD
                                          7, DTA 7, UDF 2, MAG 1,
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by
                                          the president on the recommendation
                                          of the Judicial Service Commission)
           Political parties and leaders: Congress of Democrats or COD [Ben
                                          ULENGA]; Democratic Turnhalle
                                          Alliance of Namibia or DTA
                                          [Katuutire KAURA, president];
                                          Monitor Action Group or MAG [Kosie
                                          PRETORIUS]; South West Africa
                                          People's Organization or SWAPO [Sam
                                          Shafishuna NUJOMA]; United
                                          Democratic Front or UDF [Justus
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77,
                           participation: IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM (observer), ISO
                                          (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU,
                                          OPCW, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU,
                                          WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Leonard
                                          Nangolo IIPUMBU
                                          chancery: 1605 New Hampshire Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20009
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 986-0443
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 986-0540
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Kevin
                                      US: J. McGUIRE
                                          embassy: Ausplan Building, 14 Lossen
                                          Street, Windhoek
                                          mailing address: Private Bag 12029
                                          Ausspannplatz, Windhoek
                                          telephone: [264] (61) 221601
                                          FAX: [264] (61) 229792
                        Flag description: a large blue triangle with a yellow
                                          sunburst fills the upper left
                                          section and an equal green triangle
                                          (solid) fills the lower right
                                          section; the triangles are separated
                                          by a red stripe that is contrasted
                                          by two narrow white-edge borders
     Economy Namibia
                      Economy - overview: The economy is heavily dependent on
                                          the extraction and processing of
                                          minerals for export. Mining accounts
                                          for 20% of GDP. Namibia is the
                                          fourth-largest exporter of nonfuel
                                          minerals in Africa and the world's
                                          fifth-largest producer of uranium.
                                          Rich alluvial diamond deposits make
                                          Namibia a primary source for gem-
                                          quality diamonds. Namibia also
                                          produces large quantities of lead,
                                          zinc, tin, silver, and tungsten.
                                          About half of the population depends
                                          on agriculture (largely subsistence
                                          agriculture) for its livelihood.
                                          Namibia must import some of its
                                          food. Although per capita GDP is
                                          five times the per capita GDP of
                                          Africa's poorest countries, the
                                          majority of Namibia's people live in
                                          pronounced poverty because of large-
                                          scale unemployment, the great
                                          inequality of income distribution,
                                          and the large amount of wealth going
                                          to foreigners. The Namibian economy
                                          has close links to South Africa.
                                          Agreement has been reached on the
                                          privatization of several more
                                          enterprises in coming years, which
                                          should stimulate long-run foreign
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $8.1
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,500
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 11%
                                          industry: 28%
                                          services: 61% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 8.8% (2001)
                             Labor force: 500,000
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 47%, industry 20%,
                                          services 33% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 30% to 40%, including
                                          underemployment (1997 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $883 million
                                          expenditures: $950 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1998)
                              Industries: meatpacking, fish processing, dairy
                                          products; mining (diamond, lead,
                                          zinc, tin, silver, tungsten,
                                          uranium, copper)
       Industrial production growth rate: NA
                Electricity - production: 30 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 2%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          hydro: 98%
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 890.9 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 863 million kWh
                                          note: supplied by South Africa
                  Agriculture - products: millet, sorghum, peanuts; livestock;
                                 Exports: $1.58 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead,
                                          uranium; cattle, processed fish,
                                          karakul skins
                      Exports - partners: UK 43%, South Africa 26%, Spain 14%,
                                          France 8%, Japan (1998 est.)
                                 Imports: $1.71 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs; petroleum products and
                                          fuel, machinery and equipment,
                      Imports - partners: South Africa 81%, US 4%, Germany 2%
                                          (1997 est.)
                         Debt - external: $217 million (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $127 million (1998)
                                Currency: Namibian dollar (NAD); South African
                                          rand (ZAR)
                           Currency code: NAD; ZAR
                          Exchange rates: Namibian dollars per US dollar -
                                          11.58786 (January 2002), 8.60918
                                          (2001), 6.93983 (2000), 6.10948
                                          (1999), 5.52828 (1998), 4.60796
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications Namibia
          Telephones - main lines in use: 110,200 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 82,000 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: good system;
                                          about 6 telephones for each 100
                                          domestic: good urban services; fair
                                          rural service; microwave radio relay
                                          links major towns; connections to
                                          other populated places are by open
                                          wire; 100% digital
                                          international: fiber-optic cable to
                                          South Africa, microwave radio relay
                                          link to Botswana, direct links to
                                          other neighboring countries;
                                          connected to Africa ONE and South
                                          African Far East (SAFE) submarine
                                          cables through South Africa;
                                          satellite earth stations - 4
                                          Intelsat (2002)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 39, shortwave 4 (2001)
                                  Radios: 232,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 8 (plus about 20 low-power
                                          repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 60,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .na
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 30,000 (2001)
     Transportation Namibia
                                Railways: total: 2,382 km
                                          narrow gauge: 2,382 km 1.067-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 64,800 km
                                          paved: 5,378 km
                                          unpaved: 59,430 km (2001)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Luderitz, Walvis Bay
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 137 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 22
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 115
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 21
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 72
                                          under 914 m: 20 (2001)
     Military Namibia
                       Military branches: National Defense Force (Army,
                                          including Air Wing), Police
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 436,642 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 260,879 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $104.4 million (2001)
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.6% (FY97/98)
     Transnational Issues Namibia
                                                Disputes - international: none

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