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4 definitions found
 for Morocco
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Morocco \Mo*roc"co\, n. [Named from Morocco, the country. Cf.
     Morris the dance.]
     A fine kind of leather, prepared commonly from goatskin
     (though an inferior kind is made of sheepskin), and tanned
     with sumac and dyed of various colors; -- said to have been
     first made by the Moors.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a kingdom (constitutional monarchy) in northwestern Africa
           with a largely Muslim population; achieved independence
           from France in 1956 [syn: Morocco, Kingdom of Morocco,
           Maroc, Marruecos, Al-Magrib]
      2: a soft pebble-grained leather made from goatskin; used for
         shoes and book bindings etc.

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Morocco
                              Background: Morocco's long struggle for
                                          independence from France ended in
                                          1956. The internationalized city of
                                          Tangier was turned over to the new
                                          country that same year. Morocco
                                          virtually annexed Western Sahara
                                          during the late 1970s, but final
                                          resolution on the status of the
                                          territory remains unresolved.
                                          Gradual political reforms in the
                                          1990s resulted in the establishment
                                          of a bicameral legislature in 1997.
     Geography Morocco
                                Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North
                                          Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean
                                          Sea, between Algeria and Western
                  Geographic coordinates: 32 00 N, 5 00 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 446,550 sq km
                                          land: 446,300 sq km
                                          water: 250 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than California
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,017.9 km
                                          border countries: Algeria 1,559 km,
                                          Western Sahara 443 km, Spain (Ceuta)
                                          6.3 km, Spain (Melilla) 9.6 km
                               Coastline: 1,835 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: Mediterranean, becoming more extreme
                                          in the interior
                                 Terrain: northern coast and interior are
                                          mountainous with large areas of
                                          bordering plateaus, intermontane
                                          valleys, and rich coastal plains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Sebkha Tah -55 m
                                          highest point: Jbel Toubkal 4,165 m
                       Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese,
                                          lead, zinc, fish, salt
                                Land use: arable land: 20.12%
                                          permanent crops: 2.05%
                                          other: 77.83% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 12,910 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: northern mountains geologically
                                          unstable and subject to earthquakes;
                                          periodic droughts
            Environment - current issues: land degradation/desertification
                                          (soil erosion resulting from farming
                                          of marginal areas, overgrazing,
                                          destruction of vegetation); water
                                          supplies contaminated by raw sewage;
                                          siltation of reservoirs; oil
                                          pollution of coastal waters
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine
                                          Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          Wetlands, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified:
                                          Environmental Modification, Law of
                                          the Sea
                        Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of
     People Morocco
                              Population: 31,167,783 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.8% (male 5,364,948;
                                          female 5,166,666)
                                          15-64 years: 61.5% (male 9,518,503;
                                          female 9,640,292)
                                          65 years and over: 4.7% (male
                                          661,054; female 816,320) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.68% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 23.69 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.86 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -1.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 46.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.73 years
                                          female: 72.08 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 67.49 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.97 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.03% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Moroccan(s)
                                          adjective: Moroccan
                           Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%,
                                          Jewish 0.2%
                               Religions: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish
                               Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects,
                                          French often the language of
                                          business, government, and diplomacy
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 43.7%
                                          male: 56.6%
                                          female: 31% (1995 est.)
     Government Morocco
                            Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of
                                          conventional short form: Morocco
                                          local short form: Al Maghrib
                                          local long form: Al Mamlakah al
                         Government type: constitutional monarchy
                                 Capital: Rabat
                Administrative divisions: 37 provinces and 2 wilayas*; Agadir,
                                          Al Hoceima, Azilal, Beni Mellal, Ben
                                          Slimane, Boulemane, Casablanca*,
                                          Chaouen, El Jadida, El Kelaa des
                                          Sraghna, Er Rachidia, Essaouira,
                                          Fes, Figuig, Guelmim, Ifrane,
                                          Kenitra, Khemisset, Khenifra,
                                          Khouribga, Laayoune, Larache,
                                          Marrakech, Meknes, Nador,
                                          Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat-Sale*,
                                          Safi, Settat, Sidi Kacem, Tanger,
                                          Tan-Tan, Taounate, Taroudannt, Tata,
                                          Taza, Tetouan, Tiznit
                                          note: three additional provinces of
                                          Ad Dakhla (Oued Eddahab), Boujdour,
                                          and Es Smara as well as parts of
                                          Tan-Tan and Laayoune fall within
                                          Moroccan-claimed Western Sahara;
                                          decentralization/regionalization law
                                          passed by the legislature in March
                                          1997 created many new provinces/
                                          regions; specific details and scope
                                          of the reorganization not yet
                            Independence: 2 March 1956 (from France)
                        National holiday: Throne Day (accession of King
                                          MOHAMED VI to the throne), 30 July
                            Constitution: 10 March 1972, revised 4 September
                                          1992, amended (to create bicameral
                                          legislature) September 1996
                            Legal system: based on Islamic law and French and
                                          Spanish civil law system; judicial
                                          review of legislative acts in
                                          Constitutional Chamber of Supreme
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: King MOHAMED VI
                                          (since 23 July 1999)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Abderrahmane YOUSSOUFI (since 14
                                          March 1998)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the monarch
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; prime minister appointed
                                          by the monarch following legislative
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of an
                                          upper house or Chamber of Counselors
                                          (270 seats; members elected
                                          indirectly by local councils,
                                          professional organizations, and
                                          labor syndicates for nine-year
                                          terms; one-third of the members are
                                          renewed every three years) and a
                                          lower house or Chamber of
                                          Representatives (325 seats; members
                                          elected by popular vote for five-
                                          year terms)
                                          elections: Chamber of Counselors -
                                          last held 15 September 2000 (next to
                                          be held NA 2002); Chamber of
                                          Representatives - last held 14
                                          November 1997 (next to be held NA
                                          November 2002)
                                          election results: Chamber of
                                          Counselors - percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NA;
                                          Chamber of Representatives - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - USFP 57, UC 50, RNI 46, MP
                                          40, MDS 32, IP 32, MNP 19, PND 10,
                                          MPCD 9, PPS 9, FFD 9, PSD 5, OADP 4,
                                          PA 2, PDI 1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed
                                          on the recommendation of the Supreme
                                          Council of the Judiciary, presided
                                          over by the monarch)
           Political parties and leaders: Action Party or PA [Muhammad EL
                                          IDRISSI]; Avant Garde Social
                                          Democratic Party or PADS
                                          [Abderrahman BENAMROU]; Citizen's
                                          Forces [Abderrahman LAJOUJI];
                                          Constitutional Union or CU [Mohamed
                                          ABIED (interim)]; Democratic Forces
                                          Front or FFD [Thami EL KHYARI];
                                          Democratic Socialist Party or PSD
                                          [Eissa OUARDIGHI]; Democratic Party
                                          for Independence or PDI [Abd al
                                          Wahid AL MAASH]; Democratic Union or
                                          UD [Bouazza IKKEN]; Istiqlal Party
                                          or IP [Abbas El FASSI]; Moroccan
                                          Liberal Party [Mohamed ZIANE];
                                          National Democratic Party or PND
                                          [Abdallah KADIRI]; National Popular
                                          Movement or MNP [Mahjoubi AHERDANE];
                                          National Rally of Independents or
                                          RNI [Ahmed OSMAN]; Organization of
                                          Democratic and Popular Action or
                                          OADP [Mohamed Ben Said AIT IDDER];
                                          Party of Justice and Development or
                                          PJD (note - formerly the Popular
                                          Constitutional and Democratic
                                          Movement or MPCD) [Dr. Abdelkarim
                                          KHATIB]; Party of the National
                                          Unionist Congress [Abdelmajid
                                          BOUZOUBAA]; Party of Progress and
                                          Socialism or PPS [Ismail ALAOUI];
                                          Party of Reform and Development
                                          [Abderrahman EL KOUHEN]; Popular
                                          Movement or MP [Mohamed LAENSER];
                                          Social Democratic Movement or MDS
                                          [Mahmoud AARSHANE]; Socialist Union
                                          of Popular Forces or USFP
                                          [Abderrahman EL-YOUSSOUFI]
            Political pressure groups and Democratic Confederation of Labor or
                                 leaders: CDT [Noubir AMAOUI]; General Union
                                          of Moroccan Workers or UGTM
                                          [Abderrazzak AFILAL]; Moroccan
                                          Employers Association or CGEM
                                          [leader NA]; National Labor Union of
                                          Morocco or UNMT [Abdelslam MAATI];
                                          Union of Moroccan Workers or UMT
                                          [Mahjoub BENSEDDIK]
               International organization ABEDA, ACCT, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF,
                           participation: AMU, CCC, EBRD, ECA, FAO, G-77,
                                          IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
                                          ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAS
                                          (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE
                                          (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Abdullah MAAROUFI
                                          consulate(s) general: New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 265-0161
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 462-7979
                                          through 7982
                                          chancery: 1601 21st Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20009
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Ms.
                                      US: Margaret TUTWILER (since 11 Jul.
                                          embassy: 2 Avenue de Mohamed El
                                          Fassi, Rabat
                                          mailing address: PSC 74, Box 3, APO
                                          AE 90718
                                          telephone: [212] (37) 76 22 65
                                          FAX: [212] (37) 76 56 61
                                          consulate(s) general: Casablanca
                        Flag description: red with a green pentacle (five-
                                          pointed, linear star) known as
                                          Solomon's seal in the center of the
                                          flag; green is the traditional color
                                          of Islam
     Economy Morocco
                      Economy - overview: Morocco faces the problems typical
                                          of developing countries -
                                          restraining government spending,
                                          reducing constraints on private
                                          activity and foreign trade, and
                                          achieving sustainable economic
                                          growth. Following structural
                                          adjustment programs supported by the
                                          IMF, World Bank, and the Paris Club,
                                          the dirham is now fully convertible
                                          for current account transactions,
                                          and reforms of the financial sector
                                          have been implemented. Droughts
                                          depressed activity in the key
                                          agricultural sector and contributed
                                          to a stagnant economy in 1999 and
                                          2000. During that time, however,
                                          Morocco reported large foreign
                                          exchange inflows from the sale of a
                                          mobile telephone license and partial
                                          privatization of the state-owned
                                          telecommunications company.
                                          Favorable rainfall in 2001 led to a
                                          growth of 5%. Formidable long-term
                                          challenges include: servicing the
                                          external debt; preparing the economy
                                          for freer trade with the EU; and
                                          improving education and attracting
                                          foreign investment to boost living
                                          standards and job prospects for
                                          Morocco's youth.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $112
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 15%
                                          industry: 33%
                                          services: 52% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 19% (1999 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.6%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 30.9% (1998-99)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 39.5 (1998-99)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 11 million (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 50%, services 35%,
                                          industry 15% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 23% (1999 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $13.8 billion
                                          expenditures: $14.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $2.1 billion (2001 est.)
                              Industries: phosphate rock mining and
                                          processing, food processing, leather
                                          goods, textiles, construction,
       Industrial production growth rate: 0.5% (1999 est.)
                Electricity - production: 14.243 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 91.27%
                                          hydro: 8.73%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 14.346 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 1.1 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, citrus, wine,
                                          vegetables, olives; livestock
                                 Exports: $8.2 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: phosphates and fertilizers, food and
                                          beverages, minerals
                      Exports - partners: France 26%, Spain 10%, UK 8%, Italy
                                          6%, Germany 5%, India 5%, US 5%
                                 Imports: $12.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: semiprocessed goods, machinery and
                                          equipment, food and beverages,
                                          consumer goods, fuel
                      Imports - partners: France 25%, Spain 11%, Germany 6%,
                                          Italy 6%, UK 5%, US 5% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $19 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $565.6 million (1995)
                                Currency: Moroccan dirham (MAD)
                           Currency code: MAD
                          Exchange rates: Moroccan dirhams per US dollar -
                                          11.584 (January 2002), 11.303
                                          (2001), 10.626 (2000), 9.804 (1999),
                                          9.604 (1998), 9.527 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Morocco
          Telephones - main lines in use: 1.391 million (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 116,645 (1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern system
                                          with all important capabilities;
                                          however density is low with only 4.6
                                          main lines available for each 100
                                          domestic: good system composed of
                                          open-wire lines, cables, and
                                          microwave radio relay links;
                                          Internet available but expensive;
                                          principal switching centers are
                                          Casablanca and Rabat; national
                                          network nearly 100% digital using
                                          fiber-optic links; improved rural
                                          service employs microwave radio
                                          international: 7 submarine cables;
                                          satellite earth stations - 2
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1
                                          Arabsat; microwave radio relay to
                                          Gibraltar, Spain, and Western
                                          Sahara; coaxial cable and microwave
                                          radio relay to Algeria; participant
                                          in Medarabtel; fiber-optic cable
                                          link from Agadir to Algeria and
                                          Tunisia (1998)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 27, FM 25, shortwave 6 (1998)
                                  Radios: 6.64 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 35 (plus 66 repeaters) (1995)
                             Televisions: 3.1 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ma
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 8 (2000)
                          Internet users: 220,000 (2001)
     Transportation Morocco
                                Railways: total: 1,907 km
                                          standard gauge: 1,907 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (1,003 km electrified; 540
                                          km double-tracked) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 57,847 km
                                          paved: 30,254 km (including 327 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 27,593 km (1998)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 362 km; petroleum products
                                          491 km (abandoned); natural gas 241
                       Ports and harbors: Agadir, El Jadida, Casablanca, El
                                          Jorf Lasfar, Kenitra, Mohammedia,
                                          Nador, Rabat, Safi, Tangier; also
                                          Spanish-controlled Ceuta and Melilla
                         Merchant marine: total: 41 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 227,364 GRT/277,306 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 10, chemical
                                          tanker 6, container 6, petroleum
                                          tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 8, roll
                                          on/roll off 8, short-sea passenger 1
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Germany 1, Hong Kong 1,
                                          Netherlands 2, Norway 2 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 67 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 26
                                          over 3,047 m: 9
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 9
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 41
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
                                          under 914 m: 11 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 19
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military Morocco
                        Military branches: Royal Armed Forces (includes Army,
                                           Navy, Air Force), Gendarmerie,
                                           Auxiliary Forces
         Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 8,393,772 (2002
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 5,289,283 (2002
                                  service: est.)
     Military manpower - reaching military males: 348,380 (2002 est.)
                             age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $1.4 billion (FY99/00)
        Military expenditures - percent of 4% (FY99/00)
     Transnational Issues Morocco
                Disputes - international: claims and administers Western
                                          Sahara, but sovereignty remains
                                          unresolved; UN-administered cease-
                                          fire has remained in effect since
                                          September 1991, but attempts to hold
                                          a referendum have failed and parties
                                          reject other proposals; Spain
                                          controls three small possessions off
                                          the coast of Morocco - the islands
                                          of Penon de Alhucemas, Penon de
                                          Velez de la Gomera, and Islas
                                          Chafarinas and two autonomous
                                          communities on the coast of Morrocco
                                          - Ceuta and Mellila; Morocco
                                          rejected Spain's unilateral
                                          designation of a median line from
                                          the Canary Islands in 2002 to
                                          explore undersea resources and to
                                          interdict illegal refugees from
                           Illicit drugs: illicit producer of hashish;
                                          trafficking increasing for both
                                          domestic and international drug
                                          markets; shipments of hashish mostly
                                          directed to Western Europe; transit
                                          point for cocaine from South America
                                          destined for Western Europe

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Morocco, IN -- U.S. town in Indiana
     Population (2000):    1127
     Housing Units (2000): 508
     Land area (2000):     0.578851 sq. miles (1.499216 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.578851 sq. miles (1.499216 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            51138
     Located within:       Indiana (IN), FIPS 18
     Location:             40.945650 N, 87.454193 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     47963
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Morocco, IN

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