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 for Micronesia, Federated States of
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Micronesia, Federated States of
     Introduction Micronesia, Federated States of
                              Background: In 1979 the Federated States of
                                          Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory
                                          under US administration, adopted a
                                          constitution. In 1986 independence
                                          was attained under a Compact of Free
                                          Association with the US. Present
                                          concerns include large-scale
                                          unemployment, overfishing, and
                                          overdependence on US aid.
     Geography Micronesia, Federated States of
                                Location: Oceania, island group in the North
                                          Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters
                                          of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
                  Geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 15 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 702 sq km
                                          note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape),
                                          Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Yap Islands,
                                          and Kosrae
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 702 sq km
                      Area - comparative: four times the size of Washington,
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 6,112 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall,
                                          especially in the eastern islands;
                                          located on southern edge of the
                                          typhoon belt with occasionally
                                          severe damage
                                 Terrain: islands vary geologically from high
                                          mountainous islands to low, coral
                                          atolls; volcanic outcroppings on
                                          Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom)
                                          791 m
                       Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-
                                          seabed minerals
                                Land use: arable land: 5.71%
                                          permanent crops: 45.71%
                                          other: 48.57% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)
            Environment - current issues: overfishing, climate change,
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: four major island groups totaling
                                          607 islands
     People Micronesia, Federated States of
                              Population: 135,869 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: NA%
                                          15-64 years: NA%
                                          65 years and over: NA%
                  Population growth rate: NA% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                              Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                               Sex ratio: NA
                   Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                          male: NA years
                                          female: NA years
                    Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Micronesian(s)
                                          adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese,
                                          Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese,
                           Ethnic groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and
                                          Polynesian groups
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%
                               Languages: English (official and common
                                          language), Trukese, Pohnpeian,
                                          Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian,
                                          Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 89%
                                          male: 91%
                                          female: 88% (1980 est.)
     Government Micronesia, Federated States of
                            Country name: conventional long form: Federated
                                          States of Micronesia
                                          conventional short form: none
                                          abbreviation: FSM
                                          former: Ponape, Truk, and Yap
                                          Districts (Trust Territory of the
                                          Pacific Islands)
                         Government type: constitutional government in free
                                          association with the US; the Compact
                                          of Free Association entered into
                                          force 3 November 1986 and is due for
                                 Capital: Palikir
                Administrative divisions: 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae,
                                          Pohnpei, Yap
                            Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-
                                          administered UN Trusteeship)
                        National holiday: Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
                            Constitution: 10 May 1979
                            Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory
                                          laws, acts of the legislature,
                                          municipal, common, and customary
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Leo A.
                                          FALCAM (since 21 July 1999); Vice
                                          President Redley KILLION (since 21
                                          July 1999); note - the president is
                                          both the chief of state and head of
                                          head of government: President Leo A.
                                          FALCAM (since 21 July 1999); Vice
                                          President Redley KILLION (since 21
                                          July 1999); note - the president is
                                          both the chief of state and head of
                                          cabinet: Cabinet
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected by Congress from
                                          among the four senators-at-large for
                                          four-year terms; election last held
                                          NA May 1999 (next to be held NA May
                                          2003); note - a proposed
                                          constitutional amendment would
                                          establish popular elections for
                                          president and vice president
                                          election results: Leo A. FALCAM
                                          elected president; percent of
                                          Congress vote - NA%; Redley KILLION
                                          elected vice president; percent of
                                          Congress vote - NA%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Congress (14 seats;
                                          members elected by popular vote;
                                          four - one elected from each state -
                                          to serve four-year terms and 10 -
                                          elected from single-member districts
                                          delineated by population - to serve
                                          two-year terms)
                                          elections: elections for four-year
                                          term seats last held 2 March 1999
                                          (next to be held NA March 2003);
                                          elections for two-year term seats
                                          last held 6 March 2001 (next to be
                                          held NA March 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - independents 14
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
           Political parties and leaders: no formal parties
               International organization ACP, AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO,
                           participation: IDA, IFC, IFRCS (associate), IMF,
                                          IOC, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse
                                          Bibiano MAREHALAU
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
                                          consulate(s) general: Honolulu and
                                          Tamuning (Guam)
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
                                          chancery: 1725 N Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20036
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Larry
                                      US: DINGER
                                          embassy: address NA, Kolonia
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 1286,
                                          Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States
                                          of Micronesia 96941
                                          telephone: [691] 320-2187
                                          FAX: [691] 320-2186
                        Flag description: light blue with four white five-
                                          pointed stars centered; the stars
                                          are arranged in a diamond pattern
     Economy Micronesia, Federated States of
                      Economy - overview: Economic activity consists primarily
                                          of subsistence farming and fishing.
                                          The islands have few mineral
                                          deposits worth exploiting, except
                                          for high-grade phosphate. The
                                          potential for a tourist industry
                                          exists, but the remote location and
                                          a lack of adequate facilities hinder
                                          development. In 1996, the country
                                          experienced a 20% reduction in
                                          revenues from the Compact of Free
                                          Association - the agreement with the
                                          US in which Micronesia received $1.3
                                          billion in financial and technical
                                          assistance over a 15-year period
                                          until 2001. Since these revenues
                                          accounted for 57% of consolidated
                                          government revenues, reduced Compact
                                          funding resulted in a severe
                                          depression. Economic activity
                                          recovered in 1999-2001. The
                                          country's medium-term economic
                                          outlook appears fragile due to
                                          likely further reductions in
                                          external grants made under the US
                                          Compact funding. Geographical
                                          isolation and a poorly developed
                                          infrastructure remain major
                                          impediments to long-term growth.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $269
                                          million (2001 est.)
                                          note: GDP is supplemented by grant
                                          aid, averaging perhaps $100 million
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 50%
                                          industry: 4%
                                          services: 46% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: two-thirds are government employees
                       Unemployment rate: 16% (1999 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $161 million ($69 million
                                          less grants)
                                          expenditures: $160 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1998 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, construction, fish
                                          processing, craft items from shell,
                                          wood, and pearls
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: black pepper, tropical fruits and
                                          vegetables, coconuts, cassava
                                          (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs,
                                 Exports: $22 million (f.o.b., FY99/00 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: fish, garments, bananas, black
                      Exports - partners: Japan, US, Guam
                                 Imports: $149 million (f.o.b., FY99/00 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: food, manufactured goods, machinery
                                          and equipment, beverages
                      Imports - partners: US, Australia, Japan
                         Debt - external: $66.5 million (FY99/00 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: under terms of the Compact of Free
                                          Association, the US pledged $1.3
                                          billion in grant aid during the
                                          period 1986-2001
                                Currency: US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: USD
                          Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
                             Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
     Communications Micronesia, Federated States of
          Telephones - main lines in use: 11,000 (2001)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate system
                                          domestic: islands interconnected by
                                          shortwave radiotelephone (used
                                          mostly for government purposes)
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific
                                          Ocean) (2002)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 9,400 (1996)
           Television broadcast stations: 2 (1997)
                             Televisions: 2,800 (1999)
                   Internet country code: .fm
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 2,000 (2000)
     Transportation Micronesia, Federated States of
                                 Highways: total: 240 km
                                           paved: 42 km
                                           unpaved: 198 km (1996)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Colonia (Yap), Kolonia (Pohnpei),
                                           Lele, Moen
                          Merchant marine: none
                                           note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                           registered here as a flag of
                                           convenience: United States 1 (2002
                                 Airports: 7 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 6
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Micronesia, Federated States of
                         Military - note: Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)
                                          is a sovereign, self-governing state
                                          in free association with the US; FSM
                                          is totally dependent on the US for
                                          its defense
     Transnational Issues Micronesia, Federated States of
                                                Disputes - international: none

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