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2 definitions found
 for Marshall Islands
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Marshall Islands
      n 1: a republic (under United States protection) on the Marshall
           Islands [syn: Marshall Islands, Republic of the Marshall
      2: a group of coral islands in eastern Micronesia

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Marshall Islands
     Introduction Marshall Islands
                              Background: After almost four decades under US
                                          administration as the easternmost
                                          part of the UN Trust Territory of
                                          the Pacific Islands, the Marshall
                                          Islands attained independence in
                                          1986 under a Compact of Free
                                          Association. Compensation claims
                                          continue as a result of US nuclear
                                          testing on some of the atolls
                                          between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall
                                          Islands have been home to the US
                                          Army Base Kwajalein (USAKA) since
     Geography Marshall Islands
                                Location: Oceania, group of atolls and reefs
                                          in the North Pacific Ocean, about
                                          one-half of the way from Hawaii to
                  Geographic coordinates: 9 00 N, 168 00 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 181.3 sq km
                                          note: includes the atolls of Bikini,
                                          Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro,
                                          Rongelap, and Utirik
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 181.3 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 370.4 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: wet season from May to November; hot
                                          and humid; islands border typhoon
                                 Terrain: low coral limestone and sand islands
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location on
                                          Likiep 10 m
                       Natural resources: coconut products, marine products,
                                          deep seabed minerals
                                Land use: arable land: 16.67%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 83.33% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km
                         Natural hazards: infrequent typhoons
            Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable
                                          water; pollution of Majuro lagoon
                                          from household waste and discharges
                                          from fishing vessels
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Law of the
                                          Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: two archipelagic island chains of 30
                                          atolls and 1,152 islands; Bikini and
                                          Enewetak are former US nuclear test
                                          sites; Kwajalein, the famous World
                                          War II battleground, is now used as
                                          a US missile test range
     People Marshall Islands
                              Population: 73,630 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 49.1% (male 18,443;
                                          female 17,704)
                                          15-64 years: 48.9% (male 18,347;
                                          female 17,628)
                                          65 years and over: 2% (male 720;
                                          female 788) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.89% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 44.98 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 6.07 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.04 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 38.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.18 years
                                          female: 68.09 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 64.35 years
                    Total fertility rate: 6.49 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Marshallese (singular and
                                          adjective: Marshallese
                           Ethnic groups: Micronesian
                               Religions: Christian (mostly Protestant)
                               Languages: English (widely spoken as a second
                                          language, both English and
                                          Marshallese are official languages),
                                          two major Marshallese dialects from
                                          the Malayo-Polynesian family,
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 93.7%
                                          male: 93.6%
                                          female: 93.7% (1999)
     Government Marshall Islands
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          the Marshall Islands
                                          conventional short form: Marshall
                                          former: Marshall Islands District
                                          (Trust Territory of the Pacific
                         Government type: constitutional government in free
                                          association with the US; the Compact
                                          of Free Association entered into
                                          force 21 October 1986
                                 Capital: Majuro
                Administrative divisions: 33 municipalities; Ailinginae,
                                          Ailinglaplap, Ailuk, Arno, Aur,
                                          Bikar, Bikini, Bokak, Ebon,
                                          Enewetak, Erikub, Jabat, Jaluit,
                                          Jemo, Kili, Kwajalein, Lae, Lib,
                                          Likiep, Majuro, Maloelap, Mejit,
                                          Mili, Namorik, Namu, Rongelap,
                                          Rongrik, Toke, Ujae, Ujelang,
                                          Utirik, Wotho, Wotje
                            Independence: 21 October 1986 (from the US-
                                          administered UN trusteeship)
                        National holiday: Constitution Day, 1 May (1979)
                            Constitution: 1 May 1979
                            Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory
                                          laws, acts of the legislature,
                                          municipal, common, and customary
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Kessai
                                          Hesa NOTE (since 3 January 2000);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          head of government: President Kessai
                                          Hesa NOTE (since 3 January 2000);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          cabinet: Cabinet selected by the
                                          president from among the members of
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          Parliament from among its own
                                          members for a four-year term;
                                          election last held 15 November 1999
                                          (next to be held NA November 2003)
                                          election results: Kessai Hesa NOTE
                                          elected president; percent of
                                          Parliament vote - 100%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Nitijela
                                          (33 seats; members elected by
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          elections: last held 15 November
                                          1999 (next to be held NA November
                                          note: the Council of Chiefs is a 12-
                                          member body that advises on matters
                                          affecting customary law and practice
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NA
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; High Court
           Political parties and leaders: traditionally there have been no
                                          formally organized political
                                          parties; what has existed more
                                          closely resembles factions or
                                          interest groups because they do not
                                          have party headquarters, formal
                                          platforms, or party structures; the
                                          following two "groupings" have
                                          competed in legislative balloting in
                                          recent years - Kabua Party [Imata
                                          KABUA] and United Democratic Party
                                          or UDP [Litokwa TOMEING]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AsDB, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, ITU, OPCW (signatory),
                                          Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, WHO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Banny
                                          DE BRUM
                                          chancery: 2433 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: Honolulu
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 232-3236
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 234-5414
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Michael
                                      US: J. SENKO
                                          embassy: Oceanside, Mejen Weto, Long
                                          Island, Majuro
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 1379,
                                          Majuro, Republic of the Marshall
                                          Islands 96960-1379
                                          telephone: [692] 247-4011
                                          FAX: [692] 247-4012
                        Flag description: blue with two stripes radiating from
                                          the lower hoist-side corner - orange
                                          (top) and white; there is a white
                                          star with four large rays and 20
                                          small rays on the hoist side above
                                          the two stripes
     Economy Marshall Islands
                      Economy - overview: US Government assistance is the
                                          mainstay of this tiny island
                                          economy. Agricultural production is
                                          primarily subsistence and is
                                          concentrated on small farms; the
                                          most important commercial crops are
                                          coconuts and breadfruit. Small-scale
                                          industry is limited to handicrafts,
                                          tuna processing, and copra. The
                                          tourist industry, now a small source
                                          of foreign exchange employing less
                                          than 10% of the labor force, remains
                                          the best hope for future added
                                          income. The islands have few natural
                                          resources, and imports far exceed
                                          exports. Under the terms of the
                                          Compact of Free Association, the US
                                          provides roughly $39 million in
                                          annual aid. Negotiations have
                                          continued for an extended agreement.
                                          Government downsizing, drought, a
                                          drop in construction, the decline in
                                          tourism and foreign investment due
                                          to the Asian financial difficulties,
                                          and less income from the renewal of
                                          fishing vessel licenses have held
                                          GDP growth to an average of 1% over
                                          the past decade.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $115
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 14%
                                          industry: 16%
                                          services: 70% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.9% (1999 est.)
                             Labor force: 28,698
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 21.4%, industry 20.9%,
                                          services 57.7%
                       Unemployment rate: 30.9% (1999 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $42 million
                                          expenditures: $40 million, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (1999)
                              Industries: copra, fish, tourism, craft items
                                          from shell, wood, and pearls
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 99%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          nuclear: 0%
                                          other: 1% (solar)
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro,
                                          breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens
                                 Exports: $9 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: copra cake, coconut oil, handicrafts
                      Exports - partners: US, Japan, Australia
                                 Imports: $54 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment,
                                          fuels, beverages and tobacco
                      Imports - partners: US, Japan, Australia, NZ, Singapore,
                                          Fiji, China, Philippines
                         Debt - external: $86.5 million (FY99/00 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: approximately $39 million annually
                                          from the US
                                Currency: US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: USD
                          Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
                             Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
     Communications Marshall Islands
          Telephones - main lines in use: 4,186 (2001)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 489 (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: digital
                                          switching equipment; modern services
                                          include telex, cellular, internet,
                                          international calling, caller ID,
                                          and leased data circuits
                                          domestic: Majuro Atoll and Ebeye and
                                          Kwajalein islands have regular,
                                          seven-digit, direct-dial telephones;
                                          other islands interconnected by
                                          shortwave radiotelephone (used
                                          mostly for government purposes)
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific
                                          Ocean); US Government satellite
                                          communications system on Kwajalein
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 1, shortwave 0
                                          note: additionally, the US Armed
                                          Forces Radio and Television Services
                                          (Central Pacific Network) operate
                                          one FM and one AM station on
                                          Kwajalein (2002)
                                  Radios: NA
           Television broadcast stations: 2 (both are US military stations)
                             Televisions: NA
                   Internet country code: .mh
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2002)
                          Internet users: 537 (2001)
     Transportation Marshall Islands
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: NA km
                                          paved: 64.5 km
                                          unpaved: NA km
                                          note: paved roads on major islands
                                          (Majuro, Kwajalein), otherwise
                                          stone-, coral-, or laterite-surfaced
                                          roads and tracks (2002)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Majuro
                         Merchant marine: total: 270 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 11,807,839 GRT/19,332,014
                                          note: the ship's register of the
                                          Marshall Islands is a flag of
                                          convenience register since
                                          essentially none of the vessels on
                                          it is owned domestically, includes
                                          the following foreign-owned ships
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: China 1, Cyprus 1,
                                          Denmark 9, Germany 70, Greece 54,
                                          Hong Kong 2, Japan 4, Monaco 8,
                                          Netherlands 8, Norway 10, Poland 16,
                                          Singapore 1, Turkey 6, United
                                          Kingdom 3, United States 87, Uruguay
                                          1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 82, cargo 14,
                                          chemical tanker 24, combination ore/
                                          oil 4, container 46, liquefied gas
                                          8, multi-functional large-load
                                          carrier 1, petroleum tanker 88,
                                          vehicle carrier 3
                                Airports: 17 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 4
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 13
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 10
                                          under 914 m: 3 (2001)
     Military Marshall Islands
                       Military branches: no regular military forces; Police
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
     Transnational Issues Marshall Islands
                  Disputes - international: claims US territory of Wake Island

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