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3 definitions found
 for Maldives
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Maldive Islands \Maldive Islands\ prop. n.
     A group of about 2000 islands in the Indian ocean; also known
     as the Maldives.
     [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic on the Maldive Islands; achieved independence
           from the United Kingdom in 1965 [syn: Maldives, Republic
           of Maldives]
      2: a group of about 1,200 small coral islands (about 220
         inhabited) in the Indian ocean [syn: Maldives, Maldive

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Maldives
                              Background: The Maldives were long a sultanate,
                                          first under Dutch and then under
                                          British protection. They became a
                                          republic in 1968, three years after
                                          independence. Tourism and fishing
                                          are being developed on the
     Geography Maldives
                                Location: Southern Asia, group of atolls in
                                          the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of
                  Geographic coordinates: 3 15 N, 73 00 E
                          Map references: Asia
                                    Area: total: 300 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 300 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 1.7 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 644 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast
                                          monsoon (November to March); rainy,
                                          southwest monsoon (June to August)
                                 Terrain: flat, with white sandy beaches
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location on
                                          Wilingili island in the Addu Atoll
                                          2.4 m
                       Natural resources: fish
                                Land use: arable land: 3.33%
                                          permanent crops: 6.67%
                                          other: 90% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: low level of islands makes them very
                                          sensitive to sea level rise
            Environment - current issues: depletion of freshwater aquifers
                                          threatens water supplies; global
                                          warming and sea level rise; coral
                                          reef bleaching
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26
                                          atolls (200 inhabited islands, plus
                                          80 islands with tourist resorts);
                                          archipelago with strategic location
                                          astride and along major sea lanes in
                                          Indian Ocean
     People Maldives
                              Population: 320,165 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 45.3% (male 74,493;
                                          female 70,394)
                                          15-64 years: 51.7% (male 84,548;
                                          female 81,092)
                                          65 years and over: 3% (male 4,944;
                                          female 4,694) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.95% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 37.41 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 7.86 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.05 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.05 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 61.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 62.93 years
                                          female: 64.2 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 61.72 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.38 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.05% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Maldivian(s)
                                          adjective: Maldivian
                           Ethnic groups: South Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
                               Religions: Sunni Muslim
                               Languages: Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of
                                          Sinhala, script derived from
                                          Arabic), English spoken by most
                                          government officials
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 93.2%
                                          male: 93.3%
                                          female: 93% (1995 est.)
     Government Maldives
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Maldives
                                          local short form: Dhivehi Raajje
                                          local long form: Dhivehi Raajjeyge
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Male
                Administrative divisions: 19 atolls (atholhu, singular and
                                          plural) and 1 other first-order
                                          administrative division*; Alifu,
                                          Baa, Dhaalu, Faafu, Gaafu Alifu,
                                          Gaafu Dhaalu, Gnaviyani, Haa Alifu,
                                          Haa Dhaalu, Kaafu, Laamu, Lhaviyani,
                                          Maale*, Meemu, Noonu, Raa, Seenu,
                                          Shaviyani, Thaa, Vaavu
                            Independence: 26 July 1965 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 26 July (1965)
                            Constitution: adopted January 1998
                            Legal system: based on Islamic law with admixtures
                                          of English common law primarily in
                                          commercial matters; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Maumoon
                                          Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 November
                                          1978); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          elections: president nominated by
                                          the Majlis and then that nomination
                                          must be ratified by a national
                                          referendum (at least a 51% approval
                                          margin is required); president
                                          elected for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 16 October 1998
                                          (next to be held NA October 2003)
                                          election results: President Maumoon
                                          Abdul GAYOOM reelected; percent of
                                          popular vote - Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM
                                          cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president; note -
                                          need not be members of Majlis
                                          head of government: President
                                          Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11
                                          November 1978); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                      Legislative branch: unicameral People's Council or
                                          Majlis (50 seats; 42 elected by
                                          popular vote, 8 appointed by the
                                          president; members serve five-year
                                          elections: last held 20 November
                                          1999 (next to be held NA November
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - independents 42
                         Judicial branch: High Court
           Political parties and leaders: although political parties are not
                                          banned, none exist
            Political pressure groups and none
               International organization AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM,
                                          OIC, OPCW, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WToO,
     Diplomatic representation in the US: Maldives does not have an embassy in
                                          the US, but does have a Permanent
                                          Mission to the UN in New York
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Maldives; the US Ambassador to Sri
                                          Lanka is accredited to Maldives and
                                          makes periodic visits there
                        Flag description: red with a large green rectangle in
                                          the center bearing a vertical white
                                          crescent; the closed side of the
                                          crescent is on the hoist side of the
     Economy Maldives
                      Economy - overview: Tourism, Maldives largest industry,
                                          accounts for 20% of GDP and more
                                          than 60% of the Maldives' foreign
                                          exchange receipts. Over 90% of
                                          government tax revenue comes from
                                          import duties and tourism-related
                                          taxes. Almost 400,000 tourists
                                          visited the islands in 1998. Fishing
                                          is a second leading sector. The
                                          Maldivian Government began an
                                          economic reform program in 1989
                                          initially by lifting import quotas
                                          and opening some exports to the
                                          private sector. Subsequently, it has
                                          liberalized regulations to allow
                                          more foreign investment. Agriculture
                                          and manufacturing continue to play a
                                          minor role in the economy,
                                          constrained by the limited
                                          availability of cultivable land and
                                          the shortage of domestic labor. Most
                                          staple foods must be imported.
                                          Industry, which consists mainly of
                                          garment production, boat building,
                                          and handicrafts, accounts for about
                                          18% of GDP. Maldivian authorities
                                          worry about the impact of erosion
                                          and possible global warming on their
                                          low-lying country; 80% of the area
                                          is one meter or less above sea
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.2
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 7% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,870
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 20%
                                          industry: 18%
                                          services: 62% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 67,000 (1995)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 22%, industry 18%,
                                          services 60% (1995)
                       Unemployment rate: NEGL%
                                  Budget: revenues: $166 million (excluding
                                          foreign grants)
                                          expenditures: $192 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $80 million (1999 est.)
                              Industries: fish processing, tourism, shipping,
                                          boat building, coconut processing,
                                          garments, woven mats, rope,
                                          handicrafts, coral and sand mining
       Industrial production growth rate: 4.4% (1996 est.)
                Electricity - production: 110 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 102.3 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; fish
                                 Exports: $88 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: fish, clothing
                      Exports - partners: US, UK, Sri Lanka, Japan
                                 Imports: $372 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: consumer goods, intermediate and
                                          capital goods, petroleum products
                      Imports - partners: Singapore, India, Sri Lanka, Japan,
                         Debt - external: $237 million (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: rufiyaa (MVR)
                           Currency code: MVR
                          Exchange rates: rufiyaa per US dollar - 11.770
                                          (fixed rate since 1995)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Maldives
          Telephones - main lines in use: 21,000 (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1,290 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: minimal domestic
                                          and international facilities
                                          domestic: interatoll communication
                                          through microwave links; all
                                          inhabited islands are connected with
                                          telephone and fax service
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 3 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 35,000 (1999)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
                             Televisions: 10,000 (1999)
                   Internet country code: .mv
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 6,000 (2001)
     Transportation Maldives
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: NA km
                                          paved: NA km
                                          unpaved: NA km; note - Male has 9.6
                                          km of coral highways within the city
                                          (1988 est.)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Gan, Male
                         Merchant marine: total: 14 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 51,532 GRT/71,298 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 13, short-sea
                                          passenger 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 5 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2001)
     Military Maldives
                        Military branches: National Security Service
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 74,893 (2002 est.)
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 41,672 (2002 est.)
            Military expenditures - dollar $34.5 million (FY01)
        Military expenditures - percent of 8.6% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Maldives
                                                Disputes - international: none

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