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3 definitions found
 for Malaysia
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Malaysia \Malaysia\ prop. n.
     A country in Southeast Asia including the former nation of
     Malaya on the Malay Peninsula, and part of Borneo; sometimes
     still referred to as Malaya.
     [WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a constitutional monarchy in southeastern Asia on Borneo
           and the Malay Peninsula; achieved independence from the
           United Kingdom in 1957 [syn: Malaysia, Malaya]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Malaysia
                              Background: Malaysia was formed in 1963 through
                                          a merging of the former British
                                          colonies of Malaya and Singapore,
                                          including the East Malaysian states
                                          of Sabah and Sarawak on the northern
                                          coast of Borneo. The first several
                                          years of the country's history were
                                          marred by Indonesian efforts to
                                          control Malaysia, Philippine claims
                                          to Sabah, and Singapore's secession
                                          in 1965.
     Geography Malaysia
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, peninsula and
                                          northern one-third of the island of
                                          Borneo, bordering Indonesia and the
                                          South China Sea, south of Vietnam
                  Geographic coordinates: 2 30 N, 112 30 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 329,750 sq km
                                          water: 1,200 sq km
                                          land: 328,550 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,669 km
                                          border countries: Brunei 381 km,
                                          Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km
                               Coastline: 4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068
                                          km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation; specified
                                          boundary in the South China Sea
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; annual southwest (April to
                                          October) and northeast (October to
                                          February) monsoons
                                 Terrain: coastal plains rising to hills and
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100
                       Natural resources: tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron
                                          ore, natural gas, bauxite
                                Land use: arable land: 5%
                                          permanent crops: 17.61%
                                          other: 76.85% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 3,650 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: flooding, landslides, forest fires
            Environment - current issues: air pollution from industrial and
                                          vehicular emissions; water pollution
                                          from raw sewage; deforestation;
                                          smoke/haze from Indonesian forest
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Marine Life Conservation,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical
                                          Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of
                                          Malacca and southern South China Sea
     People Malaysia
                              Population: 22,662,365 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 34.1% (male 3,974,532;
                                          female 3,753,407)
                                          15-64 years: 61.6% (male 6,995,451;
                                          female 6,969,435)
                                          65 years and over: 4.3% (male
                                          424,776; female 544,764) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.91% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 24.22 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.16 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          note: does not reflect net flow of
                                          an unknown number of illegal
                                          immigrants from other countries in
                                          the region (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 19.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.39 years
                                          female: 74.21 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 68.75 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.18 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.42% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 49,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,900 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Malaysian(s)
                                          adjective: Malaysian
                           Ethnic groups: Malay and other indigenous 58%,
                                          Chinese 24%, Indian 8%, others 10%
                               Religions: Muslim, Buddhist, Daoist, Hindu,
                                          Christian, Sikh; note - in addition,
                                          Shamanism is practiced in East
                               Languages: Bahasa Melayu (official), English,
                                          Chinese dialects (Cantonese,
                                          Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan,
                                          Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam,
                                          Panjabi, Thai; note - in addition,
                                          in East Malaysia several indigenous
                                          languages are spoken, the largest of
                                          which are Iban and Kadazan
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 83.5%
                                          male: 89.1%
                                          female: 78.1% (1995 est.)
     Government Malaysia
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Malaysia
                                          former: Federation of Malaysia
                         Government type: constitutional monarchy
                                          note: Malaya (what is now Peninsular
                                          Malaysia) formed 31 August 1957;
                                          Federation of Malaysia (Malaya,
                                          Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore)
                                          formed 9 July 1963 (Singapore left
                                          the federation on 9 August 1965);
                                          nominally headed by the paramount
                                          ruler and a bicameral Parliament
                                          consisting of a nonelected upper
                                          house and an elected lower house;
                                          Peninsular Malaysian states -
                                          hereditary rulers in all but Melaka,
                                          Penang, Sabah, and Sarawak, where
                                          governors are appointed by the
                                          Malaysian Government; powers of
                                          state governments are limited by the
                                          federal constitution; under terms of
                                          the federation, Sabah and Sarawak
                                          retain certain constitutional
                                          prerogatives (e.g., the right to
                                          maintain their own immigration
                                          controls); Sabah - holds 20 seats in
                                          House of Representatives, with
                                          foreign affairs, defense, internal
                                          security, and other powers delegated
                                          to federal government; Sarawak -
                                          holds 28 seats in House of
                                          Representatives, with foreign
                                          affairs, defense, internal security,
                                          and other powers delegated to
                                          federal government
                                 Capital: Kuala Lumpur
                Administrative divisions: 13 states (negeri-negeri, singular -
                                          negeri) and 2 federal territories*
                                          (wilayah-wilayah persekutuan,
                                          singular - wilayah persekutuan);
                                          Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Labuan*,
                                          Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang,
                                          Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang, Sabah,
                                          Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu,
                                          Wilayah Persekutuan*
                                          note: the city of Kuala Lumpur is
                                          located within the federal territory
                                          of Wilayah Persekutuan; the terms
                                          therefore are not interchangeable;
                                          there is a new federal territory
                                          named Putrajaya, but this change has
                                          not yet been approved by the US
                                          Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
                            Independence: 31 August 1957 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day/Malaysia Day, 31
                                          August (1957)
                            Constitution: 31 August 1957, amended 16 September
                            Legal system: based on English common law;
                                          judicial review of legislative acts
                                          in the Supreme Court at request of
                                          supreme head of the federation; has
                                          not accepted compulsory ICJ
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Paramount Ruler
                                          Tuanku SYED SIRAJUDDIN ibni Almarhum
                                          Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail, the
                                          Raja of Perlis (since 12 December
                                          2001); replaced Paramount Ruler
                                          Sultan TUNKU SALAHUDDIN Abdul Aziz
                                          Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan
                                          Hissammuddin Alam Shah who died in
                                          office 21 November 2001
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (since 16 July
                                          1981); Deputy Prime Minister
                                          ABDULLAH bin Ahmad Badawi (since 8
                                          January 1999)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          prime minister from among the
                                          members of Parliament with consent
                                          of the paramount ruler
                                          election results: Tuanku SYED
                                          SIRAJUDDIN ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed
                                          Putra Jamalullail elected paramount
                                          ruler following the death of TUNKU
                                          SALAHUDDIN Abdul Aziz Shah Ibni Al-
                                          Marhum Sultan Hisammuddin Alam Shah
                                          elections: paramount ruler elected
                                          by and from the hereditary rulers of
                                          nine of the states for five-year
                                          terms; election last held 12
                                          December 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          2006); prime minister designated
                                          from among the members of the House
                                          of Representatives; following
                                          legislative elections, the leader of
                                          the party that wins a plurality of
                                          seats in the House of
                                          Representatives becomes prime
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlimen
                                          consists of the Senate or Dewan
                                          Negara (69 seats; 43 appointed by
                                          the paramount ruler, 26 appointed by
                                          the state legislatures) and the
                                          House of Representatives or Dewan
                                          Rakyat (193 seats; members elected
                                          by popular vote weighted toward the
                                          rural Malay population to serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          election results: House of
                                          Representatives - percent of vote by
                                          party - NF 56%, other 44%; seats by
                                          party - NF 148, PAS 27, DAP 10, NJP
                                          5, PBS 3
                                          elections: House of Representatives
                                          - last held 29 November 1999 (next
                                          must be held by 20 December 2004)
                         Judicial branch: Federal Court (judges appointed by
                                          the paramount ruler on the advice of
                                          the prime minister)
           Political parties and leaders: Alternative Coalition or Barisan
                                          Alternatif-BA (includes the
                                          following parties: Party Islam Se-
                                          Malaysia or PAS [FADZIL Mohamad
                                          Noor], National Justice Party or NJP
                                          [WAN AZIZAH Wan Ismail], and
                                          Malaysian People's Party or PRM
                                          [SYED HUSIN]); National Front or NF
                                          (ruling coalition dominated by the
                                          United Malays National Organization
                                          or UMNO [MAHATHIR bin Mohamad],
                                          includes the following parties:
                                          Malaysian Indian Congress or MIC [S.
                                          Samy VELLU], Malaysian Chinese
                                          Association or MCA [LING Liong Sik],
                                          Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia or Gerakan
                                          [LIM Keng Yaik], Parti Pesaka
                                          Bumiputra Bersatu or PBB [Patinggi
                                          Haji Abdul TAIB Mahmud], Parti
                                          Angkatan Keadilan Rakyat Bersatu or
                                          Akar [PANDIKAR Amin Mulia], Parti
                                          Bangsa Dayak Sarawak or PBDS [Leo
                                          MOGGIE], Parti Bersatu Sabah or PBS
                                          [Joseph PAIRIN Kitingan], Sabah
                                          United People's Party or SUPP
                                          [Jeffrey KITINGAN], Liberal
                                          Democratic Party or LDP [CHONG Kah
                                          Kiat], Sabah Progressive Party or
                                          SAPP [YONG Teck Lee], People's
                                          Progressive Party or PPP [M.
                                          KAYVEAS], Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah
                                          or PBRS [Joseph KURUP], Sarawak
                                          National Party or SNAP [Amar James
                                          WONG], Parti Demokratik Sabah or PDS
                                          [leader NA], and United Pasok
                                          Momogun Kadazan Organization or UPKO
                                          (state level only) [Bernard
                                          DOMPOK]); Parti Bersekutu [HARRIS
                                          Salleh]; State Reform Party of
                                          Sarawak or STAR [PATAU Rubis];
                                          Democratic Action Party or DAP [LIM
                                          Kit Siang]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, BIS, C, CCC,
                           participation: CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-15, G-77, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU,
                                          MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN,
                                          UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK,
                                          UNTAET, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          GHAZZALI bin Sheikh Abdul Khalid
                                          chancery: 2401 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: Los Angeles
                                          and New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 483-7661
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 328-2700
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Marie
                                      US: T. HUHTALA
                                          embassy: 376 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400
                                          Kuala Lumpur
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box No.
                                          10035, 50700 Kuala Lumpur; American
                                          Embassy Kuala Lumpur, APO AP 96535-
                                          telephone: [60] (3) 2168-5000
                                          FAX: [60] (3) 2142-2207
                        Flag description: 14 equal horizontal stripes of red
                                          (top) alternating with white
                                          (bottom); there is a blue rectangle
                                          in the upper hoist-side corner
                                          bearing a yellow crescent and a
                                          yellow fourteen-pointed star; the
                                          crescent and the star are
                                          traditional symbols of Islam; the
                                          design was based on the flag of the
     Economy Malaysia
                      Economy - overview: Malaysia, a middle income country,
                                          transformed itself from 1971 through
                                          the late 1990s from a producer of
                                          raw materials into an emerging
                                          multi-sector economy. Growth is
                                          almost exclusively driven by exports
                                          - particularly of electronics - and,
                                          as a result Malaysia was hard hit by
                                          the global economic downturn and the
                                          slump in the Information Technology
                                          (IT) sector in 2001. GDP in 2001
                                          grew only 0.3% due to an estimated
                                          11% contraction in exports, but a
                                          substantial fiscal stimulus package
                                          has mitigated the worst of the
                                          recession and the economy is
                                          expected to grow by 2% to 3% in 2002
                                          as the world economy rebounds. Kuala
                                          Lumpur's healthy foreign exchange
                                          reserves and relatively small
                                          external debt make it unlikely that
                                          Malaysia will experience a crisis
                                          similar to the crisis of 1997, but
                                          the economy remains vulnerable to a
                                          more protracted downturn in the US
                                          and Japan, top export destinations
                                          and key sources of foreign
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $200
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 0.3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $9,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 12%
                                          industry: 40%
                                          services: 48% (2001)
           Population below poverty line: 8% (1998 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.7%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 38.4% (1997 est.)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 49.2 (1997)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 9.9 million (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: local trade and tourism 28%,
                                          manufacturing 27%, agriculture,
                                          forestry, and fisheries 16%,
                                          services 10%, government 10%,
                                          construction 9% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 3.7% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $20.3 billion
                                          expenditures: $27.2 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $9.4 billion (2001 est.)
                              Industries: Peninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil
                                          palm processing and manufacturing,
                                          light manufacturing industry,
                                          electronics, tin mining and
                                          smelting, logging and processing
                                          timber; Sabah - logging, petroleum
                                          production; Sarawak - agriculture
                                          processing, petroleum production and
                                          refining, logging
       Industrial production growth rate: -4% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 63.069 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 87.96%
                                          hydro: 12.04%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 58.59 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 75 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 11 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: Peninsular Malaysia - rubber, palm
                                          oil, cocoa, rice; Sabah -
                                          subsistence crops, rubber, timber,
                                          coconuts, rice; Sarawak - rubber,
                                          pepper; timber
                                 Exports: $94.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: electronic equipment, petroleum and
                                          liquefied natural gas, wood and wood
                                          products, palm oil, rubber,
                                          textiles, chemicals
                      Exports - partners: US 20%, Singapore 17%, Japan 14%,
                                          Hong Kong 4.5%, Netherlands 4.5%,
                                          China 4%, Thailand 4% (2001 est.)
                                 Imports: $76.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: electronics, machinery, petroleum
                                          products, plastics, vehicles, iron
                                          and steel and iron and steel
                                          products, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Japan 20%, US 17%, Singapore 13%,
                                          Taiwan 5%, China 4%, Germany 4%,
                                          Thailand 4% (2001 est.)
                         Debt - external: $44.7 billion (2001 est.)
                                Currency: ringgit (MYR)
                           Currency code: MYR
                          Exchange rates: ringgits per US dollar - 3.8000
                                          (January 2002), 3.8000 (2001),
                                          3.8000 (2000), 3.8000 (1999), 3.9244
                                          (1998), 2.8133 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Malaysia
           Telephones - main lines in use: 4.6 million (2000)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 5 million (2000)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: modern system;
                                           international service excellent
                                           domestic: good intercity service
                                           provided on Peninsular Malaysia
                                           mainly by microwave radio relay;
                                           adequate intercity microwave radio
                                           relay network between Sabah and
                                           Sarawak via Brunei; domestic
                                           satellite system with 2 earth
                                           international: submarine cables to
                                           India, Hong Kong, and Singapore;
                                           satellite earth stations - 2
                                           Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1
                                           Pacific Ocean) (2001)
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 35, FM 391, shortwave 15 (2001)
                                   Radios: 10.9 million (1999)
            Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus 15 high-power repeaters)
                              Televisions: 10.8 million (1999)
                    Internet country code: .my
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 7 (2000)
                           Internet users: 4.1 million (2001)
     Transportation Malaysia
                                Railways: total: 1,801 km
                                          narrow gauge: 1,801 km 1.000-m gauge
                                          (148 km electrified) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 64,672 km
                                          paved: 48,707 km (including 1,192 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          note: in addition to these national
                                          and main regional roads, Malaysia
                                          has thousands of kilometers of local
                                          roads that are maintained by local
                                          jurisdictions (1999)
                                          unpaved: 15,965 km
                               Waterways: 7,296 km
                                          note: Peninsular Malaysia 3,209 km,
                                          Sabah 1,569 km, Sarawak 2,518 km
                               Pipelines: crude oil 1,307 km; natural gas 379
                       Ports and harbors: Bintulu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuantan,
                                          Kuching, Kudat, Labuan, Lahad Datu,
                                          Lumut, Miri, Pasir Gudang, Penang,
                                          Port Dickson, Port Kelang, Sandakan,
                                          Sibu, Tanjung Berhala, Tanjung
                                          Kidurong, Tawau
                         Merchant marine: total: 363 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 4,952,119 GRT/7,229,299 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Australia 1, China 1,
                                          Germany 2, Hong Kong 15, Indonesia
                                          3, Japan 4, Monaco 1, Philippines 2,
                                          Singapore 78, South Korea 2, Vietnam
                                          1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 57, cargo 114,
                                          chemical tanker 35, container 62,
                                          liquefied gas 20, livestock carrier
                                          1, passenger 2, petroleum tanker 60,
                                          roll on/roll off 5, specialized
                                          tanker 1, vehicle carrier 6
                                Airports: 116 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 34
                                          over 3,047 m: 5
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 6
                                          under 914 m: 7 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 11
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 82
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 8
                                          under 914 m: 73 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military Malaysia
                       Military branches: Malaysian Army, Royal Malaysian
                                          Navy, Royal Malaysian Air Force,
                                          Royal Malaysian Police Field Force,
                                          Marine Police, Sarawak Border Scouts
        Military manpower - military age: 21 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 5,933,296 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 3,592,997 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 196,042 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $1.69 billion (FY00 est.)
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.03% (FY00)
     Transnational Issues Malaysia
                Disputes - international: Malaysia involved in a complex
                                          dispute over the Spratly Islands
                                          with China, Philippines, Taiwan,
                                          Vietnam, and possibly Brunei;
                                          Malaysia and Singapore are
                                          considering taking the dispute over
                                          Pulau Batu Putih (Pedra Branca
                                          Island) to ICJ; Malaysia concerned
                                          over Singapore's land reclamation
                                          works on Johor, which affect the
                                          maritime boundary, shipping lanes,
                                          and water ecology in the Tebrau
                                          Reach; since 1998, ICJ has been
                                          considering Malaysia's longstanding
                                          Sipadan and Ligitan islands dispute
                                          with Indonesia; ICJ rejected the
                                          Philippines' application to
                                          intervene in this case in October
                                          2001; Sultanate of Sulu granted the
                                          Philippine Government power of
                                          attorney to pursue his sovereignty
                                          claim over Malaysia's state of
                                          Sabah, over which the Philippines
                                          have not fully revoked their claim;
                                          a one km stretch of Malaysia-
                                          Thailand territory at the mouth of
                                          the Kolok river remains in dispute,
                                          despite overall success in boundary
                           Illicit drugs: transit point for some illicit
                                          drugs; drug trafficking prosecuted
                                          vigorously and carries severe

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