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2 definitions found
 for Malawi
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a landlocked republic in southern central Africa; achieved
           independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 [syn:
           Malawi, Republic of Malawi, Nyasaland]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Malawi
                              Background: Established in 1891, the British
                                          protectorate of Nyasaland became the
                                          independent nation of Malawi in
                                          1964. After three decades of one-
                                          party rule, the country held
                                          multiparty elections in 1994 under a
                                          provisional constitution, which took
                                          full effect the following year.
                                          National multiparty elections were
                                          held again in 1999.
     Geography Malawi
                                Location: Southern Africa, east of Zambia
                  Geographic coordinates: 13 30 S, 34 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 118,480 sq km
                                          water: 24,400 sq km
                                          land: 94,080 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,881 km
                                          border countries: Mozambique 1,569
                                          km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: sub-tropical; rainy season (November
                                          to May); dry season (May to
                                 Terrain: narrow elongated plateau with
                                          rolling plains, rounded hills, some
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of the Shire
                                          River and international boundary
                                          with Mozambique 37 m
                                          highest point: Sapitwa (Mount
                                          Mlanje) 3,002 m
                       Natural resources: limestone, arable land, hydropower,
                                          unexploited deposits of uranium,
                                          coal, and bauxite
                                Land use: arable land: 19.93%
                                          permanent crops: 1.33%
                                          other: 78.74% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 280 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; land degradation;
                                          water pollution from agricultural
                                          runoff, sewage, industrial wastes;
                                          siltation of spawning grounds
                                          endangers fish populations
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Environmental
                                          Modification, Hazardous Wastes,
                                          Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                        Geography - note: landlocked; Lake Nyasa, some 580 km
                                          long, is the country's most
                                          prominent physical feature
     People Malawi
                              Population: 10,701,824
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 44% (male 2,358,730;
                                          female 2,347,017)
                                          15-64 years: 53.2% (male 2,810,478;
                                          female 2,884,601)
                                          65 years and over: 2.8% (male
                                          120,761; female 180,237) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.39% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 37.13 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 23.2 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 119.96 deaths/1,000 live births
                                          (2002 est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 36.59 years
                                          female: 37.15 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 36.05 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.04 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 15.96% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 800,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 70,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Malawian(s)
                                          adjective: Malawian
                           Ethnic groups: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe,
                                          Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian,
                               Religions: Protestant 55%, Roman Catholic 20%,
                                          Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 3%,
                                          other 2%
                               Languages: English (official), Chichewa
                                          (official), other languages
                                          important regionally
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 58%
                                          male: 72.8%
                                          female: 43.4% (1999 est.)
     Government Malawi
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Malawi
                                          former: British Central African
                                          Protectorate, Nyasaland
                                          Protectorate, Nyasaland
                         Government type: multiparty democracy
                                 Capital: Lilongwe
                Administrative divisions: 27 districts; Balaka, Blantyre,
                                          Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa,
                                          Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu,
                                          Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga (Kasupe),
                                          Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza,
                                          Mzimba, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay,
                                          Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi,
                                          Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo,
                            Independence: 6 July 1964 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day (Republic Day), 6
                                          July (1964)
                            Constitution: 18 May 1994
                            Legal system: based on English common law and
                                          customary law; judicial review of
                                          legislative acts in the Supreme
                                          Court of Appeal; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Bakili
                                          MULUZI (since 21 May 1994); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          head of government: President Bakili
                                          MULUZI (since 21 May 1994); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          cabinet: 38-member Cabinet named by
                                          the president
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 15 June 1999
                                          (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: Bakili MULUZI
                                          reelected president; percent of vote
                                          - Bakili MULUZI (UDF) 51.4%,
                                          Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA (MCP-AFORD)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (193
                                          seats; members elected by popular
                                          vote to serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 15 June 1999
                                          (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - UDF 48%, MCP 34%, AFORD 15%,
                                          others 3%; seats by party - UDF 96,
                                          MCP 61, AFORD 30, others 6
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Appeal; High Court
                                          (chief justice appointed by the
                                          president, puisne judges appointed
                                          on the advice of the Judicial
                                          Service Commission); magistrate's
           Political parties and leaders: Alliance for Democracy or AFORD
                                          [Chakufwa CHIHANA, president];
                                          Malawi Congress Party or MCP [Gwanda
                                          CHAKUAMBA, president, John TEMBO,
                                          vice president]; Malawi Democratic
                                          Party or MDP [Kampelo KALUA,
                                          president]; United Democratic Front
                                          or UDF [Bakili MULUZI] - governing
            Political pressure groups and National Democratic Alliance [Brown
                                 leaders: MPINGANJIRA]
               International organization ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU,
                                          MONUC, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UPU,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Paul
                                          Tony Steven KANDIERO
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 265-0976
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 797-1007
                                          chancery: 2408 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Roger
                                      US: A. MEECE
                                          embassy: Area 40, Plot 24, Kenyatta
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 30016,
                                          Lilongwe 3, Malawi
                                          telephone: [265] 773 166
                                          FAX: [265] 770 471
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          black (top), red, and green with a
                                          radiant, rising, red sun centered in
                                          the black band
                       Government - note: the executive exerts considerable
                                          influence over the legislature
     Economy Malawi
                      Economy - overview: Landlocked Malawi ranks among the
                                          world's least developed countries.
                                          The economy is predominately
                                          agricultural, with about 90% of the
                                          population living in rural areas.
                                          Agriculture accounts for 40% of GDP
                                          and 88% of export revenues. The
                                          economy depends on substantial
                                          inflows of economic assistance from
                                          the IMF, the World Bank, and
                                          individual donor nations. In late
                                          2000, Malawi was approved for relief
                                          under the Heavily Indebted Poor
                                          Countries (HIPC) program. The
                                          government faces strong challenges,
                                          e.g., to fully develop a market
                                          economy, to improve educational
                                          facilities, to face up to
                                          environmental problems, and to deal
                                          with the rapidly growing problem of
                                          HIV/AIDS. The performance of the
                                          tobacco sector is key to short-term
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $7 billion
                                          (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.7% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $660 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 40%
                                          industry: 19%
                                          services: 41% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 54% (FY90/91 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 28.6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 4.5 million (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 86% (1997 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $490 million
                                          expenditures: $523 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY99/00 est.)
                              Industries: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill
                                          products, cement, consumer goods
       Industrial production growth rate: 2.5% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 825 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 3.03%
                                          hydro: 96.97%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 767.25 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea,
                                          corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca),
                                          sorghum, pulses; cattle, goats,
                                          groundnuts, Macadamia nuts
                                 Exports: $415.5 million (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: tobacco, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee,
                                          peanuts, wood products, apparel
                      Exports - partners: South Africa 18%, Germany 13%, US
                                          13%, UK 10%, Japan 7%, Netherlands
                                          3% (2000)
                                 Imports: $463.6 million (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: food, petroleum products,
                                          semimanufactures, consumer goods,
                                          transportation equipment
                      Imports - partners: South Africa 40%, UK 11%, Zimbabwe
                                          7%, Japan 5%, Germany 2%, US 1.8%,
                                          Zambia (2000)
                         Debt - external: $2.8 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $427 million (1999)
                                Currency: Malawian kwacha (MWK)
                           Currency code: MWK
                          Exchange rates: Malawian kwachas per US dollar -
                                          67.3111 (December 2001), 72.1973
                                          (2001), 59.5438 (2000), 44.0881
                                          (1999), 31.0727 (1998), 16.4442
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
     Communications Malawi
          Telephones - main lines in use: 38,000 (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 49,000 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: system employs open-wire
                                          lines, microwave radio relay links,
                                          and radiotelephone communications
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian
                                          Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 9, FM 5 (plus 15 repeater
                                          stations), shortwave 2 (plus a third
                                          station held in standby status)
                                  Radios: 2.6 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001)
                             Televisions: NA
                   Internet country code: .mw
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 7 (2001)
                          Internet users: 15,000 (2000)
     Transportation Malawi
                                Railways: total: 797 km
                                          narrow gauge: 797 km 1.067-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 14,594 km
                                          paved: 2,773 km
                                          unpaved: 11,821 km (2001)
                               Waterways: 144 km
                                          note: on Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi)
                                          and Shire Riverall
                       Ports and harbors: Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay,
                                          Nkhotakota, Chilumba
                                Airports: 44 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 6
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 38
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 14
                                          under 914 m: 23 (2001)
     Military Malawi
                        Military branches: Army (including Air Wing and Naval
                                           Detachment), Police (including
                                           paramilitary Mobile Force Unit)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,535,207 (2002
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,301,625 (2002
                                  service: est.)
            Military expenditures - dollar $9.5 million (FY00/01)
        Military expenditures - percent of 0.76% (FY00/01)
     Transnational Issues Malawi
                Disputes - international: Malawi and Tanzania maintain a
                                          largely dormant dispute over the
                                          boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi)
                                          and current location of historical
                                          boundary in meandering Songwe River

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