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3 definitions found
 for Macau
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Macau \Ma*ca"u\, prop. n.
     Same as Macao, the territory.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a former Portuguese province on the south coast of China
           and two islands in the South China Sea; reverted to China
           in 1999 [syn: Macao, Macau]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Macau
                              Background: Colonized by the Portuguese in the
                                          16th century, Macau was the first
                                          European settlement in the Far East.
                                          Pursuant to an agreement signed by
                                          China and Portugal on 13 April 1987,
                                          Macau became the Macau Special
                                          Administrative Region (SAR) of China
                                          on 20 December 1999. China has
                                          promised that, under its "one
                                          country, two systems" formula,
                                          China's socialist economic system
                                          will not be practiced in Macau and
                                          that Macau will enjoy a high degree
                                          of autonomy in all matters except
                                          foreign and defense affairs.
     Geography Macau
                                Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South
                                          China Sea and China
                  Geographic coordinates: 22 10 N, 113 33 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 25.4 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 25.4 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.1 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: total: 0.34 km
                                          border countries: China 0.34 km
                               Coastline: 41 km
                         Maritime claims: not specified
                                 Climate: subtropical; marine with cool
                                          winters, warm summers
                                 Terrain: generally flat
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Coloane Alto 172.4 m
                       Natural resources: NEGL
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100%
                                          note: "green areas" represent 22.4%
                                          (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: essentially urban; one causeway and
                                          two bridges connect the two islands
                                          of Coloane and Taipa to the
                                          peninsula on mainland
     People Macau
                              Population: 461,833 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.8% (male 52,262;
                                          female 48,439)
                                          15-64 years: 70.9% (male 154,942;
                                          female 172,647)
                                          65 years and over: 7.3% (male
                                          13,616; female 19,927) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.75% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 12.19 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 3.78 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 9.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.92 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 4.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.78 years
                                          female: 84.73 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 78.97 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.31 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Chinese
                                          adjective: Chinese
                           Ethnic groups: Chinese 95%, Macanese (mixed
                                          Portuguese and Asian ancestry),
                                          Portuguese, other
                               Religions: Buddhist 50%, Roman Catholic 15%,
                                          none and other 35% (1997 est.)
                               Languages: Portuguese, Chinese (Cantonese)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 90%
                                          male: 93%
                                          female: 86% (1981 est.)
     Government Macau
                            Country name: conventional long form: Macau
                                          Special Administrative Region
                                          conventional short form: Macau
                                          local short form: Aomen (Chinese);
                                          Macau (Portuguese)
                                          local long form: Aomen Tebie
                                          Xingzhengqu (Chinese); Regiao
                                          Administrativa Especial de Macau
                       Dependency status: special administrative region of
                         Government type: NA
                Administrative divisions: none (special administrative region
                                          of China)
                            Independence: none (special administrative region
                                          of China)
                        National holiday: National Day (Anniversary of the
                                          Founding of the People's Republic of
                                          China), 1 October (1949); note - 20
                                          December 1999 is celebrated as Macau
                                          Special Administrative Region
                                          Establishment Day
                            Constitution: Basic Law, approved in March 1993 by
                                          China's National People's Congress,
                                          is Macau's "mini-constitution"
                            Legal system: based on Portuguese civil law system
                                Suffrage: direct election 18 years of age,
                                          universal for permanent residents
                                          living in Macau for the past seven
                                          years; indirect election limited to
                                          organizations registered as
                                          "corporate voters" (257 are
                                          currently registered) and a 300-
                                          member Election Committee drawn from
                                          broad regional groupings, municipal
                                          organizations, and central
                                          government bodies
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President of China
                                          JIANG Zemin (since 27 March 1993)
                                          elections: chief executive chosen by
                                          a 200-member selection committee for
                                          up to two five-year terms
                                          cabinet: Executive Council consists
                                          of all five government secretaries,
                                          three legislators, and two
                                          head of government: Chief Executive
                                          Edmund HO Hau-wah (since 20 December
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council or
                                          LEGCO (27 seats; 10 elected by
                                          popular vote, 10 by indirect vote,
                                          and 7 appointed by the chief
                                          executive; members serve four-year
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats by political bloc -
                                          Entertainment Industry 3, pro-
                                          democracy 2, pro-Beijing Labor Union
                                          2, pro-Beijing Neighborhood
                                          Association 2, pro-business 1
                                          elections: last held 23 September
                                          2001 (next to be held NA 2005)
                         Judicial branch: The Court of Final Appeal in the
                                          Macau Special Administrative Region
           Political parties and leaders: there are no formal political
                                          parties, however, there are civic
                                          associations that, for purposes of
                                          legislative voting, join together to
                                          form political blocs
            Political pressure groups and Catholic Church [Domingos LAM,
                                 leaders: bishop]; Macau Society of Tourism
                                          and Entertainment or STDM [Stanley
                                          HO, managing director]; Union for
                                          Democracy Development [Antonio NG
                                          Kuok-cheong, leader]
               International organization CCC, ESCAP (associate), IHO, IMO
                           participation: (associate), Interpol (subbureau),
                                          ISO (correspondent), UNESCO
                                          (associate), WMO, WToO (associate),
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (special administrative region
                                          of China)
       Diplomatic representation from the the US has no offices in Macau, and
                                      US: US interests are monitored by the US
                                          Consulate General in Hong Kong
                        Flag description: light green with a lotus flower
                                          above a stylized bridge and water in
                                          white, beneath an arc of five gold,
                                          five-pointed stars: one large in
                                          center of arc and four smaller
     Economy Macau
                      Economy - overview: Macau's economy two years after
                                          reversion to China remains one of
                                          the most open in the world,
                                          according to the World Trade
                                          Organization. The government
                                          collects no duty on imports and sets
                                          no restrictions on exports beyond
                                          those required by international
                                          agreements. The territory's net
                                          exports of goods and services
                                          account for 35% of GDP, with tourism
                                          and apparel exports as the
                                          mainstays. The territory therefore
                                          has been hit hard by the 2001
                                          downturn in its key US and EU export
                                          markets. Tourism remained strong,
                                          however, driven by a surge in
                                          visitors from mainland China. In
                                          response to the expected contraction
                                          of the economy in 2002, the
                                          government has announced a
                                          stimulative income tax cut and
                                          public works program that will push
                                          the budget into deficit. China
                                          already has extended support by
                                          easing restrictions on travel to
                                          Macau and is proposing a China-Hong
                                          Kong-Macau free trade area. China's
                                          economic weight is increasingly
                                          felt, with the mainland now holding
                                          more than 50% of assets in the
                                          financial, real estate, and
                                          construction sectors. Mainlanders,
                                          however, have been excluded from
                                          bidding on the gambling industry
                                          licenses that Macau is offering to
                                          break up the territory's four-
                                          decade-old gambling monopoly.
                                          Gambling taxes account for up to 60%
                                          of revenue, and the government with
                                          Beijing's backing intends to
                                          revitalize the industry.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $8 billion
                                          (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 0.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $17,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1%
                                          industry: 25%
                                          services: 74% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): -2% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 218,000 (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: restaurants and hotels 26%,
                                          manufacturing 20%, other services
                                          and agriculture 54% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 6.5% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.15 billion
                                          expenditures: $1.03 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $166 million (2000 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, gambling, clothing,
                                          textiles, electronics, footwear,
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 1.4 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.476 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 1 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 175 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, vegetables
                                 Exports: $2.5 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: clothing, textiles, cement,
                                          electronics, cameras
                      Exports - partners: US 48%, EU 28%, China 10%, Hong Kong
                                          7% (2000)
                                 Imports: $2.3 billion (c.i.f., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: clothing, textiles, yarn, minerals,
                                          electrical machinery, fuel,
                      Imports - partners: China 41%, Hong Kong 15%, EU 10%,
                                          Taiwan 10%, Japan 6% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $1.5 billion (1998)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: pataca (MOP)
                           Currency code: MOP
                          Exchange rates: patacas per US dollar - 8.033
                                          (January 2002), 8.034 (2001), 8.026
                                          (2000), 7.992 (1999), 7.979 (1998),
                                          7.975 (1997); note - linked to the
                                          Hong Kong dollar at the rate of 1.03
                                          patacas per Hong Kong dollar
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Macau
          Telephones - main lines in use: 176,902 (November 2001)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 158,251 (November 2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: fairly modern
                                          communication facilities maintained
                                          for domestic and international
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: HF radiotelephone
                                          communication facility; access to
                                          international communications
                                          carriers provided via Hong Kong and
                                          China; satellite earth station - 1
                                          Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 160,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 0 (receives Hong Kong broadcasts)
                             Televisions: 49,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .mo
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 60,000 (2001)
     Transportation Macau
                                              Railways: 0 km
                                              Highways: total: 50 km
                                                        paved: 50 km
                                                        unpaved: 0 km (2001)
                                             Waterways: none
                                     Ports and harbors: Macau
                                       Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                              Airports: 1 (2001)
                         Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                                        over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Macau
                       Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                          forces; responsibility for defense
                                          reverted to China on 20 December
                                          1999; there is a local police force
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 128,005 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 70,508 (2002 est.)
                         Military - note: responsibility for defense reverted
                                          to China on 20 December 1999
     Transnational Issues Macau
                                                Disputes - international: none

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