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2 definitions found
 for Lithuania
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea [syn:
           Lithuania, Republic of Lithuania, Lietuva]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Lithuania
                              Background: Independent between the two World
                                          Wars, Lithuania was annexed by the
                                          USSR in 1940. On 11 March 1990,
                                          Lithuania became the first of the
                                          Soviet republics to declare its
                                          independence, but this proclamation
                                          was not generally recognized until
                                          September of 1991 (following the
                                          abortive coup in Moscow). The last
                                          Russian troops withdrew in 1993.
                                          Lithuania subsequently has
                                          restructured its economy for
                                          eventual integration into Western
                                          European institutions.
     Geography Lithuania
                                Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic
                                          Sea, between Latvia and Russia
                  Geographic coordinates: 56 00 N, 24 00 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 65,200 sq km
                                          water: NA sq km
                                          land: NA sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,273 km
                                          border countries: Belarus 502 km,
                                          Latvia 453 km, Poland 91 km, Russia
                                          (Kaliningrad) 227 km
                               Coastline: 99 km
                         Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: transitional, between maritime and
                                          continental; wet, moderate winters
                                          and summers
                                 Terrain: lowland, many scattered small lakes,
                                          fertile soil
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Juozapines/Kalnas 292
                       Natural resources: peat, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 45.46%
                                          permanent crops: 0.93%
                                          other: 53.61% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 90 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: contamination of soil and
                                          groundwater with petroleum products
                                          and chemicals at military bases
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Endangered Species,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                        Geography - note: fertile central plains are separated
                                          by hilly uplands that are ancient
                                          glacial deposits
     People Lithuania
                              Population: 3,601,138 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.2% (male 333,966;
                                          female 319,992)
                                          15-64 years: 68% (male 1,184,969;
                                          female 1,265,711)
                                          65 years and over: 13.8% (male
                                          167,789; female 328,711) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: -0.25% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 10.22 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 12.87 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.51 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.88 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 14.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.42 years
                                          female: 75.6 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 63.54 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.02% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ less than 500 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Lithuanian(s)
                                          adjective: Lithuanian
                           Ethnic groups: Lithuanian 80.6%, Russian 8.7%,
                                          Polish 7%, Belarusian 1.6%, other
                               Religions: Roman Catholic (primarily),
                                          Lutheran, Russian Orthodox,
                                          Protestant, Evangelical Christian
                                          Baptist, Muslim, Jewish
                               Languages: Lithuanian (official), Polish,
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 98%
                                          male: 99%
                                          female: 98% (1989 est.)
     Government Lithuania
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Lithuania
                                          local short form: Lietuva
                                          former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist
                                          local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Vilnius
                Administrative divisions: 10 counties (apskritys, singular -
                                          apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno,
                                          Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio,
                                          Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos,
                            Independence: 11 March 1990 (independence declared
                                          from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991
                                          (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 16 February
                                          (1918); note - 16 February 1918 is
                                          the date of independence from
                                          German, Austrian, Prussian, and
                                          Russian occupation, 11 March 1990 is
                                          the date of independence from the
                                          Soviet Union
                            Constitution: adopted 25 October 1992
                            Legal system: based on civil law system;
                                          legislative acts can be appealed to
                                          the constitutional court
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Valdas
                                          ADAMKUS (since 26 February 1998)
                                          head of government: Premier Algirdas
                                          Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS (since 3 July
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          nomination of the premier
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 21 December 1997
                                          and 4 January 1998 (next to be held
                                          in late 2002); premier appointed by
                                          the president on the approval of the
                                          election results: Valdas ADAMKUS
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Valdas ADAMKUS 50.4%, Arturas
                                          PAULAUSKAS 49.6%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141
                                          seats, 71 members are directly
                                          elected by popular vote, 70 are
                                          elected by proportional
                                          representation; members serve four-
                                          year terms)
                                          elections: last held 8 October 2000
                                          (next to be held NA October 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - Social Democratic Coalition
                                          31.1%, New Union-Social Liberals
                                          19.6%, Liberal Union 17.2%, TS 8.6%,
                                          remaining parties all less than 5%;
                                          seats by party - Social Democratic
                                          Coalition 52, Liberal Union 34, New
                                          Union-Social Liberals 29, TS 9,
                                          Farmer's Party 4, Center Union 2,
                                          Poles' Electoral Action 2, Modern
                                          Christian Democratic Union 1,
                                          independents 3, others 5
                         Judicial branch: Constitutional Court; Supreme Court;
                                          Court of Appeal; judges for all
                                          courts appointed by the President
           Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Party or LKDP
                                          [Kazys BOBELIS, chairman]; Electoral
                                          Action of Lithuanian Poles [Valdemar
                                          TOMASZEVSKI, chairman]; Homeland
                                          Union/Conservative Party or TS
                                          [Vytautas LANDSBERGIS, chairman];
                                          Lithuanian Center Union or LCS
                                          [Kestutis GLAVECKAS, chairman];
                                          Lithuanian Farmer's Party or LUP
                                          [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS, chairman];
                                          Lithuanian Green Party [Rimantas
                                          BRAZIULIS]; Lithuanian Liberal Union
                                          [Eugenijus GENTVILAS, chairman];
                                          Lithuanian Liberal Youth [Neringa
                                          MOROZAITE]; Lithuanian National
                                          Democratic Party [Vygintas GONTIS];
                                          Lithuanian Social Democratic
                                          Coalition [Algirdas BRAZAUSKAS,
                                          chairman] consists of the Lithuanian
                                          Democratic Labor Party or LDDP, the
                                          Lithuanian Social Democratic Party
                                          or LSPD, and New Democracy; Moderate
                                          Conservative Union [Gediminas
                                          VAGNORIUS]; Modern Christian
                                          Democratic Union [Vytautas BOGUSIS,
                                          chairman]; New Democracy and
                                          Farmer's Union [Kazimiera
                                          PRUNSKIENE, chairman]; New Union-
                                          Social Liberals [Arturas PAULAUSKAS,
                                          chairman]; Young Lithuania [Arnoldas
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACCT (observer), BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE,
                           participation: EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant),
                                          FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU,
                                          ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO
                                          (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE,
                                          PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WEU (associate
                                          partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Vygaudas USACKAS
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago and
                                          New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860
                                          chancery: 2622 16th Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20009
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador John F.
                                      US: TEFFT
                                          embassy: Akmenu 6, 2600 Vilnius
                                          mailing address: American Embassy,
                                          Vilnius, PSC 78, Box V, APO AE 09723
                                          telephone: [370] (2) 665-500
                                          FAX: [370] (2) 665-510
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          yellow (top), green, and red
     Economy Lithuania
                      Economy - overview: Lithuania, the Baltic state that has
                                          conducted the most trade with
                                          Russia, has been slowly rebounding
                                          from the 1998 Russian financial
                                          crisis. High unemployment, at 12.5%
                                          in 2001, and weak consumption have
                                          held back recovery. Trade has been
                                          increasingly oriented toward the
                                          West. Lithuania has gained
                                          membership in the World Trade
                                          Organization and has moved ahead
                                          with plans to join the EU.
                                          Privatization of the large, state-
                                          owned utilities, particularly in the
                                          energy sector, is underway.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $27.4
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4.8% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9%
                                          industry: 32%
                                          services: 59% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.1%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 25.6% (1996)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 34 (1999)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.3% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.5 million (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: industry 30%, agriculture 20%,
                                          services 50% (1997 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 12.5% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.59 billion
                                          expenditures: $1.77 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: metal-cutting machine tools,
                                          electric motors, television sets,
                                          refrigerators and freezers,
                                          petroleum refining, shipbuilding
                                          (small ships), furniture making,
                                          textiles, food processing,
                                          fertilizers, agricultural machinery,
                                          optical equipment, electronic
                                          components, computers, amber
       Industrial production growth rate: 15% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 10.966 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 20.16%
                                          hydro: 3.06%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 76.78%
               Electricity - consumption: 6.898 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 6.3 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 3 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax,
                                          vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
                                 Exports: $4.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: mineral products 21%, textiles and
                                          clothing 19%, machinery and
                                          equipment 11%, chemicals 8%, wood
                                          and wood products 6%, foodstuffs 4%
                      Exports - partners: Latvia 15%, Germany 14%, UK 8%,
                                          Russia 7%, Ukraine 5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $5.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: mineral products 23%, machinery and
                                          equipment 16%, chemicals 9%,
                                          textiles and clothing 9%, transport
                                          equipment 9% (2000)
                      Imports - partners: Russia 28%, Germany 15%, Poland 5%,
                                          France 4%, UK 4% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $3.6 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $228.5 million (1995)
                                Currency: litas (LTL)
                           Currency code: LTL
                          Exchange rates: litai per US dollar - 4.000 (fixed
                                          rate since 1 May 1994); note - litai
                                          is the plural of litas; effective 2
                                          February 2002 the litas are pegged
                                          to the euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Lithuania
          Telephones - main lines in use: 1.142 million (2001)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 500,000 (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: inadequate, but
                                          is being modernized to provide an
                                          improved international capability
                                          and better residential access
                                          domestic: a national, fiber-optic
                                          cable, interurban, trunk system is
                                          nearing completion; rural exchanges
                                          are being improved and expanded;
                                          mobile cellular systems are being
                                          installed; access to the Internet is
                                          available; still many unsatisfied
                                          telephone subscriber applications
                                          international: landline connections
                                          to Latvia and Poland; major
                                          international connections to
                                          Denmark, Sweden, and Norway by
                                          submarine cable for further
                                          transmission by satellite
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 29, FM 142, shortwave 1 (2001)
                                  Radios: 1.9 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 27
                                          note: Lithuania has approximately 27
                                          broadcasting stations, but may have
                                          as many as 100 transmitters,
                                          including repeater stations (2001)
                             Televisions: 1.7 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .lt
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 32 (2001)
                          Internet users: 341,000 (2001)
     Transportation Lithuania
                                Railways: total: 1,998 km
                                          broad gauge: 1,807 km 1.524-m gauge
                                          (122 km electrified)
                                          narrow gauge: 169 km 0.750-m gauge
                                          standard gauge: 22 km 1.435-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 44,000 km
                                          paved: 35,500 km
                                          unpaved: 8,500 km (2001)
                               Waterways: 600 km (perennially navigable)
                               Pipelines: crude oil, 105 km; natural gas 760
                                          km (1992)
                       Ports and harbors: Butinge, Kaunas, Klaipeda
                         Merchant marine: total: 47 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 279,743 GRT/304,156 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 25, combination
                                          bulk 8, petroleum tanker 2, railcar
                                          carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 6,
                                          roll on/roll off 2, short-sea
                                          passenger 3
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Denmark 13 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 72 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 9
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 3 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 63
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 5
                                          under 914 m: 55 (2001)
     Military Lithuania
                       Military branches: Ground Forces, Navy, Air and Air
                                          Defense Force, National Volunteer
                                          Defense Forces (SKAT)
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 933,638 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 733,415 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 28,506 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $230.8 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.9% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Lithuania
                Disputes - international: the Russian Duma has not ratified
                                          1997 boundary treaty; the Latvian
                                          Parliament has not ratified its 1998
                                          maritime boundary treaty with
                                          Lithuania, primarily due to concerns
                                          over oil exploration rights
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for opiates and
                                          other illicit drugs from Southwest
                                          Asia, Latin America, and Western
                                          Europe to Western Europe and
                                          Scandinavia; limited production of
                                          methamphetamine and ecstasy

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